The Remnant of Israel
1I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. 2God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew. Don’t you know what Scripture says in the passage about Elijah—how he appealed to God against Israel: 3“Lord, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars; I am the only one left, and they are trying to kill me”11:3 1 Kings 19:10,14? 4And what was God’s answer to him? “I have reserved for myself seven thousand who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”11:4 1 Kings 19:18 5So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. 6And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.
7What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain. The elect among them did, but the others were hardened, 8as it is written:
“God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that could not see
and ears that could not hear,
to this very day.”11:8 Deut. 29:4; Isaiah 29:10
9And David says:
“May their table become a snare and a trap,
a stumbling block and a retribution for them.
10May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see,
and their backs be bent forever.”11:10 Psalm 69:22,23
11Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12But if their transgression means riches for the world, and their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much greater riches will their full inclusion bring!
13I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I take pride in my ministry 14in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envy and save some of them. 15For if their rejection brought reconciliation to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but tremble. 21For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.
22Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off. 23And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!
All Israel Will Be Saved
25I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, 26and in this way11:26 Or and so all Israel will be saved. As it is written:
“The deliverer will come from Zion;
he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.
27And this is11:27 Or will be my covenant with them
when I take away their sins.”11:27 Isaiah 59:20,21; 27:9 (see Septuagint); Jer. 31:33,34
28As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, 29for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable. 30Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience, 31so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may now11:31 Some manuscripts do not have now. receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to you. 32For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.
33Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and11:33 Or riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God!
How unsearchable his judgments,
and his paths beyond tracing out!
34“Who has known the mind of the Lord?
Or who has been his counselor?”11:34 Isaiah 40:13
35“Who has ever given to God,
that God should repay them?”11:35 Job 41:11
36For from him and through him and for him are all things.
To him be the glory forever! Amen.
Mabaki Ya Israeli
111:1 Law 26:46; Za 94:14; 2Kor 11:22; Flp 3:5Basi nauliza: Je, Mungu amewakataa watu wake? La, hasha! Mimi mwenyewe ni Mwisraeli, tena uzao wa Abrahamu kutoka kabila la Benyamini. 211:2 Rum 8:29; 11:1; 1Fal 19:10, 14Mungu hajawakataa watu wake, ambao yeye aliwajua tangu mwanzo. Je, hamjui yale Maandiko yasemayo kuhusu Eliya, jinsi alivyomlalamikia Mungu kuhusu Israeli? 311:3 1Fal 19:10, 14Alisema, “Bwana, wamewaua manabii wako na kuzibomoa madhabahu zako, nimebaki mimi peke yangu, nao wanataka kuniua?” 411:4 1Fal 19:18Je, Mungu alimjibuje? “Nimejibakizia watu elfu saba ambao hawajapiga magoti kumwabudu Baali.” 511:5 Rum 9:27; 3:24Vivyo hivyo pia, sasa wapo mabaki waliochaguliwa kwa neema ya Mungu. 611:6 Rum 4:4; Gal 3:18Lakini ikiwa wamechaguliwa kwa neema, si tena kwa msingi wa matendo. Kama ingekuwa kwa matendo, neema isingekuwa neema tena.
711:7 Rum 9:31; 9:18Tuseme nini basi? Kile kitu ambacho Israeli alikitafuta kwa bidii hakukipata. Lakini waliochaguliwa walikipata. Waliobaki walifanywa wagumu, 811:8 Mt 13:13-15; Kum 29:4; Isa 29:10kama ilivyoandikwa:
“Mungu aliwapa bumbuazi la mioyo,
macho ili wasiweze kuona,
na masikio ili wasiweze kusikia,
911:9 Za 69:22, 23; 35:8Naye Daudi anasema:
“Karamu zao na ziwe tanzi na mtego wa kuwanasa,
kitu cha kuwakwaza waanguke, na adhabu kwao.
1011:10 Za 69:22, 23; Rum 11:8Macho yao yatiwe giza ili wasiweze kuona,
nayo migongo yao iinamishwe daima.”
1111:11 Mdo 13:46; Rum 10:19; 11:1Hivyo nauliza tena: Je, Waisraeli walijikwaa ili waanguke na kuangamia kabisa? La, hasha! Lakini kwa sababu ya makosa yao, wokovu umewafikia watu wa Mataifa, ili kuwafanya Waisraeli waone wivu. 1211:12 Rum 11:25Basi ikiwa kukosa kwao kumekuwa utajiri mkubwa kwa ulimwengu, tena kama kuangamia kwao kumeleta utajiri kwa watu wa Mataifa, kurudishwa kwao kutaleta utajiri mkuu zaidi.
1311:13 Mdo 9:15Sasa ninasema nanyi watu wa Mataifa. Maadamu mimi ni mtume kwa watu wa Mataifa, naitukuza huduma yangu 1411:14 1Kor 10:33; 1The 2:16; Mt 1:21; Lk 2:11ili kuwafanya watu wangu waone wivu na hivyo kuwaokoa baadhi yao. 1511:15 Rum 5:10; Lk 15:24, 32Kwa kuwa ikiwa kukataliwa kwao ni kupatanishwa kwa ulimwengu, kukubaliwa kwao si kutakuwa ni uhai baada ya kufa? 1611:16 Law 23:10, 17; Hes 15:18-21Kama sehemu ya donge la unga uliotolewa kuwa limbuko ni mtakatifu, basi unga wote ni mtakatifu, nalo shina kama ni takatifu, vivyo hivyo na matawi nayo.
1711:17 Yer 11:16; Yn 15:2; Mdo 2:39; Efe 2:11-13Lakini kama baadhi ya matawi yalikatwa, nawe chipukizi la mzeituni mwitu ukapandikizwa mahali pao ili kushiriki unono pamoja na matawi mengine kutoka shina la mzeituni, 1811:18 Yn 4:22; 1Kor 10:12basi usijivune juu ya hayo matawi. Kama ukijivuna, kumbuka jambo hili: si wewe unayelishikilia shina, bali ni shina linalokushikilia wewe. 19Basi utasema, “Matawi yale yalikatwa ili nipate kupandikizwa katika hilo shina.” 2011:20 1Kor 10:12; 2Kor 1:24; Rum 12:16; 1Tim 6:17; 1Pet 1:17Hii ni kweli. Matawi hayo yalikatwa kwa sababu ya kutokuamini kwake, lakini wewe umesimama tu kwa sababu ya imani. Kwa hiyo usijivune, bali simama kwa kuogopa. 21Kwa maana kama Mungu hakuyahurumia matawi ya asili, wala hatakuhurumia wewe.
2211:22 Rum 2:4; Ebr 3:6; Yn 15:2Angalia basi wema na ukali wa Mungu: Kwa wale walioanguka, ukali, bali kwako wewe wema wa Mungu, kama utadumu katika wema wake. La sivyo, nawe utakatiliwa mbali. 2311:23 2Kor 3:16Wao nao wasipodumu katika kutokuamini kwao, watapandikizwa tena kwenye shina, kwa maana Mungu anao uwezo wa kuwapandikiza tena kwenye hilo shina. 2411:24 Yer 11:16Ikiwa wewe ulikatwa kutoka kile ambacho kwa asili ni mzeituni mwitu na kupandikizwa kinyume cha asili kwenye mzeituni uliopandwa, si rahisi zaidi matawi haya ya asili kupandikizwa tena kwenye shina lake la mzeituni!
Israeli Wote Wataokolewa
2511:25 Rum 1:13; 1Kor 10:1; 12:1; 2Kor 1:8; 1The 4:13; Rum 12:16; Lk 21:24Ndugu zangu, ili msije mkajidai kuwa wenye hekima kuliko mlivyo, nataka mfahamu siri hii: Ugumu umewapata Israeli kwa sehemu hadi idadi ya watu wa Mataifa watakaoingia itimie. 2611:26 Isa 45:17; Yer 31:34Hivyo Israeli wote wataokolewa. Kama ilivyoandikwa:
“Mkombozi atakuja kutoka Sayuni;
ataondoa kutokumcha Mungu katika Yakobo.
2711:27 Isa 59:20, 21; 27; 9; Ebr 8:10, 12Hili ndilo agano langu nao
nitakapoziondoa dhambi zao.”
2811:28 Rum 5:10; Kum 7:8; 10:15; Rum 9:5Kwa habari ya Injili, wao ni adui wa Mungu kwa ajili yenu, lakini kuhusu kule kuteuliwa kwao ni wapendwa, kwa ajili ya mababa zao wa zamani, 2911:29 Rum 8:28; Ebr 7:21kwa maana akishawapa watu karama, Mungu haziondoi, wala wito wake. 3011:30 Efe 2:2; Kol 3:7Kama vile ninyi wakati fulani mlivyokuwa waasi kwa Mungu lakini sasa mmepata rehema kwa sababu ya kutokutii kwao, 31hivyo nao Waisraeli wamekuwa waasi ili kwamba wao nao sasa waweze kupata rehema kwa ajili ya rehema za Mungu kwenu. 3211:32 Rum 3:9; Gal 3:22; 1Tim 2:4Kwa maana Mungu amewafunga wanadamu wote kwenye kuasi ili apate kuwarehemu wote.
Wimbo Wa Shukrani
3311:33 Rum 2:4; Mhu 8:17; Efe 3:10; Kol 2:3; Za 92:5; 139:6; Isa 40:28Tazama jinsi kilivyo kina cha utajiri
wa hekima na maarifa ya Mungu!
Tazama jinsi ambavyo hukumu zake hazichunguziki,
na ambavyo njia zake zisivyotafutikana!
3411:34 Isa 40:13, 14; Ay 15:8; 36:22; Yer 23:18; 1Kor 2:16“Ni nani aliyeyafahamu mawazo ya Bwana?
Au ni nani ambaye amekuwa mshauri wake?”
3511:35 Ay 41:11; 35:7“Au ni nani aliyempa chochote
3611:36 1Kor 8:6; 11:12; Kol 1:16; 1Pet 5:11; 1Tim 1:17; Ebr 2:10; Efe 3:21; Rum 16:27; Yud 25; Ufu 5:13Kwa maana vitu vyote vyatoka kwake, viko kwake na kwa ajili yake.
Utukufu ni wake milele! Amen.