More Rules for Guilt Offerings
1“ ‘Here are some more rules for guilt offerings. The guilt offering is very holy. 2 You must kill the animal for the guilt offering where you kill the animal for the burnt offering. Splash its blood against the sides of the altar. 3 Offer all its fat. It must include the fat tail and the fat that covers the inside parts. 4 It must include both kidneys with the fat on them next to the lower back muscles. It must also include the long part of the liver. Remove all of it together with the kidneys. 5 The priest must burn all of it on the altar. It is a food offering presented to the Lord. It is a guilt offering. 6 Any male in a priest’s family can eat it. But he must eat it in the holy area. It is very holy.
7 “ ‘The same law applies to the sin offering and the guilt offering. Both of them belong to the priest who offers them to pay for sin. 8 The priest who offers a burnt offering for anyone can keep its hide for himself. 9 Every grain offering baked in an oven belongs to the priest who offers it. So does every grain offering cooked in a pan or on a metal plate. 10 Every grain offering belongs equally to all the priests in Aaron’s family line. That is true whether it is mixed with olive oil or it is dry.
More Rules for Friendship Offerings
11 “ ‘Here are some more rules for friendship offerings anyone may bring to the Lord.
12 “ ‘Suppose they offer a friendship offering to show they are thankful. Then together with the thank offering they must offer thick loaves of bread. They must make them without yeast. They must mix them with olive oil. Or they must offer thin loaves of bread made without yeast. They must spread olive oil on them. Or they must offer thick loaves of bread made out of the finest flour. They must add olive oil to it. They must work the flour and prepare it well. 13 They must bring another friendship offering along with their thank offering. It should be thick loaves of bread made with yeast. 14 They must bring one of each kind of bread as an offering. One kind is made with yeast. The other is not. Both of them are a gift to the Lord. They belong to the priest who splashes the blood of the friendship offering against the altar. 15 The person must eat the meat from their thank offering on the day they offer it. They must not leave any of it until morning.
16 “ ‘But suppose they bring a friendship offering to keep a promise they have made. Or suppose they bring an offering they choose to give. Then they must eat the sacrifice on the day they offer it. But if anything is left over, they may eat it the next day. 17 They must burn up any meat from the sacrifice left over until the third day. 18 Suppose they eat any meat from the friendship offering on the third day. Then the Lord will not accept the offering. He will not accept it as a gift from them. It is not pure. If they eat any of it, they will be held responsible for it.
19 “ ‘They must not eat meat that touches anything “unclean.” They must burn it up. Anyone “clean” may eat any other meat. 20 But suppose an “unclean” person eats any meat from the friendship offering that belongs to the Lord. Then they will be separated from their people. 21 Suppose someone touches something “unclean.” It does not matter whether it comes from a human being who is not “clean.” It does not matter whether it comes from an “unclean” animal. It does not matter whether it comes from something hated and “unclean.” And suppose they eat any of the meat from the friendship offering that belongs to the Lord. Then they will be separated from their people.’ ”
Israel Must Not Eat Fat or Blood
22 The Lord spoke to Moses. He said, 23 “Speak to the Israelites. Tell them, ‘Do not eat any of the fat of cattle, sheep or goats. 24 Do not eat the fat of any animal found dead. Do not eat the fat of an animal that wild animals have torn apart. But you can use the fat for any other purpose. 25 Suppose an animal has been sacrificed as a food offering to the Lord. No one may eat its fat. If they do, they will be separated from their people. 26 No matter where you live, do not eat the blood of any bird or animal. 27 Anyone who eats blood must be separated from their people.’ ”
The Share That Belongs to the Priests
28 The Lord spoke to Moses. He said, 29 “Speak to the Israelites. Tell them, ‘Suppose someone brings a friendship offering to the Lord. Then they must bring part of it as their special gift to the Lord. 30 They must bring it with their own hands. It is a food offering presented to the Lord. They must bring the fat together with the breast. They must lift the breast up and wave it in front of the Lord as a wave offering. 31 The priest will burn the fat on the altar. But the breast belongs to Aaron and the priests in his family line. 32 Give the right thigh from your friendship offerings to the priest as a gift. 33 The priest who offers the blood and fat from the friendship offering must be given the right thigh. It is his share. 34 I, the Lord, have taken the breast that is waved and the thigh that is given. I have taken them from the friendship offerings of the Israelites. And I have given them to Aaron the priest and the priests in his family line. The offerings will be their share from the Israelites for all time to come.’ ”
35 That is the part of the food offerings presented to the Lord. It is given to Aaron and the priests in his family line. It was given to Aaron and his sons on the day they were set apart to serve the Lord as priests. 36 On the day they were anointed, the Lord commanded the Israelites to give that part to them. For all time to come, it will be the share of Aaron and the priests in his family line.
37 These are the rules for burnt offerings, grain offerings, sin offerings, guilt offerings and friendship offerings. They are also the rules for the offerings that are given when priests are being prepared to serve the Lord. 38 They are the rules the Lord gave Moses on Mount Sinai. He gave them on the day he commanded the Israelites to bring their offerings to the Lord. That took place in the Sinai Desert.