God’s Righteous Judgment
1You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. 2Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. 3So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?
5But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed. 6God “will repay each person according to what they have done.”2:6 Psalm 62:12; Prov. 24:12 7To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life. 8But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. 9There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile; 10but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11For God does not show favoritism.
12All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law. 13For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous. 14(Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them.) 16This will take place on the day when God judges people’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares.
The Jews and the Law
17Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God; 18if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; 19if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, 20an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— 21you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 22You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23You who boast in the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24As it is written: “God’s name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”2:24 Isaiah 52:5 (see Septuagint); Ezek. 36:20,22
25Circumcision has value if you observe the law, but if you break the law, you have become as though you had not been circumcised. 26So then, if those who are not circumcised keep the law’s requirements, will they not be regarded as though they were circumcised? 27The one who is not circumcised physically and yet obeys the law will condemn you who, even though you have the2:27 Or who, by means of a written code and circumcision, are a lawbreaker.
28A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person’s praise is not from other people, but from God.
1因此，你这论断人的啊，不管你是谁，都难逃罪责。你在什么事上论断别人，就在什么事上定了自己的罪，因为你论断别人的事，自己也在做。 2我们都知道，上帝必按真理审判做这些事的人。 3你这人啊，你论断别人，自己却做同样的事，你以为自己能逃脱上帝的审判吗？ 4还是你藐视祂深厚的慈爱、宽容和忍耐，不知道祂的慈爱是要引导你悔改吗？ 5你这样硬着心不肯悔改等于是为自己积蓄烈怒，上帝的烈怒在祂施行公义审判的那天必临到你。 6上帝必照各人的行为施行赏罚。 7凡是恒心行善、寻求荣耀、尊贵和永恒福分的人，祂要把永生赐给他们； 8至于那些自私自利、违背真理、行为不义的人，祂的烈怒和怒气要降在他们身上。 9一切作恶之人必受患难和痛苦，先是犹太人，然后是希腊人。 10祂要将荣耀、尊贵和平安赐给一切行善的人，先是犹太人，然后是希腊人。 11因为上帝不偏待人。
12没有上帝律法的人若犯罪，虽然不按律法受审判，仍要灭亡；有上帝律法的人若犯罪，必按律法受审判。 13因为上帝眼中的义人不是听到律法的人，而是遵行律法的人。 14没有律法的外族人若顺着天性做合乎律法的事，他们虽然没有律法，自己就是自己的律法。 15这表明律法的要求刻在他们心里，他们的良心也可以证明，因为他们的思想有时指控他们，有时为他们辩护。 16按照我所传的福音，到了审判之日，上帝要借着耶稣基督审判人一切隐秘的事。
17你自称是犹太人，倚仗上帝所赐的律法，自夸与上帝有特别的关系； 18你受过律法的教导，知道上帝的旨意，能明辨是非； 19你自信可以做盲人的向导、黑暗中的人的光、 20愚昧人的师傅、小孩子的老师，因为你从律法中得到了知识和真理。 21那么，你这教导别人的，为什么不教导自己呢？你教导人不可偷盗，自己却偷盗吗？ 22你告诉他人不可通奸，自己却通奸吗？你憎恶偶像，自己却去偷庙里的东西吗？ 23你以律法自夸，自己却违犯律法羞辱上帝吗？ 24正如圣经上说：“因你们的缘故，上帝的名在外族人中受到亵渎！”
25如果你遵行律法，割礼才有价值；如果你违犯律法，受了割礼也如同未受割礼。 26如果未受割礼的人遵行律法的教导，他岂不算是受了割礼吗？ 27身体未受割礼却遵行律法的人，必审判你这有律法条文、受了割礼却违犯律法的人。 28因为徒具外表的犹太人不是真正的犹太人，身体上的割礼也不是真正的割礼。 29唯有从心里做犹太人的才是真犹太人，真割礼是借着圣灵在心里受的割礼，不在于律法条文。这样的人得到的称赞不是从人来的，而是从上帝来的。