New International Version

John 19:1-42

Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified

1Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. 2The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe 3and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face.

4Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.” 5When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”

6As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”

But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”

7The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.”

8When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, 9and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10“Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”

11Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”

12From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”

13When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha). 14It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon.

“Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.

15But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!”

“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

16Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). 18There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.

19Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth, the king of the jews. 20Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”

22Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

23When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

24“Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.”

This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said,

“They divided my clothes among them

and cast lots for my garment.”19:24 Psalm 22:18

So this is what the soldiers did.

25Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman,19:26 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect. here is your son,” 27and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.

The Death of Jesus

28Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

31Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”19:36 Exodus 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psalm 34:20 37and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.”19:37 Zech. 12:10

The Burial of Jesus

38Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. 39He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.19:39 Or about 34 kilograms 40Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

O Livro

João 19:1-42

Jesus é condenado

1Então Pilatos mandou açoitar Jesus. 2Os soldados fizeram uma coroa de espinhos e colocaram-lha na cabeça, vestindo-lhe um manto cor de púrpura. 3“Viva, ó rei dos judeus!” E batiam-lhe.

4Pilatos apareceu de novo: “Vou tornar a trazê-lo, mas que fique bem entendido que não o acho culpado de coisa nenhuma.” 5Jesus surgiu com uma coroa de espinhos e uma túnica cor de púrpura. Pilatos disse: “Eis o Homem!”

6Ao vê-lo, os principais sacerdotes e os guardas do templo começaram a gritar: “Crucifica-o! Crucifica-o!”

“Levem-no e crucifiquem-no vocês”, disse Pilatos, “que eu não acho que seja culpado de nada.”

7Os judeus responderam-lhe: “Pela nossa Lei deve morrer, porque se intitulou Filho de Deus.”

8Quando Pilatos ouviu isto, ficou mais assustado do que nunca. 9Tornando a levar Jesus para dentro do palácio, perguntou-lhe: “De onde és tu?” Mas Jesus não deu resposta. 10“Não queres dizer nada?”, insistiu Pilatos. “Não compreendes que tenho poder para te soltar ou para te crucificar?”

11Jesus disse: “Não terias poder nenhum sobre mim se não te tivesse sido dado do alto. Por isso, ainda maior é o pecado de quem me trouxe aqui.”

12Pilatos tentou ainda soltá-lo, mas os judeus avisaram-no: “Se soltares esse homem, não és amigo de César. Quem se proclama rei é culpado de rebelião contra César!”

13Perante estas palavras, Pilatos tornou a levar-lhes Jesus e presidiu à sessão do tribunal, na plataforma de lajes, que em hebraico se chama Gabatá. 14Era agora cerca do meio-dia da véspera da Páscoa. E Pilatos disse aos judeus: “Aqui têm o vosso rei!”

15“Fora com ele!”, clamavam. “Fora com ele! Crucifica-o!”

“O quê? Crucificar o vosso rei?”, perguntou Pilatos.

“Não temos outro rei senão o César”, gritaram os principais sacerdotes.

16Então Pilatos entregou-lhes Jesus para ser crucificado.

Jesus é crucificado

(Mt 27.32-44; Mc 15.21-32; Lc 23.26-43)

Pegaram nele e levaram-no para fora da cidade. 17Carregando a cruz, Jesus foi para o local a que chamavam “Lugar da Caveira” (em hebraico, Gólgota). 18Ali o crucificaram na companhia de dois outros homens, um de cada lado. 19E Pilatos pôs por cima dele uma tabuleta que dizia:

jesus de nazaré, rei dos judeus.

20Muitos judeus puderam ler estes dizeres, porque o sítio onde Jesus foi crucificado ficava perto da cidade. A tabuleta estava escrita em hebraico, latim e grego.

21Os principais sacerdotes disseram a Pilatos. “Muda a frase de modo que, em vez de ‘rei dos Judeus’, fique o que ele disse de si: ‘Eu sou o rei dos Judeus.’ ”

22Mas Pilatos respondeu: “O que escrevi, escrevi.”

23Depois de crucificarem Jesus, os soldados fizeram quatro lotes com a sua roupa, um para cada um deles. 24Mas disseram: “Não rasguemos a túnica!”, porque não tinha costura. “Lancemos sortes para ver quem fica com ela.” Assim se cumpriu a profecia das Escrituras:

“Repartem a minha roupa entre si

e tiram à sorte a minha túnica.”19.24 Sl 22.18.

Ora, assim fizeram os soldados.

25Junto à cruz, estavam a mãe de Jesus, a sua tia Maria, mulher de Clopas, e Maria Madalena. 26Quando Jesus viu a sua mãe ali de pé, junto ao discípulo a quem ele amava, disse-lhe: “Ele é teu filho!” 27E ao discípulo: “Ela é tua mãe!” E a partir daquele momento este discípulo recolheu-a em sua casa.

A morte de Jesus

(Mt 27.45-56; Mc 15.33-41; Lc 23.44-49)

28Jesus sabia que estava já tudo acabado e, para cumprir as Escrituras, disse: “Tenho sede!” 29Encontrava-se ali pousado um recipiente com vinho azedo; mergulharam nele uma esponja e, colocando-a num hissopo, aproximaram-lha dos lábios. 30Depois de o ter provado, Jesus disse: “Está acabado!” E curvando a cabeça, entregou o espírito.

31Os anciãos não queriam que as vítimas continuassem ali penduradas no dia seguinte, que era sábado, mas um sábado especial, por ser o da Páscoa. Por isso, pediram a Pilatos que lhes mandasse partir as pernas e já poderiam ser apeados. 32Assim os soldados vieram e partiram as pernas dos dois que tinham sido crucificados com Jesus. 33Mas quando se aproximaram dele, viram que já estava morto e não lhas quebraram. 34Mesmo assim, um dos soldados ainda lhe atravessou o lado com uma lança, saindo sangue e água da ferida. 35Eu próprio assisti a tudo isto e escrevi este relato exato, para que também vocês possam crer. 36Os soldados fizeram isto em cumprimento da passagem das Escrituras que diz: “Nem um dos seus ossos será quebrado.”19.36 Êx 12.46; Nm 9.12; Sl 34.20. 37E também: “Olharão para aquele a quem trespassaram.”19.37 Zc 12.10.

Jesus é sepultado

(Mt 27.57-61; Mc 15.42-47; Lc 23.50-56)

38Depois disto, José de Arimateia, que fora discípulo secreto de Jesus, com medo dos judeus, pediu a Pilatos que autorizasse a descida do corpo. Pilatos deixou e ele levou o corpo. 39Nicodemos, o homem que procurara Jesus de noite, veio também, trazendo uns trinta e cinco quilos de unguento feito de mirra e aloés. 40Os dois envolveram o corpo de Jesus em lençóis de linho embebidos em perfumes, de acordo com o costume judaico de enterramento. 41O local da crucificação ficava perto de um jardim onde havia um túmulo novo que nunca fora usado. 42E assim, devido à necessidade de se apressarem antes que chegasse o sábado, e também por o túmulo ficar perto, colocaram ali o corpo.