New International Version

Judges 1

Israel Fights the Remaining Canaanites

1After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the Lord, “Who of us is to go up first to fight against the Canaanites?”

The Lord answered, “Judah shall go up; I have given the land into their hands.”

The men of Judah then said to the Simeonites their fellow Israelites, “Come up with us into the territory allotted to us, to fight against the Canaanites. We in turn will go with you into yours.” So the Simeonites went with them.

When Judah attacked, the Lord gave the Canaanites and Perizzites into their hands, and they struck down ten thousand men at Bezek. It was there that they found Adoni-Bezek and fought against him, putting to rout the Canaanites and Perizzites. Adoni-Bezek fled, but they chased him and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.

Then Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off have picked up scraps under my table. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them.” They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem also and took it. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire.

After that, Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev and the western foothills. 10 They advanced against the Canaanites living in Hebron (formerly called Kiriath Arba) and defeated Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 11 From there they advanced against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher).

12 And Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Aksah in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.” 13 Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, took it; so Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him in marriage.

14 One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him[a] to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”

15 She replied, “Do me a special favor. Since you have given me land in the Negev, give me also springs of water.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

16 The descendants of Moses’ father-in-law, the Kenite, went up from the City of Palms[b] with the people of Judah to live among the inhabitants of the Desert of Judah in the Negev near Arad.

17 Then the men of Judah went with the Simeonites their fellow Israelites and attacked the Canaanites living in Zephath, and they totally destroyed[c] the city. Therefore it was called Hormah.[d] 18 Judah also took[e] Gaza, Ashkelon and Ekron—each city with its territory.

19 The Lord was with the men of Judah. They took possession of the hill country, but they were unable to drive the people from the plains, because they had chariots fitted with iron. 20 As Moses had promised, Hebron was given to Caleb, who drove from it the three sons of Anak. 21 The Benjamites, however, did not drive out the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites.

22 Now the tribes of Joseph attacked Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 23 When they sent men to spy out Bethel (formerly called Luz), 24 the spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, “Show us how to get into the city and we will see that you are treated well.” 25 So he showed them, and they put the city to the sword but spared the man and his whole family. 26 He then went to the land of the Hittites, where he built a city and called it Luz, which is its name to this day.

27 But Manasseh did not drive out the people of Beth Shan or Taanach or Dor or Ibleam or Megiddo and their surrounding settlements, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that land. 28 When Israel became strong, they pressed the Canaanites into forced labor but never drove them out completely. 29 Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer, but the Canaanites continued to live there among them. 30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron or Nahalol, so these Canaanites lived among them, but Zebulun did subject them to forced labor. 31 Nor did Asher drive out those living in Akko or Sidon or Ahlab or Akzib or Helbah or Aphek or Rehob. 32 The Asherites lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land because they did not drive them out. 33 Neither did Naphtali drive out those living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath; but the Naphtalites too lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land, and those living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath became forced laborers for them. 34 The Amorites confined the Danites to the hill country, not allowing them to come down into the plain. 35 And the Amorites were determined also to hold out in Mount Heres, Aijalon and Shaalbim, but when the power of the tribes of Joseph increased, they too were pressed into forced labor. 36 The boundary of the Amorites was from Scorpion Pass to Sela and beyond.


  1. Judges 1:14 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate Othniel, he urged her
  2. Judges 1:16 That is, Jericho
  3. Judges 1:17 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
  4. Judges 1:17 Hormah means destruction.
  5. Judges 1:18 Hebrew; Septuagint Judah did not take

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

士師記 1


1約書亞去世以後,以色列人求問耶和華:「我們哪一個支派先上去攻打迦南人呢?」 耶和華說:「猶大支派先去,我已把那片土地交在他們手中了。」 猶大人對西緬人說:「請跟我們一同到我們分得的地方攻打迦南人,我們也會同樣幫助你們。」於是,西緬人便與猶大人同去。 猶大人攻打迦南人和比利洗人,耶和華使他們得勝,在比色殺了一萬敵軍。 他們又在那裡遇見亞多尼·比色,與他交戰,打敗了他帶領的迦南人和比利洗人。 亞多尼·比色逃跑,他們追上去擒住他,砍掉他的大拇指和大腳趾。 亞多尼·比色說:「從前七十個王的大拇指和大腳趾被我砍掉,在我桌下撿食物碎屑,現在上帝照我的行為報應我了。」他們把他帶到耶路撒冷,他死在那裡了。

猶大人攻陷耶路撒冷,殺了城內的所有居民,並放火焚城。 隨後,他們下去攻打住在山區、南地和丘陵的迦南人, 10 又進攻住在希伯崙的迦南人,殺了示篩、亞希幔和撻買。希伯崙從前叫基列·亞巴。

11 他們從那裡出兵攻打底璧,那裡從前叫基列·西弗。 12 迦勒說:「誰攻取基列·西弗,我就把女兒押撒嫁給他。」 13 迦勒的兄弟基納斯的兒子俄陀聶攻取了那城,迦勒便把女兒押撒嫁給他。 14 押撒出嫁的時候,勸丈夫向她父親要一塊田。她剛下驢,迦勒便問她:「你想要什麼?」 15 她回答說:「求你恩待我,你既然把南部的乾地賜給我,求你也把水泉給我吧。」於是,迦勒把上泉和下泉都給了她。

16 摩西岳父的後代基尼人和猶大人一同離開棕樹城[a],到猶大南部曠野的亞拉得附近,跟當地人一起居住。 17 之後,猶大人隨西緬人一起攻打洗法城內的迦南人,徹底毀滅了那城。因此那城叫何珥瑪[b] 18 猶大人又奪取了迦薩、亞實基倫和以革倫三座城邑及周圍地區。 19 耶和華與猶大人同在。他們攻佔了山區,卻沒能趕走平原的居民,因為那裡的人有鐵戰車。 20 照摩西的吩咐,迦勒得到了希伯崙。他把亞衲三族的人從那裡趕走。 21 便雅憫人沒有趕走居住在耶路撒冷的耶布斯人,耶布斯人至今仍和他們住在一起。

22 約瑟家族也上去攻打伯特利,耶和華與他們同在。 23 他們先派人去打探伯特利,那裡從前名叫路斯。 24 探子看見一個人從城裡出來,就對他說:「請你告訴我們進城的路,我們必善待你。」 25 那人便告訴他們進城的路,他們殺了城內所有的居民,只放走了那人及其全家。 26 後來,那人搬到赫人的地方,築了一座城,稱之為路斯,沿用至今。

27 瑪拿西人沒有趕走伯·善、他納、多珥、以伯蓮和米吉多眾城邑及周圍村莊的居民,因為這些迦南人執意住在那裡。 28 以色列人強盛時,就強迫他們服勞役,卻沒有全部趕走他們。

29 以法蓮人沒有趕走住在基色的迦南人,這些迦南人仍然住在他們當中。

30 西布倫人沒有趕走基倫和拿哈拉的居民,這些迦南人仍然住在他們當中,為他們服勞役。

31 亞設人沒有趕走亞柯、西頓、亞黑拉、亞革悉、黑巴、亞弗革和利合的居民, 32 於是亞設人住在這些迦南人當中。

33 拿弗他利人沒有趕走伯·示麥和伯·亞納的居民,於是就住在這些迦南人當中,強迫他們服勞役。

34 亞摩利人強迫但人住在山區,不准他們下到平原。 35 亞摩利人執意住在希烈山、亞雅倫和沙賓,但約瑟家族強盛時,就強迫他們服勞役。 36 亞摩利人的邊界從亞克拉濱山坡起,一直到西拉以北。


  1. 1·16 棕樹城」即「耶利哥」。
  2. 1·17 何珥瑪」意思是「覆滅之城」。