Israel Fights the Remaining Canaanites
1After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the Lord, “Who of us is to go up first to fight against the Canaanites?”
2The Lord answered, “Judah shall go up; I have given the land into their hands.”
3The men of Judah then said to the Simeonites their fellow Israelites, “Come up with us into the territory allotted to us, to fight against the Canaanites. We in turn will go with you into yours.” So the Simeonites went with them.
4When Judah attacked, the Lord gave the Canaanites and Perizzites into their hands, and they struck down ten thousand men at Bezek. 5It was there that they found Adoni-Bezek and fought against him, putting to rout the Canaanites and Perizzites. 6Adoni-Bezek fled, but they chased him and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.
7Then Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off have picked up scraps under my table. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them.” They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.
8The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem also and took it. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire.
9After that, Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev and the western foothills. 10They advanced against the Canaanites living in Hebron (formerly called Kiriath Arba) and defeated Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 11From there they advanced against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher).
12And Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Aksah in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher.” 13Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, took it; so Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him in marriage.
14One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him1:14 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate Othniel, he urged her to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”
15She replied, “Do me a special favor. Since you have given me land in the Negev, give me also springs of water.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.
16The descendants of Moses’ father-in-law, the Kenite, went up from the City of Palms1:16 That is, Jericho with the people of Judah to live among the inhabitants of the Desert of Judah in the Negev near Arad.
17Then the men of Judah went with the Simeonites their fellow Israelites and attacked the Canaanites living in Zephath, and they totally destroyed1:17 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them. the city. Therefore it was called Hormah.1:17 Hormah means destruction. 18Judah also took1:18 Hebrew; Septuagint Judah did not take Gaza, Ashkelon and Ekron—each city with its territory.
19The Lord was with the men of Judah. They took possession of the hill country, but they were unable to drive the people from the plains, because they had chariots fitted with iron. 20As Moses had promised, Hebron was given to Caleb, who drove from it the three sons of Anak. 21The Benjamites, however, did not drive out the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites.
22Now the tribes of Joseph attacked Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 23When they sent men to spy out Bethel (formerly called Luz), 24the spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, “Show us how to get into the city and we will see that you are treated well.” 25So he showed them, and they put the city to the sword but spared the man and his whole family. 26He then went to the land of the Hittites, where he built a city and called it Luz, which is its name to this day.
27But Manasseh did not drive out the people of Beth Shan or Taanach or Dor or Ibleam or Megiddo and their surrounding settlements, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that land. 28When Israel became strong, they pressed the Canaanites into forced labor but never drove them out completely. 29Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer, but the Canaanites continued to live there among them. 30Neither did Zebulun drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron or Nahalol, so these Canaanites lived among them, but Zebulun did subject them to forced labor. 31Nor did Asher drive out those living in Akko or Sidon or Ahlab or Akzib or Helbah or Aphek or Rehob. 32The Asherites lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land because they did not drive them out. 33Neither did Naphtali drive out those living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath; but the Naphtalites too lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land, and those living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath became forced laborers for them. 34The Amorites confined the Danites to the hill country, not allowing them to come down into the plain. 35And the Amorites were determined also to hold out in Mount Heres, Aijalon and Shaalbim, but when the power of the tribes of Joseph increased, they too were pressed into forced labor. 36The boundary of the Amorites was from Scorpion Pass to Sela and beyond.
Israeli Wapigana Na Wakanaani Waliobaki
11:1 Yos 24:29; Hes 2:3-9; Amu 20:18; 1Fal 20:14; Mwa 10:18; Amu 3:1-6; Hes 27:21Baada ya kifo cha Yoshua, Waisraeli wakamuuliza Bwana, “Ni nani atakayetangulia kupanda mbele yetu kwa ajili ya kupigana na Wakanaani?”
21:2 Mwa 49:10; Amu 3:25; 4:7, 14; 7:9Bwana akajibu, “Yuda ndiye atakayetangulia; nimewapa hiyo nchi mikononi mwao.”
3Ndipo watu wa Yuda wakawaambia Wasimeoni ndugu zao, “Pandeni pamoja nasi katika nchi tuliyopewa, ili tupate kupigana na Wakanaani. Sisi pia tutakwenda pamoja nanyi katika sehemu yenu mliyopewa.” Basi Wasimeoni wakaenda pamoja nao.
41:4 Mwa 13:7; Yos 3:10; 1Sam 11:8Yuda aliposhambulia, Bwana akawatia Wakanaani na Waperizi mikononi mwao, nao wakawaua watu 10,000 huko Bezeki. 5Huko ndiko walipomkuta huyo Adoni-Bezeki, nao wakapigana naye na kuwafanya Wakanaani na Waperizi wakimbie. 6Adoni-Bezeki pia alikimbia, nao wakamfuata na kumkamata, wakamkata vidole vyake gumba vya mikono na vya miguu.
71:7 Law 24:19; Yer 25:12; Yos 10:1Ndipo Adoni-Bezeki akasema, “Nimewatendea wafalme sabini kama nilivyotendewa na kuwalisha makombo ya chakula chini ya meza yangu. Sasa Mungu amenilipa haya, kama yale niliyowatendea.” Wakamleta Yerusalemu, naye akafa huko.
81:8 Amu 1:21; Yos 15:63; 2Sam 5:6Watu wa Yuda wakashambulia pia Yerusalemu na kuiteka. Wakaupiga mji kwa upanga na kuuchoma kwa moto.
91:9 Hes 13:17; Mwa 12:9; Hes 21:1; Isa 30:6Baada ya hayo, watu wa Yuda wakateremka kupigana na Wakanaani walioishi katika nchi ya vilima, yaani, Negebu na nchi chini ya vilima vya magharibi. 101:10 Mwa 13:18; 35:27; Hes 13:22; Yos 15:14Yuda wakakabiliana na Wakanaani walioishi Hebroni (ambayo hapo kwanza iliitwa Kiriath-Arba) na kuwashinda Sheshai, Ahimani na Talmai.
111:11 Yos 10:38Kutoka huko wakasonga mbele kukabiliana na watu walioishi Debiri (ambao hapo kwanza uliitwa Kiriath-Seferi.) 12Kalebu akasema, “Nitamwoza binti yangu Aksa kwa mtu atakayeweza kupigana na kuteka Kiriath-Seferi.” 13Basi Othnieli mwana wa Kenazi, ndugu mdogo wa huyo Kalebu, akawashinda, kwa hiyo Kalebu akamtoa binti yake Aksa akaolewa naye.
14Siku moja Aksa alipokuja kwa Othnieli, alimsihi Othnieli amwombe baba yake, Kalebu, shamba. Aksa aliposhuka kutoka juu ya punda wake, Kalebu akamuuliza, “Je, wataka nikufanyie nini?”
151:15 Hes 13:6Akamjibu, “Naomba unifanyie jambo moja la hisani. Kwa kuwa umenipa ardhi huko Negebu, nipe pia chemchemi za maji.” Ndipo Kalebu akampa chemchemi za juu na za chini.
161:16 Hes 10:29; Mwa 15:191:16 Kum 34:3; Amu 3:13; 2Nya 28:15; Hes 21:1; Yos 12:14Wazao wa yule Mkeni, baba mkwe wa Mose, wakapanda pamoja na watu wa Yuda kutoka Mji wa Mitende,1:16 Yaani Yeriko. wakaenda kuishi miongoni mwa watu wa jangwa ya Yuda huko Negebu karibu na mji wa Aradi.
171:17 Hes 14:45Basi watu wa Yuda wakaenda na Wasimeoni ndugu zao kushambulia Wakanaani waishio Sefathi, nao wakauangamiza huo mji kabisa. Kwa hiyo huo mji ukaitwa Horma1:17 Horma maana yake ni Maangamizi. 181:18 Yos 11:22; 13:3Watu wa Yuda wakatwaa pia Gaza, Ashkeloni na Ekroni, kila mji na vijiji vyake vinavyouzunguka.
191:19 Hes 14:43; 13:17; Yos 17:16Bwana alikuwa pamoja na watu wa Yuda. Wakaimiliki nchi ya vilima, lakini hawakuweza kuwafukuza watu waliokaa katika hiyo tambarare, kwa sababu walikuwa na magari ya chuma. 201:20 Yos 10:36; 14:13Kama vile Mose alivyoahidi, Kalebu alipewa Hebroni, naye akawafukuza wana watatu wa Anaki. 211:21 Yos 9:15; 15:63Hata hivyo, Wabenyamini walishindwa kuwafukuza Wayebusi, waliokuwa wanaishi Yerusalemu; hivyo hadi leo Wayebusi huishi humo pamoja na Wabenyamini.
221:22 Amu 10:9; Yos 7:2Basi nyumba ya Yosefu wakashambulia Betheli, naye Bwana alikuwa pamoja nao. 231:23 Mwa 28:19Walipotuma watu kwenda kupeleleza Betheli (ambao hapo kwanza uliitwa Luzu), 241:24 Mwa 47:29; Yos 2:12-14wale wapelelezi wakaona mtu anatoka mjini, nao wakamwambia, “Tuonyeshe jinsi ya kuingia mjini nasi tutakutendea wema.” 251:25 Yos 6:25Hivyo akawaonyesha, nao wakaupiga mji kwa upanga lakini wakamhifadhi hai yule mtu na jamaa yake yote. 261:26 Kum 7:1; Eze 6:3; Mwa 19:19Yule mtu akaenda hadi nchi ya Wahiti, ambapo aliujenga mji na kuuita Luzu, ambao ndio jina lake hadi leo.
271:27 1Fal 9:21; Yos 11:2; 17:11; 12:21Lakini Manase hawakuwafukuza watu wa Beth-Shani na vijiji vyake, au watu wa Taanaki na vijiji vyake, au watu wa Dori na vijiji vyake, au watu wa Ibleamu na vijiji vyake, au watu wa Megido na vijiji vyake, lakini Wakanaani waliazimu kuishi katika nchi ile. 281:28 Yos 17:12-13Israeli walipopata nguvu, wakawatia Wakanaani katika kazi ya kulazimishwa, lakini kamwe hawakuwafukuza watoke kabisa. 291:29 Yos 14:4; Amu 5:14; Yos 10:33; 16:10Wala Efraimu hawakuwafukuza kabisa Wakanaani walioishi Gezeri, bali Wakanaani waliendelea kuishi humo miongoni mwao. 30Vivyo hivyo Zabuloni hawakuwafukuza Wakanaani walioishi huko Kitroni, wala walioishi Nahaloli, ambao walibaki miongoni mwao; bali waliwatia katika kazi ya kulazimishwa. 311:31 Yos 17:7; Mwa 49:13; Yos 15:44; 12:18; Hes 13:21Wala Asheri hawakuwafukuza wale walioishi huko Ako, Sidoni, Alabu, Akzibu, Helba, Afeki wala Rehobu 32na kwa sababu ya jambo hili Waasheri wakaishi miongoni mwa Wakanaani, wenyeji wa nchi. 331:33 Yos 15:10; 19:38Wala Naftali hawakuwafukuza wale walioishi Beth-Shemeshi wala wale walioishi Beth-Anathi; lakini Naftali nao pia wakaishi miongoni mwa Wakanaani, wenyeji wa nchi, nao wale walioishi Beth-Shemeshi na Beth-Anathi wakawa watumishi wao katika kazi ya kulazimishwa. 341:34 Hes 13:29; Amu 10:11; 1Sam 7:14; Mwa 30:6; Amu 18:1Waamori wakawazuilia Wadani kwenye nchi ya vilima, kwa maana hawakuwaacha washuke kuingia kwenye sehemu tambarare. 351:35 Amu 8:13; Yos 19:43; 1Fal 4:9Waamori pia wakaendelea kukaa katika Mlima Heresi, katika Aiyaloni na Shaalbimu, lakini mkono wa nyumba ya Yosefu ukawalemea, nao wakashindwa hata wakalazimika kuingia katika kazi ya kulazimishwa. 361:36 Yos 15:3; 2Fal 14:7; Isa 16:1; 42:11; Za 104:34Mpaka wa Waamori ulikuwa kuanzia Genge la Akrabimu, kuendelea hadi Sela na kuelekea juu.