1Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 5And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.1.5 loins: Heb. thigh 6And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
7¶ And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 9And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 10Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land. 11Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.1.12 But…: Heb. And as they afflicted them, so they multiplied, etc 13And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 14And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.
15¶ And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 16And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. 17But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. 18And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 19And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 20Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. 21And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses. 22And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
1以色列的众子带着家眷跟雅各1:1 “雅各”就是“以色列”，上帝为雅各改名以色列，故事参考创世记32:28。一起去了埃及，以下是他们的名字： 2吕便、西缅、利未、犹大、 3以萨迦、西布伦、便雅悯、 4但、拿弗他利、迦得、亚设。 5雅各的子孙总共有七十人。那时，约瑟已经住在埃及。 6后来，约瑟和他的弟兄以及同辈的人都相继去世。 7以色列人生养众多，人口大增，很快就遍布埃及，成为一个强大的民族。 8那时，埃及有一位不认识约瑟的新王登基， 9对他的百姓说：“你们看，以色列人比我们多，又比我们强。 10来吧！我们要设法阻止他们人口增长，否则一遇到战争，他们便会加入我们敌人的阵营来攻打我们，然后一走了之。”
11于是，埃及人派监工强迫以色列人服劳役，在比东和兰塞两地为法老兴建储货城。 12以色列人越受奴役，人口增长得越快，散居的范围也越广，令埃及人感到恐惧。 13于是，埃及人更残酷地奴役他们， 14强迫他们和泥造砖，并做田间一切的苦工，使他们痛苦不堪。 15埃及王又命令两个希伯来的接生婆施弗拉和普阿： 16“你们在替希伯来妇女接生的时候，如果看到生下的是男婴，就把他杀掉；如果是女婴，就让她活下来。” 17但这两个接生婆敬畏上帝，没有执行王的命令，而是保留了男婴的性命。 18埃及王召见那两个接生婆，质问她们：“你们为什么这样做？为什么让男婴活着？” 19她们回答说：“因为希伯来妇女跟埃及妇女不同。她们身体强健，我们还没有赶到，婴儿就生下来了。” 20-21因此，以色列人口继续增加，更加繁盛。因为这两个接生婆敬畏上帝，上帝便赐福给她们，使她们生儿育女。 22后来，法老命令全埃及的人把以色列人生的所有男婴都抛进尼罗河里，只让女婴活着。