New International Version

Genesis 11

The Tower of Babel

1Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. As people moved eastward,[a] they found a plain in Shinar[b] and settled there.

They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwise we will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”

But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. The Lord said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”

So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel[c]—because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

From Shem to Abram

10 This is the account of Shem’s family line.

Two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father[d] of Arphaxad. 11 And after he became the father of Arphaxad, Shem lived 500 years and had other sons and daughters.

12 When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, he became the father of Shelah. 13 And after he became the father of Shelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters.[e]

14 When Shelah had lived 30 years, he became the father of Eber. 15 And after he became the father of Eber, Shelah lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters.

16 When Eber had lived 34 years, he became the father of Peleg. 17 And after he became the father of Peleg, Eber lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters.

18 When Peleg had lived 30 years, he became the father of Reu. 19 And after he became the father of Reu, Peleg lived 209 years and had other sons and daughters.

20 When Reu had lived 32 years, he became the father of Serug. 21 And after he became the father of Serug, Reu lived 207 years and had other sons and daughters.

22 When Serug had lived 30 years, he became the father of Nahor. 23 And after he became the father of Nahor, Serug lived 200 years and had other sons and daughters.

24 When Nahor had lived 29 years, he became the father of Terah. 25 And after he became the father of Terah, Nahor lived 119 years and had other sons and daughters.

26 After Terah had lived 70 years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran.

Abram’s Family

27 This is the account of Terah’s family line.

Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot. 28 While his father Terah was still alive, Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, in the land of his birth. 29 Abram and Nahor both married. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milkah; she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milkah and Iskah. 30 Now Sarai was childless because she was not able to conceive.

31 Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of his son Abram, and together they set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. But when they came to Harran, they settled there.

32 Terah lived 205 years, and he died in Harran.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 11:2 Or from the east; or in the east
  2. Genesis 11:2 That is, Babylonia
  3. Genesis 11:9 That is, Babylon; Babel sounds like the Hebrew for confused.
  4. Genesis 11:10 Father may mean ancestor; also in verses 11-25.
  5. Genesis 11:13 Hebrew; Septuagint (see also Luke 3:35, 36 and note at Gen. 10:24) 35 years, he became the father of Cainan. 13 And after he became the father of Cainan, Arphaxad lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters, and then he died. When Cainan had lived 130 years, he became the father of Shelah. And after he became the father of Shelah, Cainan lived 330 years and had other sons and daughters

Japanese Living Bible

創世記 11

バベルの塔

1初めのころ、人類はみな同じことばを話していました。 しだいに人口が増えると、人々は東の方に移って行きました。こうしてシヌアル(バビロン)の地に平原を見つけ、大ぜいの人がそこに住みついたのです。 3-4 やがて大都市を建設しようという話が持ち上がりました。永久に残る記念碑として、天にも届くような塔を造り、自分たちの力を見せつけようというのです。「こうやって一致団結すれば、あちこちに散らされる心配もなくなるだろう。」そう豪語すると、人々はよく焼いた固いれんがをうず高く積み上げ、アスファルトで固めました。

神は降りて来て、人間たちが造っている町と塔をごらんになりました。 「なんということだ。同じことばを使い、一致して事に当たると、人間はこれだけのことをやすやすとやり遂げてしまう。この分だと、これからもどんなことを始めるか、わかったものではない。思ったことを何でもやってのけるに違いない。 地上へ降りて行って、彼らがそれぞれ違ったことばを話すようにしてしまおう。そうすれば、互いの意思が通じなくなるだろう。」

こうして、神は人間を世界の各地に散らしたので、都市建設はもうできなくなりました。 この都の名がバベル〔「混乱」の意〕と呼ばれたのは、このためです。つまり、神がたくさんの国語を与えて人間を混乱させ、各地に散らしたのが、この地だったからです。

セムの子孫

10-11 さて、セムの家系は次のとおりです。洪水の二年後、セムが百歳の時に、息子アルパクシャデが生まれました。セムはそのあとも五百年生き、多くの息子、娘に恵まれました。

12-13 アルパクシャデは三十五歳の時、息子シェラフをもうけ、そのあと四百三年生き、ほかにも息子と娘が大ぜい生まれました。

14-15 シェラフは息子のエベルが生まれた時、三十歳でした。そのあと四百三年生き、多くの息子、娘に恵まれました。

16-17 エベルは息子のペレグが生まれた時、三十四歳で、そのあと四百三十年生き、息子、娘が大ぜい生まれました。

18-19 ペレグは息子のレウが生まれた時、三十歳で、さらに二百九年生き、息子、娘が大ぜい生まれました。

20-21 レウはセルグが生まれた時、三十二歳で、その後も多くの息子、娘に恵まれて二百七年生き長らえました。

22-23 セルグは息子のナホルが生まれた時、三十歳で、その後も多くの息子、娘に恵まれて、二百年生き長らえました。

24-25 ナホルは息子テラが生まれた時、二十九歳で、その後も百十九年生き、多くの息子、娘に恵まれました。

26 テラが七十歳の時には、息子が三人いました。アブラム、ナホル、ハランです。

テラの家族

27 ハランにはロトという息子が生まれました。 28 しかし、ハランは若くして生まれ故郷のカルデヤのウルで死に、あとには父のテラが残されました。 29 一方、アブラムは腹違いの妹サライと結婚し、ナホルも、ハランが死んで孤児となった姪のミルカを妻にしました。ミルカにはイスカという兄弟がいましたが、二人ともハランの子です。 30 サライは子どもができない体でした。 31 テラは、息子のアブラムと嫁のサライ、ハランの息子で孫に当たるロトを連れてカルデヤのウルを出発し、カナンの地へ向かいました。しかし途中、ハランの町に立ち寄ったまま、そこに住みつき、 32 二百五歳の時、ハランで死にました。