1Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled1:1 Or been surely believed among us, 2just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. 3With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, 4so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
The birth of John the Baptist foretold
5In the time of Herod king of Judea there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah; his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron. 6Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly. 7But they were childless because Elizabeth was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.
8Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God, 9he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshippers were praying outside.
11Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. 12When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear. 13But the angel said to him: ‘Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call him John. 14He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, 15for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born. 16He will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God. 17And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the parents to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous – to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.’
18Zechariah asked the angel, ‘How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well on in years.’
19The angel said to him, ‘I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. 20And now you will be silent and not able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their appointed time.’
21Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple. 22When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realised he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs to them but remained unable to speak.
23When his time of service was completed, he returned home. 24After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion. 25‘The Lord has done this for me,’ she said. ‘In these days he has shown his favour and taken away my disgrace among the people.’
The birth of Jesus foretold
26In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28The angel went to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favoured! The Lord is with you.’
29Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. 31You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants for ever; his kingdom will never end.’
34‘How will this be,’ Mary asked the angel, ‘since I am a virgin?’
35The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called1:35 Or So the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God. 36Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month. 37For no word from God will ever fail.’
38‘I am the Lord’s servant,’ Mary answered. ‘May your word to me be fulfilled.’ Then the angel left her.
Mary visits Elizabeth
39At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea, 40where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42In a loud voice she exclaimed: ‘Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear! 43But why am I so favoured, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45Blessed is she who has believed that the Lord would fulfil his promises to her!’
46And Mary said:
‘My soul glorifies the Lord
47and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour,
48for he has been mindful
of the humble state of his servant.
From now on all generations will call me blessed,
49for the Mighty One has done great things for me –
holy is his name.
50His mercy extends to those who fear him,
from generation to generation.
51He has performed mighty deeds with his arm;
he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.
52He has brought down rulers from their thrones
but has lifted up the humble.
53He has filled the hungry with good things
but has sent the rich away empty.
54He has helped his servant Israel,
remembering to be merciful
55to Abraham and his descendants for ever,
just as he promised our ancestors.’
56Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.
The birth of John the Baptist
57When it was time for Elizabeth to have her baby, she gave birth to a son. 58Her neighbours and relatives heard that the Lord had shown her great mercy, and they shared her joy.
59On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him after his father Zechariah, 60but his mother spoke up and said, ‘No! He is to be called John.’
61They said to her, ‘There is no-one among your relatives who has that name.’
62Then they made signs to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child. 63He asked for a writing tablet, and to everyone’s astonishment he wrote, ‘His name is John.’ 64Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue set free, and he began to speak, praising God. 65All the neighbours were filled with awe, and throughout the hill country of Judea people were talking about all these things. 66Everyone who heard this wondered about it, asking, ‘What then is this child going to be?’ For the Lord’s hand was with him.
67His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied:
68‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,
because he has come to his people and redeemed them.
69He has raised up a horn1:69 Horn here symbolises a strong king. of salvation for us
in the house of his servant David
70(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago),
71salvation from our enemies
and from the hand of all who hate us –
72to show mercy to our ancestors
and to remember his holy covenant,
73the oath he swore to our father Abraham:
74to rescue us from the hand of our enemies,
and to enable us to serve him without fear
75in holiness and righteousness before him all our days.
76And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
for you will go on before the Lord to prepare the way for him,
77to give his people the knowledge of salvation
through the forgiveness of their sins,
78because of the tender mercy of our God,
by which the rising sun will come to us from heaven
79to shine on those living in darkness
and in the shadow of death,
to guide our feet into the path of peace.’
80And the child grew and became strong in spirit1:80 Or in the Spirit; and he lived in the wilderness until he appeared publicly to Israel.
1Kwa kuwa watu wengi wamekaa ili kuandika habari za mambo yaliyotukia katikati yetu, 21:2 Mk 1:1; Mdo 1:21-22; 2Pet 1:16; 1Yn 1:1; Mk 4:14kama vile yalivyokabidhiwa kwetu na wale waliokuwa mashahidi walioyaona na watumishi wa Bwana, 31:3 Mdo 11:4; 24:3; 26:25; 1:1mimi nami baada ya kuchunguza kila kitu kwa uangalifu kuanzia mwanzo, niliamua kukuandikia habari za mambo hayo, ewe mtukufu Theofilo, 41:4 Yn 20:31; Mdo 2:42ili upate kujua ukweli kuhusu yale uliyofundishwa.
Kuzaliwa Kwa Yohana Mbatizaji Kwatabiriwa
51:5 1Nya 24:10; Mt 2:1Wakati wa Herode mfalme wa Uyahudi, palikuwa na kuhani mmoja jina lake Zekaria, ambaye alikuwa wa ukoo wa kikuhani wa Abiya. Elizabeti mkewe alikuwa pia mzao wa Aroni. 61:6 Kum 5:33; Lk 2:25Zekaria na Elizabeti mkewe wote walikuwa watu wanyofu mbele za Mungu, wakizishika amri zote za Bwana na maagizo yote bila lawama. 7Lakini walikuwa hawana watoto, kwa sababu Elizabeti alikuwa tasa; nao wote wawili walikuwa wazee sana.
81:8 1Nya 24:19; 2Nya 8:14Siku moja ilipokuwa zamu ya kikundi cha Zekaria, yeye akifanya kazi ya ukuhani Hekaluni mbele za Mungu, 91:9 2Nya 29:11; Za 141:2alichaguliwa kwa kura kwa kufuata desturi za ukuhani, kuingia Hekaluni mwa Bwana ili kufukiza uvumba. 101:10 Law 16:17Nao wakati wa kufukiza uvumba ulipowadia, wale wote waliokuwa wamekusanyika ili kuabudu walikuwa nje wakiomba.
111:11 Mdo 5:19; Kut 30:1-10Ndipo malaika wa Bwana, akiwa amesimama upande wa kuume wa madhabahu ya kufukizia uvumba, akamtokea Zekaria. 121:12 Amu 6:22-23; 13:22Zekaria alipomwona huyo malaika, akafadhaika sana, akajawa na hofu. 131:13 Mt 14:27; 3:1; Lk 1:60-63Lakini malaika akamwambia, “Usiogope, Zekaria, kwa maana Mungu amesikia maombi yako. Mkeo Elizabeti atakuzalia mtoto wa kiume, nawe utamwita jina lake Yohana. 141:14 Lk 1:58Yeye atakuwa furaha na shangwe kwako, nao watu wengi watashangilia kwa sababu ya kuzaliwa kwake. 151:15 Law 10:9; Lk 7:33; Yer 1:5; Gal 1:15Kwa kuwa atakuwa mkuu mbele za Bwana, kamwe hataonja mvinyo wala kinywaji chochote cha kulevya, naye atajazwa Roho Mtakatifu hata kabla ya kuzaliwa kwake. 161:16 Mal 4:5, 6Naye atawageuza wengi wa wana wa Israeli warudi kwa Bwana Mungu wao. 171:17 Mt 11:14; Mal 4:4-6Naye atatangulia mbele za Bwana katika roho na nguvu ya Eliya, ili kuigeuza mioyo ya baba kuwaelekea watoto wao, na wasiotii warejee katika hekima ya wenye haki, ili kuliweka tayari taifa lililoandaliwa kwa ajili ya Bwana.”
181:18 Mwa 17:17Zekaria akamuuliza malaika, “Jambo hilo linawezekanaje? Mimi ni mzee na mke wangu pia ana umri mkubwa.”
191:19 Mt 18:10; Lk 1:26Malaika akamjibu, akamwambia, “Mimi ni Gabrieli, nisimamaye mbele za Mungu, nami nimetumwa kwako ili nikuambie habari hizi njema. 201:20 Kut 4:11; Eze 3:26Basi sasa kwa kuwa hujaamini maneno yangu ambayo yatatimizwa kwa wakati wake, utakuwa bubu hadi siku ile mambo haya yatakapotukia.”
21Wakati huo watu walikuwa wanamngojea Zekaria nje huku wakishangaa kukawia kwake mle Hekaluni. 221:22 Lk 1:62Alipotoka akawa hawezi kusema nao, wao wakatambua kuwa ameona maono ndani ya Hekalu. Lakini kwa kuwa alikuwa bubu, akawa anawaashiria kwa mikono.
231:23 2Fal 11:5Muda wake wa kuhudumu Hekaluni ulipomalizika, akarudi nyumbani kwake. 24Baada ya muda usio mrefu, Elizabeti mkewe akapata mimba, naye akajitenga kwa miezi mitano.
251:25 Mwa 30:23; Isa 4:1Akasema, “Hili ndilo Bwana alilonitendea aliponiangalia kwa upendeleo na kuniondolea aibu yangu mbele ya watu.”
Kuzaliwa Kwa Yesu Kwatabiriwa
261:26 Lk 1:62; Mt 2:23Mwezi wa sita baada ya Elizabeti kupata mimba, Mungu alimtuma malaika Gabrieli aende Galilaya katika mji wa Nazareti, 271:27 Mt 1:16-20; Lk 2:4kwa mwanamwali bikira aliyekuwa ameposwa na mtu mmoja jina lake Yosefu wa nyumba ya Daudi. Jina la huyu mwanamwali bikira ni Maria. 281:28 Amu 5:24Naye malaika akaja kwake akamwambia: “Salamu, wewe uliyebarikiwa, Bwana yu pamoja nawe!”
291:29 Lk 1:12Maria akafadhaishwa sana na maneno haya, akajiuliza moyoni, “Salamu hii ni ya namna gani?” 301:30 Mt 14:27Ndipo malaika akamwambia, “Usiogope, Maria, umepata kibali kwa Mungu. 311:31 Isa 7:14; Mt 1:21-25Tazama, utachukua mimba, nawe utamzaa mtoto mwanaume na utamwita jina lake Yesu. 321:32 Mk 5:7Yeye atakuwa mkuu, naye ataitwa Mwana wa Aliye Juu Sana. Bwana Mungu atampa kiti cha enzi cha Daudi baba yake. 331:33 Mt 28:18; 2Sam 7:16; Ebr 1:8Ataimiliki nyumba ya Yakobo milele, na ufalme wake hautakuwa na mwisho.”
34Maria akamuuliza huyo malaika, “Maadamu mimi ni bikira, jambo hili litawezekanaje?”
351:35 Mt 1:18; 4:3; Mk 1:24Malaika akamjibu, “Roho Mtakatifu atakujilia juu yako, nazo nguvu zake Yeye Aliye Juu Sana zitakufunika kama kivuli. Kwa hiyo mtoto atakayezaliwa atakuwa mtakatifu, naye ataitwa Mwana wa Mungu. 361:36 Lk 1:24Tazama, jamaa yako Elizabeti amechukua mimba katika uzee wake, na huu ni mwezi wake wa sita, yeye aliyeitwa tasa. 371:37 Mt 19:26; Mwa 18:14; Zek 8:6; Mt 18:26; Mk 10:27; Rum 4:21Kwa maana kwa Mungu hakuna lisilowezekana.”
38Maria akasema, “Tazama, mimi ni mtumishi wa Bwana. Na iwe kwangu kama ulivyosema.” Kisha malaika akaondoka, akamwacha.
Maria Aenda Kumtembelea Elizabeti
391:39 Lk 1:65; Yos 21:9, 10, 11Wakati huo Maria akajiandaa, akaharakisha kwenda katika mji mmoja kwenye vilima vya Uyahudi. 40Akaingia nyumbani kwa Zekaria na kumsalimu Elizabeti. 411:41 Lk 1:15; Mwa 25; 22Naye Elizabeti aliposikia salamu ya Maria, mtoto aliyekuwa tumboni mwake akaruka. Elizabeti akajazwa na Roho Mtakatifu, 421:42 Amu 5:24akapaza sauti kwa nguvu akasema, “Umebarikiwa wewe miongoni mwa wanawake, naye mtoto utakayemzaa amebarikiwa. 431:43 Yn 13:13Lakini ni kwa nini mimi nimepata upendeleo kiasi hiki, hata mama wa Bwana wangu afike kwangu? 44Mara tu niliposikia sauti ya salamu yako, mtoto aliyeko tumboni mwangu aliruka kwa furaha. 451:45 Lk 1:20; 11:28Amebarikiwa yeye aliyeamini kwamba lile Bwana alilomwambia litatimizwa.”
Wimbo Wa Maria Wa Sifa
461:46 Za 34:2-3Naye Maria akasema:
“Moyo wangu wamwadhimisha Bwana,
471:47 Za 18:46; 1Tim 4:10nayo roho yangu inamfurahia
Mungu Mwokozi wangu,
481:48 Za 138:5; Lk 11:27kwa kuwa ameangalia kwa fadhili
unyonge wa mtumishi wake.
Hakika tangu sasa vizazi vyote vitaniita aliyebarikiwa,
491:49 Za 71:19; 111:9kwa maana yeye Mwenye Nguvu
amenitendea mambo ya ajabu:
jina lake ni takatifu.
501:50 Kut 20:6; Za 103:17Rehema zake huwaendea wale wamchao,
kutoka kizazi hadi kizazi.
511:51 Za 98:1; Isa 40:10Kwa kuwa ametenda mambo ya ajabu kwa mkono wake;
amewatawanya wale wenye kiburi
ndani ya mioyo yao.
521:52 Mt 23:12; 1Sam 2:6; Ay 5:11; Za 11:3, 6Amewashusha watawala toka kwenye viti vyao vya enzi,
lakini amewainua wanyenyekevu.
531:53 Za 107:9; 1Sam 3:5Amewashibisha wenye njaa kwa vitu vizuri,
bali matajiri amewafukuza mikono mitupu.
541:54 Za 98:3Amemsaidia mtumishi wake Israeli,
kwa kukumbuka ahadi yake ya kumrehemu
551:55 Za 132:11; Gal 3:16Abrahamu na uzao wake milele,
kama alivyowaahidi baba zetu.”
56Maria akakaa na Elizabeti karibu miezi mitatu, kisha akarudi nyumbani kwake.
Kuzaliwa Kwa Yohana Mbatizaji
57Ulipowadia wakati wa Elizabeti kujifungua, alizaa mtoto mwanaume. 581:58 Lk 1:14Majirani zake na jamii zake wakasikia jinsi Bwana alivyomfanyia rehema kuu, nao wakafurahi pamoja naye.
591:59 Law 12:3; Flp 3:5Siku ya nane wakaja kumtahiri mtoto, wakataka yule mtoto aitwe Zekaria, ambalo ndilo jina la baba yake. 601:60 Lk 1:13, 63; Mt 3:1Lakini mama yake akakataa na kusema, “Hapana! Jina lake ataitwa Yohana.”
61Wakamwambia, “Hakuna mtu yeyote katika jamaa yako mwenye jina kama hilo.”
621:62 Lk 1:22Basi wakamfanyia Zekaria baba yake ishara ili kujua kwamba yeye angependa kumpa mtoto jina gani. 631:63 Lk 1:13, 60; Mt 3:1Akaomba wampe kibao cha kuandikia na kwa mshangao wa kila mtu akaandika: “Jina lake ni Yohana.” 641:64 Lk 1:20; Eze 24:27Papo hapo kinywa chake kikafunguliwa na ulimi wake ukaachiwa, akawa anaongea akimsifu Mungu. 65Majirani wote wakajawa na hofu ya Mungu, na katika nchi yote ya vilima vya Uyahudi watu walikuwa wakinena juu ya mambo haya yote. 661:66 Mwa 39:2; Mdo 11:21Kila aliyesikia habari hizi alishangaa akauliza, “Je, mtoto huyu atakuwa mtu wa namna gani?” Maana mkono wa Bwana ulikuwa pamoja naye.
Unabii Wa Zekaria
671:67 Yoe 2:28Zekaria, baba yake, akajazwa na Roho Mtakatifu, naye akatoa unabii, akisema:
681:68 Mwa 24:27; 1Fal 8:15; Za 111:9; Lk 7:16“Ahimidiwe Bwana, Mungu wa Israeli,
kwa kuwa amewajilia watu wake na kuwakomboa.
691:69 2Sam 22:23; Za 132:17Naye ametusimamishia pembe1:69 Pembe hapa inamaanisha nguvu. ya wokovu
katika nyumba ya Daudi mtumishi wake,
701:70 Yer 23:3; Za 132:17kama alivyonena kwa vinywa vya manabii
wake watakatifu tangu zamani,
711:71 Za 106:10kwamba atatuokoa kutoka kwa adui zetu,
na kutoka mikononi mwao wote watuchukiao:
721:72 Mik 7:20; Za 106:45; Eze 16:60ili kuonyesha rehema kwa baba zetu
na kukumbuka Agano lake takatifu,
731:73 Mwa 22:16-18kiapo alichomwapia baba yetu Abrahamu:
741:74 Ebr 9:14kutuokoa kutoka mikononi mwa adui zetu,
tupate kumtumikia yeye pasipo hofu
751:75 Efe 4:24katika utakatifu na haki mbele zake,
siku zetu zote.
761:76 Mt 11:9; Mk 5:7; Mal 3:1; Mt 3:3“Nawe mtoto wangu, utaitwa nabii wa Aliye Juu Sana;
kwa kuwa utamtangulia Bwana
na kuandaa njia kwa ajili yake,
771:77 Yer 31:34; Mt 1:21kuwajulisha watu wake juu ya wokovu
utakaopatikana kwa kusamehewa dhambi zao,
781:78 Mal 4:2kwa ajili ya wingi wa rehema za Mungu wetu,
nuru itokayo juu itatuzukia
791:79 Za 107:14; Mdo 26:18ili kuwaangazia wale waishio gizani
na katika uvuli wa mauti,
kuiongoza miguu yetu katika njia ya amani.”
801:80 Lk 2:40, 52Yule mtoto akakua na kuongezeka nguvu katika roho; akaishi nyikani hadi siku ile alipojionyesha hadharani kwa Waisraeli.