1Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God – 2the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life1:3 Or who according to the flesh was a descendant of David, 4and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power1:4 Or was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. 5Through him we received grace and apostleship to call all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from1:5 Or that is faith for his name’s sake. 6And you also are among those Gentiles who are called to belong to Jesus Christ.
7To all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be his holy people:
Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
Paul’s longing to visit Rome
8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith is being reported all over the world. 9God, whom I serve in my spirit in preaching the gospel of his Son, is my witness how constantly I remember you 10in my prayers at all times; and I pray that now at last by God’s will the way may be opened for me to come to you.
11I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong – 12that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith. 13I do not want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters,1:13 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in 7:1, 4; 8:12, 29; 10:1; 11:25; 12:1; 15:14, 30; 16:14, 17. that I planned many times to come to you (but have been prevented from doing so until now) in order that I might have a harvest among you, just as I have had among the other Gentiles.
14I am a debtor both to Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and the foolish. 15That is why I am so eager to preach the gospel also to you who are in Rome.
16For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. 17For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed – a righteousness that is by faith from first to last,1:17 Or is from faith to faith just as it is written: ‘The righteous will live by faith.’1:17 Hab. 2:4
God’s wrath against sinful humanity
18The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. 20For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.
21For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles.
24Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. 25They exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshipped and served created things rather than the Creator – who is for ever praised. Amen.
26Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones. 27In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.
28Furthermore, just as they did not think it worth while to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done. 29They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, 30slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; 31they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy. 32Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practise them.
11:1 1Kor 1:1; Mdo 9:15; 1The 2:8, 9; 1Pet 4:17Paulo, mtumishi wa Kristo Yesu, aliyeitwa kuwa mtume na kutengwa kwa ajili ya Injili ya Mungu, 21:2 Gal 3:8; Tit 1:2; Rum 16:25, 26; Mdo 26:6; 3:21; Mt 4:3Injili ambayo Mungu alitangulia kuiahidi kwa vinywa vya manabii wake katika Maandiko Matakatifu, 31:3 Yn 1:14; Rum 9:5yaani, Injili inayomhusu Mwanawe, yeye ambaye kwa uzao wa mwili alikuwa mzao wa Daudi, 41:4 Mt 4:3; Mdo 2:24; 1Kor 1:2; Mdo 13:33na ambaye kwa uwezo wa Roho wa utakatifu alidhihirishwa kuwa Mwana wa Mungu kwa ufufuo wake kutoka kwa wafu, yaani, Yesu Kristo, Bwana wetu. 51:5 Mdo 9:15; 6:7; Rum 16:27Kwa kupitia kwake na kwa ajili ya Jina lake, tumepokea neema na utume ili kuwaita watu miongoni mwa watu wa mataifa yote, waje kwenye utii utokanao na imani. 61:6 Yud 1; Ufu 17:14Ninyi nyote pia mko miongoni mwa watu walioitwa ili mpate kuwa mali ya Yesu Kristo.
71:7 Rum 8:39; 1The 1:4; Efe 1:2; Tit 1:4Kwa wote walioko Rumi wapendwao na Mungu na kuitwa kuwa watakatifu:
Neema na amani itokayo kwa Mungu Baba yetu na kwa Bwana wetu Yesu Kristo iwe nanyi.
Maombi Na Shukrani
81:8 Efe 1:16; 1The 2:13; Rum 10:18; 16:19Kwanza kabisa, namshukuru Mungu wangu kwa njia ya Yesu Kristo kwa ajili yenu nyote, kwa sababu imani yenu inatangazwa duniani kote. 91:9 2Tim 1:1; Yer 42:5; Gal 1:20Kwa maana Mungu ninayemtumikia kwa moyo wangu wote katika kuhubiri Injili ya Mwanawe, ni shahidi wangu jinsi ninavyowakumbuka 101:10 Rum 15:32; Mdo 19:21; Rum 15:23, 32; 1Sam 12:23; Lk 18:1; Efe 1:16; Flp 1:4; Kol 1:9; 2The 1:11; 2Tim 1:3; Mdo 18:21; Rum 15:32katika maombi yangu siku zote, nami ninaomba kwamba hatimaye sasa kwa mapenzi ya Mungu, njia ipate kufunguliwa kwa ajili yangu ili nije kwenu.
111:11 Rum 15:23; 1:7; Mdo 28:31Ninatamani sana kuwaona ili nipate kuweka juu yenu karama za rohoni ili mwe imara, 121:12 2Pet 1:1; Tit 1:4au zaidi, ninyi pamoja nami tuweze kutiana moyo katika imani sisi kwa sisi. 131:13 Rum 15:22, 23; Yn 15:16; 1The 2:18; Flp 4:17; Mdo 13:23; 16:7Ndugu zangu, napenda mfahamu kwamba mara nyingi nimekusudia kuja kwenu (ingawa mpaka sasa nimezuiliwa), ili nipate kuvuna mavuno miongoni mwenu kama nilivyovuna miongoni mwa wengine ambao ni watu wa Mataifa wasiomjua Mungu.
141:14 1Kor 9:16Mimi ni mdeni kwa Wayunani na kwa wasio Wayunani, kwa wenye hekima na kwa wasio na hekima. 151:15 Rum 15:20Ndiyo sababu ninatamani sana kuihubiri Injili kwenu pia ninyi mlioko Rumi.
161:16 2Tim 1:8; 1Kor 1:18; Mdo 3:26; 13:26; Rum 2:9, 10Mimi siionei haya Injili ya Kristo kwa maana ni uweza wa Mungu uletao wokovu kwa kila aaminiye, kwanza kwa Myahudi na kwa Myunani pia. 171:17 Rum 3:21; Flp 3:9; Hab 2:4Kwa maana katika Injili haki itokayo kwa Mungu imedhihirishwa, haki ile iliyo kwa njia ya imani hadi imani. Kama ilivyoandikwa: “Mwenye haki ataishi kwa imani.”
Ghadhabu Ya Mungu Kwa Wanadamu
18Ghadhabu ya Mungu imedhihirishwa kutoka mbinguni dhidi ya uasi wote na uovu wa wanadamu ambao huipinga kweli kwa uovu wao, 191:19 Mdo 14:17; 17:24-28; Yn 1:9kwa maana yote yanayoweza kujulikana kumhusu Mungu ni dhahiri kwao, kwa sababu Mungu mwenyewe ameyadhihirisha kwao. 201:20 Za 19:1-6; Ebr 11:3; Ay 12:7-9; Rum 2:1Kwa maana tangu kuumbwa kwa ulimwengu, asili ya Mungu asiyeonekana kwa macho, yaani, uweza wake wa milele na asili yake ya Uungu, imeonekana waziwazi, ikitambuliwa kutokana na yale aliyoyafanya ili wanadamu wasiwe na udhuru.
211:21 Mwa 8:21; Efe 4:18; Ufu 14:7Kwa maana ingawa walimjua Mungu, hawakumtukuza yeye kama ndiye Mungu wala hawakumshukuru, bali fikira zao zimekuwa batili na mioyo yao ya ujinga ikatiwa giza. 221:22 Kol 1:20, 27; 3:18, 19Ingawa walijidai kuwa wenye hekima, wakawa wajinga 231:23 Yer 2:11; Mdo 17:29na kubadili utukufu wa Mungu aishiye milele kwa sanamu zilizofanywa zifanane na mwanadamu ambaye hufa, na mfano wa ndege, wanyama na viumbe vitambaavyo.
241:24 Za 81:12; Efe 4:19; 1Pet 4:3Kwa hiyo, Mungu akawaacha wazifuate tamaa mbaya za mioyo yao katika uasherati, hata wakavunjiana heshima miili yao wao kwa wao. 251:25 Isa 44:20; Yer 13:25; 16:19, 20; Rum 9:5; 2Kor 11:31Kwa sababu waliibadili kweli ya Mungu kuwa uongo, wakaabudu na kutumikia kiumbe badala ya Muumba, ahimidiwaye milele! Amen.
261:26 Efe 4:19; 1The 4:5; Law 18:22, 23Kwa sababu hii, Mungu aliwaacha wavunjiane heshima kwa kufuata tamaa zao za aibu. Hata wanawake wao wakabadili matumizi ya asili ya miili yao wakaitumia isivyokusudiwa. 271:27 Law 20:13; 1Kor 6:18Vivyo hivyo wanaume pia wakiacha matumizi ya asili ya wanawake wakawakiana tamaa wao kwa wao. Wanaume wakafanyiana matendo ya aibu na wanaume wengine nao wakapata katika maisha yao adhabu iliyowastahili kwa ajili ya upotovu wao.
281:28 Rum 1:24-26; Efe 5:4Nao kwa kuwa hawakuona umuhimu wa kudumisha ufahamu wa Mungu, yeye akawaachilia wafuate akili za upotovu, watende mambo yale yasiyostahili kutendwa. 291:29 3Yn 10Wakiwa wamejawa na udhalimu wa kila namna, uasherati, uovu, tamaa mbaya na hila. Wamejawa na husuda, uuaji, ugomvi, udanganyifu, hadaa na nia mbaya. Wao pia ni wasengenyaji, 301:30 2Tim 3:2wasingiziaji, wanaomchukia Mungu, wajeuri, wenye kiburi na majivuno, wenye hila, wasiotii wazazi wao, 311:31 2Tim 3:3wajinga, wasioamini, wasio na huruma na wakatili. 321:32 Rum 6:23; Za 50:18; Lk 11:48Ingawa wanafahamu sheria ya haki ya Mungu kwamba watu wanaofanya mambo kama hayo wanastahili mauti, si kwamba wanaendelea kutenda hayo tu, bali pia wanakubaliana na wale wanaoyatenda.