New Living Translation

Judges 1

Judah and Simeon Conquer the Land

1After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the Lord, “Which tribe should go first to attack the Canaanites?”

The Lord answered, “Judah, for I have given them victory over the land.”

The men of Judah said to their relatives from the tribe of Simeon, “Join with us to fight against the Canaanites living in the territory allotted to us. Then we will help you conquer your territory.” So the men of Simeon went with Judah.

When the men of Judah attacked, the Lord gave them victory over the Canaanites and Perizzites, and they killed 10,000 enemy warriors at the town of Bezek. While at Bezek they encountered King Adoni-bezek and fought against him, and the Canaanites and Perizzites were defeated. Adoni-bezek escaped, but the Israelites soon captured him and cut off his thumbs and big toes.

Adoni-bezek said, “I once had seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off, eating scraps from under my table. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them.” They took him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem and captured it, killing all its people and setting the city on fire. Then they went down to fight the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev, and the western foothills.[a] 10 Judah marched against the Canaanites in Hebron (formerly called Kiriath-arba), defeating the forces of Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.

11 From there they went to fight against the people living in the town of Debir (formerly called Kiriath-sepher). 12 Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Acsah in marriage to the one who attacks and captures Kiriath-sepher.” 13 Othniel, the son of Caleb’s younger brother, Kenaz, was the one who conquered it, so Acsah became Othniel’s wife.

14 When Acsah married Othniel, she urged him[b] to ask her father for a field. As she got down off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What’s the matter?”

15 She said, “Let me have another gift. You have already given me land in the Negev; now please give me springs of water, too.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

16 When the tribe of Judah left Jericho—the city of palms—the Kenites, who were descendants of Moses’ father-in-law, traveled with them into the wilderness of Judah. They settled among the people there, near the town of Arad in the Negev.

17 Then Judah joined with Simeon to fight against the Canaanites living in Zephath, and they completely destroyed[c] the town. So the town was named Hormah.[d] 18 In addition, Judah captured the towns of Gaza, Ashkelon, and Ekron, along with their surrounding territories.

Israel Fails to Conquer the Land

19 The Lord was with the people of Judah, and they took possession of the hill country. But they failed to drive out the people living in the plains, who had iron chariots. 20 The town of Hebron was given to Caleb as Moses had promised. And Caleb drove out the people living there, who were descendants of the three sons of Anak.

21 The tribe of Benjamin, however, failed to drive out the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem. So to this day the Jebusites live in Jerusalem among the people of Benjamin.

22 The descendants of Joseph attacked the town of Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 23 They sent men to scout out Bethel (formerly known as Luz). 24 They confronted a man coming out of the town and said to him, “Show us a way into the town, and we will have mercy on you.” 25 So he showed them a way in, and they killed everyone in the town except that man and his family. 26 Later the man moved to the land of the Hittites, where he built a town. He named it Luz, which is its name to this day.

27 The tribe of Manasseh failed to drive out the people living in Beth-shan,[e] Taanach, Dor, Ibleam, Megiddo, and all their surrounding settlements, because the Canaanites were determined to stay in that region. 28 When the Israelites grew stronger, they forced the Canaanites to work as slaves, but they never did drive them completely out of the land.

29 The tribe of Ephraim failed to drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer, so the Canaanites continued to live there among them.

30 The tribe of Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron and Nahalol, so the Canaanites continued to live among them. But the Canaanites were forced to work as slaves for the people of Zebulun.

31 The tribe of Asher failed to drive out the residents of Acco, Sidon, Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphik, and Rehob. 32 Instead, the people of Asher moved in among the Canaanites, who controlled the land, for they failed to drive them out.

33 Likewise, the tribe of Naphtali failed to drive out the residents of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath. Instead, they moved in among the Canaanites, who controlled the land. Nevertheless, the people of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath were forced to work as slaves for the people of Naphtali.

34 As for the tribe of Dan, the Amorites forced them back into the hill country and would not let them come down into the plains. 35 The Amorites were determined to stay in Mount Heres, Aijalon, and Shaalbim, but when the descendants of Joseph became stronger, they forced the Amorites to work as slaves. 36 The boundary of the Amorites ran from Scorpion Pass[f] to Sela and continued upward from there.


  1. 1:9 Hebrew the Shephelah.
  2. 1:14 Greek version and Latin Vulgate read he urged her.
  3. 1:17a The Hebrew term used here refers to the complete consecration of things or people to the Lord, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering.
  4. 1:17b Hormah means “destruction.”
  5. 1:27 Hebrew Beth-shean, a variant spelling of Beth-shan.
  6. 1:36 Hebrew Akrabbim.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

士師記 1


1約書亞去世以後,以色列人求問耶和華:「我們哪一個支派先上去攻打迦南人呢?」 耶和華說:「猶大支派先去,我已把那片土地交在他們手中了。」 猶大人對西緬人說:「請跟我們一同到我們分得的地方攻打迦南人,我們也會同樣幫助你們。」於是,西緬人便與猶大人同去。 猶大人攻打迦南人和比利洗人,耶和華使他們得勝,在比色殺了一萬敵軍。 他們又在那裡遇見亞多尼·比色,與他交戰,打敗了他帶領的迦南人和比利洗人。 亞多尼·比色逃跑,他們追上去擒住他,砍掉他的大拇指和大腳趾。 亞多尼·比色說:「從前七十個王的大拇指和大腳趾被我砍掉,在我桌下撿食物碎屑,現在上帝照我的行為報應我了。」他們把他帶到耶路撒冷,他死在那裡了。

猶大人攻陷耶路撒冷,殺了城內的所有居民,並放火焚城。 隨後,他們下去攻打住在山區、南地和丘陵的迦南人, 10 又進攻住在希伯崙的迦南人,殺了示篩、亞希幔和撻買。希伯崙從前叫基列·亞巴。

11 他們從那裡出兵攻打底璧,那裡從前叫基列·西弗。 12 迦勒說:「誰攻取基列·西弗,我就把女兒押撒嫁給他。」 13 迦勒的兄弟基納斯的兒子俄陀聶攻取了那城,迦勒便把女兒押撒嫁給他。 14 押撒出嫁的時候,勸丈夫向她父親要一塊田。她剛下驢,迦勒便問她:「你想要什麼?」 15 她回答說:「求你恩待我,你既然把南部的乾地賜給我,求你也把水泉給我吧。」於是,迦勒把上泉和下泉都給了她。

16 摩西岳父的後代基尼人和猶大人一同離開棕樹城[a],到猶大南部曠野的亞拉得附近,跟當地人一起居住。 17 之後,猶大人隨西緬人一起攻打洗法城內的迦南人,徹底毀滅了那城。因此那城叫何珥瑪[b] 18 猶大人又奪取了迦薩、亞實基倫和以革倫三座城邑及周圍地區。 19 耶和華與猶大人同在。他們攻佔了山區,卻沒能趕走平原的居民,因為那裡的人有鐵戰車。 20 照摩西的吩咐,迦勒得到了希伯崙。他把亞衲三族的人從那裡趕走。 21 便雅憫人沒有趕走居住在耶路撒冷的耶布斯人,耶布斯人至今仍和他們住在一起。

22 約瑟家族也上去攻打伯特利,耶和華與他們同在。 23 他們先派人去打探伯特利,那裡從前名叫路斯。 24 探子看見一個人從城裡出來,就對他說:「請你告訴我們進城的路,我們必善待你。」 25 那人便告訴他們進城的路,他們殺了城內所有的居民,只放走了那人及其全家。 26 後來,那人搬到赫人的地方,築了一座城,稱之為路斯,沿用至今。

27 瑪拿西人沒有趕走伯·善、他納、多珥、以伯蓮和米吉多眾城邑及周圍村莊的居民,因為這些迦南人執意住在那裡。 28 以色列人強盛時,就強迫他們服勞役,卻沒有全部趕走他們。

29 以法蓮人沒有趕走住在基色的迦南人,這些迦南人仍然住在他們當中。

30 西布倫人沒有趕走基倫和拿哈拉的居民,這些迦南人仍然住在他們當中,為他們服勞役。

31 亞設人沒有趕走亞柯、西頓、亞黑拉、亞革悉、黑巴、亞弗革和利合的居民, 32 於是亞設人住在這些迦南人當中。

33 拿弗他利人沒有趕走伯·示麥和伯·亞納的居民,於是就住在這些迦南人當中,強迫他們服勞役。

34 亞摩利人強迫但人住在山區,不准他們下到平原。 35 亞摩利人執意住在希烈山、亞雅倫和沙賓,但約瑟家族強盛時,就強迫他們服勞役。 36 亞摩利人的邊界從亞克拉濱山坡起,一直到西拉以北。


  1. 1·16 棕樹城」即「耶利哥」。
  2. 1·17 何珥瑪」意思是「覆滅之城」。