A rọ ayaba Faṣti lóyè
1Èyí ni ohun tó ṣẹlẹ̀ ní ìgbà Ahaswerusi, tí ó jẹ ọba lórí ẹ̀tàdínláàdóje ìletò bẹ̀rẹ̀ láti India títí ó fi dé Etiopia. 2 Ní àkókò ìgbà náà ọba Ahaswerusi ń ṣe ìjọba ní orí ìtẹ́ ẹ rẹ̀ ní ilé ìṣọ́ ti Susa, 3 Ní ọdún kẹta ìjọba rẹ̀, ó ṣe àsè fún gbogbo àwọn ọlọ́lá àti ìjòyè. Àwọn olórí ológun láti Persia àti Media, àwọn ọmọ-aládé, àti àwọn ọlọ́lá ìletò wà níbẹ̀ pẹ̀lú.
4 Ó ṣe àfihàn púpọ̀ ọrọ̀ ìjọba rẹ̀ àti dídán àti ògo ọláńlá rẹ̀ fún ọgọ́sàn-án ọjọ́ gbáko. 5 Nígbà tí ọjọ́ wọ̀nyí kọjá, ọba ṣe àsè fún ọjọ́ méje, nínú ọgbà tí ó wà nínú àgbàlá ààfin ọba, gbogbo ènìyàn láti orí ẹni tí ó kéré dé orí ẹni tí ó lọ́lá jùlọ, tí wọ́n wà ní ilé ìṣọ́ ti Susa. 6 Ọgbà náà ní aṣọ fèrèsé funfun àti aláwọ̀ òféfèé. Àwọn okùn tí a fi aṣọ aláwọ̀ funfun àti aláwọ̀ elése àlùkò rán ni a fi ta á mọ́ òrùka fàdákà lára àwọn òpó mábù. Àwọn ibùsùn tí a fi wúrà àti fàdákà ṣe wà níbi pèpéle òkúta tí a fi ń tẹ́lẹ̀ ilé tí ó jẹ́ mábù, píálì àti òkúta olówó iyebíye mìíràn. 7 Kọ́ọ̀bù wúrà onídìí-odó ni a fi ń bu wáìnì fún wọn mu, ọ̀kọ̀ọ̀kan wọn sì yàtọ̀ sí èkejì, wáìnì ọba pọ̀ púpọ̀, gẹ́gẹ́ bí ọba ṣe lawọ́ sí. 8 Gẹ́gẹ́ bí àṣẹ ọba a fi ààyè gba àlejò kọ̀ọ̀kan láti mu tó bí ó bá ti fẹ́, nítorí ọba ti pàṣẹ fún gbogbo àwọn ti ń bu wáìnì láti bù fún ẹnìkọ̀ọ̀kan bí wọ́n bá ṣe béèrè fún mọ.
9 Ayaba Faṣti náà ṣe àsè fún àwọn obìnrin ní ààfin ọba Ahaswerusi.
10 Ní ọjọ́ keje, nígbà tí wáìnì mú inú ọba dùn, ó pàṣẹ fún Mehumani, Bista, Harbona, Bigta àti Abagta, Setari àti Karkasi, àwọn ìwẹ̀fà méje tí ń jíṣẹ́ fún Ahaswerusi. 11 Kí wọn mú ayaba Faṣti wá síwájú rẹ̀, ti òun ti adé ọba rẹ̀, kí ó lè wá fi ẹwà rẹ̀ hàn àwọn ènìyàn àti àwọn ọlọ́lá, nítorí tí ó rẹwà. 12 Ṣùgbọ́n nígbà tí àwọn ìránṣẹ́ jẹ́ iṣẹ́ ọba, ayaba Faṣti kọ̀ láti wá. Nígbà náà ni ọba bínú gidigidi, ìbínú náà sì pọ̀ jọjọ.
13 Gẹ́gẹ́ bí ìṣe rẹ̀ ní ìgbà gbogbo, ọba máa ń béèrè ọ̀rọ̀ lọ́wọ́ àwọn tí ó ní ìmọ̀ òfin àti ìdájọ́, ó sọ ọ́ fún àwọn amòye tí wọ́n mòye àkókò, 14 àwọn tí wọ́n súnmọ́ ọba àwọn wọ̀nyí ni Karṣina, Ṣetari, Admata, Tarṣiṣi, Meresi, Marsena àti Memukani, àwọn ọlọ́lá méje ti Persia àti Media tí wọ́n ṣe pàtàkì sí ọba, wọ́n sì tún wà ní ibi gíga ní ìjọba.
15 Ó béèrè pé, “Kí ni a lè ṣe sí ayaba Faṣti gẹ́gẹ́ bí òfin? Nítorí kò tẹríba fún àṣẹ ọba Ahaswerusi tí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà ọba sọ fún un.”
16 Memukani sì dáhùn níwájú ọba àti àwọn ọlọ́lá pé, “Ayaba Faṣti ti ṣe búburú, kì í ṣe sí ọba nìkan ṣùgbọ́n sí gbogbo àwọn ọlọ́lá àti àwọn ènìyàn tí ó wà ní gbogbo agbègbè ilẹ̀ ọba Ahaswerusi. 17 Nítorí ìwà ayaba yìí yóò tàn dé ọ̀dọ̀ gbogbo àwọn obìnrin, tó bẹ́ẹ̀ tí ọkọ wọn yóò di gígàn lójú u wọn, wọn yóò sì sọ pé, ọba Ahaswerusi pàṣẹ pé kí á mú ayaba Faṣti wá síwájú òun, ṣùgbọ́n ó kọ̀ láti wá. 18 Ní ọjọ́ yìí gan an ni àwọn ọlọ́lá obìnrin Persia àti ti Media tí wọ́n ti gbọ́ nípa ìwà ayaba wọn yóò ṣe bẹ́ẹ̀ sí gbogbo àwọn ìjòyè ọba bákan náà. Àfojúdi àti àìnírẹ́pọ̀ tí kò lópin yóò wà.
19 “Nítorí náà, bí ó bá tọ́ lójú ọba, jẹ́ kí ó gbé àṣẹ ọba jáde, kí ó sì jẹ́ kí ó wà ní àkọsílẹ̀ pẹ̀lú òfin Persia àti Media, èyí tí kò le é parẹ́, pé kí Faṣti kí ó má ṣe wá síwájú ọba Ahaswerusi. Kí ọba sì fi oyè ayaba rẹ̀ fún ẹlòmíràn tí ó sàn jù ú lọ. 20 Nígbà náà tí a bá kéde òfin tí ọba ṣe ká gbogbo ilẹ̀ ìjọba rẹ̀, gbogbo àwọn obìnrin ni yóò bọ̀wọ̀ fún ọkọ wọn, láti ọ̀dọ̀ ẹni tí ó kéré títí dé ọ̀dọ̀ ẹni ńlá.”
21 Ìmọ̀ràn yìí sì tẹ́ ọba àti àwọn ìjòyè rẹ̀ lọ́rùn, nítorí náà ọba ṣe gẹ́gẹ́ bí Memukani ṣé sọ. 22 Ó kọ̀wé ránṣẹ́ sí igun mẹ́rẹ̀ẹ̀rin ilẹ̀ ọba rẹ̀, ó kọ̀wé sí ìgbèríko kọ̀ọ̀kan ní ìlànà bí wọ́n ṣe ń kọ̀wé, ó kọ̀wé sí àwọn ènìyàn kọ̀ọ̀kan ní èdè wọn, Ó tẹnumọ́ ní èdè oníkálùkù pé kí olúkúlùkù ọkùnrin máa ṣàkóso ilé rẹ̀.
The Banquets of the King
1It was in the days of Ahasuerus ([a]Xerxes) who reigned from India to Ethiopia (Cush) over 127 provinces, 2 in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which was at the citadel in [b]Susa [the capital of the Persian Empire], 3 in the third year of his reign he held a banquet for all his officials and his attendants. The army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the officials of the provinces were there in his presence. 4 And he displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days in all.
5 When these days were completed, the king held a banquet for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa [the capital], from the greatest [in importance] to the least, a seven-day feast in the courtyard of the garden of the king’s palace. 6 There were curtains (draperies) of fine white and violet linen fastened with cords of fine purple linen to silver rings and marble columns. The couches of gold and silver rested on a mosaic floor of [c]porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl, and precious colored stones. 7 Drinks were served in various kinds of golden goblets, and the royal wine was plentiful, in accordance with the generosity of the king. 8 The drinking was carried on in accordance with the law; no one was compelled [to drink], for the king had directed each official of his household to comply with each guest’s wishes. 9 Queen Vashti also held a [separate] banquet for the women in the palace of King Ahasuerus.
Queen Vashti’s Refusal
10 On the seventh day, when the king’s heart was joyful with wine (in high spirits), he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas, the seven [d]eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus [as his attendants], 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king, [e]wearing her royal crown (high turban), to display her beauty before the people and the officials, for she was lovely to see. 12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command, which was delivered [to her] by the eunuchs. So the king became extremely angry and burned with rage.
13 Then the king spoke to the wise men who understood the times [asking for their advice]—for it was the custom of the king to speak before all those who were familiar with law and legal matters— 14 and who were close to him [as advisors]: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media who had access to the king and were ranked highest in the kingdom. 15 [He said,] “According to the law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus which was conveyed by the eunuchs?” 16 And Memucan answered in the presence of the king and the officials, “Vashti the queen has not only wronged the king but [also] all the officials (royal representatives) and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17 For the queen’s conduct will become known to all women, causing them to look on their husbands with contempt (disrespect), since they will say, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought before him, but she did not come.’ 18 This [very] day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s refusal will speak [in the same way] to all the king’s officials, and there will be plenty of contempt and anger. 19 If it pleases the king, let a royal command be issued by him and let it be written in the laws of the Persians and Medes so that it cannot be repealed or modified, that Vashti is [f]no longer to come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal position to another who is better and more worthy than she. 20 So when the king’s great decree is proclaimed throughout his [extensive] kingdom, all women will give honor to their husbands, from the great to the insignificant.”
21 This statement (advice) pleased the king and the officials, and the king did what Memucan proposed. 22 So he sent letters to all the royal provinces, to each province in its own script and to each people in their own language, saying that every man should be the master and rule in his own home and that [g]he should speak [in the household] in the language of his own people.
Notas al pie
- Esther 1:1 Ahasuerus’ Greek name was Xerxes (I), his Persian name was Khshayarshan. Xerxes I (also known as Xerxes the Great the son of Darius the Great), ruled 486-465 b.c. He is the Xerxes who invaded Greece, was stopped temporarily at Thermopylae, defeated at the naval battle at Salamis, and nearly annihilated at Plataea (479 b.c.). The French excavations at Susa in 1880-1890 uncovered the great palace of Xerxes, where Esther would have lived. The building covered two and one-half acres. The finds at Susa from this period were so astonishing that the Louvre in Paris devoted two large rooms to the exhibition of the treasures. Xerxes’ tomb (looted in antiquity) is believed to be among the rock-cut tombs located at Naqsh-e Rajab, an archeological site in Iran about ten miles northwest of the site of ancient Persepolis.
- Esther 1:2 Susa was located about a hundred and fifty miles east of the Tigris River. The site, now modern day Shush, Iran, is considered to be one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. An ancient tomb presumed to be that of Daniel is located in the area.
- Esther 1:6 An Egyptian rock of feldspar crystals embedded in a dark red or purple groundmass used as flooring.
- Esther 1:10 Eunuchs were the men who were placed in charge of the king’s harem, and for that reason had been castrated.
- Esther 1:11 According to Jewish tradition Ahasuerus’ guests demanded that Vashti be naked, except for her royal turban to confirm that she was the queen and not just a servant-girl. She pleaded with Ahasuerus using several arguments, one of which was that if the guests found her beautiful, they would want to ravish her and kill him; and if not, her lack of beauty would disgrace him.
- Esther 1:19 The intent may have been simply to confine Vashti to the king’s harem and put another wife on the throne. The ancient rabbis said, however, that when the king accepted the advice, he ordered that Vashti be beheaded and her head brought to him on a platter.
- Esther 1:22 In recognition of the position of her husband a foreign-born wife was to speak his language.