Jacob Prepares to Meet Esau
In Hebrew texts 32:1-32 is numbered 32:2-33. 1Jacob also went on his way, and the angels of God met him. 2When Jacob saw them, he said, “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim.32:2 Mahanaim means two camps.
3Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4He instructed them: “This is what you are to say to my lord Esau: ‘Your servant Jacob says, I have been staying with Laban and have remained there till now. 5I have cattle and donkeys, sheep and goats, male and female servants. Now I am sending this message to my lord, that I may find favor in your eyes.’ ”
6When the messengers returned to Jacob, they said, “We went to your brother Esau, and now he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”
7In great fear and distress Jacob divided the people who were with him into two groups,32:7 Or camps and the flocks and herds and camels as well. 8He thought, “If Esau comes and attacks one group,32:8 Or camp the group32:8 Or camp that is left may escape.”
9Then Jacob prayed, “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, Lord, you who said to me, ‘Go back to your country and your relatives, and I will make you prosper,’ 10I am unworthy of all the kindness and faithfulness you have shown your servant. I had only my staff when I crossed this Jordan, but now I have become two camps. 11Save me, I pray, from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am afraid he will come and attack me, and also the mothers with their children. 12But you have said, ‘I will surely make you prosper and will make your descendants like the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted.’ ”
13He spent the night there, and from what he had with him he selected a gift for his brother Esau: 14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16He put them in the care of his servants, each herd by itself, and said to his servants, “Go ahead of me, and keep some space between the herds.”
17He instructed the one in the lead: “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘Who do you belong to, and where are you going, and who owns all these animals in front of you?’ 18then you are to say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob. They are a gift sent to my lord Esau, and he is coming behind us.’ ”
19He also instructed the second, the third and all the others who followed the herds: “You are to say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 20And be sure to say, ‘Your servant Jacob is coming behind us.’ ” For he thought, “I will pacify him with these gifts I am sending on ahead; later, when I see him, perhaps he will receive me.” 21So Jacob’s gifts went on ahead of him, but he himself spent the night in the camp.
Jacob Wrestles With God
22That night Jacob got up and took his two wives, his two female servants and his eleven sons and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 23After he had sent them across the stream, he sent over all his possessions. 24So Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him till daybreak. 25When the man saw that he could not overpower him, he touched the socket of Jacob’s hip so that his hip was wrenched as he wrestled with the man. 26Then the man said, “Let me go, for it is daybreak.”
But Jacob replied, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”
27The man asked him, “What is your name?”
“Jacob,” he answered.
28Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel,32:28 Israel probably means he struggles with God. because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.”
29Jacob said, “Please tell me your name.”
But he replied, “Why do you ask my name?” Then he blessed him there.
30So Jacob called the place Peniel,32:30 Peniel means face of God. saying, “It is because I saw God face to face, and yet my life was spared.”
31The sun rose above him as he passed Peniel,32:31 Hebrew Penuel, a variant of Peniel and he was limping because of his hip. 32Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon attached to the socket of the hip, because the socket of Jacob’s hip was touched near the tendon.
Yakobo Ajiandaa Kukutana Na Esau
1Yakobo pia akaondoka akaenda zake, nao malaika wa Mungu wakakutana naye. 2Yakobo alipowaona, akasema, “Hii ni kambi ya Mungu!” Kwa hiyo akapaita mahali pale Mahanaimu.32:2 Mahanaimu maana yake Kambi mbili.
332:3 Mwa 25:30Yakobo akatuma wajumbe kumtangulia kwa Esau ndugu yake huko Seiri, katika nchi ya Edomu. 432:4 Mwa 18:3Akawaagiza akisema: “Hili ndilo mtakalomwambia bwana wangu Esau: ‘Mtumishi wako Yakobo anasema, nimekuwa nikiishi pamoja na Labani na nimekuwako huko mpaka sasa. 532:5 Mwa 24:9; 34:11Ninao ngʼombe na punda, kondoo na mbuzi, watumishi wa kiume na wa kike. Sasa ninatuma ujumbe huu kwa bwana wangu, ili nipate kibali machoni pako.’ ”
632:6 Mwa 33:1Wajumbe waliporudi kwa Yakobo, wakamwambia, “Tulikwenda kuonana na ndugu yako Esau, naye sasa anakuja kukulaki akifuatana na wanaume 400.”
7Kwa hofu kuu na huzuni, Yakobo akagawanya watu aliokuwa nao katika makundi mawili, pia akagawanya makundi ya kondoo na mbuzi, na vilevile ngʼombe na ngamia. 8Yakobo alifikiri, “Kama Esau akija na kushambulia kundi moja, kundi lililobaki litaweza likanusurika.”
932:9 Mwa 31:13Ndipo Yakobo akaomba, “Ee Mungu wa baba yangu Abrahamu, Mungu wa baba yangu Isaki, Ee Bwana, ambaye uliniambia, ‘Rudi katika nchi yako na jamaa yako, nami nitakufanya ustawi,’ 1032:10 Mwa 24:27mimi sistahili fadhili na uaminifu wako wote ulionitendea mimi mtumishi wako. Nilikuwa na fimbo tu mkononi mwangu nilipovuka mto huu wa Yordani, lakini sasa ninayo makundi mawili. 1132:11 Mwa 27:41Nakuomba, uniokoe na mkono wa ndugu yangu Esau, kwa maana ninaogopa kuwa atakuja kunishambulia, pia mama pamoja na watoto wao. 1232:12 Hos 1:10Lakini umeshasema, ‘Hakika nitakufanya ustawi na kuufanya uzao wako kuwa mwingi kama mchanga wa baharini ambao hauwezi kuhesabika!’ ”
1332:13 Mwa 43:11, 15, 25, 26; Mit 18:16Akalala pale usiku ule, miongoni mwa vitu alivyokuwa navyo, akachagua zawadi kwa ajili ya Esau ndugu yake: 1432:14 Hes 7:88Mbuzi waume ishirini na mbuzi wake 200, kondoo dume ishirini na kondoo wake 200. 1532:15 Mwa 13:2Ngamia wake thelathini pamoja na ndama zao, ngʼombe wake arobaini na mafahali kumi, punda wake ishirini na punda waume kumi. 1632:16 Mwa 33:8Akaviweka chini ya uangalizi wa watumishi wake, kila kundi peke yake na kuwaambia, “Nitangulieni na kuacha nafasi kati ya makundi.”
17Akamwagiza yule aliyetangulia kuwa, “Ndugu yangu Esau atakapokutana nawe na kukuuliza, ‘Wewe ni wa nani? Unakwenda wapi? Wanyama hawa wote mbele yako ni mali ya nani?’ 1832:18 Mwa 18:3Ndipo utakaposema, ‘Ni mali ya mtumishi wako Yakobo. Ni zawadi ambazo zimetumwa kwa bwana wangu Esau, naye anakuja nyuma yetu.’ ”
19Akamwagiza pia yule mtumishi wa kundi la pili, la tatu na yale mengine yote yaliyofuata akiwaambia, “Mtamwambia Esau maneno hayo hayo mtakapokutana naye. 2032:20 1Sam 9:7Hakikisheni mmesema, ‘Mtumishi wako Yakobo anakuja nyuma yetu.’ ” Kwa kuwa alifikiri, “Nitaweza kumtuliza kwa zawadi hizi ninazotanguliza, hatimaye, nitakapomwona, huenda atanikubali.” 21Kwa hiyo zawadi za Yakobo zilitangulia mbele yake, lakini yeye mwenyewe alilala kambini usiku ule.
Yakobo Ashindana Mweleka Na Mungu
2232:22 Kum 2:37; 3:16Usiku ule Yakobo akaamka akawachukua wake zake wawili, watumishi wake wawili wa kike na wanawe kumi na mmoja na akavuka kivuko cha Yaboki. 23Baada ya kuwavusha ngʼambo ya kijito, alivusha pia mali zake zote. 24Kwa hiyo Yakobo akaachwa peke yake na mtu mmoja akashikana naye mweleka mpaka mapambazuko. 25Yule mtu alipoona kuwa hawezi kumshinda, aligusa kiungio cha nyonga ya Yakobo kwa hiyo nyonga yake ikateguka wakati alipokuwa akishikana mweleka na yule mtu. 2632:26 Hos 12:4Ndipo yule mtu akasema, “Niache niende, kwa kuwa ni mapambazuko.”
Lakini Yakobo akajibu, “Sitakuacha uende usiponibariki.”
27Yule mtu akamuuliza, “Jina lako nani?”
2832:28 Mwa 17:5Ndipo yule mtu akasema, “Jina lako halitakuwa tena Yakobo, bali Israeli,32:28 Israeli maana yake Yeye ashindanaye na Mungu. kwa sababu umeshindana na Mungu na watu pia, nawe umeshinda.”
29Yakobo akasema, “Tafadhali niambie jina lako.”
Lakini akajibu, “Kwa nini kuniuliza Jina langu?” Ndipo akambariki huko.
3032:30 Mwa 16:13Kwa hiyo Yakobo akapaita mahali pale Penieli,32:30 Penieli maana yake Uso wa Mungu, ambalo ni sawa na Penueli kwa Kiebrania. akasema, “Ni kwa sababu nimemwona Mungu uso kwa uso na bado maisha yangu yameokoka.”
3132:31 Amu 8:9Jua lilikuwa linachomoza Yakobo alipoondoka Penueli, naye alikuwa akichechemea kwa sababu ya nyonga yake. 32Kwa hiyo mpaka leo Waisraeli hawali mshipa ulioungana na kiungio cha nyonga, kwa sababu kiungio cha nyonga ya Yakobo kiliteguliwa karibu na mshipa huo.