New International Version

1 Samuel 1

The Birth of Samuel

1There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite[a] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice to the Lord Almighty at Shiloh, where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests of the Lord. Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice, he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the Lord had closed her womb. Because the Lord had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her. This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the Lord, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat. Her husband Elkanah would say to her, “Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don’t you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don’t I mean more to you than ten sons?”

Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the Lord’s house. 10 In her deep anguish Hannah prayed to the Lord, weeping bitterly. 11 And she made a vow, saying, “Lord Almighty, if you will only look on your servant’s misery and remember me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the Lord for all the days of his life, and no razor will ever be used on his head.”

12 As she kept on praying to the Lord, Eli observed her mouth. 13 Hannah was praying in her heart, and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14 and said to her, “How long are you going to stay drunk? Put away your wine.”

15 “Not so, my lord,” Hannah replied, “I am a woman who is deeply troubled. I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring out my soul to the Lord. 16 Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief.”

17 Eli answered, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him.”

18 She said, “May your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then she went her way and ate something, and her face was no longer downcast.

19 Early the next morning they arose and worshiped before the Lord and then went back to their home at Ramah. Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered her. 20 So in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel,[b] saying, “Because I asked the Lord for him.”

Hannah Dedicates Samuel

21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.”[c]

23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. “Stay here until you have weaned him; only may the Lord make good his[d] word.” So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned him.

24 After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull,[e] an ephah[f] of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh. 25 When the bull had been sacrificed, they brought the boy to Eli, 26 and she said to him, “Pardon me, my lord. As surely as you live, I am the woman who stood here beside you praying to the Lord. 27 I prayed for this child, and the Lord has granted me what I asked of him. 28 So now I give him to the Lord. For his whole life he will be given over to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there.

Footnotes

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:22 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls always. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.”
  4. 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your
  5. 1 Samuel 1:24 Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text with three bulls
  6. 1 Samuel 1:24 That is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms

Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1 Samuel 1

Hannas barnløshed

1I byen Rama[a] i Efraims højland boede en mand, som hed Elkana. Hans far hed Jeroham, hans bedstefar hed Elihu, hans oldefar hed Tohu, og hans tipoldefar hed Zuf[b] og kom oprindelig fra Betlehem.[c]

Elkana havde to koner, Hanna og Peninna. Peninna havde børn, men Hanna havde ingen. Hvert år rejste Elkana sammen med sin familie til helligdommen i Shilo for at tilbede Herren, den Almægtige, og ofre til ham. Det var på den tid, da Elis to sønner Hofni og Pinehas gjorde tjeneste som præster. Når kødet fra offerdyret skulle fordeles, gav Elkana Peninna og hvert af hendes børn et stykke hver, men Hanna gav han to stykker,[d] for han elskede hende, selvom Herren ikke havde givet hende børn. Peninna plejede at håne Hanna og komme med spydige bemærkninger, fordi hun ikke kunne få børn. Hvert år gik det på samme måde. Når de rejste op til Herrens hus i Shilo, gjorde Peninna så meget nar af Hanna, at hun græd og ikke ville spise.

„Hvad er der i vejen, Hanna?” plejede Elkana at spørge. „Hvorfor spiser du ikke? Hvorfor er du så ked af det? Betyder jeg ikke mere for dig end ti sønner?”

Engang, under offermåltidet i Shilo, rejste Hanna sig og gik over til Herrens Hus for at bede. Præsten Eli sad som sædvanlig på sin stol ved indgangen. 10 I sin dybe smerte og under heftig gråd bad Hanna til Herren 11 og aflagde et løfte. „Åh, almægtige Gud, om du dog ville forbarme dig og se min elendighed,” bad hun. „Hvis du vil høre min bøn og give mig en søn, så vil jeg give ham tilbage til dig. Han skal tilhøre dig hele sit liv, og som tegn på det vil jeg lade være med at klippe hans hår.”

12 Sådan bad hun i lang tid. Fra sin plads iagttog Eli hende og så, at hun bevægede læberne, men han kunne ikke høre hendes bøn, 13 for hun bad i stilhed. Eli troede derfor, at hun var beruset. 14 „Hvorfor kommer du her, når du er beruset?” sagde han: „Se dog at blive ædru!” 15 Men Hanna svarede: „Nej, nej, herre, jeg er ikke beruset. Jeg er i stor nød, og jeg udøste mit hjerte for Herren. 16 Du må ikke tro, at jeg er en dårlig kvinde. Jeg har hverken drukket vin eller øl. Jeg bad, fordi jeg er ulykkelig.” 17 „Hvis det er sådan, det forholder sig, så gå du blot herfra med fred,” svarede Eli. „Må Israels Gud bønhøre dig, hvad du end har bedt ham om.” 18 „Tak for din venlighed,” udbrød Hanna. Så gik hun derfra og deltog i offermåltidet og var ikke længere bedrøvet.

Samuels fødsel

19 Tidligt næste morgen stod Elkana og hans familie op for endnu en gang at tilbede Herren, inden de vendte tilbage til Rama. Da de var hjemme igen, lå Elkana med sin kone Hanna, og Herren besvarede hendes bøn. 20 Hun blev gravid, og inden året var omme, fødte hun en søn, som hun kaldte Samuel,[e] for hun sagde: „Jeg bad Herren om at få en søn, og han hørte min bøn.”

21 Næste år, da Elkana og hans familie skulle til Shilo for at bringe det årlige brændoffer og et løfteoffer til Herren, 22 tog Hanna ikke med. „Jeg venter, til drengen er vænnet fra,” sagde hun til sin mand. „Så vil jeg bringe ham til Herrens hus og lade ham blive der, så længe han lever.” 23 „Gør, som du synes bedst,” svarede Elkana. „Bliv du her og pas drengen. Og må Herren hjælpe dig til at holde dit løfte.” Så blev Hanna hjemme og passede barnet.

24 Da drengen var vænnet fra, bragte Hanna ham til Herrens hus i Shilo. Hun medbragte en treårs tyr som offergave, en sæk med ca. 13 kg mel og en lædersæk med vin. 25 Efter offerceremonien bragte Hanna sit barn til Eli. 26 „Husker du mig?” spurgte hun Eli. „Jeg er den kvinde, som stod her og udøste mit hjerte for Herren. 27 Jeg bad om, at Herren ville give mig en søn, og her er han. Herren hørte min bøn. 28 Nu vil jeg give ham tilbage til Herren, så han kan tjene Herren hele sit liv.” Så tilbad de[f] Herren der.

Footnotes

  1. 1,1 Hebraisk: Ramatajim. Rama betyder „høj” og Ramatajim „dobbelthøjen”. Det er forskellige navne på den samme by.
  2. 1,1 Ifølge 1.Krøn. 6,18-23 var Zuf fra kehatitternes slægt i Levis stamme.
  3. 1,1 Da Betlehem også er kendt under navnet Efrat(a), kaldes folk fra Betlehem undertiden Efratitter, som der står i den hebraiske tekst her. En del levitter slog sig ned i Betlehem, men flyttede senere nordpå til Efraims område, jf. 1.Mos. 48,7, Ruth 1,1, Mika 5,1, Dom. 17,7-9.
  4. 1,5 Teksten er svær at tyde. Kan også oversættes: „et stykke beregnet til to” eller „dobbelt portion”.
  5. 1,20 Samuel betyder „Gud har hørt”.
  6. 1,28 Teksten siger „han”, og det henviser til Elkana, som var repræsentant for den lille familie. Han var med uden at være direkte nævnt ved navn. Se også 2,11.