Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

5 Mosebog 15

Regler for sabbatåret

1Hvert syvende år skal I eftergive al gæld. 2-3 Enhver kreditor skal annullere gældsbeviset og eftergive den landsmand, som måtte skylde ham noget, men ikke den fremmede iblandt jer, for i det år løser Herren alle israelitter fra deres gældsforpligtelser. 4-5 Det bliver I ikke fattigere af, for Herren vil velsigne jer rigeligt i det land, han giver jer, hvis ellers I adlyder hans befalinger. Forudsætningen for hans velsignelse er, at I omhyggeligt adlyder de love, jeg pålægger jer i dag. Så vil Herren velsigne jer, sådan som han har lovet, så I kan låne ud til andre og ikke selv have behov for at låne, og på den måde vil I blive herre over andre og ikke selv blive underlagt nogen.

Når I er kommet ind i landet, og nogen iblandt jer er fattig, må I ikke lukke hjertet og nægte at hjælpe de fattige. Nej, I skal låne dem, hvad de har brug for. Pas på, at I ikke afslår at låne nogen noget, blot fordi eftergivelsesåret nærmer sig. Gør I det, vil Herren høre de fattiges råb og betragte jeres afslag som en synd. 10 Nej, I skal låne de fattige, hvad de har brug for uden at beklage jer. Så vil Herren jeres Gud velsigne jeres arbejde og jeres ejendom. 11 Der vil altid være nogle, som er fattige iblandt jer. Derfor er denne befaling nødvendig. Del gavmildt ud til jeres landsmænd i nød.

12 Hvis nogle af jeres landsmænd arbejder som slaver for jer, skal I frigive dem efter det sjette år, 13 men send dem ikke tomhændet bort. 14 Giv dem rundhåndet nogle af jeres dyr og noget af jeres korn og vin i afskedsgave, så de får del i noget af den velsignelse, Herren har givet jer. 15 Husk, at I selv var slaver i Egypten, indtil Herren befriede jer. Det er baggrunden for denne befaling.

16 Hvis slaverne ikke ønsker frigivelse, fordi de er godt tilfredse med at arbejde som slaver, og fordi de er kommet til at holde af dig og din familie, 17 skal du tage en syl og stikke den gennem slavens øreflip og ind i døren som tegn på, at vedkommende skal være din slave på livstid. Dette gælder både for mandlige og kvindelige slaver.

18 Når du frigiver en slave, skal du ikke beklage dig over at miste en god arbejdskraft. Tænk på, at du trods alt i seks år har haft en medhjælp, der kostede dig under halvdelen af, hvad en almindelig daglejer koster. Da vil Herren, din Gud, velsigne dig i dit arbejde.

Regler om det førstefødte

19 Af de kalve og lam, der fødes blandt jeres husdyr, skal I udtage de førstefødte handyr som en gave til Herren. I må ikke lade en førstefødt tyrekalv udføre arbejde, og I må ikke klippe et førstefødt får. 20 I og jeres familie skal spise dem for Herrens ansigt, når I hvert år drager til helligdommen. 21 Men hvis dyret har fysiske skavanker, hvis det er lamt, blindt, eller der er andet i vejen med det, må I ikke ofre det i helligdommen, 22 men spise det hjemme på almindelig vis, hvad enten I er rene eller urene. 23 Dog skal I hælde blodet ud på jorden, for det må I ikke spise.

New Living Translation

Deuteronomy 15

Release for Debtors

1“At the end of every seventh year you must cancel the debts of everyone who owes you money. This is how it must be done. Everyone must cancel the loans they have made to their fellow Israelites. They must not demand payment from their neighbors or relatives, for the Lord’s time of release has arrived. This release from debt, however, applies only to your fellow Israelites—not to the foreigners living among you.

“There should be no poor among you, for the Lord your God will greatly bless you in the land he is giving you as a special possession. You will receive this blessing if you are careful to obey all the commands of the Lord your God that I am giving you today. The Lord your God will bless you as he has promised. You will lend money to many nations but will never need to borrow. You will rule many nations, but they will not rule over you.

“But if there are any poor Israelites in your towns when you arrive in the land the Lord your God is giving you, do not be hard-hearted or tightfisted toward them. Instead, be generous and lend them whatever they need. Do not be mean-spirited and refuse someone a loan because the year for canceling debts is close at hand. If you refuse to make the loan and the needy person cries out to the Lord, you will be considered guilty of sin. 10 Give generously to the poor, not grudgingly, for the Lord your God will bless you in everything you do. 11 There will always be some in the land who are poor. That is why I am commanding you to share freely with the poor and with other Israelites in need.

Release for Hebrew Slaves

12 “If a fellow Hebrew sells himself or herself to be your servant[a] and serves you for six years, in the seventh year you must set that servant free.

13 “When you release a male servant, do not send him away empty-handed. 14 Give him a generous farewell gift from your flock, your threshing floor, and your winepress. Share with him some of the bounty with which the Lord your God has blessed you. 15 Remember that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you! That is why I am giving you this command.

16 “But suppose your servant says, ‘I will not leave you,’ because he loves you and your family, and he has done well with you. 17 In that case, take an awl and push it through his earlobe into the door. After that, he will be your servant for life. And do the same for your female servants.

18 “You must not consider it a hardship when you release your servants. Remember that for six years they have given you services worth double the wages of hired workers, and the Lord your God will bless you in all you do.

Sacrificing Firstborn Male Animals

19 “You must set aside for the Lord your God all the firstborn males from your flocks and herds. Do not use the firstborn of your herds to work your fields, and do not shear the firstborn of your flocks. 20 Instead, you and your family must eat these animals in the presence of the Lord your God each year at the place he chooses. 21 But if this firstborn animal has any defect, such as lameness or blindness, or if anything else is wrong with it, you must not sacrifice it to the Lord your God. 22 Instead, use it for food for your family in your hometown. Anyone, whether ceremonially clean or unclean, may eat it, just as anyone may eat a gazelle or deer. 23 But you must not consume the blood. You must pour it out on the ground like water.

Notas al pie

  1. 15:12 Or If a Hebrew man or woman is sold to you.