New International Version - UK

1 Samuel 30

David destroys the Amalekites

1David and his men reached Ziklag on the third day. Now the Amalekites had raided the Negev and Ziklag. They had attacked Ziklag and burned it, and had taken captive the women and everyone else in it, both young and old. They killed none of them, but carried them off as they went on their way.

When David and his men reached Ziklag, they found it destroyed by fire and their wives and sons and daughters taken captive. So David and his men wept aloud until they had no strength left to weep. David’s two wives had been captured – Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel. David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But David found strength in the Lord his God.

Then David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelek, ‘Bring me the ephod.’ Abiathar brought it to him, and David enquired of the Lord, ‘Shall I pursue this raiding party? Will I overtake them?’

‘Pursue them,’ he answered. ‘You will certainly overtake them and succeed in the rescue.’

David and the six hundred men with him came to the Besor Valley, where some stayed behind. 10 Two hundred of them were too exhausted to cross the valley, but David and the other four hundred continued the pursuit.

11 They found an Egyptian in a field and brought him to David. They gave him water to drink and food to eat – 12 part of a cake of pressed figs and two cakes of raisins. He ate and was revived, for he had not eaten any food or drunk any water for three days and three nights.

13 David asked him, ‘Who do you belong to? Where do you come from?’

He said, ‘I am an Egyptian, the slave of an Amalekite. My master abandoned me when I became ill three days ago. 14 We raided the Negev of the Kerethites, some territory belonging to Judah and the Negev of Caleb. And we burned Ziklag.’

15 David asked him, ‘Can you lead me down to this raiding party?’

He answered, ‘Swear to me before God that you will not kill me or hand me over to my master, and I will take you down to them.’

16 He led David down, and there they were, scattered over the countryside, eating, drinking and revelling because of the great amount of plunder they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from Judah. 17 David fought them from dusk until the evening of the next day, and none of them got away, except four hundred young men who rode off on camels and fled. 18 David recovered everything the Amalekites had taken, including his two wives. 19 Nothing was missing: young or old, boy or girl, plunder or anything else they had taken. David brought everything back. 20 He took all the flocks and herds, and his men drove them ahead of the other livestock, saying, ‘This is David’s plunder.’

21 Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhausted to follow him and who were left behind at the Besor Valley. They came out to meet David and the men with him. As David and his men approached, he asked them how they were. 22 But all the evil men and troublemakers among David’s followers said, ‘Because they did not go out with us, we will not share with them the plunder we recovered. However, each man may take his wife and children and go.’

23 David replied, ‘No, my brothers, you must not do that with what the Lord has given us. He has protected us and delivered into our hands the raiding party that came against us. 24 Who will listen to what you say? The share of the man who stayed with the supplies is to be the same as that of him who went down to the battle. All shall share alike.’ 25 David made this a statute and ordinance for Israel from that day to this.

26 When David reached Ziklag, he sent some of the plunder to the elders of Judah, who were his friends, saying, ‘Here is a gift for you from the plunder of the Lord’s enemies.’

27 David sent it to those who were in Bethel, Ramoth Negev and Jattir; 28 to those in Aroer, Siphmoth, Eshtemoa 29 and Rakal; to those in the towns of the Jerahmeelites and the Kenites; 30 to those in Hormah, Bor Ashan, Athak 31 and Hebron; and to those in all the other places where he and his men had roamed.

O Livro

1 Samuel 30

David destrói os amalequitas

11/2 Três dias mais tarde quando David, acompanhado dos seus homens, chegou a casa na cidade de Ziclague, constatou que os amalequitas tinham feito uma incursão na cidade e queimado tudo inteiramente, levando consigo mulheres e crianças. Ao olharem para aquilo, e ao darem-se conta do que acontecera às suas famílias, choraram todos dolorosamente. As duas mulheres de David, Ainoã e Abigail, encontravam-se também entre as cativas. David estava seriamente preocupado, porque os homens, na sua grande dor por causa dos filhos que os amalequitas lhes tinham levado, falavam até de o apedrejarem. No entanto David tomou forças no Senhor seu Deus.

7/8 Então disse ao sacerdote Abiatar: “Traz-me aqui o éfode!” E perguntou ao Senhor: “Vou no encalço deles? Apanhá-los-emos?”

O Senhor respondeu-lhe: “Vai, persegue-os; recuperarás tudo o que eles vos levaram!” 9/12 David, mais os outros seiscentos homens, partiram atrás dos amalequitas. Quando alcançaram o ribeiro de Besor, duzentos deles estavam de tal maneira exaustos que nem conseguiram atravessá-lo; mas os outros quatrocentos prosseguiram na corrida. Pelo caminho, a certa altura encontraram um moço egípcio num campo e trouxeram-no a David. O rapaz não tinha comido nem bebido nada durante três dias e três noites; deram-lhe parte dum bolo de figos, duas mãos-cheias de uvas secas, água para beber, e depois disso recuperou as forças.

13/14 “Quem és tu? Donde vens?”, perguntou-lhe David.

“Sou egípcio, servo dum amalequita. O meu senhor abandonou-me há três dias porque eu estava muito doente. Vínhamos de uma incursão militar no Negueve e também no sul de Judá, e ainda na terra de Calebe; também destruímos Ziclague.”

15 “Podes dizer-me para onde foram eles?”

“Se me jurares em nome de Deus que não me matas nem me entregas de novo ao meu amo, então guiar-te-ei até eles.”

16/20 E assim levou-os ao acampamento dos amalequitas. Estavam todos espalhados numa grande área daquela terra, comendo, bebendo, dançando de alegria por causa do enorme despojo que tinham trazido da Filisteia e de Judá. David e os companheiros saltaram-lhes em cima e mataram neles durante a noite toda, mais o dia seguinte até ao anoitecer. Os únicos que conseguiram escapar foram quatrocentos rapazes que fugiram montados em camelos. David recuperou tudo o que eles tinham levado. Os homens retomaram as famílias e os haveres; David pôde libertar as suas duas mulheres. Toda a gente juntou o gado e os rebanhos, conduzindo-os diante de si e exclamavam: “Este é o teu despojo, David!”

21/22 Quando chegaram de novo ao ribeiro de Besor e se juntaram aos tais duzentos que não tinham podido continuar por se encontrarem esgotados, sem forças, David saudou-os pacificamente. Mas alguns dos que vinham com David, homens ruins, perversos, começaram a dizer: “Esses não vieram connosco, não hão-de de ter parte no despojo. Que se lhes dê as mulheres e os filhos e que se vão embora.”

23/24 “Não, meus irmãos! O Senhor guardou-nos e ajudou-nos a derrotar o inimigo. Numa altura destas alguém poderia dar ouvidos a uma tal proposta? Vamos todos repartir o que obtivemos irmãmente — os que foram à batalha e os que guardaram as bagagens.” 25 Foi então que David fez disso uma lei em todo o Israel, e que ainda hoje é válida.

26/31 Quando chegou a Ziclague enviou parte do saque aos anciãos de Judá: “Isto é um presente para vocês, tirado aos inimigos do Senhor”, escreveu-lhes. Estes presentes foram enviados aos anciãos das seguintes cidades onde David e os companheiros tinham estado: Betel, Sul de Ramote, Jatir, Aroer, Sifmote, Estemoa, Racal, as cidades dos jerameelitas, as cidades dos queneus, Horma, Borasã, Atace, Hebrom.