New International Version

John 19:1-42

Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified

1Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. 2The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe 3and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face.

4Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.” 5When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”

6As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”

But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”

7The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.”

8When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, 9and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10“Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”

11Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”

12From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”

13When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha). 14It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon.

“Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.

15But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!”

“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

16Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). 18There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.

19Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth, the king of the jews. 20Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”

22Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

23When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

24“Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.”

This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said,

“They divided my clothes among them

and cast lots for my garment.”19:24 Psalm 22:18

So this is what the soldiers did.

25Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman,19:26 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect. here is your son,” 27and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.

The Death of Jesus

28Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

31Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”19:36 Exodus 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psalm 34:20 37and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.”19:37 Zech. 12:10

The Burial of Jesus

38Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. 39He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.19:39 Or about 34 kilograms 40Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

約翰福音 19:1-42

1於是彼拉多命人鞭打耶穌。 2士兵用荊棘編成冠冕戴在祂頭上,又拿紫袍給祂穿上, 3來到祂面前說:「猶太人的王萬歲!」然後又用手掌打祂。

4彼拉多又走到外面對眾人說:「我把祂帶到你們面前,好讓你們知道我查不出祂有什麼罪。」 5於是,耶穌戴著荊棘冠冕、穿著紫色長袍出來。彼拉多對眾人說:「你們看這個人!」

6祭司長和差役一見耶穌,就喊道:「把祂釘在十字架上!把祂釘在十字架上!」

彼拉多說:「你們自己把祂帶去釘十字架吧!因為我查不出祂有什麼罪。」

7猶太人回答說:「我們有律法,按照那律法,祂應當被處死,因為祂自稱是上帝的兒子。」

8彼拉多聽了這話,更加害怕, 9連忙將耶穌帶回總督府,問祂:「你到底是從哪裡來的?」但耶穌沒有回答。

10彼拉多說:「你不回答我嗎?難道你不知道我有權釋放你,也有權把你釘在十字架上嗎?」

11耶穌回答說:「除非從上面賜下權柄給你,否則你無權處置我。因此,把我交給你的那人罪更大。」

12從那時起,彼拉多想要釋放耶穌,可是猶太人卻一直喊叫:「如果你釋放這個人,你就不是凱撒的忠臣19·12 忠臣」希臘文是「朋友」。。凡自以為王的,就是背叛凱撒。」

13彼拉多聽了這話,就帶著耶穌來到一個地方,名叫「鋪石地」,那地方希伯來話叫厄巴大彼拉多在那裡開庭審判祂。 14那天正是逾越節的預備日,大約在中午十二時,彼拉多猶太人說:「看啊!你們的王。」

15眾人喊道:「除掉祂!除掉祂!把祂釘在十字架上!」

彼拉多說:「我可以把你們的王釘在十字架上嗎?」

祭司長答道:「除了凱撒,我們沒有別的王!」

16於是,彼拉多將耶穌交給他們去釘十字架,他們就把耶穌帶走了。

釘十字架

17耶穌背著自己的十字架出來,前往髑髏地19·17 可能當地的石灰岩地形看起來像一具骷髏頭,故此得名。,那地方希伯來話叫各各他18他們在那裡把耶穌釘在十字架上。同時還釘了兩個人,一邊一個,耶穌在當中。 19彼拉多寫了一個告示,安在十字架上,上面寫著「猶太人的王,拿撒勒人耶穌」。 20因為耶穌被釘十字架的地方離城不遠,告示上面的字是用希伯來羅馬希臘三種文字寫的,所以很多猶太人讀了上面的字。

21猶太人的祭司長對彼拉多說:「不要寫『猶太人的王』,應該寫『這人自稱是猶太人的王』。」

22彼拉多說:「我寫了就寫了。」

23士兵把耶穌釘在十字架上,又把祂的衣服分成四份,每人一份。剩下的內衣從上到下是一塊布,沒有縫口, 24他們就商量說:「不要撕破它,讓我們抽籤決定給誰吧。」這件事是要應驗聖經上的話:「他們分了我的外衣,又為我的內衣抽籤。」士兵果然這樣做了。

25耶穌的十字架旁邊站著祂母親、祂母親的一個姊妹、革羅罷的妻子瑪麗亞抹大拉瑪麗亞26耶穌看見祂的母親和祂所愛的門徒都站在旁邊,就對母親說:「婦人,看啊,他是你的兒子。」 27然後對門徒說:「看啊,她是你的母親。」從那天起,那個門徒就把她接到自己家裡去了。

耶穌之死

28後來,耶穌知道一切的事已經完成,就說:「我渴了。」這是要應驗聖經上的話。 29那裡有一個器皿盛滿了醋酒。有人用海綿蘸滿了醋酒綁在牛膝草上送到祂的嘴裡, 30耶穌嚐了那醋酒,然後說:「成了!」就垂下頭來,將靈魂交給了上帝。

31因為那天是預備日,第二天的安息日是個大日子,為了避免在安息日有屍首留在十字架上,猶太人便求彼拉多叫人打斷他們的腿,好把他們搬走。 32於是,士兵上前把與耶穌同釘十字架的兩個人的腿都打斷了。 33但是他們來到耶穌那裡時,發現祂已經死了,就沒有打斷祂的腿, 34只是有一個士兵用矛刺了一下祂的肋旁,頓時有血和水流了出來。 35看見這事的人為此做見證,他的見證是真實的,他知道自己所說的是事實,好讓你們可以相信。 36這些事的發生是為了應驗聖經上的話:「祂的骨頭一根也不會折斷」; 37「他們要仰望自己所刺的那位。」

安葬耶穌

38事後,有一個名叫約瑟亞利馬太人請求彼拉多讓他為耶穌收屍。他因為畏懼猶太人,只是暗中做耶穌的門徒。彼拉多批准了,他就把耶穌的遺體領去。 39曾經夜訪耶穌的尼哥德慕也來了,他帶來了沒藥和沉香調成的香料,重約三十四公斤。 40他們按照猶太人殯葬的習俗,用細麻布加上香料把耶穌的遺體裹好。 41在耶穌被釘十字架的地方有一個園子,裡邊有一座新墳墓,從來沒有安葬過人。 42因為那天是猶太人的預備日,這座新墳墓也在附近,他們就把耶穌安放在那裡。