Amplified Bible

Romans 9

Concern for Israel

1I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me [enlightened and prompted] by the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. For [if it were possible] I would wish that I myself were accursed, [separated, banished] from Christ for the sake [of the salvation] of my brothers, my natural kinsmen, who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, the glory ([a]Shekinah), the [special] covenants [with Abraham, Moses, and David], the giving of the Law, the [system of temple] worship, and the [original] promises. To them belong the patriarchs, and from them, according to His natural descent, came the Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed), He who is exalted and supreme over all, God blessed forever. Amen.

However, it is not as though God’s word has failed [coming to nothing]. For not all who are descended from Israel (Jacob) are [the true] Israel; and they are not all the children of Abraham because they are his descendants [by blood], but [the promise was]: “Your descendants will be named through Isaac” [though Abraham had other sons]. That is, it is not the children of the body [Abraham’s natural descendants] who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are counted as [Abraham’s true] descendants. For this is what the promise said: “About this time [next year] I will come, and Sarah shall have a son.” 10 And not only that, but this too: Rebekah conceived twin sons by one man [under the same circumstances], by our father Isaac; 11 and though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything either good or bad, so that God’s purpose [His choice, His election] would stand, not because of works [done by either child], but because of [the plan of] Him who calls them, 12 it was said to her, “The [b]older (Esau) will serve the [c]younger (Jacob).” 13 As it is written and forever remains written, “[d]Jacob I loved (chose, protected, blessed), but [e]Esau I hated (held in disregard compared to Jacob).”

14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion.” 16 So then God’s choice is not dependent on human will, nor on human effort [the totality of human striving], but on God who shows mercy [to whomever He chooses—it is His sovereign gift]. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “I raised you up for this very purpose, to display My power in [dealing with] you, and so that My name would be proclaimed in all the earth.” 18 So then, He has mercy on whom He wills (chooses), and He hardens [the heart of] whom He wills.

19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still blame me [for sinning]? For who [including myself] has [ever] resisted His will and purpose?” 20 On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers [arrogantly] back to God and dares to defy Him? Will the thing which is formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Does the potter not have the right over the clay, to make from the same lump [of clay] one object for honorable use [something beautiful or distinctive] and another for common use [something ordinary or menial]? 22 What if God, although willing to show His [terrible] wrath and to make His power known, has tolerated with great patience the objects of His wrath [which are] prepared for destruction? 23 And what if He has done so to make known the riches of His glory to the objects of His mercy, which He has prepared beforehand for glory, 24 including us, whom He also called, not only from among the Jews, but also from among the Gentiles? 25 Just as He says in [the writings of the prophet] Hosea:

I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’
And [I will call] her who was not beloved, ‘beloved.’”
26 
And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of the living God.”

27 And Isaiah calls out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the sons of Israel be like the sand of the sea, it is only the remnant [a small believing minority] that will be saved [from God’s judgment]; 28 For the Lord will execute His word upon the earth [He will conclude His dealings with mankind] completely and without delay.” 29 It is as Isaiah foretold,

If the Lord of Hosts had not left us seed [future generations from which a believing remnant of Israelites came],
We would have become like Sodom, and would have resembled Gomorrah [totally rejected and destroyed]!”

30 What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness [who did not seek salvation and a right relationship with God, nevertheless] obtained righteousness, that is, the righteousness which is produced by faith; 31 whereas Israel, [though always] pursuing the law of righteousness, did not succeed in fulfilling the law. 32 And why not? Because it was not by faith [that they pursued it], but as though it were by works [relying on the merit of their works instead of their faith]. They stumbled over the stumbling Stone [Jesus Christ]. 33 As it is written and forever remains written,

Behold I am laying in Zion a Stone of stumbling and a Rock of offense;
And he who believes in Him [whoever adheres to, trusts in, and relies on Him] will not be disappointed [in his expectations].”

Notas al pie

  1. Romans 9:4 The Hebrew word “Shekinah” (“divine presence”) does not appear in Scripture, but has been used by both Christians and Jews to describe the visible Presence of God (the brilliant light of the divine), in such things as the burning bush, the cloud and the pillar of fire that led the Hebrews in the wilderness, and the Presence of God that rested between the cherubim over the mercy seat of the ark. It is said in the Talmud that the Emperor Hadrian once told a rabbi, “I want to see your God.” The rabbi replied, “You cannot see him.” “Indeed,” said the Emperor, “I will see him.” So the rabbi took the Emperor and positioned him to face the sun during the summer solstice, and said to him, “Look at it.” He replied, “I am not able to.” The rabbi said, “If you are not able to look at the sun, which is merely one of the servants that attend the Holy One—blessed be He—then how can you presume to look at the divine presence!”
  2. Romans 9:12 The descendants of Esau, the Edomites.
  3. Romans 9:12 The descendants of Jacob (Israel), the Israelites.
  4. Romans 9:13 The Israelites received God’s protection and blessing.
  5. Romans 9:13 The Edomites were left to God’s judgment.

Nova Versão Internacional

Romanos 9

A Soberania de Deus

1Digo a verdade em Cristo, não minto; minha consciência o confirma no Espírito Santo: tenho grande tristeza e constante angústia em meu coração. Pois eu até desejaria ser amaldiçoado e separado de Cristo por amor de meus irmãos, os de minha raça, o povo de Israel. Deles é a adoção de filhos; deles é a glória divina, as alianças, a concessão da Lei, a adoração no templo e as promessas. Deles são os patriarcas, e a partir deles se traça a linhagem humana de Cristo, que é Deus acima de todos, bendito para sempre![a] Amém.

Não pensemos que a palavra de Deus falhou. Pois nem todos os descendentes de Israel são Israel. Nem por serem descendentes de Abraão passaram todos a ser filhos de Abraão. Ao contrário: “Por meio de Isaque a sua descendência será considerada”[b]. Noutras palavras, não são os filhos naturais[c] que são filhos de Deus, mas os filhos da promessa é que são considerados descendência de Abraão. Pois foi assim que a promessa foi feita: “No tempo devido virei novamente, e Sara terá um filho”[d].

10 E esse não foi o único caso; também os filhos de Rebeca tiveram um mesmo pai, nosso pai Isaque. 11 Todavia, antes que os gêmeos nascessem ou fizessem qualquer coisa boa ou má — a fim de que o propósito de Deus conforme a eleição permanecesse, 12 não por obras, mas por aquele que chama — foi dito a ela: “O mais velho servirá ao mais novo”[e]. 13 Como está escrito: “Amei Jacó, mas rejeitei Esaú”[f].

14 E então, que diremos? Acaso Deus é injusto? De maneira nenhuma! 15 Pois ele diz a Moisés:

“Terei misericórdia de quem
    eu quiser ter misericórdia
e terei compaixão de quem
    eu quiser ter compaixão”[g].

16 Portanto, isso não depende do desejo ou do esforço humano, mas da misericórdia de Deus. 17 Pois a Escritura diz ao faraó: “Eu o levantei exatamente com este propósito: mostrar em você o meu poder, e para que o meu nome seja proclamado em toda a terra”[h]. 18 Portanto, Deus tem misericórdia de quem ele quer, e endurece a quem ele quer.

19 Mas algum de vocês me dirá: “Então, por que Deus ainda nos culpa? Pois, quem resiste à sua vontade?” 20 Mas quem é você, ó homem, para questionar a Deus? “Acaso aquilo que é formado pode dizer ao que o formou: ‘Por que me fizeste assim?’[i] 21 O oleiro não tem direito de fazer do mesmo barro um vaso para fins nobres e outro para uso desonroso?

22 E se Deus, querendo mostrar a sua ira e tornar conhecido o seu poder, suportou com grande paciência os vasos de sua ira, preparados[j] para a destruição? 23 Que dizer, se ele fez isto para tornar conhecidas as riquezas de sua glória aos vasos de sua misericórdia, que preparou de antemão para glória, 24 ou seja, a nós, a quem também chamou, não apenas dentre os judeus, mas também dentre os gentios? 25 Como ele diz em Oséias:

“Chamarei ‘meu povo’
    a quem não é meu povo;
e chamarei ‘minha amada’
    a quem não é minha amada”[k],

26 e:

“Acontecerá que, no mesmo
    lugar em que se lhes declarou:
‘Vocês não são meu povo’,
    eles serão chamados
‘filhos do Deus vivo’”[l].

27 Isaías exclama com relação a Israel:

“Embora o número
    dos israelitas
seja como a areia do mar,
    apenas o remanescente
    será salvo.
28 Pois o Senhor executará
    na terra a sua sentença,
rápida e definitivamente”[m].

29 Como anteriormente disse Isaías:

“Se o Senhor dos Exércitos
    não nos tivesse deixado descendentes,
já estaríamos como Sodoma,
    e semelhantes a Gomorra”[n].

A Incredulidade de Israel

30 Que diremos, então? Os gentios, que não buscavam justiça, a obtiveram, uma justiça que vem da fé; 31 mas Israel, que buscava uma lei que trouxesse justiça, não a alcançou. 32 Por que não? Porque não a buscava pela fé, mas como se fosse por obras. Eles tropeçaram na “pedra de tropeço”. 33 Como está escrito:

“Eis que ponho em Sião
    uma pedra de tropeço
e uma rocha que faz cair;
    e aquele que nela confia
jamais será envergonhado”[o].

Notas al pie

  1. 9.5 Ou Cristo, que é sobre tudo. Seja Deus louvado para sempre!
  2. 9.7 Gn 21.12
  3. 9.8 Grego: da carne.
  4. 9.9 Gn 18.10,14
  5. 9.12 Gn 25.23
  6. 9.13 Ml 1.2,3
  7. 9.15 Êx 33.19
  8. 9.17 Êx 9.16
  9. 9.20 Is 29.16; 45.9
  10. 9.22 Ou prontos
  11. 9.25 Os 2.23
  12. 9.26 Os 1.10
  13. 9.27,28 Is 10.22,23
  14. 9.29 Is 1.9
  15. 9.33 Is 8.14; 28.16