New International Version

Genesis 19

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

1The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gateway of the city. When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground. “My lords,” he said, “please turn aside to your servant’s house. You can wash your feet and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning.”

“No,” they answered, “we will spend the night in the square.”

But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom—both young and old—surrounded the house. They called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them.”

Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him and said, “No, my friends. Don’t do this wicked thing. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof.”

“Get out of our way,” they replied. “This fellow came here as a foreigner, and now he wants to play the judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.

10 But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door. 11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with blindness so that they could not find the door.

12 The two men said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here—sons-in-law, sons or daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of here, 13 because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the Lord against its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it.”

14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry[a] his daughters. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the Lord is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.

15 With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Hurry! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is punished.”

16 When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the Lord was merciful to them. 17 As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, “Flee for your lives! Don’t look back, and don’t stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or you will be swept away!”

18 But Lot said to them, “No, my lords,[b] please! 19 Your[c] servant has found favor in your[d] eyes, and you[e] have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life. But I can’t flee to the mountains; this disaster will overtake me, and I’ll die. 20 Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to it—it is very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.”

21 He said to him, “Very well, I will grant this request too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of. 22 But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it.” (That is why the town was called Zoar.[f])

23 By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. 24 Then the Lord rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah—from the Lord out of the heavens. 25 Thus he overthrew those cities and the entire plain, destroying all those living in the cities—and also the vegetation in the land. 26 But Lot’s wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.

27 Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 28 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.

29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.

Lot and His Daughters

30 Lot and his two daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave. 31 One day the older daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man around here to give us children—as is the custom all over the earth. 32 Let’s get our father to drink wine and then sleep with him and preserve our family line through our father.”

33 That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and slept with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

34 The next day the older daughter said to the younger, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 35 So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went in and slept with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

36 So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 37 The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab[g]; he is the father of the Moabites of today. 38 The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi[h]; he is the father of the Ammonites[i] of today.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 19:14 Or were married to
  2. Genesis 19:18 Or No, Lord; or No, my lord
  3. Genesis 19:19 The Hebrew is singular.
  4. Genesis 19:19 The Hebrew is singular.
  5. Genesis 19:19 The Hebrew is singular.
  6. Genesis 19:22 Zoar means small.
  7. Genesis 19:37 Moab sounds like the Hebrew for from father.
  8. Genesis 19:38 Ben-Ammi means son of my father’s people.
  9. Genesis 19:38 Hebrew Bene-Ammon

Bibelen på hverdagsdansk

1 Mosebog 19

Sodomas ondskab

1Samme aften ankom de to engle til Sodoma. Lot sad på torvet lige inden for byporten, og da han fik øje på dem, gik han dem straks i møde og bøjede sig ærbødigt for dem.

„Mine herrer,” sagde han, „kom hjem til mig og få vasket støvet af jeres fødder. I skal være mine gæster, og i morgen tidlig kan I så begive jer videre på rejsen.” „Nej tak,” svarede de. „Vi vil hellere tilbringe natten her på torvet.”

Men Lot pressede på, og til sidst gik de med ham hjem. Han fik bagt noget brød i en fart, selv om der ingen surdej var i huset, og han serverede et måltid mad for dem.

Efter måltidet, da de skulle til at gå til ro, blev huset omringet af byens mænd, både unge og gamle. De råbte til Lot: „Hvor er de mænd, som kom for at overnatte hos dig? Bring dem ud til os, så vi kan have sex med dem!”

Men Lot gik ud til dem og lukkede døren efter sig. „Rolig, venner!” sagde han. „Gør jer ikke skyldig i noget så ondt! Jeg har to døtre, som endnu er jomfruer. Dem kan jeg bringe ud til jer. Så kan I gøre med dem, hvad I vil. Men I må lade disse mænd i fred. De er mine gæster og under min beskyttelse.”

„Flyt dig!” råbte de. „Hvad bilder du dig ind? Vi gav dig lov til at bo iblandt os, og så vil du fortælle os, hvad vi skal gøre eller ikke gøre! Bare vent til vi får fat i dig, så skal vi behandle dig værre end dine gæster!” De nærmede sig truende Lot, parate til at brække døren op om nødvendigt.

10 Da rakte de to mænd hænderne ud efter Lot, trak ham ind i huset og lukkede døren. 11 Samtidig gjorde de mændene udenfor blinde, så de ikke kunne finde døren.

12 „Har du nogen pårørende her i byen, Lot, svigersønner, sønner, døtre eller andre, som hører til din familie?” spurgte englene, „så sørg for at få dem ud af byen hurtigst muligt! 13 Vi har nemlig fået ordre til at tilintetgøre dette sted! Synden her er blevet så himmelråbende, at Herren har besluttet at ødelægge byen.”

14 Lot skyndte sig af sted til de mænd, der var forlovet med hans døtre. „I må forlade byen hurtigst muligt!” sagde han. „For Herren vil ødelægge den!” Men de troede, det var hans spøg.

Sodoma og Gomorra ødelægges

15 Ved daggry næste morgen, skyndede englene på Lot. „Få fat i din kone og dine to døtre og kom af sted, så I ikke skal miste livet på grund af byens synd.”

16 Da Lot tøvede, tog englene ham og hans kone og de to døtre ved hånden og førte dem skyndsomst uden for byen, for Herren ville redde dem.

17 „Løb for livet!” sagde englene. „Se jer ikke tilbage og stands ikke nogen steder i Jordandalen. Flygt op i bjergene, hvis I vil redde livet!” 18 Men Lot indvendte: „Åh nej, herre! 19 I skal have mange tak, fordi I har vist os den nåde at frelse os fra ødelæggelsen. Men vi kan ikke nå op i bjergene, før ulykken indhenter os, og vi dør. 20 Se den lille by derovre. Det er jo bare en lille landsby, som I ikke behøver at ødelægge. Kan vi ikke flygte derhen? Den er jo ikke ret langt væk.”

21 „Godt,” svarede englen, „jeg vil gå ind på dit forslag. Jeg vil sørge for, at den landsby ikke bliver ødelagt. 22 Men skynd dig! Jeg kan nemlig ikke gå i gang, før I er i sikkerhed i landsbyen.” Derfor kom landsbyen til at hedde Zoar.[a]

23 Solen var kommet et stykke op, før Lot ankom til Zoar. 24 Med det samme lod Herren ild og svovl regne ned fra himlen over Sodoma og Gomorra. 25 Han ødelagde byerne totalt tillige med hele Jordandalen, alle der boede der, og alt, hvad der voksede på markerne. 26 Men på vej bort fra byen, havde Lots kone set sig tilbage, og i det samme hun gjorde det, stivnede hun og blev til en saltstøtte.

27 Den næste morgen skyndte Abraham sig ud til det sted, hvor han havde stået og talt med Herren. 28 Da han kiggede ud over sletten i retning af Sodoma og Gomorra, så han en tyk røg stige til vejrs over hele området. 29 Men Gud havde hørt Abrahams bøn og frelst Lot ved at redde ham fra den katastrofe, som ødelagde byerne i dalen.

Lot og hans døtre

30 Senere forlod Lot Zoar, for han var bange for at blive boende der. I stedet tog han op i bjergene med sine to døtre og indrettede sig i en bjerghule. 31 En dag sagde den ældste søster til den yngste: „Der findes ingen mænd i dette øde område, som vi kan gifte os med. Desuden er vores far snart for gammel til selv at avle børn. 32 Lad os få ham til at drikke sig fuld og så ligge med ham, så hans slægt kan fortsætte.” 33 Så drak de ham fuld, og samme nat lå den ældste søster med sin far, men han sansede intet—hverken at hun lagde sig, eller at hun stod op.

34 Næste morgen sagde hun til den yngste: „Jeg lå hos vores far i nat. Lad os drikke ham fuld igen i aften, så du kan gøre det samme. Det er den eneste måde, slægten kan overleve på.” 35 Så drak de ham fuld, og derefter gik den yngste søster ind og lå hos ham, og han sansede hverken, at hun lagde sig, eller at hun stod op igen. 36 Sådan gik det til, at begge døtre blev gravide ved deres far. 37 Den ældste fødte en søn, som hun kaldte Moab.[b] Han blev stamfar til moabitterne. 38 Den yngste fødte også en søn, som kom til at hedde Ben-Ammi.[c] Han blev stamfar til ammonitterne.

Footnotes

  1. 19,22 Det betyder: „lille by”.
  2. 19,37 Det betyder: „kommet af faderen”.
  3. 19,38 Det betyder: „slægtningens søn”.