Amplified Bible

Proverbs 31

The Words of Lemuel

1The words of [a]King Lemuel, the oracle, which his mother taught him:

What, O my [b]son?
And what, O son of my womb?
And what [shall I advise you], O son of my vows?

Do not give your [generative] strength to women [neither foreign wives in marriages of alliances, nor [c]concubines],
Nor your ways to that which destroys kings.

It is not for kings, O Lemuel,
It is not for kings to drink wine,
Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

Otherwise they drink and forget the law and its decrees,
And pervert the rights and justice of all the afflicted.

Give strong drink [as medicine] to him who is ready to pass away,
And wine to him whose life is bitter.

Let him drink and forget his poverty
And no longer remember his trouble.

Open your mouth for the mute,
For the rights of all who are unfortunate and defenseless;

Open your mouth, judge righteously,
And administer justice for the afflicted and needy.

Description of a Worthy Woman

[d]An excellent woman [one who is spiritual, capable, intelligent, and virtuous], who is he who can find her?
Her value is more precious than jewels and her worth is far above rubies or pearls.
The heart of her husband trusts in her [with secure confidence],
And he will have no lack of gain.
She comforts, encourages, and does him only good and not evil
All the days of her life.
She looks for wool and flax
And works with willing hands in delight.
She is like the merchant ships [abounding with treasure];
She brings her [household’s] food from far away.
She rises also while it is still night
And gives food to her household
And assigns tasks to her maids.
She considers a field before she buys or accepts it [expanding her business prudently];
With her profits she plants fruitful vines in her vineyard.
She equips herself with strength [spiritual, mental, and physical fitness for her God-given task]
And makes her arms strong.
She sees that her gain is good;
Her lamp does not go out, but it burns continually through the night [she is prepared for whatever lies ahead].
She stretches out her hands to the [e]distaff,
And her hands hold the spindle [as she spins wool into thread for clothing].
She opens and extends her hand to the poor,
And she reaches out her filled hands to the needy.
She does not fear the snow for her household,
For all in her household are clothed in [expensive] scarlet [wool].
She makes for herself coverlets, cushions, and rugs of tapestry.
Her clothing is linen, pure and fine, and purple [wool].
Her husband is known in the [city’s] gates,
When he sits among the elders of the land.
She makes [fine] linen garments and sells them;
And supplies sashes to the merchants.
Strength and dignity are her clothing and her position is strong and secure;
And she smiles at the future [knowing that she and her family are prepared].
She opens her mouth in [skillful and godly] wisdom,
And the teaching of kindness is on her tongue [giving counsel and instruction].
She looks well to how things go in her household,
And does not eat the bread of idleness.
Her children rise up and call her blessed (happy, prosperous, to be admired);
Her husband also, and he praises her, saying,
“Many daughters have done nobly, and well [with the strength of character that is steadfast in goodness],
[f]But you excel them all.”
Charm and grace are deceptive, and [superficial] beauty is vain,
But a woman who fears the Lord [reverently worshiping, obeying, serving, and trusting Him with awe-filled respect], she shall be praised.
Give her of the product of her hands,
And let her own works praise her in the gates [of the city].

Notas al pie

  1. Proverbs 31:1 The identity of King Lemuel is uncertain; however, ancient Jewish tradition connects Lemuel with Solomon.
  2. Proverbs 31:2 This chapter consists of two poetic sections. The first (vv 2-9) details the qualities needed to be a wise ruler, and the second (vv 10-31) the qualities describing an excellent wife.
  3. Proverbs 31:3 See note Gen 22:24.
  4. Proverbs 31:10 The following verses are written as an acrostic poem (each of the twenty-two verses begins with a successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet). Aside from the artistry, the acrostic structure also aided memorization.
  5. Proverbs 31:19 I.e. the staff that holds the textile fibers for spinning.
  6. Proverbs 31:29 The source of this remarkable woman’s success and competence is revealed in v 30, and it is a source available to everyone. She is wise because she understands and puts into practice the message contained in 9:10.

Korean Living Bible

잠언 31

왕에 대한 조언

1이것은 르무엘왕에게 그의 어머니가 일러 준 말씀이다:

내 아들아, 내 태에서 난 아들아, 내가 서약으로 얻은 내 아들아,

너는 네 정력을 여자들에게 소모하지 말아라. 왕들이 그것 때문에 망한다.

르무엘아, 왕은 포도주를 마셔도 안 되고 통치자는 독주를 찾아서도 안 된다.

왕이 술을 마시게 되면 법을 잊어버리고 고난당하는 사람들의 인권을 짓밟기 쉽다.

독주는 다 죽게 된 사람에게, 포도주는 고민하는 사람에게 주어라.

그러면 그들은 그것을 마시고 그들의 가난과 고통을 잊게 될 것이다.

너는 자기 스스로 말할 수 없는 사람들을 대변해 주고 불행한 사람들의 권리를 옹호해 주며

입을 열어 공정한 재판을 하고 가난하고 고통당하는 사람들의 억울한 문제를 해결해 주어라.

현숙한 아내

10 누가 현숙한 아내를 얻겠느냐? 그녀는 진주보다 더 소중하다.

11 그런 여자의 남편은 아내를 믿기 때문에 아무것도 부족한 것이 없을 것이다.

12 그런 여자는 일평생 남편에게 선을 행하고 남편을 해치지 않는다.

13 그녀는 양털과 삼을 구해 부지런히 일하며

14 상선처럼 먼 데서 양식을 가져오고

15 날이 밝기도 전에 일찍 일어나서 가족들을 위해 아침 식사를 준비하며 여종에게 할 일을 일러 주고

16 나가서 밭을 보고 생각해 두었다가 그것을 사며 자기가 번 돈으로 포도원을 만들고

17 언제나 강인하고 근면하며 열심히 일한다.

18 그녀는 자기가 하는 일이 유익한 줄 알고 밤 늦게까지 일을 하며

19 손수 물레질을 하여 실을 뽑고 베를 짜며

20 가난하고 불쌍한 사람들을 도와준다.

21 그녀는 모든 가족에게 입힐 따뜻한 옷을 마련해 놓았으므로 겨울이 닥쳐도 염려하지 않는다.

22 그녀는 자기 침실을 아름답게 꾸미며 아름답고 고운 모시 옷과 자색 옷을 입는다.

23 그리고 그 남편도 지도급 인사로 알려져 존경을 받게 된다.

24 그녀는 옷과 허리띠를 만들어 상인들에게 넘기기도 한다.

25 그녀는 능력과 품위가 있고 [a]앞날을 걱정하지 않으며

26 말을 지혜롭고 친절하게 하고

27 자기 집안 일을 잘 보살피며 놀고 먹지 않는다.

28 그 자녀들은 자기 어머니를 고맙게 생각하며 그 남편도 그녀에게

29 “세상에는 훌륭한 여성들이 많이 있지만 당신은 그 중에서도 가장 위대한 여성이오” 하고 칭찬한다.

30 고운 것도 거짓되고 아름다운 것도 헛되지만 두려운 마음으로 여호와를 섬기는 여성은 칭찬을 받을 것이다.

31 그녀는 자기가 행한 일에 대한 보상을 받고 모든 사람들에게 칭찬을 받을 것이다.

Notas al pie

  1. 31:25 또는 ‘후일을 웃으며’