The Israelites Become Slaves in Egypt
1Here are the names of Israel’s children who went to Egypt with Jacob. Each one went with his family. 2Jacob’s sons were
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah,
3Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin,
Gad and Asher.
5The total number of Jacob’s children and grandchildren was 70. Joseph was already in Egypt.
6Joseph and all his brothers died. So did all their children. 7The people of Israel had many children. The number of them greatly increased. There were so many of them that they filled the land.
8Then a new king came to power in Egypt. Joseph didn’t mean anything to him. 9“Look,” he said to his people. “The Israelites are far too many for us. 10Come. We must deal with them carefully. If we don’t, there will be even more of them. Then if war breaks out, they’ll join our enemies. They’ll fight against us and leave the country.”
11So the Egyptians put slave drivers over the people of Israel. The slave drivers treated them badly and made them work hard. The Israelites built the cities of Pithom and Rameses so Pharaoh could store things there. 12But the worse the slave drivers treated the Israelites, the more Israelites there were. So the Egyptians became afraid of them. 13They made them work hard. They didn’t show them any pity. 14The people suffered because of their hard labor. The slave drivers forced them to work with bricks and mud. And they made them do all kinds of work in the fields. The Egyptians didn’t show them any pity at all. They made them work very hard.
15There were two Hebrew women named Shiphrah and Puah. They helped other women having babies. The king of Egypt spoke to them. He said, 16“You are the ones who help the other Hebrew women. Watch them when they get into a sitting position to have their babies. Kill the boys. Let the girls live.” 17But Shiphrah and Puah had respect for God. They didn’t do what the king of Egypt had told them to do. They let the boys live. 18Then the king of Egypt sent for the women. He asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?”
19The women answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like the women of Egypt. They are strong. They have their babies before we get there.”
20So God was kind to Shiphrah and Puah. And the number of Israelites became even greater. 21Shiphrah and Puah had respect for God. So he gave them families of their own.
22Then Pharaoh gave an order to all his people. He said, “You must throw every Hebrew baby boy into the Nile River. But let every Hebrew baby girl live.”
1以色列的众子带着家眷跟雅各1:1 “雅各”就是“以色列”，上帝为雅各改名以色列，故事参考创世记32:28。一起去了埃及，以下是他们的名字： 2吕便、西缅、利未、犹大、 3以萨迦、西布伦、便雅悯、 4但、拿弗他利、迦得、亚设。 5雅各的子孙总共有七十人。那时，约瑟已经住在埃及。 6后来，约瑟和他的弟兄以及同辈的人都相继去世。 7以色列人生养众多，人口大增，很快就遍布埃及，成为一个强大的民族。 8那时，埃及有一位不认识约瑟的新王登基， 9对他的百姓说：“你们看，以色列人比我们多，又比我们强。 10来吧！我们要设法阻止他们人口增长，否则一遇到战争，他们便会加入我们敌人的阵营来攻打我们，然后一走了之。”
11于是，埃及人派监工强迫以色列人服劳役，在比东和兰塞两地为法老兴建储货城。 12以色列人越受奴役，人口增长得越快，散居的范围也越广，令埃及人感到恐惧。 13于是，埃及人更残酷地奴役他们， 14强迫他们和泥造砖，并做田间一切的苦工，使他们痛苦不堪。 15埃及王又命令两个希伯来的接生婆施弗拉和普阿： 16“你们在替希伯来妇女接生的时候，如果看到生下的是男婴，就把他杀掉；如果是女婴，就让她活下来。” 17但这两个接生婆敬畏上帝，没有执行王的命令，而是保留了男婴的性命。 18埃及王召见那两个接生婆，质问她们：“你们为什么这样做？为什么让男婴活着？” 19她们回答说：“因为希伯来妇女跟埃及妇女不同。她们身体强健，我们还没有赶到，婴儿就生下来了。” 20-21因此，以色列人口继续增加，更加繁盛。因为这两个接生婆敬畏上帝，上帝便赐福给她们，使她们生儿育女。 22后来，法老命令全埃及的人把以色列人生的所有男婴都抛进尼罗河里，只让女婴活着。