God’s Righteous Judgment
1You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. 2Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. 3So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?
5But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed. 6God “will repay each person according to what they have done.”2:6 Psalm 62:12; Prov. 24:12 7To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life. 8But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. 9There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile; 10but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11For God does not show favoritism.
12All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law. 13For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous. 14(Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them.) 16This will take place on the day when God judges people’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares.
The Jews and the Law
17Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God; 18if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; 19if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, 20an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— 21you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 22You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23You who boast in the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24As it is written: “God’s name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”2:24 Isaiah 52:5 (see Septuagint); Ezek. 36:20,22
25Circumcision has value if you observe the law, but if you break the law, you have become as though you had not been circumcised. 26So then, if those who are not circumcised keep the law’s requirements, will they not be regarded as though they were circumcised? 27The one who is not circumcised physically and yet obeys the law will condemn you who, even though you have the2:27 Or who, by means of a written code and circumcision, are a lawbreaker.
28A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person’s praise is not from other people, but from God.
Shari’ar adalcin Allah
1Saboda haka, kai da kake ba wa wani laifi, ba ka da wata hujja, gama a duk lokacin da kake ba wa wani laifi, kana hukunta kanka ne, domin kai da kake ba wa wani laifi kai ma kana aikata waɗannan abubuwa. 2Yanzu mun san cewa hukuncin Allah a kan masu aikata waɗannan abubuwa daidai ne. 3Saboda haka sa’ad da kai mutum kurum, kana ba su laifi, duk da haka kana aikata abubuwan nan, kana tsammani za ka tsere wa hukuncin Allah ne? 4Ko kuma kana rena wadatar alherinsa, haƙurinsa, da kuma jimrewarsa ne ba tare da sanin cewa alherin Allah yana kai ka ga tuba ba ne?
5Amma saboda taurinkanka da zuciyarka marar tuba, kana tara wa kanka fushi a ranar fushin Allah, sa’ad da za a bayyana hukuncinsa mai adalci. 6Allah, “Zai sāka wa kowane mutum gwargwadon aikin da ya yi.”2.6 Zab 62.12; K Mag 24.12 7Ga waɗanda ta wurin naciya suna yin nagarta suna neman ɗaukaka, girma da rashin mutuwa, su za a ba su rai madawwami. 8Amma ga waɗanda suke sonkai waɗanda suke ƙin gaskiya suke kuma bin mugunta, akwai fushi da haushi dominsu. 9Akwai wahala da baƙin ciki ga duk mutumin da yake aikata mugunta, da farko Yahudawa, sa’an nan Al’ummai, 10amma akwai ɗaukaka, girma da salama ga duk mutumin da yake aikata alheri, da farko Yahudawa, sa’an nan Al’ummai. 11Gama Allah ba ya nuna bambanci.
12Duk waɗanda suka yi zunubi a rashi sanin doka, a rashin doka za su hallaka, waɗanda kuma suka yi zunubi ƙarƙashin doka, a ƙarƙashin doka za a hukunta su. 13Gama ba masu jin dokar ne suke da adalci a gaban Allah ba, amma waɗanda suke yin biyayya da dokar, su za a ce da su masu adalci. 14Tabbatacce, sa’ad da Al’ummai, waɗanda ba su da dokar, suka aikata abubuwan da dokar take bukata, abubuwan sun zama doka ke nan gare su, ko da yake ba su da dokar. 15To, da yake sun nuna cewa abubuwan da dokar take bukata suna a rubuce a zukatansu, lamirinsu yana kuma ba da shaida, tunaninsu kuwa yanzu yana zarginsu ko kuma yana kāre su. 16Wannan zai faru a ranar da Allah ta wurin Yesu Kiristi zai shari’anta ɓoyayyun abubuwan da mutane suka yi, yadda bisharata ta furta.
Yahudawa da doka
17To, kai, da kake kiran kanka mutumin Yahuda; in kana dogara ga doka kana kuma taƙama da dangantakarka da Allah; 18in ka san nufinsa ka kuma amince da abin da yake mafifici domin an koyar da kai bisa ga doka; 19in ka tabbata cewa kai jagora ne ga makafi, haske ga waɗanda suke cikin duhu, 20mai koyar da masu wauta, malamin jarirai, domin a cikin dokar ce akwai sani da gaskiya 21to, kai mai koya wa waɗansu, ba kanka kake koya wa ba? Kai da kake wa’azi kada a yi sata, kana sata? 22Kai da kake cewa wa mutane kada su yi zina, kana yin zina? Kai da kake ƙyamar gumaka, kana wa haikali fashi? 23Kai da kake taƙama da doka, kana nuna rashin bangirma ga Allah ta wurin karya dokar? 24Kamar yadda yake a rubuce, “Ana saɓon sunan Allah a cikin Al’ummai saboda ku.”2.24 Ish 52.5; Ezk 36.22
25Kaciya tana da amfani in kana kiyaye dokar, amma in kana karya dokar, ka zama kamar ba a yi maka kaciya ba. 26In marasa kaciya suna kiyaye dokar, ashe, ba za a ɗauke su kamar an yi musu kaciya ba? 27Wanda ba shi da kaciya ta jiki duk da haka yana biyayya da dokar zai iya hukunta ka, kai da kake karya dokar, ko da yake kana da rubutaccen tsarin dokar an kuma yi maka kaciya.
28Mutum ba mutumin Yahuda ba ne in shi mutumin Yahuda ne kawai a jiki, haka kuma kaciya ba a waje ko a jiki kawai ba. 29A’a, mutum mutumin Yahuda ne in shi mutumin Yahuda ne a zuci; kuma kaciya ita ce kaciya ta zuci, ta wurin Ruhu, ba ta wurin rubutaccen doka ba. Irin wannan mutum yana samun yabo daga Allah ne, ba ɗan adam ba.