New International Version

Genesis 34:1-31

Dinah and the Shechemites

1Now Dinah, the daughter Leah had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land. 2When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, he took her and raped her. 3His heart was drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob; he loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her. 4And Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Get me this girl as my wife.”

5When Jacob heard that his daughter Dinah had been defiled, his sons were in the fields with his livestock; so he did nothing about it until they came home.

6Then Shechem’s father Hamor went out to talk with Jacob. 7Meanwhile, Jacob’s sons had come in from the fields as soon as they heard what had happened. They were shocked and furious, because Shechem had done an outrageous thing in34:7 Or against Israel by sleeping with Jacob’s daughter—a thing that should not be done.

8But Hamor said to them, “My son Shechem has his heart set on your daughter. Please give her to him as his wife. 9Intermarry with us; give us your daughters and take our daughters for yourselves. 10You can settle among us; the land is open to you. Live in it, trade34:10 Or move about freely; also in verse 21 in it, and acquire property in it.”

11Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and I will give you whatever you ask. 12Make the price for the bride and the gift I am to bring as great as you like, and I’ll pay whatever you ask me. Only give me the young woman as my wife.”

13Because their sister Dinah had been defiled, Jacob’s sons replied deceitfully as they spoke to Shechem and his father Hamor. 14They said to them, “We can’t do such a thing; we can’t give our sister to a man who is not circumcised. That would be a disgrace to us. 15We will enter into an agreement with you on one condition only: that you become like us by circumcising all your males. 16Then we will give you our daughters and take your daughters for ourselves. We’ll settle among you and become one people with you. 17But if you will not agree to be circumcised, we’ll take our sister and go.”

18Their proposal seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. 19The young man, who was the most honored of all his father’s family, lost no time in doing what they said, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. 20So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city to speak to the men of their city. 21“These men are friendly toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and trade in it; the land has plenty of room for them. We can marry their daughters and they can marry ours. 22But the men will agree to live with us as one people only on the condition that our males be circumcised, as they themselves are. 23Won’t their livestock, their property and all their other animals become ours? So let us agree to their terms, and they will settle among us.”

24All the men who went out of the city gate agreed with Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male in the city was circumcised.

25Three days later, while all of them were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, took their swords and attacked the unsuspecting city, killing every male. 26They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the sword and took Dinah from Shechem’s house and left. 27The sons of Jacob came upon the dead bodies and looted the city where34:27 Or because their sister had been defiled. 28They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys and everything else of theirs in the city and out in the fields. 29They carried off all their wealth and all their women and children, taking as plunder everything in the houses.

30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me obnoxious to the Canaanites and Perizzites, the people living in this land. We are few in number, and if they join forces against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.”

31But they replied, “Should he have treated our sister like a prostitute?”

Japanese Contemporary Bible

創世記 34:1-31



1ある日、ヤコブとレアの娘ディナは、近所の娘たちのところへ遊びに出かけました。 2ところが、ヒビ人の族長ハモルの息子シェケムは、ひと目見て彼女が好きになり、むりやり自分のものにしてしまいました。 3彼の恋心は募る一方で、彼女の愛を得ようと手を尽くしました。


5いきさつはヤコブの耳にも入りましたが、その時、息子たちはみな群れの番をしに出かけていました。ヤコブは、彼らが戻るまで、そのままにしておくことにしました。 6-7ところが、シェケムの父ハモルが出向いて来たのです。ちょうどそこへ、ヤコブの息子たちも戻って来ました。彼らは妹が辱めを受けたことを聞いて驚き、怒りが収まりません。これは妹一人の問題ではなく、家族全体に対する辱めだといきり立ちました。

8ハモルはこう申し出ました。「今度のことは、いいかげんな気持ちからではありません。息子はほんとうにお宅の娘さんが好きなのです。妻に頂きたいと心から願っております。いかがなものでしょう。二人の結婚をお許し願えないでしょうか。 9-10皆さんが私どもの土地に住み、互いにお近づきできれば幸いです。娘さんを嫁に頂ければ、私どもの娘もお宅の若い人たちに差し上げましょう。どこでもお好きな所に住んでください。商売をなさってもけっこうです。きっとうまくいきますよ。」


13しかし兄たちは、シェケムとハモルに悪いたくらみを持ちました。シェケムが妹をひどい目に会わせた仕返しをしようというのです。 14「ちょっと待ってください。それはできない相談だな。あなたたちは割礼を受けていないから、そういう人と妹を結婚させるのは一家の恥です。 15もっとも、あなたたちが一人残らず割礼を受けるというなら、話は別ですが。 16そうすれば、われわれもあなたたちの一族から嫁をもらうし、お互い親戚同士になれます。 17割礼を受けたくないならしかたありません。妹を連れてここから出て行きます。」

18-19ハモルとシェケムは喜んで提案を受け入れ、すぐさま言われたとおりにすることにしました。シェケムはディナを深く愛していたので、このことを町のほかの男たちにも勧めることは、少しも苦ではありませんでした。それに、彼は人気があり、町の人たちから尊敬されていたのです。 20ハモルとシェケムは町の議会で提案しました。 21「あの人たちはわれわれの味方だ。ここに住んでもらって、自由に商売してもらおうではないか。土地は十分あるから心配ない。彼らと親戚になったら、大いに有利だと思う。 22ただ、そのためには一つだけ条件がある。男はみな、彼らと同じように割礼を受けなければならないというのだ。 23簡単なことじゃないか。ただそれだけで彼らのものは全部われわれのものになり、この土地も豊かになるのだ。どうだろう、みんな、あの人たちがここに住めるように、この提案に賛成してくれないか。」

24全員が賛成し、割礼を受けました。 25しかし、それから三日後、傷がまだ治りきらず、少しでも動けば痛くてたまらない時、ディナの兄シメオンとレビが、剣を振りかざして町を襲ったのです。彼らは何の反撃もできず、男は一人残らず殺されてしまいました。 26ハモルもシェケムも殺されました。二人はディナをシェケムの家から取り返し、テントに連れ帰りました。 27そのあと、ヤコブの息子が全員で町を略奪しました。妹がそこで辱められたからです。 28町の中にある物も外にある物も、羊も、牛も、ろばも何もかも奪い、 29女や子どもたちは捕虜にし、全財産を取り上げてしまいました。