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1 Samuel 1

Nacimiento de Samuel

1En la sierra de Efraín había un hombre zufita de Ramatayin.[a] Su nombre era Elcaná hijo de Jeroán, hijo de Eliú, hijo de Tohu, hijo de Zuf, efraimita. Elcaná tenía dos esposas. Una de ellas se llamaba Ana, y la otra, Penina. Esta tenía hijos, pero Ana no tenía ninguno.

Cada año Elcaná salía de su pueblo para adorar al Señor Todopoderoso y ofrecerle sacrificios en Siló, donde Ofni y Finés, los dos hijos de Elí, oficiaban como sacerdotes del Señor. Cuando llegaba el día de ofrecer su sacrificio, Elcaná solía darles a Penina y a todos sus hijos e hijas la porción que les correspondía. Pero a Ana le daba una porción especial,[b] pues la amaba a pesar de que el Señor la había hecho estéril. Penina, su rival, solía atormentarla para que se enojara, ya que el Señor la había hecho estéril.

Cada año, cuando iban a la casa del Señor, sucedía lo mismo: Penina la atormentaba, hasta que Ana se ponía a llorar y ni comer quería. Entonces Elcaná, su esposo, le decía: «Ana, ¿por qué lloras? ¿Por qué no comes? ¿Por qué estás resentida? ¿Acaso no soy para ti mejor que diez hijos?»

Una vez, estando en Siló, Ana se levantó después de la comida. Y a la vista del sacerdote Elí, que estaba sentado en su silla junto a la puerta del santuario del Señor, 10 con gran angustia comenzó a orar al Señor y a llorar desconsoladamente. 11 Entonces hizo este voto: «Señor Todopoderoso, si te dignas mirar la desdicha de esta sierva tuya, y si en vez de olvidarme te acuerdas de mí y me concedes un hijo varón, yo te lo entregaré para toda su vida, y nunca se le cortará el cabello».

12 Como Ana estuvo orando largo rato ante el Señor, Elí se fijó en su boca. 13 Sus labios se movían, pero, debido a que Ana oraba en voz baja, no se podía oír su voz. Elí pensó que estaba borracha, 14 así que le dijo:

―¿Hasta cuándo te va a durar la borrachera? ¡Deja ya el vino!

15 ―No, mi señor; no he bebido ni vino ni cerveza. Soy solo una mujer angustiada que ha venido a desahogarse delante del Señor. 16 No me tomes por una mala mujer. He pasado este tiempo orando debido a mi angustia y aflicción.

17 ―Vete en paz —respondió Elí—. Que el Dios de Israel te conceda lo que le has pedido.

18 ―Gracias. Ojalá favorezcas siempre a esta tu sierva.

Con esto, Ana se despidió y se fue a comer. Desde ese momento, su semblante cambió. 19 Al día siguiente madrugaron y, después de adorar al Señor, volvieron a su casa en Ramá. Luego Elcaná se unió a su esposa Ana, y el Señor se acordó de ella. 20 Ana concibió y, pasado un año, dio a luz un hijo y le puso por nombre Samuel,[c] pues dijo: «Al Señor se lo pedí».

Ana dedica a Samuel

21 Cuando Elcaná volvió a salir con toda su familia para cumplir su promesa y ofrecer su sacrificio anual al Señor, 22 Ana no lo acompañó.

―No iré hasta que el niño sea destetado —le explicó a su esposo—. Entonces lo llevaré para dedicarlo al Señor, y allí se quedará el resto de su vida.

23 ―Bien, haz lo que te parezca mejor —respondió su esposo Elcaná—. Quédate hasta que lo destetes, con tal de que el Señor cumpla su palabra.

Así pues, Ana se quedó en su casa y crio a su hijo hasta que lo destetó.

24 Cuando dejó de amamantarlo, salió con el niño, a pesar de ser tan pequeño, y lo llevó a la casa del Señor en Siló. También llevó un becerro de tres años,[d] una medida de harina y un odre de vino. 25 Luego sacrificaron el becerro y presentaron el niño a Elí. 26 Dijo Ana: «Mi señor, tan cierto como que tú vives, te juro que yo soy la mujer que estuvo aquí a tu lado orando al Señor. 27 Este es el niño que yo le pedí al Señor, y él me lo concedió. 28 Ahora yo, por mi parte, se lo entrego al Señor. Mientras el niño viva, estará dedicado a él». Entonces Elí[e] se postró allí ante el Señor.

Notas al pie

  1. 1:1 zufita de Ramatayin. Lit. de Ramatayin Zofín.
  2. 1:5 especial. Alt. doble.
  3. 1:20 En hebreo, el nombre Samuel suena como la expresión que significa Dios oyó.
  4. 1:24 un becerro de tres años (Qumrán, LXX, Siríaca); tres becerros (TM).
  5. 1:28 Elí. Lit. él.

Amplified Bible

1 Samuel 1

Elkanah and His Wives

1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the [a]hill country of Ephraim, named Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an [b]Ephraimite. He had two wives, one named Hannah and the other named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

This man went up from his city [c]each year to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests to the Lord there. When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions [of the sacrificial meat] to Peninnah his wife and all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he would give a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had [d]given her no children. Hannah’s rival provoked her bitterly, to irritate and embarrass her, because the Lord had [e]left her childless. So it happened year after year, whenever she went up to the house of the Lord, Peninnah provoked her; so she wept and would not eat. Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you cry and why do you not eat? Why are you so sad and discontent? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

So Hannah got up after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat beside the doorpost of the temple (tabernacle) of the Lord. 10 Hannah was [f]greatly distressed, and she prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. 11 She made a vow, saying, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction (suffering) of Your maidservant and remember, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life; a [g]razor shall never touch his head.”

12 Now it happened as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli was watching her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart (mind); only her lips were moving, and her voice was not heard, so Eli [h]thought she was drunk. 14 Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk? Get rid of your wine.” 15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman with a despairing spirit. I have not been drinking wine or any intoxicating drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your maidservant as a wicked and worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and [bitter] provocation.” 17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.” 18 Hannah said, “Let your maidservant find grace and favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

Samuel Is Born to Hannah

19 The family got up early the next morning, worshiped before the Lord, and returned to their home in Ramah. Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her [prayer]. 20 It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; she named him [i]Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the Lord.”

21 Then the man Elkanah and all his household went up to offer to the Lord the [j]yearly sacrifice and pay his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “I will not go up until the child is [k]weaned; and then I will bring him, so that he may appear before the Lord and remain there as long as he lives.” 23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the Lord establish and confirm His word.” So the woman remained [behind] and nursed her son until she weaned him. 24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a [l]leather bottle of wine [to pour over the burnt offering for a sweet fragrance], and she brought Samuel to the Lord’s house in Shiloh, although the child was young. 25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and brought the child to Eli. 26 Hannah said, “Oh, my lord! As [surely as] your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood beside you here, praying to the Lord. 27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my request which I asked of Him. 28 Therefore I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And they worshiped the Lord there.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 Lit mountains of.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:1 It is sometimes claimed that Samuel was from the tribe of Ephraim (rather than the tribe of Levi) and so was not eligible to serve as a priest. He was an Ephraimite only in the sense that his family lived in the tribal area of Ephraim. His genealogy is given in 1 Chr 6:22-28. At least two other men in the passage are named Elkanah. Samuel’s father, Elkanah, is the man mentioned in 1 Chr 6:27. The men mentioned in 1 Chr 6:23, 24, and 26 are several generations removed from Samuel.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:3 Lit from days to days.
  4. 1 Samuel 1:5 Lit closed her womb.
  5. 1 Samuel 1:6 Lit closed her womb.
  6. 1 Samuel 1:10 Lit bitter of soul.
  7. 1 Samuel 1:11 Lit shearing knife. This was a requirement of a Nazirite vow which would apply to Samuel all of his life (see Num 6:2 ff).
  8. 1 Samuel 1:13 This implies that the custom at that time was to pray aloud; the outcome (vv 19, 20) shows that God hears prayer, whether it is spoken or silent.
  9. 1 Samuel 1:20 The name possibly means “The Name [i.e. Yahweh, Lord] is God” or “His name is God,” but the etymology is uncertain.
  10. 1 Samuel 1:21 Lit sacrifice of days.
  11. 1 Samuel 1:22 At this time children were nursed until about age three. But it may be fair to say that Hannah also wanted to keep the boy as long as she reasonably could; giving up her only child—even for the best of purposes—must have been terribly difficult.
  12. 1 Samuel 1:24 These containers were made from almost the entire skin of an animal and were used for holding wine.