Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King
1When King David was very old, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him. 2So his attendants said to him, “Let us look for a young virgin to serve the king and take care of him. She can lie beside him so that our lord the king may keep warm.”
3Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4The woman was very beautiful; she took care of the king and waited on him, but the king had no sexual relations with her.
5Now Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith, put himself forward and said, “I will be king.” So he got chariots and horses1:5 Or charioteers ready, with fifty men to run ahead of him. 6(His father had never rebuked him by asking, “Why do you behave as you do?” He was also very handsome and was born next after Absalom.)
7Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they gave him their support. 8But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei and Rei and David’s special guard did not join Adonijah.
9Adonijah then sacrificed sheep, cattle and fattened calves at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel. He invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the royal officials of Judah, 10but he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the special guard or his brother Solomon.
11Then Nathan asked Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Have you not heard that Adonijah, the son of Haggith, has become king, and our lord David knows nothing about it? 12Now then, let me advise you how you can save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. 13Go in to King David and say to him, ‘My lord the king, did you not swear to me your servant: “Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14While you are still there talking to the king, I will come in and add my word to what you have said.”
15So Bathsheba went to see the aged king in his room, where Abishag the Shunammite was attending him. 16Bathsheba bowed down, prostrating herself before the king.
“What is it you want?” the king asked.
17She said to him, “My lord, you yourself swore to me your servant by the Lord your God: ‘Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne.’ 18But now Adonijah has become king, and you, my lord the king, do not know about it. 19He has sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep, and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant. 20My lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to learn from you who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21Otherwise, as soon as my lord the king is laid to rest with his ancestors, I and my son Solomon will be treated as criminals.”
22While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 23And the king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” So he went before the king and bowed with his face to the ground.
24Nathan said, “Have you, my lord the king, declared that Adonijah shall be king after you, and that he will sit on your throne? 25Today he has gone down and sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep. He has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest. Right now they are eating and drinking with him and saying, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26But me your servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and your servant Solomon he did not invite. 27Is this something my lord the king has done without letting his servants know who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”
David Makes Solomon King
28Then King David said, “Call in Bathsheba.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before him.
29The king then took an oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble, 30I will surely carry out this very day what I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel: Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne in my place.”
31Then Bathsheba bowed down with her face to the ground, prostrating herself before the king, and said, “May my lord King David live forever!”
32King David said, “Call in Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” When they came before the king, 33he said to them: “Take your lord’s servants with you and have Solomon my son mount my own mule and take him down to Gihon. 34There have Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel. Blow the trumpet and shout, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35Then you are to go up with him, and he is to come and sit on my throne and reign in my place. I have appointed him ruler over Israel and Judah.”
36Benaiah son of Jehoiada answered the king, “Amen! May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, so declare it. 37As the Lord was with my lord the king, so may he be with Solomon to make his throne even greater than the throne of my lord King David!”
38So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon mount King David’s mule, and they escorted him to Gihon. 39Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the sacred tent and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, “Long live King Solomon!” 40And all the people went up after him, playing pipes and rejoicing greatly, so that the ground shook with the sound.
41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they were finishing their feast. On hearing the sound of the trumpet, Joab asked, “What’s the meaning of all the noise in the city?”
42Even as he was speaking, Jonathan son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in. A worthy man like you must be bringing good news.”
43“Not at all!” Jonathan answered. “Our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and they have put him on the king’s mule, 45and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds with it. That’s the noise you hear. 46Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat on the royal throne. 47Also, the royal officials have come to congratulate our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God make Solomon’s name more famous than yours and his throne greater than yours!’ And the king bowed in worship on his bed 48and said, ‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, who has allowed my eyes to see a successor on my throne today.’ ”
49At this, all Adonijah’s guests rose in alarm and dispersed. 50But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51Then Solomon was told, “Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon and is clinging to the horns of the altar. He says, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’ ”
52Solomon replied, “If he shows himself to be worthy, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground; but if evil is found in him, he will die.” 53Then King Solomon sent men, and they brought him down from the altar. And Adonijah came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said, “Go to your home.”
Adoniya Adziyika Kukhala Mfumu
1Mfumu Davide atakalamba sankamva kufunda ngakhale akamufunditsa mabulangeti. 2Choncho nduna zake zinamuwuza kuti, “Tiloleni tifune namwali woti azikhala nanu ndi kumakusamalirani. Namwaliyo azigona pafupi nanu kuti mbuye wathu mfumu muzimva kufundira.”
3Kotero anafunafuna mʼdziko lonse la Israeli mtsikana wokongola ndipo anapeza Abisagi wa ku Sunemu, nabwera naye kwa mfumu. 4Mtsikanayo anali wokongola kwambiri ndipo ankasamalira mfumu ndi kumayitumikira, koma mfumuyo sinakhale naye malo amodzi.
5Nthawi imeneyi Adoniya, mwana wa Hagiti, anayamba kudzitukumula ndipo anati, “Ndidzakhala mfumu ndine.” Choncho anadzikonzera galeta ndi akavalo, pamodzi ndi anthu 50 woti azithamanga patsogolo pake. 6(Abambo ake sanalowererepo nʼkamodzi komwe ndipo sanafunsepo kuti, “Nʼchifukwa chiyani ukuchita zimenezi?” Adoniyayo anali wokongola kwambiri ndipo anali wopondana ndi Abisalomu).
7Adoniya anagwirizana ndi Yowabu mwana wa Zeruya ndiponso Abiatara wansembe, ndipo iwowa anamuthandiza. 8Koma Zadoki wansembe, Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada, mneneri Natani, Simei ndi Rei ndiponso asilikali amphamvu a Davide sanamutsate Adoniya uja.
9Kenaka Adoniya anapereka nsembe za nkhosa ndi ngʼombe ndiponso ana angʼombe onenepa ku Mwala wa Zohereti kufupi ndi Eni Rogeli. Iye anayitana abale ake onse, ana aamuna a mfumu ndiponso akuluakulu onse a ku Yuda, 10koma sanayitane mneneri Natani kapena Benaya kapenanso asilikali amphamvu a Davide ngakhalenso mʼbale wake Solomoni.
11Pamenepo Natani anafunsa Batiseba, amayi ake a Solomoni, kuti, “Kodi simunamve kuti Adoniya, mwana wa Hagiti, walowa ufumu popanda Davide mbuye wathu kudziwa? 12Tsopano ine ndikulangizeni inu mmene mungapulumutsire moyo wanu ndi moyo wa mwana wanu Solomoni. 13Pitani msanga kwa Mfumu Davide ndipo mukanene kuti, ‘Mbuye wanga mfumu, kodi simunalumbire kwa ine mdzakazi wanu kuti, ‘Ndithu mwana wako Solomoni ndiye adzakhale mfumu mʼmalo mwanga, ndipo adzakhala pa mpando wanga waufumu?’ Nanga nʼchifukwa chiyani Adoniya walowa ufumu?’ 14Pamene inu muzikayankhula ndi mfumu, ine ndidzalowa ndi kuchitira umboni mawu anuwo.”
15Choncho Batiseba anapita nakalowa ku chipinda kukaonana ndi mfumu imene inali itakalamba kwambiri, kumene Abisagi wa ku Sunemu uja ankayisamalira. 16Batiseba anagwada nalambira mfumu.
Mfumu inamufunsa kuti, “Kodi nʼchiyani chimene ukufuna?”
17Iye anayankha kuti, “Mbuye wanga, inu mwini munalumbira kwa ine mdzakazi wanu mʼdzina la Yehova Mulungu wanu kuti, ‘Solomoni mwana wako ndiye adzakhale mfumu mʼmalo mwa ine, ndipo adzakhala pa mpando wanga waufumu.’ 18Koma tsopano Adoniya ndiye walowa ufumu, ndipo inu mbuye wanga mfumu, simukuzidziwa zimenezi. 19Ndipo wapereka nsembe ngʼombe zambiri, ana angʼombe onenepa ndi nkhosa ndi mbuzi ndipo wayitana ana anu onse, wansembe Abiatara ndiponso Yowabu mkulu wa ankhondo, koma sanayitane kapolo wanu Solomoni. 20Mbuye wanga mfumu, maso a Aisraeli onse ali pa inu, kuti adziwe kuchokera kwa inu amene adzakhala pa mpando waufumu wa mbuye wanga mʼmalo mwanu. 21Mukapanda kutero, mbuye wanga, mukadzangotisiya nʼkulondola kumene kunapita makolo anu, ine pamodzi ndi mwana wangayu Solomoni adzatiyesa owukira.”
22Pamene Batiseba amayankhula ndi mfumu, mneneri Natani analowa. 23Ndipo anthu anawuza mfumu kuti, “Kwabwera mneneri Natani.” Kotero iye anafika pamaso pa mfumu ndipo anawerama nagunditsa nkhope yake pansi.
24Natani anafunsa kuti, “Mbuye wanga mfumu, kodi mwalengeza kuti Adoniya adzakhala mfumu mʼmalo mwanu, ndi kuti adzakhala pa mpando wanu waufumu? 25Lero lomwe lino wakapereka nsembe ngʼombe zambiri, ana angʼombe onenepa ndiponso nkhosa ndi mbuzi. Iye wayitana ana anu onse, atsogoleri a nkhondo, ndiponso wansembe Abiatara. Panopa onsewa akudya ndi kumwa naye ndipo akunena kuti, ‘Akhale ndi moyo wautali mfumu Adoniya!’ 26Koma ine kapolo wanu, wansembe Zadoki ndi Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada, ndiponso kapolo wanu Solomoni sanatiyitane. 27Kodi zimenezi mbuye wanga mfumu mwazichita ndinu, osawawuza atumiki anu kuti adziwe amene adzakhale pa mpando waufumu mʼmalo mwanu?”
Davide Alonga Ufumu Solomoni
28Pamenepo mfumu Davide anati, “Muyitaneni Batiseba.” Kotero Batiseba analowa ndipo anayimirira pamaso pa mfumu.
29Tsono mfumu inalumbira kuti, “Pali Yehova wamoyo, amene anandipulumutsa ine ku mavuto onse, 30ndithu ine lero ndichita zonse zimene ndinalumbira kwa Yehova Mulungu wa Israeli kuti, mwana wako Solomoni adzakhala mfumu mʼmalo mwanga ndipo adzakhala pa mpando wanga waufumu.”
31Pamenepo Batiseba anawerama, nagunditsa mutu wake pansi nalambira mfumu, ndipo anati, “Mbuye wanga Mfumu Davide mukhale ndi moyo wautali!”
32Mfumu Davide anati, “Ndiyitanireni wansembe Zadoki, mneneri Natani ndi Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada.” Atafika pamaso pa mfumu, 33mfumuyo inati kwa iwo, “Tengani atumiki anga ndipo mukweze mwana wanga Solomoni pa bulu wanga ndipo mupite naye ku Gihoni. Mukalize lipenga ndi kufuwula kuti, ‘Akhale ndi moyo wautali mfumu Solomoni!’ 34Kumeneko Zadoki wansembe ndi mneneri Natani akamudzoze kuti akhale mfumu ya Israeli. Kenaka mukalize lipenga ndi kumanena kuti ‘Akhale ndi moyo wautali Mfumu Solomoni.’ 35Ndipo pobwera muzikamutsata pambuyo. Iyeyo akabwere kuno ndi kudzakhala pa mpando wanga waufumu ndi kudzalamulira mʼmalo mwanga. Ndamusankha kukhala wolamulira Israeli ndi Yuda.”
36Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada anayankha mfumu kuti, “Ameni! Yehova Mulungu wa mbuye wanga mfumu akhazikitse kuti zichitike motero. 37Monga momwe Yehova wakhalira ndi inu mbuye wanga mfumu, momwemonso akhale ndi Solomoni ndi kukhazikitsa ufumu wake kuti ukhale waukulu kuposa ufumu wa mbuye wanga Mfumu Davide!”
38Kotero Zadoki wansembe, mneneri Natani, Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada, Akereti ndiponso Apeleti, anthu oteteza mfumu, anapita kukamukweza Solomoni pa bulu wa Mfumu Davide ndi kupita naye ku Gihoni. 39Wansembe Zadoki anatenga nyanga ya mafuta yochokera ku malo opatulika ndi kumudzoza Solomoni. Kenaka analiza lipenga ndipo anthu onse anafuwula kuti, “Akhale ndi moyo wautali Mfumu Solomoni!” 40Ndipo anthu onsewo anapita namutsatira pambuyo akuyimba zitoliro ndi kukondwerera kwambiri, kotero nthaka inagwedezeka chifukwa cha phokoso lawo.
41Adoniya pamodzi ndi anthu onse oyitanidwa amene anali naye anamva zimenezi pamene ankamaliza madyerero awo. Atamva kulira kwa malipenga, Yowabu anafunsa kuti, “Kodi phokoso lonselo mu mzindamo likutanthauza chiyani?”
42Iye akuyankhula, Yonatani mwana wa wansembe Abiatara anafika. Adoniya anati, “Lowa. Munthu wabwino ngati iwe ayenera kubweretsa nkhani yabwino.”
43Yonatani anayankha Adoniya kuti, “Ayi ndithu, zinthu sizili bwino! Mbuye wathu Mfumu Davide walonga Solomoni ufumu. 44Mfumu yatuma Zadoki wansembe, mneneri Natani, Benaya mwana wa Yehoyada, Akereti ndi Apeleti ku Gihoni ndipo iwo amukweza pa bulu wa mfumu, 45ndipo Zadoki wansembe ndi mneneri Natani adzoza Solomoni ku Gihoni kuti akhale mfumu. Ndipo kuchokera kumeneko akhala akululutira, kotero kuti mu mzinda monse muli phokoso lokhalokha. Ndiyetu phokoso limene mukulimvalo. 46Ndipo Solomoni wakhala kale pa mpando wake waufumu. 47Kuwonjezera pamenepo, nduna za mfumu zabwera kale kudzayamika mbuye wathu Mfumu Davide, pomanena kuti, ‘Mulungu wanu atchukitse dzina la Solomoni kuposa dzina lanu ndipo ufumu wake ukule kupambana ufumu wanu!’ Ndipo mfumu inawerama niyamba kupembedza pa bedi lake, 48inati, ‘Atamandike Yehova, Mulungu wa Israeli, amene wasankha wolowa mʼmalo mwanga ine ndikanali ndi moyo lero lino.’ ”
49Anthu onse amene Adoniya anawayitana ananjenjemera ndi mantha, ndipo anayimirira, kenaka anamwazikana. 50Koma Adoniya, poopa Solomoni, anapita ku Nyumba ya Mulungu nakagwira msonga za guwa lansembe. 51Tsono Solomoni anawuzidwa kuti, “Adoniya akukuopani inu Mfumu Solomoni ndipo wagwira msonga za guwa lansembe. Iye akuti, ‘Mfumu Solomoni alumbire kuti sadzapha kapolo wake ndi lupanga.’ ”
52Solomoni anayankha kuti, “Ngati iyeyo aonetse kuti ndi munthu wakhalidwe labwino, ngakhale tsitsi la mʼmutu mwake silidzathothoka ndi kugwera pansi, koma akapezeka kuti ali ndi khalidwe loyipa, adzafa ndithu.” 53Pamenepo Mfumu Solomoni inatuma anthu ndipo anakamutenga paguwa paja. Adoniya anabwera ndi kudzalambira Mfumu Solomoni, ndipo Solomoni anati, “Pita ku nyumba yako.”