New International Version

Exodus 22:1-31

Protection of Property

In Hebrew texts 22:1 is numbered 21:37, and 22:2-31 is numbered 22:1-30. 1“Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

2“If a thief is caught breaking in at night and is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed; 3but if it happens after sunrise, the defender is guilty of bloodshed.

“Anyone who steals must certainly make restitution, but if they have nothing, they must be sold to pay for their theft. 4If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—they must pay back double.

5“If anyone grazes their livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in someone else’s field, the offender must make restitution from the best of their own field or vineyard.

6“If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.

7“If anyone gives a neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double. 8But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges, and they must22:8 Or before God, and he will determine whether the owner of the house has laid hands on the other person’s property. 9In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, ‘This is mine,’ both parties are to bring their cases before the judges.22:9 Or before God The one whom the judges declare22:9 Or whom God declares guilty must pay back double to the other.

10“If anyone gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to their neighbor for safekeeping and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking, 11the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath before the Lord that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person’s property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required. 12But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, restitution must be made to the owner. 13If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, the neighbor shall bring in the remains as evidence and shall not be required to pay for the torn animal.

14“If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution. 15But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.

Social Responsibility

16“If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife. 17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.

18“Do not allow a sorceress to live.

19“Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal is to be put to death.

20“Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the Lord must be destroyed.22:20 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.

21“Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

22“Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless. 23If you do and they cry out to me, I will certainly hear their cry. 24My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.

25“If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest. 26If you take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset, 27because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in? When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

28“Do not blaspheme God22:28 Or Do not revile the judges or curse the ruler of your people.

29“Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats.22:29 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.

“You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 30Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.

31“You are to be my holy people. So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts; throw it to the dogs.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

出埃及記 22:1-31

賠償條例

1「倘若有人偷了別人的牛羊,然後宰了或賣了,他要用五頭牛抵償一頭牛,四隻羊抵償一隻羊。 2倘若有人打死正入屋偷竊的賊,這人不算犯殺人罪。 3倘若事情發生在白天,家主就犯了殺人罪。倘若盜賊被擒,他就要賠償家主,若他一無所有,就要把他賣為奴隸作賠償。 4倘若他偷的牲畜如牛、羊或驢在他手上還活著,他要償還失主雙倍。

5「倘若有人在田野或葡萄園裡牧放牲畜,任由牲畜吃別人田裡的農作物或葡萄,他必須拿自己田裡最好的農作物或葡萄作賠償。 6倘若有人在自己的田間焚燒荊棘,不小心燒掉了別人的莊稼、禾捆或整個田園,那生火的人就要賠償一切損失。

7「倘若有人把金錢或物件交給鄰居保管,鄰居家遭盜,盜賊被緝拿歸案後要賠償雙倍; 8倘若沒捉到盜賊,鄰居就要到審判官那裡證明自己沒有偷拿。 9倘若二人之間有什麼糾紛,無論是為了牛、驢、羊、衣服或失物,爭執的雙方要把案件呈報審判官,審判官判誰敗訴,誰就要賠償雙倍。 10倘若有人把驢、牛、羊或別的牲畜交給鄰居看管,牲畜死傷或被人搶走,並且無人看見, 11看守的人就要在耶和華面前起誓沒有動鄰居的東西,這樣失主就應當作罷,看守的人不用賠償。 12但若牲畜是被人偷去的,受託人就要賠償失主。 13倘若牲畜被野獸咬死,受託人要把殘骸帶來當證據,無需賠償被咬死的牲畜。 14倘若有人向鄰居借牲畜,牲畜受傷或死掉,而當時物主不在場,借的人就要賠償。 15倘若物主當時在場,借的人就不用賠償。倘若牲畜是租來的,租的人只需付租金不用賠償。

社會條例

16「倘若有人誘姦了尚未許配的處女,他就要交出聘禮,娶她為妻; 17倘若女方家長反對婚事,男方要付出相當於聘禮的金錢給女方家長。

18「凡行邪術的女人,必須被處死。

19「與動物性交的人,必須被處死。

20「祭拜耶和華以外的其他任何神明的人,必須被處死。

21「不可欺壓在你們中間寄居的人,因為你們在埃及也做過寄居的人。

22「不可虧待寡婦和孤兒, 23倘若你們欺凌他們,他們向我呼求,我必聽他們的呼求, 24向你們發怒,用刀殺掉你們,使你們的妻子變為寡婦,兒女成為孤兒。

25「倘若有貧苦的同胞向你借錢,你不可像放債的一樣從中取利。 26倘若他把衣服給你作抵押,你要在日落之前把衣服還給他。 27因為他只有這件蔽體的衣服,若是沒有,他晚上如何睡覺?他若呼求我,我必定幫助他,因為我是仁慈的。 28不可褻瀆上帝,也不可咒詛百姓的官長。 29你們要向我獻上五穀和新酒,不可遲疑耽延。要把你們的長子獻給我。 30也要獻上頭生的牛羊,牠們生下來後可以留在母親身邊七天,第八天要獻給我。 31你們要做我聖潔的子民,不要吃田野間被野獸咬死的牲畜,要把牠丟給狗吃。