A foolish son brings grief to his father
and bitterness to the mother who bore him.
If imposing a fine on the innocent is not good,
surely to flog honest officials is not right.
The one who has knowledge uses words with restraint,
and whoever has understanding is even-tempered.
Even fools are thought wise if they keep silent,
and discerning if they hold their tongues.
An unfriendly person pursues selfish ends
and against all sound judgment starts quarrels.
Fools find no pleasure in understanding
but delight in airing their own opinions.
When wickedness comes, so does contempt,
and with shame comes reproach.
The words of the mouth are deep waters,
but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream.
It is not good to be partial to the wicked
and so deprive the innocent of justice.
The lips of fools bring them strife,
and their mouths invite a beating.