Abraham Justified by Faith
1What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? 2If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. 3What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”4:3 Gen. 15:6; also in verse 22
4Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift but as an obligation. 5However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness. 6David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
7“Blessed are those
whose transgressions are forgiven,
whose sins are covered.
8Blessed is the one
whose sin the Lord will never count against them.”4:8 Psalm 32:1,2
9Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? We have been saying that Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness. 10Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before! 11And he received circumcision as a sign, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. So then, he is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them. 12And he is then also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
13It was not through the law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. 14For if those who depend on the law are heirs, faith means nothing and the promise is worthless, 15because the law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression.
16Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham’s offspring—not only to those who are of the law but also to those who have the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all. 17As it is written: “I have made you a father of many nations.”4:17 Gen. 17:5 He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed—the God who gives life to the dead and calls into being things that were not.
18Against all hope, Abraham in hope believed and so became the father of many nations, just as it had been said to him, “So shall your offspring be.”4:18 Gen. 15:5 19Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead—since he was about a hundred years old—and that Sarah’s womb was also dead. 20Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, 21being fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised. 22This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.” 23The words “it was credited to him” were written not for him alone, 24but also for us, to whom God will credit righteousness—for us who believe in him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. 25He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification.
1那麼，從我們的先祖亞伯拉罕身上，我們學到什麼呢？ 2如果亞伯拉罕是因為有好行為而被稱為義人，他就可以誇口了，但他在上帝面前沒有可誇的。 3聖經上不是說「亞伯拉罕信上帝，就被算為義人」嗎？ 4人工作得來的工錢不算是恩典，是應得的。 5但對於只信赦免罪人的上帝、不靠功勞的人，他的信就被算為義。
6大衛也說不靠行為而被上帝算為義的人是有福的，他說： 7「過犯得到赦免、罪惡被遮蓋的人有福了。 8不被主定罪的人有福了。」
9那麼，這種福分只給受割禮的人嗎？還是也給沒有受割禮的人呢？因為我們說，亞伯拉罕信上帝，就被算為義人。 10他究竟是怎麼被算為義人的呢？是他受割禮以前呢？還是以後呢？不是以後，而是以前。 11他後來受割禮只不過是一個記號，表明他在受割禮前已經因信而被稱為義人了。他因此成為一切未受割禮的信徒之父，使這些人也可以被算為義人。 12他也做了受割禮之人的父。這些人不只是受了割禮，還跟隨我們先祖亞伯拉罕的腳步，效法他在未受割禮時的信心。
13上帝應許將世界賜給亞伯拉罕和他的後裔，不是因為亞伯拉罕遵行了律法，而是因為他因信而成了義人。 14如果只有遵行律法的人才可以承受應許，信心就沒有價值，上帝的應許也就落了空。 15因為有律法，就有刑罰；哪裡沒有律法，哪裡就沒有違法的事。 16所以，上帝的應許是藉著人的信心賜下的，好叫這一切都是出於上帝的恩典，確保應許歸給所有亞伯拉罕的子孫，不單是守律法的人，也包括一切效法亞伯拉罕信心的人。 17亞伯拉罕在上帝面前是我們所有人的父，正如聖經上說：「我已經立你為萬族之父。」他所信的上帝是能夠使死人復活、使無變有的上帝。
18他在毫無指望的情況下仍然滿懷盼望地相信上帝的應許，因而成為「萬族之父」，正如上帝的應許：「你的後裔必這麼多」。 19那時他將近百歲，知道自己身體如同已死，撒拉也過了生育的歲數，但他的信心仍然沒有動搖。 20他沒有因不信而懷疑上帝的應許，反倒信心更加堅定，將榮耀歸給上帝。 21他完全相信上帝必能實現祂的應許。 22因此，他被算為義人。 23「他被算為義人」這句話不單單是為他寫的， 24也是為將來要被算為義人的我們寫的，就是相信上帝使主耶穌從死裡復活的人。 25耶穌受害而死是為了我們的過犯，祂復活是為了使我們成為義人。