O Livro

Gênesis 34

Dina e Siquem

1Um dia Dina, a filha de Leia, quis ir ver as outras raparigas das proximidades. 2/3 Mas aconteceu que Siquem, filho de Hamor o heveu e rei daquela terra, viu­a e deitou­se com ela. E tendo ficado profundamente apaixonado pela moça procurou falar­lhe ao coração de forma a ganhar­lhe a afeição.

4/5 Falou também com o pai, pedindo­lhe que interviesse, porque queria casar com ela. Jacob naturalmente veio a saber o que tinha acontecido, mas não disse nada antes que os seus filhos, que estavam a guardar o rebanho por aquelas paragens, regressassem a casa. 6/7 O rei Hamor, pai de Siquem, veio então falar com Jacob, tendo chegado no momento em que também por sua vez os rapazes regressavam a casa. Estes ficaram tremendamente aborrecidos e tristes com esse facto, pois que o tomaram como um insulto, como um ultraje que lhes tivesse sido feito a eles próprios.

8/10 Hamor disse a Jacob: “O meu filho está verdadeiramente apaixonado pela tua filha, e quer a todo o custo casar com ela. Peço­te então que a deixes ser a sua mulher. Além disso convidamo­vos, e à tua família, a ligarem­se connosco, a vi­verem aqui no nosso meio, e a deixarem as vossas moças casarem com os nossos rapazes, e as nossas filhas casarem com os vossos moços. Poderão instalar­se onde quiserem, e negociar como quiserem.”

11/12 Depois foi a vez de Siquem falar ao pai e aos irmãos de Dina: “Peço­vos muito a vossa simpatia, e que a deixem ser a minha mulher”, suplicou. “Poderei dar­vos tudo o que quiserem. Seja o que for que me pedirem como dote meu, pagar­vos­ei, conquanto possa tê­la por mulher.”

13/17 Mas os irmãos dela mentiram­lhe, enganando­o; isso por causa da acção ultrajante que Siquem tinha feito à pequena. Por isso disseram: “Não podemos autorizar porque não estás circuncidado. Seria uma desgraça para ela casar com um homem nas tuas condições. A menos que faças o que te dissermos — que todo o homem dentre vocês se circuncide. Nesse caso então sim, poderá haver casamentos entre nós, poderemos viver aqui e unirmo­nos a vocês de forma a tornarmo­nos um só povo. De outra forma tomaremos a pequena e vamo­nos embora.”

18/20 Tanto Hamor como o filho, Siquem, concordaram satisfeitos; e este não perdeu tempo em satisfazer­lhe o pedido; tudo isso pelo muito que amava Dina. Ele tinha a certeza que ninguém, dos outros homens da cidade, se oporia àquela ideia, porque era muito respeitado e muito popular no meio da sua gente. Portanto Hamor e Siquem apresentaram­se perante o conselho da cidade e expressaram o assunto:

21/23 “Esta gente é nossa amiga. Convidemo­los a viverem entre nós, negociemos com eles, e que se façam casamentos livremente entre eles e nós. Mas isto só poderá fazer­se sob uma condição, que todos os homens entre nós sejam circuncidados, tal como eles. Se aceitarmos esta condição, tudo o que eles têm virá, no fundo, a ser nosso, e a nossa terra tornar­se­á mais rica. Vamos, dêmos o nosso consentimento ao que pedem e poderão estabelecer­se aqui connosco.”

24/29 Todos estiveram de acordo, tendo todos sido circuncidados. Contudo, três dias mais tarde, quando as suas feridas ainda estavam mal curadas, muito doridas e sensíveis, dois dos irmãos de Dina, Simeão e Levi, pegaram nas espadas, entraram na cidade sem encontrar oposição de ninguém, e assassinaram todos os homens da terra, incluindo Hamor e Siquem. Recuperaram Dina da casa de Siquem e regressaram ao acampamento. Depois ainda vieram os outros irmãos e saquearam a cidade; tudo por causa da desonra que tinha sido feita ali contra a sua irmã. Levaram o que encontraram tanto dentro como fora da povoação: ovelhas, gado bovino, jumentos, etc. E levaram ainda mulheres e crianças, despojando­os de tudo o que tinham em casa.

30 Mas Jacob teve de dizer a Simeão e a Levi: “Vocês tornaram­me repelente para com o povo desta terra, os cananeus e os perizeus. Sendo nós tão poucos, facilmente virão contra nós para nos destruir todos.”

31 “Então, seria justo que ele tivesse tratado a nossa irmã como uma prostituta?”, retorquiram.

Amplified Bible

Genesis 34

The Treachery of Jacob’s Sons

1Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out [unescorted] to visit the girls of the land. When Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince (sheik) of the land, saw her, he kidnapped her and lay [intimately] with her by force [humbling and offending her]. But his soul longed for and clung to Dinah daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and spoke comfortingly to her young heart’s wishes. So Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Get me this young woman as a wife.” Now Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled (violated) Dinah his daughter; but his sons were in the field with his livestock, so Jacob said nothing until they came in. But Shechem’s father Hamor went to Jacob to talk with him. Now when Jacob’s sons heard of it they came in from the field; they were deeply grieved, and they were very angry, for Shechem had done a disgraceful thing to [a]Israel by lying with Jacob’s daughter, for such a thing is not to be done.

But Hamor conferred with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem [deeply] longs for your daughter [and sister]. Please give her to him as his wife. And [beyond that] intermarry with us; give your daughters to us [as wives] and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 In this way you shall live with us; the country will be open to you; live and do business in it and acquire property and possessions in it.” 11 Shechem also said to Dinah’s father and to her brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and I will give you whatever you ask of me. 12 Demand of me a very large bridal payment and gift [as compensation for giving up your daughter and sister], and I will give you whatever you tell me; only give me the girl to be my wife.”

13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, because Shechem had defiled and disgraced their sister Dinah. 14 They said to them, “We cannot do this thing and give our sister [in marriage] to one who is not circumcised, because that would be a disgrace to us. 15 But we will consent to you only on this condition: if you will become like us, in that every male among you consents to be circumcised, 16 then we will give our daughters to you [in marriage], and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will live with you and become one people. 17 But if you do not listen to us and refuse to be circumcised, then we will take our daughter [Dinah] and go.”

18 Their words seemed reasonable to Hamor and his son Shechem, 19 and the young man did not hesitate to do the [required] thing, for he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. Now he was more respected and honored than all [others] in the household of his father. 20 Then Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their [walled] city [where the leading men would meet] and spoke with the men of the city, saying, 21 “These men are peaceful and friendly with us; so let them live in the land and do business in it, for the land is large enough [for us and] for them; let us take their daughters for wives and let us give them our daughters [in marriage]. 22 But only on this condition will the men consent to our request that they live among us and become one people: that every male among us become circumcised just as they are circumcised. 23 Will not their cattle and their possessions and all their animals be ours [if we do this]? Let us consent [to do as they ask], and they will live here with us.” 24 And every [Canaanite] man who went out of the city gate listened and considered what Hamor and Shechem said; and every male who [b]was a resident of that city was circumcised.

25 Now on the third day [after the circumcision], when all the men were [terribly] sore and in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s [full] brothers, took their swords, boldly entered the city [without anyone suspecting them of evil intent], and they killed every male. 26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem’s house [where she was staying], and left. 27 Then Jacob’s [other] sons came upon those who were killed and looted the town, because their sister had been defiled and disgraced. 28 They took the Canaanites’ flocks and their herds and their donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field; 29 they looted all their wealth, and [took captive] all their children and their wives, even everything that was in the houses. 30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have ruined me, making me a stench to the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the Perizzites! My men are few in number, and the men of the land will band together against me and attack me; I shall be destroyed, I and my household.” 31 But they said, “Should he [be permitted to] treat our sister as a prostitute?”

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 34:7 This use of the word “Israel” implies that the family of Israel (Jacob) was developing into a distinct people or nation. They are recognized by Pharaoh as a separate nation in Ex 1:9.
  2. Genesis 34:24 Lit went out of the gate of his city.