Amplified Bible

Deuteronomy 23

Persons Excluded from the Assembly

1“He who has been castrated by having his testicles crushed or his male organ cut off shall not enter the congregation of the Lord. A person of [a]illegitimate birth shall not enter the assembly of the Lord; none of his descendants, even to the tenth generation. An Ammonite or [b]Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the Lord; none of their descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall ever enter the assembly of the Lord, because they did not meet you with bread (food) and water on the road as you came out of Egypt, and because they hired [to act] against you Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you. Nevertheless, the Lord your God was not willing to listen to Balaam, but the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you because the Lord your God has loved you. You shall never seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days.

“You shall not detest an Edomite, for he is your brother [Esau’s descendant]. You shall not detest an Egyptian, because you were a stranger (resident alien, foreigner) in his land. Their children of the third generation who are born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.

“When you go out as an army [to fight] against your enemies, you shall keep yourselves from every evil [thing].

10 “If there is any man among you who is [ceremonially] unclean because of nocturnal emission, then he must go outside the camp; he shall not come back to the camp. 11 But when evening comes, he shall bathe in water, and at sundown he may return to the camp.

12 “You shall also have a place outside the camp to which you may go, 13 and you shall have a spade among your tools, and when you [prepare to] sit down outside [to relieve yourself], you shall dig a hole with it and shall turn and cover up your waste. 14 Since the Lord your God walks in the midst of your camp to rescue you and to defeat your enemies before you, therefore your camp must be holy (undefiled); and He must not see anything indecent among you or He will turn away from you.

15 “You shall not hand over to his master a slave who has escaped from his master to you. 16 He shall live among you, in the place he chooses in one of your cities where it pleases him; you shall not mistreat or oppress him.

17 “There shall be no cult prostitute among the daughters of Israel, nor shall there be a cult prostitute (a sodomite) among the sons of Israel. 18 You shall not bring the wages of a prostitute or the price of a dog [that is, a male prostitute] into the house of the Lord your God as payment for any vow, for both of these [the gift and the giver] are utterly repulsive to the Lord your God.

19 “You shall not charge interest to your fellow Israelite—interest on money, food or anything that may be loaned for interest. 20 You may charge interest to a foreigner, but to your fellow Israelite you shall not charge interest, so that the Lord your God may bless you in [c]all that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to possess.

21 “When you make a [d]vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay to pay it, for He will most certainly require it of you, and a delay would cause you to sin. 22 But if you refrain from making a vow, that would not be [counted as] sin in you. 23 You shall be careful to perform that [vow] which passes your lips, just as you have made a voluntary vow to the Lord your God, just as you have promised with your own words (mouth).

24 “When you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes, [e]as many as you please, but you shall not put any in your basket [to take with you].

25 “When you come into the standing grain of your neighbor, you may [f]pluck the ears of grain with your hand, but you shall not wield a sickle in your neighbor’s standing grain [to harvest it].

  1. Deuteronomy 23:2 That is, one who was born from incest, an adulterous relationship, or a mixed marriage (a Jew or a Jewess and a Gentile).
  2. Deuteronomy 23:3 Ruth, one of the ancestors of Jesus, was a Moabitess, but she essentially became an Israelite (Ruth 1:16) and married an Israelite (Boaz). Moreover, the rabbis taught that Deut 23:3 applied only to Ammonite and Moabite men. This teaching was summarized by what became a common saying: “An Ammonite [is forbidden], but not an Ammonitess; a Moabite, but not a Moabitess!” (as quoted from the Talmud).
  3. Deuteronomy 23:20 Lit all to which your hand is put.
  4. Deuteronomy 23:21 The abuse of vows was a practice for which Jesus sternly rebuked the Pharisees. There were at least two kinds of abuse for which they were rightly held responsible: 1) their approval of vows which should have been overruled and rejected because they violated even more important commandments (see Matt 15:3-6); and 2) inappropriate or hair-splitting criteria for determining the validity of a vow (Matt 23:16-22).
  5. Deuteronomy 23:24 Lit according to your soul.
  6. Deuteronomy 23:25 When Jesus and His disciples picked some grain in this manner, they were not charged with theft by the Pharisees, but of doing work on the Sabbath, which was clearly not the case (Matt 12:1-6).

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

申命记 23

会众的资格

1“凡睪丸受损或被阉割的,不可加入耶和华的会众。

“私生子及其十代以内的子孙都不可加入耶和华的会众。

“亚扪人或摩押人及其十代以内的子孙都不可加入耶和华的会众。 因为在你们离开埃及的途中,他们没有用水和食物款待你们,还雇用美索不达米亚的毗夺人——比珥的儿子巴兰咒诅你们。 但你们的上帝耶和华不听巴兰的话,反而把咒诅变为祝福,因为祂爱你们。 你们一生一世永不可为他们谋求平安和好处。

“不可憎恶以东人,因为他们是你们的弟兄;也不可憎恶埃及人,因为你们曾经在埃及寄居。 他们的第三代子孙可以加入耶和华的会众。

保持军营圣洁的条例

“你们出兵征战时,一定要远离恶事。 10 如果有人因梦遗而不洁净,他就要离开营地住在营外。 11 傍晚他要沐浴,日落才可以回营。 12 要在营外指定一个地方作方便之处。 13 你们每人都要有一把铲子,便溺时要挖个洞,事后要掩埋。 14 因为你们的上帝耶和华常在营中巡视,要保护你们,击败你们的仇敌。军营必须保持圣洁,免得祂在你们中间看到任何污秽之事,便离开你们。

其他条例

15 “如果有奴隶逃到你们那里避难,不可把逃亡的奴隶送交他们的主人。 16 要让他们在你们当中选择他们喜欢的城邑与你们同住,不可压迫他们。

17 “任何以色列人,不论男女,都不可做庙妓。 18 不可把男女庙妓的收入带到你们上帝耶和华的殿还愿,因为你们的上帝耶和华憎恶他们。

19 “你们借给同胞钱、粮食或其他任何东西,都不可收取利息。 20 你们可以向外族人收取利息,但不可向同胞收取。这样,在你们将要占领的土地上,你们的上帝耶和华必使你们凡事蒙福。

21 “如果你们向你们的上帝耶和华许愿,不可迟迟不还愿,因为你们的上帝耶和华必追讨许愿不还的罪。 22 如果你们不许愿,反倒无罪; 23 但如果你们亲口许了愿,一定要向你们的上帝耶和华信守诺言。

24 “如果你们进了邻居的葡萄园,可以随意吃,但不可把葡萄放在篮子里带走。 25 如果你们进了邻居的麦田,可以用手摘麦穗,但不可用镰刀割麦子。