New International Version

Exodus 22:1-31

Protection of Property

In Hebrew texts 22:1 is numbered 21:37, and 22:2-31 is numbered 22:1-30. 1“Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

2“If a thief is caught breaking in at night and is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed; 3but if it happens after sunrise, the defender is guilty of bloodshed.

“Anyone who steals must certainly make restitution, but if they have nothing, they must be sold to pay for their theft. 4If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—they must pay back double.

5“If anyone grazes their livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in someone else’s field, the offender must make restitution from the best of their own field or vineyard.

6“If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.

7“If anyone gives a neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double. 8But if the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges, and they must22:8 Or before God, and he will determine whether the owner of the house has laid hands on the other person’s property. 9In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, ‘This is mine,’ both parties are to bring their cases before the judges.22:9 Or before God The one whom the judges declare22:9 Or whom God declares guilty must pay back double to the other.

10“If anyone gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to their neighbor for safekeeping and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking, 11the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath before the Lord that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person’s property. The owner is to accept this, and no restitution is required. 12But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor, restitution must be made to the owner. 13If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal, the neighbor shall bring in the remains as evidence and shall not be required to pay for the torn animal.

14“If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution. 15But if the owner is with the animal, the borrower will not have to pay. If the animal was hired, the money paid for the hire covers the loss.

Social Responsibility

16“If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife. 17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.

18“Do not allow a sorceress to live.

19“Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal is to be put to death.

20“Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the Lord must be destroyed.22:20 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.

21“Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

22“Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless. 23If you do and they cry out to me, I will certainly hear their cry. 24My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless.

25“If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest. 26If you take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset, 27because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in? When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

28“Do not blaspheme God22:28 Or Do not revile the judges or curse the ruler of your people.

29“Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats.22:29 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.

“You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 30Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.

31“You are to be my holy people. So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts; throw it to the dogs.

Akuapem Twi Contemporary Bible

2 Mose 22:1-31

Agyapade Ho Bammɔ

1“Sɛ obi kowia nantwi anaa oguan na okum no anaa ɔtɔn no a, ɔde anantwi anum besi nantwi baako anan mu. Na ɔde nguan anan asi oguan baako biara anan mu.

2“Sɛ wohu ɔkorɔmfo sɛ ɔrewura ofi bi mu anadwo na wokum no a, nea okum no no nni fɔ. 3Na sɛ asɛm no si awia de a, wɔmfa no sɛ ɛyɛ awudi enti onipa a okum ɔkorɔmfo no di fɔ.

“Sɛ mokyere ɔkorɔmfo bi a, momma ontua nneɛma a wawia no nyinaa ho ka na sɛ wantumi antua a, montɔn no sɛ akoa mfa no ntua ka no. 4Sɛ mokyere no sɛ ɔrewia nantwi anaa afurum anaa oguan a onwui anaa biribi foforo bi a, mommɔ no dekode a owiae no ho ka mpemanim.

5“Sɛ obi hyɛ da gyaa nʼaboa ma ɔkɔ obi afum kodidi wɔ hɔ, sɛe nnɔbae a, ɔmfa ɔno ara ne nnɔbae mu nea ɛsɔ ani pa ara no mmetua ka.

6“Sɛ obi rehyew nʼafuw, na ogya no tra kɔtɔ ɔfoforo afuw mu, hyew, sɛe ne nnɔbae a, nea ɔsɔɔ gya no betua nnɔbae a asɛe no nyinaa ho ka.

7“Sɛ obi ma ɔfoforo sika anaa ade foforo bi sɛ ɔmfa nsie mma no na wowia na sɛ wɔkyere ɔkorɔmfo no a, obetua ne mpemanim. 8Na sɛ wɔankyere ɔkorɔmfo no a, wɔde onipa a wɔde agyapade no hyɛɛ ne nsa no bɛba Onyankopɔn anim abɛhwehwɛ sɛ ɔno ankasa na owiaa ne yɔnko no anaasɛ ɛnyɛ ɔno. 9Sɛ ɛba sɛ nantwi, afurum, oguan, ntama anaa biribi foforo bi yera na nea nʼade ayera no de nʼani kari obi sɛ ɔno na wafa dekode no, na onii no san se ɛnyɛ ɔno na wafa a, ɛsɛ sɛ wɔde nnipa baanu no nyinaa ba Onyankopɔn anim ma ɔhwehwɛ mu. Ɔhwehwɛ mu na nea obedi fɔ no, obetua ade a ɛyerae no ho ka mmɔho abien ama ɔbaako no.

10“Sɛ obi de afurum, nantwi, oguan anaa aboa foforo bi ma ne yɔnko bi ayɛn na aboa no wu anaa opira anaa oguan na sɛ obi anhu ammɛka a, 11ɛsɛ sɛ nea ogyee aboa no ayɛn no ka ntam sɛ ɛnyɛ ɔno na wawia aboa no, na ne wura no gye to mu a, onnye biribiara nsi anan mu. 12Nanso sɛ wia na wowiaa aboa no anaa dekode no wɔ ne nkyɛn de a, na ɛsɛ sɛ sohwɛfo a wowiaa aboa no anaa dekode no fii ne nkyɛn no tua ne wura no ka. 13Sɛ akekaboa na okum no a, ɛsɛ sɛ ɔde aboa no funu ba bɛkyerɛ. Ɔyɛ no saa a, ɔrentua ho ka biara.

14“Sɛ obi fɛm aboa bi anaa biribi foforo bi fi ne yɔnko nkyɛn na sɛ aboa no wu anaa opira, bere a ne wura no nni hɔ a, ɛsɛ sɛ onipa a ɔfɛm saa aboa no tua ka. 15Na sɛ ne wura no wɔ hɔ de a, ɛnsɛ sɛ ɔfɛmfo no tua ka, efisɛ wobuu eyi nyinaa fraa ɔfɛm no ho akatua mu.

Abrabɔ Ho Mmara

16“Sɛ ɔbarima bi kɔdaadaa ɔbea bi a ɔnyɛɛ ne ho ade na ɔne no da a, ɛsɛ sɛ ɔyɛ ne ho ade na ɔware no. 17Sɛ ɔbea no agya se ɔmpene aware no so a, ɛsɛ sɛ ɔbarima no tua ne ti sika.

18“Munkum mmea nkonyaayifo.

19“Ɔbarima biara a ɔbɛfa aboa bi no, wonkum no.

20“Obiara a obefi Awurade akyi abɔ onyame foforo bi afɔre no, wonkum no.

21“Monnyɛ ɔhɔho ayayade, efisɛ na mo nso moyɛ ahɔho wɔ Misraim.

22“Munnsisi akunafo anaa ayisaa; 23na sɛ moyɛ saa na wosu frɛ me a, megye wɔn so. 24Mede mʼabufuw betia mo na mama atamfo dɔm akum mo na mo yerenom nso adan akunafo ama mo mma nso ayɛ ayisaa bi.

25“Sɛ wobɔ wo yɔnko Hebrini bosea a, nnye ho mfɛntom biara. 26Sɛ wugye ne ntama de si awowa a, anadwo no ara, fa nʼade kɔma no. 27Efisɛ ebia na ntama a ɔwɔ de kata ne ho de ka ne ho hyew ara ne no; woagye yi, ɛbɛyɛ dɛn na watumi ada? Sɛ woamfa ankɔma no na sɛ osu frɛ me a, metie na mahu no mmɔbɔ, efisɛ meyɛ mmɔborɔhunufo.

28“Monnkasa ntia Onyankopɔn na monnome aban mu mpanyimfo anaa mo atemmufo anaa wɔn a wodi mo so.

29“Momfa mo nnɔbae mu nkyɛmu du mu baako mmrɛ me ntɛm so.

“Saa ara nso na muntua mo mmakan mmarima nkwagye ho ka no. 30Ma wo nantwi anaa wo guan abakan no ne ne na ntena nnanson, na da a ɛto so awotwe no, fa no brɛ me.

31“Esiane sɛ moyɛ kronkron ma me nti, monnwe aboa biara a akekaboa akyere no akum no. Munnyaw ne funu no mma akraman mmɛwe.