1but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
2At dawn he appeared again in the temple courts, where all the people gathered around him, and he sat down to teach them. 3The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group 4and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. 5In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say?” 6They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him.
But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger. 7When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, “Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her.” 8Again he stooped down and wrote on the ground.
9At this, those who heard began to go away one at a time, the older ones first, until only Jesus was left, with the woman still standing there. 10Jesus straightened up and asked her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?”
11“No one, sir,” she said.
“Then neither do I condemn you,” Jesus declared. “Go now and leave your life of sin.”
Dispute Over Jesus’ Testimony
12When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
13The Pharisees challenged him, “Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid.”
14Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on my own behalf, my testimony is valid, for I know where I came from and where I am going. But you have no idea where I come from or where I am going. 15You judge by human standards; I pass judgment on no one. 16But if I do judge, my decisions are true, because I am not alone. I stand with the Father, who sent me. 17In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true. 18I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.”
19Then they asked him, “Where is your father?”
“You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” 20He spoke these words while teaching in the temple courts near the place where the offerings were put. Yet no one seized him, because his hour had not yet come.
Dispute Over Who Jesus Is
21Once more Jesus said to them, “I am going away, and you will look for me, and you will die in your sin. Where I go, you cannot come.”
22This made the Jews ask, “Will he kill himself? Is that why he says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’?”
23But he continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. 24I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am he, you will indeed die in your sins.”
25“Who are you?” they asked.
“Just what I have been telling you from the beginning,” Jesus replied. 26“I have much to say in judgment of you. But he who sent me is trustworthy, and what I have heard from him I tell the world.”
27They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father. 28So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up8:28 The Greek for lifted up also means exalted. the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. 29The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases him.” 30Even as he spoke, many believed in him.
Dispute Over Whose Children Jesus’ Opponents Are
31To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. 32Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”
33They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?”
34Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin. 35Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever. 36So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. 37I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. Yet you are looking for a way to kill me, because you have no room for my word. 38I am telling you what I have seen in the Father’s presence, and you are doing what you have heard from your father.8:38 Or presence. Therefore do what you have heard from the Father.”
39“Abraham is our father,” they answered.
“If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would8:39 Some early manuscripts “If you are Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then do what Abraham did. 40As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things. 41You are doing the works of your own father.”
“We are not illegitimate children,” they protested. “The only Father we have is God himself.”
42Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. 43Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. 44You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! 46Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”
Jesus’ Claims About Himself
48The Jews answered him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?”
49“I am not possessed by a demon,” said Jesus, “but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51Very truly I tell you, whoever obeys my word will never see death.”
52At this they exclaimed, “Now we know that you are demon-possessed! Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that whoever obeys your word will never taste death. 53Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?”
54Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. 55Though you do not know him, I know him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and obey his word. 56Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.”
57“You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!”
58“Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” 59At this, they picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus hid himself, slipping away from the temple grounds.
1眾人都回家去了，耶穌卻上了橄欖山。 2第二天清晨，祂又回到聖殿。百姓聚集在祂那裡，祂就坐下來教導他們。 3這時候，律法教師和法利賽人帶來一個通姦時被捉的女人，讓她站在眾人面前， 4然後問耶穌：「老師，這個女人是在通姦時被捉到的。 5按摩西的律法，我們要用石頭把她打死，你說該怎麼處置她呢？」
6他們這樣問是要使耶穌落在他們的圈套裡，可以有藉口控告祂。耶穌卻只是彎著腰用指頭在地上寫字。 7他們不斷地追問耶穌，於是祂直起腰來，對他們說：「你們中間誰沒有罪，誰就先拿石頭打她吧。」 8說完，又彎下腰在地上寫字。
14耶穌說：「即便我自己為自己做見證，我的見證仍是真實的，因為我知道自己從哪裡來、要到哪裡去，你們卻不知道我從哪裡來、要到哪裡去。 15你們只憑外表判斷別人，我卻不判斷人。 16就算我判斷人，我的判斷也是正確的，因為我不是獨自一人，還有差我來的父與我同在。 17你們的律法不是說兩個人做見證就有效嗎？ 18我是自己為自己做見證，差我來的父也為我做見證。」
23耶穌對他們說：「你們是從下面來的，我是從上面來的。你們屬於這世界，我不屬於這世界。 24所以我說你們將死在自己的罪中，你們如果不相信我就是8·24 耶稣用「我就是」這個詞提醒聽衆祂就是出埃及記3·14節提到的那位自有永有的上帝，8·28同。那一位，一定會死在自己的罪中。」
耶穌回答說：「我不是早就告訴你們了嗎？ 26關於你們，我有許多要說、要審判的，但差我來的那位是真實的，我把從祂那裡聽到的告訴世人。」 27他們不明白耶穌是指著父說的。
28於是耶穌說：「你們舉起人子以後，必知道我就是那一位，並且知道我沒有一件事是憑自己做的，我所說的都是父教導我的。 29差我來的那位跟我在一起，祂沒有撇下我，讓我孤單一人，因為我做的都是祂所喜悅的。」 30許多人因為這番話而信了耶穌。
34耶穌說：「我實實在在地告訴你們，所有犯罪的人都是罪的奴隸。 35奴隸不能永遠留在主人的家裡，只有兒子才可以。 36所以，如果上帝的兒子釋放了你們，你們就真正自由了！
37「我知道你們是亞伯拉罕的子孫，但你們卻想殺我，因為你們心裡容不下我的道。 38我所說的，是我從父那裡看到的，你們卻照著你們父8·38 猶太文化中，「父」可指生身的父，亦可泛指祖先。的話去做。」
耶穌說：「你們如果真是亞伯拉罕的子孫，一定會做他所做的事。 40我把從上帝那裡聽到的真理告訴你們，你們反要殺我，亞伯拉罕絕不做這樣的事。 41你們是在作你們父所做的事。」
42耶穌說：「如果上帝是你們的父，你們一定會愛我，因為我來自上帝。如今我在這裡，我不是憑自己來的，而是上帝差我來的， 43你們為什麼不明白我的話呢？因為你們聽不進去我的道。 44你們是出於你們的父魔鬼，你們樂意順著牠的私慾行。魔鬼從起初就是個殺人兇手，從不站在真理這一邊，因為牠心裡根本沒有真理。撒謊是牠的本性，因為牠是撒謊者，又是撒謊者的始祖。 45所以，我講真理的時候，你們不信我。 46你們誰能指證我有罪呢？我既然把真理告訴了你們，你們為什麼還不信我呢？ 47出於上帝的人聽上帝的話，你們不聽上帝的話，因為你們不是出於上帝。」
49耶穌說：「我沒有被鬼附身。我尊敬我的父，你們卻侮辱我。 50我不為自己尋求榮耀，但有一位會為我尋求，祂也會斷定誰是誰非。 51我實實在在地告訴你們，人如果遵行我的道，必永遠不死。」
54耶穌說：「如果我為自己爭取榮耀，那榮耀算不了什麼。但使我得榮耀的是我的父，你們也稱祂為你們的上帝。 55你們不認識祂，我卻認識祂。如果我說我不認識祂，那我就像你們一樣是說謊的。然而，我認識祂，並且遵行祂的道。 56你們的祖先亞伯拉罕曾經歡歡喜喜地盼望看到我來的日子。他看見了，就歡喜快樂。」
58耶穌說：「我實實在在地告訴你們，亞伯拉罕還沒有出生，我就已經存在了8·58 「我就已經存在了」希臘文是「我是」，參見8·24注。。」 59於是，他們就拿起石頭要打祂，耶穌卻避開他們，離開了聖殿。