Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1. Mosebog 14:1-24

Abram redder Lot

1På det tidspunkt udbrød der krig i landet. Amrafel, kongen af Shinear, Arjok, kongen af Ellasar, Kedorlaomer, kongen af Elam, og Tidal, kongen af Gojim, 2kæmpede mod Bera, kongen af Sodoma, Birsha, kongen af Gomorra, Shinab, kongen af Adma, Shemeber, kongen af Sebojim, og kongen af Bela—også kaldet Zoar.

3De sidstnævnte konger allierede sig og mobiliserede deres hære i Siddims dal ved Det Døde Hav.14,3 På hebraisk: Salthavet. 4I 12 år havde de været undertrykt af Kedorlaomer, men i det trettende år gjorde de oprør, 5og nu i det fjortende år var Kedorlaomer og hans allierede på vej imod dem. Efter at disse allierede hære havde slået refaitterne i Ashterot-Karnajim, zuzitterne i Ham, emitterne på Kirjatajimsletten 6og horitterne i Seirs bjerge og forfulgt dem helt til El-Paran ved ørkenens udkant, 7vendte de om og kom til En-Mishpat—det senere Kadesh—hvor de slog amalekitterne og de amoritter, der boede i Hatzetzon-Tamar.

8Men nu rykkede kongerne af Sodoma, Gomorra, Adma, Sebojim og Bela altså ud i Siddims dal imod 9kong Kedorlaomer og hans allierede. Det var fire konger mod fem. 10Siddims dal var imidlertid fuld af asfaltgruber, og da Sodomas og Gomorras konger blev slået på flugt, faldt nogle af deres folk ned i gruberne, mens resten flygtede op i bjergene. 11Sejrherrerne kunne nu uden videre plyndre Sodoma og Gomorra for ejendele og levnedsmidler, hvorefter de drog bort. 12De tog Lot, Abrams nevø, og alt hvad han ejede, med sig—for han boede jo i Sodoma. 13En mand, som var undsluppet, kom og fortalte hebræeren Abram, hvad der var sket. Abram boede stadig i egelunden, der tilhørte amoritten Mamre, som var bror til Eshkol og Aner—Abrams allierede.

14Da Abram hørte, at Lot var taget til fange, sammenkaldte han alle sine mandlige slaver, 318 i alt, og satte efter Kadorlaomers folk, til han indhentede dem oppe ved Dan. 15Han og folkene spredte sig, og i nattens løb overrumplede de fjenderne, slog dem og forfulgte dem helt til Hoba nord for Damaskus. 16Det lykkedes på den måde Abram at befri Lot og de øvrige krigsfanger, og han tog alt det med tilbage, som fjenderne havde taget i krigsbytte.

Melkizedek velsigner Abram

17Da Abram vendte tilbage efter sejren over Kedorlaomer og de andre konger, kom Sodomas konge ham i møde i Shavedalen—også kaldet Kongedalen. 18Også Melkizedek, Jerusalems konge, som var den højeste Guds præst, kom ham i møde. Han havde brød og vin med. 19-20Han velsignede Abram med følgende ord: „Lovet være den højeste Gud, han, som er himlens og jordens skaber, han, som gav dig sejr over dine fjender. Må den højeste Guds velsignelse hvile over dig, Abram.” Så gav Abram ham en tiendedel af alt krigsbyttet.

21Sodomas konge sagde til Abram: „Giv mig bare mine tilfangetagne folk tilbage. Krigsbyttet må du beholde.”

22Men Abram svarede: „Jeg sværger ved Herren, den højeste Gud, himlens og jordens Skaber, 23at jeg ikke vil tage noget, som tilhører dig, ikke så meget som en tråd eller en sandalrem! Du skal ikke senere kunne sige, at du gjorde Abram rig. 24Men lad mine unge mænd få betaling for deres arbejde, og giv mine allierede, Aner, Eshkol og Mamre, deres del af krigsbyttet.”

New International Version

Genesis 14

Abram Rescues Lot

1At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar,[a] Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goyim, these kings went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea Valley). For twelve years they had been subject to Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran near the desert. Then they turned back and went to En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and they conquered the whole territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazezon Tamar.

Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboyim and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) marched out and drew up their battle lines in the Valley of Siddim against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five. 10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some of the men fell into them and the rest fled to the hills. 11 The four kings seized all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food; then they went away. 12 They also carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.

13 A man who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamre the Amorite, a brother[b] of Eshkol and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram. 14 When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus. 16 He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.

17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, 19 and he blessed Abram, saying,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
    Creator of heaven and earth.
20 And praise be to God Most High,
    who delivered your enemies into your hand.”

Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.”

22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “With raised hand I have sworn an oath to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 23 that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. Let them have their share.”

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 14:1 That is, Babylonia; also in verse 9
  2. Genesis 14:13 Or a relative; or an ally