1When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it.
2Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. 3So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.
4Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, “Who is it you want?”
5“Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied.
“I am he,” Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6When Jesus said, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
7Again he asked them, “Who is it you want?”
“Jesus of Nazareth,” they said.
8Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for me, then let these men go.” 9This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: “I have not lost one of those you gave me.”18:9 John 6:39
10Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.)
11Jesus commanded Peter, “Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?”
12Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him 13and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jewish leaders that it would be good if one man died for the people.
Peter’s First Denial
15Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, 16but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
17“You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” she asked Peter.
He replied, “I am not.”
18It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.
The High Priest Questions Jesus
19Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.
20“I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret. 21Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said.”
22When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby slapped him in the face. “Is this the way you answer the high priest?” he demanded.
23“If I said something wrong,” Jesus replied, “testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?” 24Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter’s Second and Third Denials
25Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself. So they asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?”
He denied it, saying, “I am not.”
26One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?” 27Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.
Jesus Before Pilate
28Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. 29So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”
30“If he were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would not have handed him over to you.”
31Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”
“But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected. 32This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.
33Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”
34“Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”
35“Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?”
36Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.”
37“You are a king, then!” said Pilate.
Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”
38“What is truth?” retorted Pilate. With this he went out again to the Jews gathered there and said, “I find no basis for a charge against him. 39But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release ‘the king of the Jews’?”
40They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.
(Mathayo 26:47-56; Marko 14:43-50; Luka 22:47-53)
118:1 2Sam 15:23; Mt 21:1; 26:36Yesu alipomaliza kuomba, akaondoka na wanafunzi wake wakavuka Bonde la Kidroni. Upande wa pili palikuwa na bustani, yeye na wanafunzi wake wakaingia humo.
218:2 Lk 21:37; 22:39Basi Yuda, yule aliyemsaliti alipafahamu mahali hapo kwani Yesu alikuwa akikutana humo na wanafunzi wake mara kwa mara. 318:3 Mt 26:47; Mk 14:43; Lk 22:47; Mdo 1:16Hivyo Yuda akaja bustanini. Aliongoza kikosi cha askari wa Kirumi, na baadhi ya maafisa kutoka kwa viongozi wa makuhani na Mafarisayo. Nao walikuwa wamechukua taa, mienge na silaha.
418:4 Yn 6:64; 13:1; 11; 19:28Yesu akijua yale yote yatakayompata, akajitokeza mbele yao akawauliza, “Mnamtafuta nani?”
518:5 Mk 1:4Wao wakamjibu, “Yesu wa Nazareti.”
Yesu akawajibu, “Mimi ndiye.” Yuda, yule aliyemsaliti alikuwa amesimama pamoja nao. 6Yesu alipowaambia, “Mimi ndiye,” walirudi nyuma na kuanguka chini!
718:7 Yn 18:4Akawauliza tena, “Mnamtafuta nani?”
Nao wakamjibu, “Yesu wa Nazareti.”
8Yesu akawaambia, “Nimekwisha kuwaambia kuwa, mimi ndiye; kwa hiyo kama mnanitafuta mimi, waacheni hawa watu waende zao.” 918:9 Yn 6:39; 17:12Hii ilikuwa ili litimie lile neno alilosema, “Sikumpoteza hata mmoja miongoni mwa wale ulionipa.”
1018:10 Mt 26:51; Mk 14:47; Lk 22:49, 50Simoni Petro, aliyekuwa na upanga, akaufuta na kumkata sikio la kuume mtumishi wa kuhani mkuu. Jina la mtumishi huyo aliitwa Malko.
1118:11 Mt 20:22Yesu akamwambia Petro, “Rudisha upanga wako kwenye ala yake. Je, hainipasi kukinywea kikombe alichonipa Baba?”
Yesu Mbele Ya Kuhani Mkuu
1218:12 Yn 18:3Hivyo wale askari, wakiwa pamoja na majemadari wao na maafisa wa Wayahudi, wakamkamata Yesu na kumfunga. 1318:13 Yn 18:24; Mt 26:3Kwanza wakampeleka kwa Anasi, mkwewe Kayafa, aliyekuwa kuhani mkuu mwaka ule. 1418:14 Yn 11:49-51Kayafa ndiye alikuwa amewashauri Wayahudi kwamba imempasa mtu mmoja kufa kwa ajili ya watu.
Petro Anamkana Yesu
(Mathayo 26:69-70; Marko 14:55-64; Luka 22:66-71)
1518:15 Mt 26:3; 26:58; Mk 14:54Simoni Petro pamoja na mwanafunzi mwingine walikuwa wakimfuata Yesu. Huyu mwanafunzi mwingine alikuwa anafahamika kwa kuhani mkuu, hivyo aliingia ndani ya ukumbi pamoja na Yesu. 1618:16 Mt 26:69; Mk 14:66; Lk 22:54Lakini Petro alisimama nje karibu na lango, ndipo yule mwanafunzi mwingine, aliyejulikana na kuhani mkuu, akazungumza na msichana aliyekuwa analinda lango, akamruhusu Petro aingie ndani.
1718:17 Yn 17:25Yule msichana akamuuliza Petro, “Je, wewe pia si mmoja wa wanafunzi wa mtu huyu?”
Petro akajibu, “Sio mimi.”
1818:18 Yn 21:9; Mk 14:54, 67Wale watumishi na askari walikuwa wamesimama wakiota moto wa makaa kwa sababu palikuwa na baridi, Petro naye alikuwa amesimama pamoja nao akiota moto.
Kuhani Mkuu Amhoji Yesu
19Wakati huo kuhani mkuu akawa anamuuliza Yesu kuhusu wanafunzi wake na mafundisho yake.
2018:20 Mt 4:23; 26:55; Yn 7:26Yesu akamjibu, “Nimekuwa nikizungumza waziwazi mbele ya watu wote. Siku zote nimefundisha katika masinagogi na Hekaluni, mahali ambapo Wayahudi wote hukusanyika. Sikusema jambo lolote kwa siri. 21Mbona unaniuliza mimi maswali? Waulize wale walionisikia yale niliyowaambia. Wao wanajua niliyosema.”
2218:22 Yer 20:2; Mdo 23:2; Mt 16:21Alipomaliza kusema hayo, mmoja wa askari aliyekuwa amesimama karibu naye, akampiga Yesu kofi usoni, kisha akasema, “Je, hivyo ndivyo unavyomjibu kuhani mkuu?”
2318:23 Mt 5:39; Mdo 26:3Yesu akamjibu akasema, “Kama nimesema jambo baya, shuhudia huo ubaya niliousema. Lakini kama nimesema yaliyo kweli, mbona umenipiga?” 2418:24 Yn 18:13; Mt 26:3Ndipo Anasi akampeleka Yesu kwa kuhani mkuu Kayafa, akiwa bado amefungwa.
Petro Amkana Yesu Tena
(Mathayo 26:71-75; Marko 14:69-72; Luka 22:58-62)
2518:25 Yn 18:18; 18:17; Mt 26:69, 71; Mk 14:69; Lk 22:58Wakati huo Simoni Petro alikuwa amesimama akiota moto. Baadhi ya wale waliokuwepo wakamuuliza, “Je, wewe si mmoja wa wanafunzi wake?”
Petro akakana, akasema, “Sio mimi.”
2618:26 Yn 18:1; 10Mmoja wa watumishi wa kuhani mkuu, ndugu yake yule mtu ambaye Petro alikuwa amemkata sikio, akamuuliza, “Je, mimi sikukuona kule bustanini ukiwa na Yesu?” 2718:27 Yn 13:38Kwa mara nyingine tena Petro akakana, naye jogoo akawika wakati huo huo.
Yesu Apelekwa Kwa Pilato
(Mathayo 27:1-2, 11-14; Marko 15:1-5; Luka 23:1-5)
2818:28 Mt 27:2; Yn 18:33; 19:9; 11:55Ndipo Wayahudi wakamchukua Yesu kutoka kwa Kayafa na kumpeleka kwenye jumba la kifalme la mtawala wa Kirumi.18:28 Jumba la mfalme la mtawala wa Kirumi lilikuwa linaitwa Praitorio. Wakati huo ilikuwa ni alfajiri, ili kuepuka kuwa najisi kwa taratibu za ibada, Wayahudi hawakuingia ndani kwa sababu ya sheria za Kiyahudi. Wangehesabiwa kuwa najisi kama wangeingia nyumbani mwa mtu asiye Myahudi na wasingeruhusiwa kushiriki katika Sikukuu ya Pasaka. 29Hivyo Pilato akatoka nje walikokuwa akawauliza, “Mmeleta mashtaka gani kumhusu mtu huyu?”
30Wao wakamjibu, “Kama huyu mtu hakuwa mhalifu tusingemleta kwako.”
31Pilato akawaambia, “Basi mchukueni ninyi mkamhukumu kwa kufuata sheria zenu.”
Wayahudi wakamjibu, “Sisi haturuhusiwi kutoa hukumu ya kifo kwa mtu yeyote.” 3218:32 Mt 20:19; 26:2Walisema hivyo ili yale maneno aliyosema Yesu kuhusu kifo atakachokufa yapate kutimia.
3318:33 Mt 27:11; Yn 19:9; Lk 23:3; Mt 2:2Kwa hiyo Pilato akaingia ndani ya jumba la kifalme, akamwita Yesu, akamuuliza, “Wewe ndiye mfalme wa Wayahudi?”
3418:34 Mt 16:13Yesu akamjibu, “Je, unauliza swali hili kutokana na mawazo yako mwenyewe, au uliambiwa na watu kunihusu mimi?”
3518:35 Yn 1:11; Mt 21:39Pilato akamjibu, “Mimi si Myahudi, ama sivyo? Taifa lako mwenyewe na viongozi wa makuhani wamekukabidhi kwangu. Umefanya kosa gani?”
3618:36 Mt 3:2; 26:53; Lk 17:21; Yn 6:51Yesu akajibu, “Ufalme wangu si wa ulimwengu huu. Ufalme wangu ungekuwa wa ulimwengu huu, wafuasi wangu wangenipigania ili nisitiwe mikononi mwa Wayahudi. Lakini kama ilivyo, ufalme wangu hautoki hapa ulimwenguni.”
3718:37 Yn 3:32; 8:47; 1Yn 4:6Pilato akamuuliza, “Kwa hiyo wewe ni mfalme?” Yesu akajibu, “Wewe wasema kwamba mimi ni mfalme. Kwa kusudi hili nilizaliwa, na kwa ajili ya hili nilikuja ulimwenguni, ili niishuhudie kweli. Mtu yeyote aliye wa kweli husikia sauti yangu.”
3818:38 Lk 23:4-6Pilato akamuuliza Yesu, “Kweli ni nini?” Baada ya kusema haya Pilato akaenda nje tena akawaambia wale viongozi wa Wayahudi waliomshtaki Yesu, “Sioni kosa lolote alilotenda mtu huyu. 3918:39 Mt 27:15; Mk 15:6; Lk 23:19Lakini ninyi mna desturi yenu kwamba wakati wa Pasaka nimwachie huru mfungwa mmoja mnayemtaka. Je, mnataka niwafungulie huyu ‘Mfalme wa Wayahudi’?”
4018:40 Mdo 3:14Wao wakapiga kelele wakisema, “Si huyu mtu, bali tufungulie Baraba!” Yule Baraba alikuwa mnyangʼanyi.