1Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:) 2That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, 3In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him: 4When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. 5And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king’s palace;1.5 present: Heb. found 6Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.1.6 blue, hangings: or, violet, etc1.6 of red…: or, of porphyre, and marble and alabaster, and stone of blue colour 7And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.1.7 royal…: Heb. wine of the kingdom1.7 state: Heb. hand 8And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man’s pleasure. 9Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
10¶ On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,1.10 chamberlains: or, eunuchs 11To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.1.11 fair…: Heb. good of countenance 12But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.1.12 by his…: Heb. which was by the hand of his eunuchs
13¶ Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king’s manner toward all that knew law and judgment: 14And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king’s face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;) 15What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?1.15 What…: Heb. What to do 16And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. 17For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. 18Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king’s princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath. 19If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.1.19 If it…: Heb. If it be good with the king1.19 unto…: Heb. unto her companion1.19 from him: Heb. from before him1.19 be not…: Heb. pass not away 20And when the king’s decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. 21And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:1.21 pleased…: Heb. was good in the eyes of the king 22For he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people.1.22 that it…: Heb. that one should publish it according to the language of his people
1亚哈随鲁在位期间，统治从印度到古实的一百二十七个省。 2亚哈随鲁王在书珊城登基， 3他在执政第三年大宴群臣，波斯和玛代的将领、各省的贵族和大臣都在场。 4整整一百八十天，他展示自己帝国的财富和王权的威荣。 5之后，他又一连七天在御花园宴请书珊城里所有的居民，无论尊卑。 6御花园里有白色的棉帐和蓝色的彩帐，用细麻绳和紫色绳系在大理石柱的银环上。有金银制成的床榻摆在各色斑岩、大理石、珍珠贝壳及其他贵重石头铺成的地上。 7饮酒用的是各式各样的金器皿，御酒大量供应，足显王的慷慨。 8喝酒有个规矩，不许勉强人，因为王吩咐过宫里所有的侍从，招待各人要随其所愿。 9瓦实提王后也在亚哈随鲁王的宫里设宴招待女宾。
10第七天，亚哈随鲁王喝得心中畅快，就吩咐在王身边服侍的米户幔、比斯他、哈波拿、比革他、亚拔他、西达和甲迦七位太监， 11去请瓦实提王后戴着后冠到王面前，向百姓和官员展现她的美貌，因为她非常美丽。 12但瓦实提王后违抗太监所传的谕旨，拒绝前来，王非常生气，怒火中烧。
13王有事习惯征求通晓律例和法则之人的意见，于是他去问精通时务的哲士。 14那时，靠近王的有甲示拿、示达、押玛他、他施斯、米力、玛西拿和米姆干七位波斯和玛代的大臣，他们常见王的面，在国中身居高位。 15王问他们：“瓦实提王后违抗太监所传的谕旨，按律该如何处置她？”
16米姆干当着王和大臣们的面说：“瓦实提王后不但冒犯了王，而且有害于举国的臣民。 17因为王后的事必传到所有妇女的耳中，致使她们藐视自己的丈夫，因为她们会说，‘亚哈随鲁王请瓦实提王后到他面前，她却不去。’ 18今天，波斯和玛代的贵妇听到王后这事，也会如此对待王的大臣，藐视和恼怒之事必层出不穷。 19王若愿意，就请降旨不准瓦实提再到王面前，把她王后的位分赐给比她更好的女子，并将此谕旨写入波斯和玛代的律法，永不更改。 20王的谕旨传遍王辽阔的国境后，所有的妇女，无论丈夫贵贱，都必尊重他们。”