The Israelites Oppressed
1These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family: 2Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher. 5The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy1:5 Masoretic Text (see also Gen. 46:27); Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint (see also Acts 7:14 and note at Gen. 46:27) seventy-five in all; Joseph was already in Egypt.
6Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, 7but the Israelites were exceedingly fruitful; they multiplied greatly, increased in numbers and became so numerous that the land was filled with them.
8Then a new king, to whom Joseph meant nothing, came to power in Egypt. 9“Look,” he said to his people, “the Israelites have become far too numerous for us. 10Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country.”
11So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. 12But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites 13and worked them ruthlessly. 14They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.
15The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah, 16“When you are helping the Hebrew women during childbirth on the delivery stool, if you see that the baby is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live.” 17The midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys live. 18Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?”
19The midwives answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive.”
20So God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even more numerous. 21And because the midwives feared God, he gave them families of their own.
22Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: “Every Hebrew boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live.”
Aisraeli Azunzidwa ku Igupto
1Awa ndi mayina a ana a Israeli amene anapita ku Igupto pamodzi ndi Yakobo abambo awo, aliyense ndi banja lake: 2Rubeni, Simeoni, Levi, Yuda; 3Isakara, Zebuloni, Benjamini; 4Dani, Nafutali; Gadi ndi Aseri. 5Anthu onse obadwa mwa Yakobo analipo 70. Yosefe nʼkuti ali kale ku Igupto.
6Tsono Yosefe ndi abale ake onse ndiponso mʼbado wawo wonse anamwalira. 7Koma Aisraeli anaberekana ndi kuchuluka kwambiri nakhala amphamvu kwambiri, kotero kuti anadzaza dzikolo.
8Pambuyo pake mfumu yatsopano imene sinkamudziwa Yosefe, inayamba kulamulira dziko la Igupto. 9Iyo inati kwa anthu ake, “Taonani, Aisraeli achuluka ndipo ndi amphamvu kwambiri kuposa ife. 10Tiyeni tiwachenjerere. Tikapanda kutero adzachuluka kuposa ife, ndipo ngati kutakhala nkhondo, adzadziphatika kwa adani athu nadzamenyana nafe, kenaka nʼkudzachoka mʼdziko muno.”
11Kotero anayika akapitawo kuti aziwazunza ndi kuwagwiritsa ntchito yolemetsa mokakamiza. Iwo anamangira Farao mizinda ya Pitomu ndi Ramesesi kumene ankasungirako chakudya. 12Koma pamene ankawazunza kwambiri, Aisraeli ndiye ankachulukirachulukira mpaka kubalalikira mʼdziko lonse. Kotero Aigupto anayamba kuopa Aisraeliwo 13ndipo anawagwiritsa ntchito mwankhanza kwambiri. 14Aigupto anachititsa moyo wa Aisraeli kukhala owawa kwambiri powagwiritsa ntchito yakalavulagaga yowumba njerwa ndi kuponda dothi lomangira, pamodzi ndi ntchito zina zosiyanasiyana zamʼminda. Iwo anakakamiza Aisraeli mwankhanza kuti agwire ntchito yowawayi.
Azamba Akana Kumvera Mfumu
15Mfumu ya Igupto inati kwa azamba a Chihebri omwe mayina awo anali Sifira ndi Puwa, 16“Mukamathandiza amayi a Chihebri pa mwala wochirira, muzionetsetsa kuti akabadwa mwana wamwamuna muzipha, koma akakhala wamkazi muzimuleka akhale ndi moyo.” 17Koma azambawo ankaopa Mulungu ndipo sanachite zimene mfumu ya Igupto inawawuza kuti achite. Iwo analeka ana aamuna kuti akhale ndi moyo. 18Kenaka mfumu ya Igupto inayitanitsa azamba aja ndi kuwafunsa kuti, “Chifukwa chiyani mwachita zimenezi? Bwanji mwasiya ana aamuna kuti akhale ndi moyo?”
19Azambawo anamuyankha Farao kuti, “Amayi a Chihebri sali ngati amayi a Chiigupto; Iwo ndi amphamvu ndipo amachira azamba asanafike.”
20Kotero Mulungu anawakomera mtima azambawo, ndipo Aisraeli anapitirirabe kuchulukana nakhala amphamvu kwambiri. 21Pakuti azambawo ankaopa Mulungu, Iye anawapatsa mabanja awoawo.
22Pamenepo Farao analamulira anthu ake onse kuti, “Mwana wamwamuna aliyense akabadwa, mukamuponye mu mtsinje wa Nailo, koma wamkazi mulekeni akhale ndi moyo.”