Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King
1When King David was very old, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him. 2So his attendants said to him, “Let us look for a young virgin to serve the king and take care of him. She can lie beside him so that our lord the king may keep warm.”
3Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4The woman was very beautiful; she took care of the king and waited on him, but the king had no sexual relations with her.
5Now Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith, put himself forward and said, “I will be king.” So he got chariots and horses1:5 Or charioteers ready, with fifty men to run ahead of him. 6(His father had never rebuked him by asking, “Why do you behave as you do?” He was also very handsome and was born next after Absalom.)
7Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they gave him their support. 8But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei and Rei and David’s special guard did not join Adonijah.
9Adonijah then sacrificed sheep, cattle and fattened calves at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel. He invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the royal officials of Judah, 10but he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the special guard or his brother Solomon.
11Then Nathan asked Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Have you not heard that Adonijah, the son of Haggith, has become king, and our lord David knows nothing about it? 12Now then, let me advise you how you can save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. 13Go in to King David and say to him, ‘My lord the king, did you not swear to me your servant: “Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14While you are still there talking to the king, I will come in and add my word to what you have said.”
15So Bathsheba went to see the aged king in his room, where Abishag the Shunammite was attending him. 16Bathsheba bowed down, prostrating herself before the king.
“What is it you want?” the king asked.
17She said to him, “My lord, you yourself swore to me your servant by the Lord your God: ‘Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne.’ 18But now Adonijah has become king, and you, my lord the king, do not know about it. 19He has sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep, and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant. 20My lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to learn from you who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21Otherwise, as soon as my lord the king is laid to rest with his ancestors, I and my son Solomon will be treated as criminals.”
22While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 23And the king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” So he went before the king and bowed with his face to the ground.
24Nathan said, “Have you, my lord the king, declared that Adonijah shall be king after you, and that he will sit on your throne? 25Today he has gone down and sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep. He has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest. Right now they are eating and drinking with him and saying, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26But me your servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and your servant Solomon he did not invite. 27Is this something my lord the king has done without letting his servants know who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”
David Makes Solomon King
28Then King David said, “Call in Bathsheba.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before him.
29The king then took an oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble, 30I will surely carry out this very day what I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel: Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne in my place.”
31Then Bathsheba bowed down with her face to the ground, prostrating herself before the king, and said, “May my lord King David live forever!”
32King David said, “Call in Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” When they came before the king, 33he said to them: “Take your lord’s servants with you and have Solomon my son mount my own mule and take him down to Gihon. 34There have Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel. Blow the trumpet and shout, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35Then you are to go up with him, and he is to come and sit on my throne and reign in my place. I have appointed him ruler over Israel and Judah.”
36Benaiah son of Jehoiada answered the king, “Amen! May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, so declare it. 37As the Lord was with my lord the king, so may he be with Solomon to make his throne even greater than the throne of my lord King David!”
38So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon mount King David’s mule, and they escorted him to Gihon. 39Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the sacred tent and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, “Long live King Solomon!” 40And all the people went up after him, playing pipes and rejoicing greatly, so that the ground shook with the sound.
41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they were finishing their feast. On hearing the sound of the trumpet, Joab asked, “What’s the meaning of all the noise in the city?”
42Even as he was speaking, Jonathan son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in. A worthy man like you must be bringing good news.”
43“Not at all!” Jonathan answered. “Our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and they have put him on the king’s mule, 45and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds with it. That’s the noise you hear. 46Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat on the royal throne. 47Also, the royal officials have come to congratulate our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God make Solomon’s name more famous than yours and his throne greater than yours!’ And the king bowed in worship on his bed 48and said, ‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, who has allowed my eyes to see a successor on my throne today.’ ”
49At this, all Adonijah’s guests rose in alarm and dispersed. 50But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51Then Solomon was told, “Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon and is clinging to the horns of the altar. He says, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’ ”
52Solomon replied, “If he shows himself to be worthy, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground; but if evil is found in him, he will die.” 53Then King Solomon sent men, and they brought him down from the altar. And Adonijah came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said, “Go to your home.”
11拿單對所羅門的母親拔示芭說：「你沒有聽說嗎？哈姬的兒子亞多尼雅做王了，我們的主大衛還不知道。 12事到如今，我有一個主意，可以保住你和你兒子所羅門的性命。 13你去見大衛王，對他說，『我主我王啊，你不是起誓說讓臣妾的兒子所羅門繼承王位嗎？怎麼現在亞多尼雅做了王呢？』 14你跟王說話的時候，我會進去證實你的話。」
15拔示芭就進內室去見年邁的王，書念的少女雅比莎正在伺候他。 16拔示芭向王屈身下拜。王問道：「你有什麼事嗎？」 17拔示芭回答說：「我主啊，你曾經憑你的上帝耶和華起誓說讓臣妾的兒子所羅門繼承你的王位，坐你的寶座。 18但現在亞多尼雅已經稱王了，我主我王還不知道。 19他宰了許多牛羊和肥牛犢獻祭，邀請眾王子、亞比亞他祭司和約押元帥，卻沒有邀請你的僕人所羅門。 20我主我王啊！以色列舉國拭目以待，等著王來指定誰繼承王位。 21不然，到我主我王與祖先同眠之後，我和我兒所羅門必被定為罪人。」
22她與王正說話間，拿單先知進宮來了。 23有人奏告王，說：「拿單先知來了。」拿單來到王面前，俯伏在地， 24說：「我主我王啊，你已經宣佈讓亞多尼雅繼承你的王位，坐你的寶座嗎？ 25他今天宰了許多牛羊和肥犢獻祭，宴請眾王子、將領和亞比亞他祭司，他們正在他那裡一邊吃喝一邊說，『亞多尼雅王萬歲！』 26但他沒有邀請臣僕我、撒督祭司、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅和你的僕人所羅門。 27這是我主我王的旨意嗎？王還沒有對臣僕們說過誰繼承王位。」
28於是，大衛王召見拔示芭。拔示芭立刻晉見，侍立在王面前。 29王起誓說：「我憑救我脫離一切苦難的永活的耶和華起誓， 30我今天必實現我憑以色列的上帝耶和華向你起的誓。你的兒子所羅門必繼承王位，坐在我的寶座上。」
32大衛王又召見撒督祭司、拿單先知和耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅。他們都來到王面前。 33王囑咐道：「你們要率領我的隨從，讓我兒所羅門騎上我的騾子，護送他下到基訓。 34撒督祭司和拿單先知要在那裡膏立他為以色列王。你們要吹響號角，高喊，『所羅門王萬歲！』 35然後，你們要隨他回來，他要登基，繼承我的王位。我已立他做以色列和猶大的君王了。」
36耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅說：「遵命，願我主我王的上帝耶和華成全這事。 37耶和華怎樣與我主我王同在，願祂也照樣與所羅門同在，使他的國比我主大衛王的國更強大。」 38於是，撒督祭司、拿單先知、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅，以及基利提人和比利提人請所羅門騎上大衛王的騾子，護送他前往基訓。 39撒督祭司從聖幕裡拿來盛膏油的角，膏立所羅門為王。他們吹響號角，民眾高聲歡呼：「所羅門王萬歲！」 40眾人浩浩蕩蕩地隨著所羅門回京，一路上吹笛歡呼，聲音震動大地。 41亞多尼雅和他的眾賓客剛剛飲宴完畢，聽見了這聲音。約押聽見號角聲，便問：「城裡為什麼如此喧鬧？」 42就在這時候，亞比亞他祭司的兒子約拿單來了，亞多尼雅說：「進來！你是個忠勇的人，一定帶來了好消息。」
43約拿單說：「我們的主大衛王已經立所羅門為王了。 44王派撒督祭司、拿單先知、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅，以及基利提人和比利提人護送所羅門騎上王的騾子。 45撒督祭司和拿單先知在基訓膏立他為王，他們一路上歡呼著回來了，全城轟動。你們聽到的就是他們的聲音。 46所羅門已經登基掌權， 47王的臣僕也來向我們的主大衛王道喜說，『願王的上帝使所羅門比王更聲名顯赫，使他的國比王的國更強大。』王在床上俯伏敬拜， 48說，『以色列的上帝耶和華當受稱頌，因為祂讓我親眼看見我的繼承人今天登基。』」
49亞多尼雅的眾賓客聽後，嚇得四散而去。 50亞多尼雅懼怕所羅門，就去抓住祭壇的角。 51有人告訴所羅門：「亞多尼雅懼怕王，現在正抓住祭壇的角，要王今天起誓不要殺他。」