The Remnant of Israel
1I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. 2God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew. Don’t you know what Scripture says in the passage about Elijah—how he appealed to God against Israel: 3“Lord, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars; I am the only one left, and they are trying to kill me”11:3 1 Kings 19:10,14? 4And what was God’s answer to him? “I have reserved for myself seven thousand who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”11:4 1 Kings 19:18 5So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. 6And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.
7What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain. The elect among them did, but the others were hardened, 8as it is written:
“God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that could not see
and ears that could not hear,
to this very day.”11:8 Deut. 29:4; Isaiah 29:10
9And David says:
“May their table become a snare and a trap,
a stumbling block and a retribution for them.
10May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see,
and their backs be bent forever.”11:10 Psalm 69:22,23
11Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12But if their transgression means riches for the world, and their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much greater riches will their full inclusion bring!
13I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I take pride in my ministry 14in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envy and save some of them. 15For if their rejection brought reconciliation to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but tremble. 21For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.
22Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off. 23And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!
All Israel Will Be Saved
25I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, 26and in this way11:26 Or and so all Israel will be saved. As it is written:
“The deliverer will come from Zion;
he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.
27And this is11:27 Or will be my covenant with them
when I take away their sins.”11:27 Isaiah 59:20,21; 27:9 (see Septuagint); Jer. 31:33,34
28As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, 29for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable. 30Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience, 31so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may now11:31 Some manuscripts do not have now. receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to you. 32For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.
33Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and11:33 Or riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God!
How unsearchable his judgments,
and his paths beyond tracing out!
34“Who has known the mind of the Lord?
Or who has been his counselor?”11:34 Isaiah 40:13
35“Who has ever given to God,
that God should repay them?”11:35 Job 41:11
36For from him and through him and for him are all things.
To him be the glory forever! Amen.
1这样，难道上帝放弃了祂的子民吗？当然没有！因我自己也是以色列人，是亚伯拉罕的后裔，属于便雅悯支派。 2上帝并没有放弃祂预先拣选的子民。你们不知道圣经上有关以利亚先知的记载吗？他在上帝面前控告以色列人，说： 3“主啊！他们残杀你的先知，拆毁你的祭坛，只剩下我一个人，他们还要杀我。” 4上帝怎样回答呢？祂说：“我为自己留下七千人，他们未曾跪拜巴力。”
5现在的情况也是一样，上帝按照拣选的恩典留下了少数人。 6既然说是出于恩典，就不再基于行为，不然恩典就不再是恩典了。 7这该怎么说呢？以色列人努力追求，却一无所得，只有蒙拣选的人得到了，其他的人都变得顽固不化。 8正如圣经上说：
13我有话要对你们外族人说，因为我是外族人的使徒，我尊重自己的职分， 14希望使我的骨肉同胞心生嫉妒，好使他们当中的一些人得救。 15如果他们被抛弃，人类便有机会与上帝和好，那么，当他们被接纳的时候，又将怎样呢？岂不是要死而复生吗？ 16献祭时所献的那部分面团如果圣洁，整团面也圣洁；树根如果圣洁，树枝也圣洁。
17如果橄榄树上有几条枝子被折了下来，你这野橄榄枝被接了上去，得以汲取橄榄树根供应的汁浆，你就不可向折下来的枝子夸口。 18你怎能夸口呢？要知道：不是你托住树根，而是树根托住你。 19你也许会说：“原来的枝子被折下来，是为了把我接上去。” 20不错，他们因为不信被折了下来，而你因为信被接了上去，然而不要自高，要敬畏上帝。 21上帝既然没有留下原来的枝子，也可以不留下你。 22可见，上帝既慈爱又严厉。祂对堕落的人是严厉的，对你却是慈爱的。你要常常活在祂的爱中，不然你也会被砍下来。 23当然，如果以色列人不再顽固不信，必会重新被接上去，因为上帝能把他们重新接上。 24你这从野生的橄榄树上砍下来的枝子，尚且可以违反自然，被接到好橄榄树上，何况原来的枝子被接回到原来的树上呢？
25弟兄姊妹，我不愿意你们对以下这奥秘一无所知，还自以为聪明。这奥秘就是：虽然有些以色列人的心刚硬，但等到外族人得救的数目满了以后， 26全以色列都要得救。正如圣经上说：“救主必从锡安出来，祂将除去雅各子孙的罪恶。 27那时我要除去他们的罪，这是我与他们所立的约。”
28就福音而论，他们成为上帝的仇敌是为了使你们得到福音；就上帝的拣选而论，因为他们祖先的缘故，他们仍是上帝所爱的。 29因为上帝绝不会收回祂的恩赐和呼召。 30你们从前不顺服上帝，然而因为他们的不顺服，你们现在反蒙了怜悯。 31同样，他们现在不顺服是为了使你们蒙怜悯，好使他们也蒙怜悯。 32因为上帝把世人都归在不顺服之列，是为了要怜悯世人。