Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

Lukasevangeliet 1:1-80

1-3Højtærede Teofilus!

Der er mange, som har berettet om de begivenheder, der har fundet sted iblandt os, og vi har hørt det fortalt af dem, der fra begyndelsen var øjenvidner og senere forkyndte os Guds ord. Når jeg nu har sat mig for at gennemgå det alt sammen og nedskrive det for dig i rækkefølge, 4er det, for at du kan blive overbevist om pålideligheden af det, du er blevet undervist om.

Johannes Døbers mirakuløse undfangelse

5Dengang Herodes1,5 Kong Herodes den Store, som man hidtil har ment døde i år 4 f.Kr., men som nogle nu mener døde i 1 f. Kr. regerede over jødernes land, var der en jødisk præst ved navn Zakarias. Han hørte til Abijas skiftehold1,5 Alle de jødiske præster nedstammede fra den første præst Aron fra Levis stamme. De var inddelt i 24 skiftehold, og hvert hold gjorde tjeneste i helligdommen i én uge ca. to gange om året. Jf. 1.Krøn. 24. blandt præsterne. Hans kone, Elisabet, var efterkommer af Aron, ligesom han selv var. 6De var retskafne mennesker og efterlevede Guds lov til punkt og prikke. 7Men de havde ingen børn, for Elisabet kunne ikke få børn, og nu var de begge oppe i årene.

8En dag, da Zakarias var i færd med sin tjeneste i templet, for det var hans hold, der havde tjeneste i den uge, 9tilfaldt det ham ved lodtrækning at gå ind i det hellige rum i templet for at bringe røgelsesofferet. 10Imens han var i færd med det, stod en stor forsamling af jøder ude i tempelgården og bad, som de plejede, når der brændtes røgelse. 11Pludselig fik Zakarias inde i templet øje på en engel, der stod på højre side af røgelsesalteret, 12og det gjorde ham skrækslagen.

13„Vær ikke bange, Zakarias!” sagde englen. „Jeg er kommet for at fortælle dig, at Gud har hørt dine bønner. Din kone Elisabet vil få en søn, som du skal kalde Johannes. 14Han vil blive til stor glæde for dig selv og mange andre, 15for han vil blive en af Guds største tjenere. Han må aldrig drikke vin eller øl, og han vil blive fyldt med Helligåndens kraft,1,15 Se noten til Matt. 1,18. allerede før han bliver født. 16Mange af Israels folk vil vende om fra deres ondskab og søge Herren, deres Gud, når de hører ham tale. 17Johannes vil træde frem i profeten Elias’ ånd og kraft. Han vil hjælpe forældre til at blive forsonet med deres børn og hjælpe de ulydige til at forstå visdommen i at gøre Guds vilje. Han vil gøre folket parat til at møde Herren.1,17 Jf. Mal. 3,23-24.

18„Det har jeg svært ved at tro,” indvendte Zakarias. „Jeg er jo en halvgammel mand, og min kone er også godt oppe i årene. Giver du mig et tegn, så jeg kan tro på det?”

19Englen svarede: „Jeg er Gabriel, Guds betroede tjener, og han har sendt mig herhen for at fortælle dig den gode nyhed. 20Men fordi du tvivlede på, hvad jeg sagde, vil du få det tegn at blive stum. Du vil ikke kunne sige et eneste ord, før barnet er født. Men det, jeg har sagt, vil ske til den fastsatte tid!”

21Forsamlingen udenfor stod og ventede på, at Zakarias skulle komme ud til dem, og de undrede sig over, at han blev så længe inde i templet. 22Da han endelig kom ud, kunne han ikke få et ord frem, og folk forstod, at han havde haft et syn i templet. Han forsøgte med tegn og fagter at forklare, hvad der var sket.

23Efter at Zakarias havde fuldført sin tjenesteuge i templet, vendte han tilbage til sit hjem. 24Og det varede ikke længe, før Elisabet blev gravid, hvorefter hun holdt sig inden døre i fem måneder.

25„Det er Gud, der har gjort det!” udbrød hun. „Han har været nådig imod mig og taget min skam bort.”1,25 At være barnløs blev betragtet som en straf fra Gud, og folk så ned på sådanne kvinder.

Den mirakuløse undfangelse af Jesus, Guds Søn

26Et halvt år efter at Gud havde sendt Gabriel til Zakarias, sendte han ham til Nazaret i Galilæa, 27hvor der var en ung pige ved navn Maria. Hun var forlovet med en mand, der hed Josef, og han var af Kong Davids slægt. 28Da Gabriel kom til hende, sagde han: „Fred være med dig! Du er elsket af Gud, og han har store planer med dig.” 29Maria blev forbløffet over de ord og spekulerede på, hvad meningen kunne være.

30„Vær ikke bange, Maria,” sagde englen, „for du er udvalgt af Gud. 31Du vil blive gravid og føde en søn, som du skal give navnet Jesus. 32Han vil få stor betydning, for han er den Almægtiges Søn. Gud Herren vil sætte ham på Davids trone, 33og han skal for altid være konge over Israels folk. Hans herredømme vil aldrig få ende.”

34„Men hvordan skulle jeg kunne få et barn?” spurgte Maria. „Jeg har jo ikke nogen mand.”1,34 En kvinde, der fik et barn, før hun var gift, risikerede dødsstraf.

35Englen svarede: „Helligånden vil komme over dig, og den almægtige Guds kraft vil gøre et under i dig. Derfor vil det barn, du skal føde, blive et helligt barn, Guds Søn. 36Og jeg kan fortælle dig, at din gamle slægtning Elisabet, som aldrig har kunnet få børn, nu venter et barn. Hun er allerede i sjette måned. 37Intet er umuligt for Gud.”

38„Så er jeg parat til at acceptere Guds vilje,” udbrød Maria. „Lad det blot ske, som du har sagt.” Så forlod englen hende.

Maria besøger Elisabet

39-40Maria tog nu af sted til Judæas højland, til den by, hvor Zakarias boede, for hun ville besøge Elisabet. 41I samme øjeblik Elisabet hørte Marias fredshilsen, sparkede barnet inde i hendes mave, og hun blev fyldt med Helligåndens kraft.

42„Maria!” råbte hun glædestrålende, „hvor er du en velsignet kvinde, og velsignet er det barn, du venter. 43Hvilken ære, at min Herres mor kommer og besøger mig. 44Netop da jeg hørte din fredshilsen, hoppede barnet inden i mig af fryd. 45Du er velsignet, fordi du troede på, at Gud ville opfylde det løfte, han gav dig.”

Marias lovprisning

46Maria brød nu ud i en lovprisning til Gud:

„Jeg priser Herren af hele mit hjerte!

47Jeg fryder mig over Gud, min Frelser,

48for han har udvalgt mig, sin ringe tjener.

Alle kommende slægter vil kalde mig velsignet,

49for den Almægtige har gjort store ting mod mig.

Han er en hellig Gud,

50og hans trofaste nåde gælder alle, der ærer ham.

51Han straffer enhver, som har hovmod i hjertet,

og spreder dem for alle vinde.

52Verdens fyrster styrter han fra tronen,

men de ydmyge ophøjer han.

53De sultne mætter han med alt godt,

men de rige sender han tomhændet bort.

54Han er kommet for at hjælpe sin tjener Israel

ved at opfylde sit løfte om nåde,

55det løfte, han gav vores forfædre,

om at velsigne Abraham og hans børn for evigt.”

56Maria blev hos Elisabet i omtrent tre måneder og vendte så tilbage til sit hjem.

Johannes Døbers fødsel

57Dagen kom, hvor Elisabet skulle føde, og hun fik en dreng. 58Familie og naboer fik hurtigt den gode nyhed at vide, og alle glædede sig over Guds godhed mod hende.

59Ugedagen1,59 Teksten siger: „på den ottende dag”, hvilket er det samme som „syv dage efter”. efter kom slægt og venner for at deltage i omskærelsesceremonien. Alle regnede med, at drengen skulle hedde Zakarias som sin far, 60men Elisabet sagde: „Nej, han skal hedde Johannes!”1,60 Navne havde en betydning, som var væsentlig for jøderne. Johannes er det samme som Johanan, og det betyder: „Gud bringer nåde”.

61„Hvorfor?” udbrød de. „Der er ikke én i hele familien, der hedder sådan.” 62Så spurgte de med tegn og fagter barnets far, hvad han ønskede, drengen skulle hedde. 63Han bad om en tavle, og til alles store overraskelse skrev han: „Drengens navn er Johannes.”

64I samme øjeblik kunne Zakarias tale igen, og han begyndte at lovprise Gud. 65Naboerne blev slået af forundring, og beretningen herom gik fra mund til mund over hele Judæas højland. 66Alle, der hørte om det, undrede sig og sagde: „Hvad mon Gud har for med den dreng?” De mirakler, der var sket, gjorde det klart, at Gud havde særlige planer med ham.

67Johannes’ far, Zakarias, blev fyldt med Helligåndens kraft og profeterede:

68„Lovet være Herren, Israels Gud,

for han har besluttet at befri sit folk.

69Han har ladet fremstå en forunderlig Frelser

af sin tjener Davids slægt.

70Det forudsagde han gennem sine hellige profeter

i fordums tid:

71En Frelser, der skal befri os fra vore fjender,

fra alle, der hader os.

72-75Han husker sin pagt med Abraham,

det løfte, han selv har givet,

om at vi altid kunne tjene ham i hellighed og retfærdighed

uden frygt for vore fjender.

76Og du, mit barn,

du skal kaldes den Højestes profet,

for du skal bane vej for Herren.

77Du skal fortælle hans folk om frelsen,

ved at de får deres synd tilgivet

78som følge af Guds inderlige barmhjertighed.

Solen fra det Høje er på vej for at hjælpe os.

79Hans lys vil skinne for dem,

som lever i mørke og i dødens skygge,

og han vil lede vore fødder ind på fredens vej.”

80Johannes voksede op og var meget modtagelig for åndelig åbenbarelse. Han opholdt sig i ødemarken, mens han forberedte sig til den dag, da han skulle træde offentligt frem for Israels folk.

New International Version - UK

Luke 1:1-80

Introduction

1Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled1:1 Or been surely believed among us, 2just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. 3With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, 4so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.

The birth of John the Baptist foretold

5In the time of Herod king of Judea there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah; his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron. 6Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly. 7But they were childless because Elizabeth was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.

8Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God, 9he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshippers were praying outside.

11Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. 12When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear. 13But the angel said to him: ‘Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call him John. 14He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, 15for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born. 16He will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God. 17And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the parents to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous – to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.’

18Zechariah asked the angel, ‘How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well on in years.’

19The angel said to him, ‘I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. 20And now you will be silent and not able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their appointed time.’

21Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple. 22When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realised he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs to them but remained unable to speak.

23When his time of service was completed, he returned home. 24After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion. 25‘The Lord has done this for me,’ she said. ‘In these days he has shown his favour and taken away my disgrace among the people.’

The birth of Jesus foretold

26In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28The angel went to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favoured! The Lord is with you.’

29Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. 31You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants for ever; his kingdom will never end.’

34‘How will this be,’ Mary asked the angel, ‘since I am a virgin?’

35The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called1:35 Or So the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God. 36Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month. 37For no word from God will ever fail.’

38‘I am the Lord’s servant,’ Mary answered. ‘May your word to me be fulfilled.’ Then the angel left her.

Mary visits Elizabeth

39At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea, 40where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42In a loud voice she exclaimed: ‘Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear! 43But why am I so favoured, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45Blessed is she who has believed that the Lord would fulfil his promises to her!’

Mary’s song

46And Mary said:

‘My soul glorifies the Lord

47and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour,

48for he has been mindful

of the humble state of his servant.

From now on all generations will call me blessed,

49for the Mighty One has done great things for me –

holy is his name.

50His mercy extends to those who fear him,

from generation to generation.

51He has performed mighty deeds with his arm;

he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.

52He has brought down rulers from their thrones

but has lifted up the humble.

53He has filled the hungry with good things

but has sent the rich away empty.

54He has helped his servant Israel,

remembering to be merciful

55to Abraham and his descendants for ever,

just as he promised our ancestors.’

56Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.

The birth of John the Baptist

57When it was time for Elizabeth to have her baby, she gave birth to a son. 58Her neighbours and relatives heard that the Lord had shown her great mercy, and they shared her joy.

59On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him after his father Zechariah, 60but his mother spoke up and said, ‘No! He is to be called John.’

61They said to her, ‘There is no-one among your relatives who has that name.’

62Then they made signs to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child. 63He asked for a writing tablet, and to everyone’s astonishment he wrote, ‘His name is John.’ 64Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue set free, and he began to speak, praising God. 65All the neighbours were filled with awe, and throughout the hill country of Judea people were talking about all these things. 66Everyone who heard this wondered about it, asking, ‘What then is this child going to be?’ For the Lord’s hand was with him.

Zechariah’s song

67His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied:

68‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,

because he has come to his people and redeemed them.

69He has raised up a horn1:69 Horn here symbolises a strong king. of salvation for us

in the house of his servant David

70(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago),

71salvation from our enemies

and from the hand of all who hate us –

72to show mercy to our ancestors

and to remember his holy covenant,

73the oath he swore to our father Abraham:

74to rescue us from the hand of our enemies,

and to enable us to serve him without fear

75in holiness and righteousness before him all our days.

76And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;

for you will go on before the Lord to prepare the way for him,

77to give his people the knowledge of salvation

through the forgiveness of their sins,

78because of the tender mercy of our God,

by which the rising sun will come to us from heaven

79to shine on those living in darkness

and in the shadow of death,

to guide our feet into the path of peace.’

80And the child grew and became strong in spirit1:80 Or in the Spirit; and he lived in the wilderness until he appeared publicly to Israel.