New International Version

John 19:1-42

Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified

1Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. 2The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe 3and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face.

4Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.” 5When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”

6As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”

But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”

7The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.”

8When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, 9and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10“Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”

11Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”

12From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”

13When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha). 14It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon.

“Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.

15But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!”

“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked.

“We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.

16Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). 18There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.

19Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth, the king of the jews. 20Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”

22Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

23When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

24“Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.”

This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said,

“They divided my clothes among them

and cast lots for my garment.”19:24 Psalm 22:18

So this is what the soldiers did.

25Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman,19:26 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect. here is your son,” 27and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.

The Death of Jesus

28Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

31Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”19:36 Exodus 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psalm 34:20 37and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.”19:37 Zech. 12:10

The Burial of Jesus

38Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. 39He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.19:39 Or about 34 kilograms 40Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

约翰福音 19:1-42

1于是彼拉多命人鞭打耶稣。 2士兵用荆棘编成冠冕戴在祂头上,又拿紫袍给祂穿上, 3来到祂面前说:“犹太人的王万岁!”然后又用手掌打祂。

4彼拉多又走到外面对众人说:“我把祂带到你们面前,好让你们知道我查不出祂有什么罪。” 5于是,耶稣戴着荆棘冠冕、穿着紫色长袍出来。彼拉多对众人说:“你们看这个人!”

6祭司长和差役一见耶稣,就喊道:“把祂钉在十字架上!把祂钉在十字架上!”

彼拉多说:“你们自己把祂带去钉十字架吧!因为我查不出祂有什么罪。”

7犹太人回答说:“我们有律法,按照那律法,祂应当被处死,因为祂自称是上帝的儿子。”

8彼拉多听了这话,更加害怕, 9连忙将耶稣带回总督府,问祂:“你到底是从哪里来的?”但耶稣没有回答。

10彼拉多说:“你不回答我吗?难道你不知道我有权释放你,也有权把你钉在十字架上吗?”

11耶稣回答说:“除非从上面赐下权柄给你,否则你无权处置我。因此,把我交给你的那人罪更大。”

12从那时起,彼拉多想要释放耶稣,可是犹太人却一直喊叫:“如果你释放这个人,你就不是凯撒的忠臣19:12 忠臣”希腊文是“朋友”。。凡自以为王的,就是背叛凯撒。”

13彼拉多听了这话,就带着耶稣来到一个地方,名叫“铺石地”,那地方希伯来话叫厄巴大彼拉多在那里开庭审判祂。 14那天正是逾越节的预备日,大约在中午十二时,彼拉多犹太人说:“看啊!你们的王。”

15众人喊道:“除掉祂!除掉祂!把祂钉在十字架上!”

彼拉多说:“我可以把你们的王钉在十字架上吗?”

祭司长答道:“除了凯撒,我们没有别的王!”

16于是,彼拉多将耶稣交给他们去钉十字架,他们就把耶稣带走了。

钉十字架

17耶稣背着自己的十字架出来,前往髑髅地19:17 可能当地的石灰岩地形看起来像一具骷髅头,故此得名。,那地方希伯来话叫各各他18他们在那里把耶稣钉在十字架上。同时还钉了两个人,一边一个,耶稣在当中。 19彼拉多写了一个告示,安在十字架上,上面写着“犹太人的王,拿撒勒人耶稣”。 20因为耶稣被钉十字架的地方离城不远,告示上面的字是用希伯来罗马希腊三种文字写的,所以很多犹太人读了上面的字。

21犹太人的祭司长对彼拉多说:“不要写‘犹太人的王’,应该写‘这人自称是犹太人的王’。”

22彼拉多说:“我写了就写了。”

23士兵把耶稣钉在十字架上,又把祂的衣服分成四份,每人一份。剩下的内衣从上到下是一块布,没有缝口。 24他们就商量说:“不要撕破它,让我们抽签决定给谁吧。”这件事是要应验圣经上的话:“他们分了我的外衣,又为我的内衣抽签。”士兵果然这样做了。

25耶稣的十字架旁边站着祂母亲、祂母亲的一个姊妹、革罗罢的妻子玛丽亚抹大拉玛丽亚26耶稣看见祂的母亲和祂所爱的门徒都站在旁边,就对母亲说:“妇人,看啊,他是你的儿子。” 27然后对门徒说:“看啊,她是你的母亲。”从那天起,那个门徒就把她接到自己家里去了。

耶稣之死

28后来,耶稣知道一切的事已经完成,就说:“我渴了。”这是要应验圣经上的话。 29那里有一个器皿盛满了醋酒。有人用海绵蘸满了醋酒绑在牛膝草上送到祂的嘴里, 30耶稣尝了那醋酒,然后说:“成了!”就垂下头来,将灵魂交给了上帝。

31因为那天是预备日,第二天的安息日是个大日子,为了避免在安息日有尸首留在十字架上,犹太人便求彼拉多叫人打断他们的腿,好把他们搬走。 32于是,士兵上前把与耶稣同钉十字架的两个人的腿都打断了。 33但是他们来到耶稣那里时,发现祂已经死了,就没有打断祂的腿, 34只是有一个士兵用矛刺了一下祂的肋旁,顿时有血和水流了出来。 35看见这事的人为此做见证,他的见证是真实的,他知道自己所说的是事实,好让你们可以相信。 36这些事的发生是为了应验圣经上的话:“祂的骨头一根也不会折断”; 37“他们要仰望自己所刺的那位。”

安葬耶稣

38事后,有一个名叫约瑟亚利马太人请求彼拉多让他为耶稣收尸。他因为畏惧犹太人,只是暗中做耶稣的门徒。彼拉多批准了,他就把耶稣的遗体领去。 39曾经夜访耶稣的尼哥德慕也来了,他带来了没药和沉香调成的香料,重约三十四公斤。 40他们按照犹太人殡葬的习俗,用细麻布加上香料把耶稣的遗体裹好。 41在耶稣被钉十字架的地方有一个园子,里边有一座新坟墓,从来没有安葬过人。 42因为那天是犹太人的预备日,这座新坟墓也在附近,他们就把耶稣安放在那里。