Amplified Bible

1 Samuel 1

Elkanah and His Wives

1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the [a]hill country of Ephraim, named Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an [b]Ephraimite. He had two wives, one named Hannah and the other named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

This man went up from his city [c]each year to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests to the Lord there. When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions [of the sacrificial meat] to Peninnah his wife and all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he would give a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had [d]given her no children. Hannah’s rival provoked her bitterly, to irritate and embarrass her, because the Lord had [e]left her childless. So it happened year after year, whenever she went up to the house of the Lord, Peninnah provoked her; so she wept and would not eat. Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you cry and why do you not eat? Why are you so sad and discontent? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

So Hannah got up after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat beside the doorpost of the temple (tabernacle) of the Lord. 10 Hannah was [f]greatly distressed, and she prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. 11 She made a vow, saying, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction (suffering) of Your maidservant and remember, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life; a [g]razor shall never touch his head.”

12 Now it happened as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli was watching her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart (mind); only her lips were moving, and her voice was not heard, so Eli [h]thought she was drunk. 14 Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk? Get rid of your wine.” 15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman with a despairing spirit. I have not been drinking wine or any intoxicating drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your maidservant as a wicked and worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and [bitter] provocation.” 17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.” 18 Hannah said, “Let your maidservant find grace and favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

Samuel Is Born to Hannah

19 The family got up early the next morning, worshiped before the Lord, and returned to their home in Ramah. Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her [prayer]. 20 It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; she named him [i]Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the Lord.”

21 Then the man Elkanah and all his household went up to offer to the Lord the [j]yearly sacrifice and pay his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “I will not go up until the child is [k]weaned; and then I will bring him, so that he may appear before the Lord and remain there as long as he lives.” 23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the Lord establish and confirm His word.” So the woman remained [behind] and nursed her son until she weaned him. 24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a [l]leather bottle of wine [to pour over the burnt offering for a sweet fragrance], and she brought Samuel to the Lord’s house in Shiloh, although the child was young. 25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and brought the child to Eli. 26 Hannah said, “Oh, my lord! As [surely as] your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood beside you here, praying to the Lord. 27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my request which I asked of Him. 28 Therefore I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And they worshiped the Lord there.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 Lit mountains of.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:1 It is sometimes claimed that Samuel was from the tribe of Ephraim (rather than the tribe of Levi) and so was not eligible to serve as a priest. He was an Ephraimite only in the sense that his family lived in the tribal area of Ephraim. His genealogy is given in 1 Chr 6:22-28. At least two other men in the passage are named Elkanah. Samuel’s father, Elkanah, is the man mentioned in 1 Chr 6:27. The men mentioned in 1 Chr 6:23, 24, and 26 are several generations removed from Samuel.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:3 Lit from days to days.
  4. 1 Samuel 1:5 Lit closed her womb.
  5. 1 Samuel 1:6 Lit closed her womb.
  6. 1 Samuel 1:10 Lit bitter of soul.
  7. 1 Samuel 1:11 Lit shearing knife. This was a requirement of a Nazirite vow which would apply to Samuel all of his life (see Num 6:2 ff).
  8. 1 Samuel 1:13 This implies that the custom at that time was to pray aloud; the outcome (vv 19, 20) shows that God hears prayer, whether it is spoken or silent.
  9. 1 Samuel 1:20 The name possibly means “The Name [i.e. Yahweh, Lord] is God” or “His name is God,” but the etymology is uncertain.
  10. 1 Samuel 1:21 Lit sacrifice of days.
  11. 1 Samuel 1:22 At this time children were nursed until about age three. But it may be fair to say that Hannah also wanted to keep the boy as long as she reasonably could; giving up her only child—even for the best of purposes—must have been terribly difficult.
  12. 1 Samuel 1:24 These containers were made from almost the entire skin of an animal and were used for holding wine.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

撒母耳记上 1


1有一个以法莲人名叫以利加拿,住在以法莲山区的拉玛·琐非城。他是苏弗的玄孙、托户的曾孙、以利户的孙子、耶罗罕的儿子。 他有两个妻子,一个叫哈娜,一个叫毗尼娜。毗尼娜有儿有女,哈娜却无儿无女。

以利加拿每年都从家乡到示罗去敬拜万军之耶和华,献上祭物。当时以利的两个儿子何弗尼和非尼哈在那里做耶和华的祭司。 每当献完祭后,以利加拿就会把祭肉分给毗尼娜和她的儿女。 但他会给哈娜双份祭肉,因为他爱哈娜,虽然耶和华使她不能生育。 毗尼娜见她不能生育,便常常羞辱她、气她。 每年来到耶和华的殿时,毗尼娜总是惹她伤心哭泣,以致她吃不下饭。 她的丈夫以利加拿对她说:“哈娜,你为什么哭?为什么不吃饭?为什么心里难过?有我不是比有十个儿子更好吗?”

一天,他们在示罗吃完饭后,哈娜起来祷告。当时,祭司以利正坐在耶和华殿门口的座位上。 10 哈娜心中愁苦,一边祷告一边伤心地哭泣。 11 她向上帝许愿说:“万军之耶和华啊,如果你眷顾婢女的痛苦,不忘记婢女,赐给婢女一个儿子,我必让他终生事奉你,永不剃他的头[a]。” 12 哈娜在耶和华面前祷告,以利注视着她的嘴唇。 13 哈娜在心中默祷,只动嘴唇,不出声音,以利以为她喝醉了, 14 便对她说:“你要醉到什么时候呢?醒醒酒吧!” 15 哈娜答道:“我主啊,我没有喝醉,我淡酒和烈酒都没有喝。我是心里非常愁苦,在耶和华面前倾诉心事。 16 请不要以为我是堕落的女人,我心中非常悲伤痛苦,所以一直在祷告。” 17 以利说:“你安心地回去吧,愿以色列的上帝答应你的祈求。” 18 哈娜说:“谢谢你恩待婢女。”于是,她就去吃饭,不再愁容满面了。

19 第二天,以利加拿一家清早起来敬拜耶和华,然后回到自己的家乡拉玛。以利加拿与哈娜同房,耶和华顾念哈娜, 20 使她怀孕。她后来生了一个儿子,给孩子取名叫撒母耳,因为她说:“他是我向耶和华求来的。”

21 第二年,以利加拿带全家人前往示罗,向耶和华献年祭并还所许的愿。 22 哈娜没有跟他们同去,她告诉丈夫说:“孩子断奶以后,我会把他带去献给耶和华,让他永远住在那里。” 23 以利加拿说:“就依你的意思吧。愿耶和华成就祂的应许。”于是,她就留在家中哺养孩子,直到孩子断奶。 24 孩子断奶以后,她就把他带到示罗耶和华的殿,并带去三头公牛、十公斤面粉和一袋酒。 25 他们宰了一头公牛后,就把孩子带到以利面前。 26 哈娜说:“我主啊,我敢在你面前起誓,我就是那一次站在你这里向耶和华祈求的妇人。 27 我求耶和华赐给我一个孩子,祂应允了我的祈求。 28 现在,我将他献给耶和华,让他终身事奉耶和华。”


Notas al pie

  1. 1:11 参见民数记6章。