New International Version

Daniel 4:1-37

Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of a Tree

4:0 In Aramaic texts 4:1-3 is numbered 3:31-33, and 4:4-37 is numbered 4:1-34. 1King Nebuchadnezzar,

To the nations and peoples of every language, who live in all the earth:

May you prosper greatly!

2It is my pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders that the Most High God has performed for me.

3How great are his signs,

how mighty his wonders!

His kingdom is an eternal kingdom;

his dominion endures from generation to generation.

4I, Nebuchadnezzar, was at home in my palace, contented and prosperous. 5I had a dream that made me afraid. As I was lying in bed, the images and visions that passed through my mind terrified me. 6So I commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be brought before me to interpret the dream for me. 7When the magicians, enchanters, astrologers4:7 Or Chaldeans and diviners came, I told them the dream, but they could not interpret it for me. 8Finally, Daniel came into my presence and I told him the dream. (He is called Belteshazzar, after the name of my god, and the spirit of the holy gods is in him.)

9I said, “Belteshazzar, chief of the magicians, I know that the spirit of the holy gods is in you, and no mystery is too difficult for you. Here is my dream; interpret it for me. 10These are the visions I saw while lying in bed: I looked, and there before me stood a tree in the middle of the land. Its height was enormous. 11The tree grew large and strong and its top touched the sky; it was visible to the ends of the earth. 12Its leaves were beautiful, its fruit abundant, and on it was food for all. Under it the wild animals found shelter, and the birds lived in its branches; from it every creature was fed.

13“In the visions I saw while lying in bed, I looked, and there before me was a holy one, a messenger,4:13 Or watchman; also in verses 17 and 23 coming down from heaven. 14He called in a loud voice: ‘Cut down the tree and trim off its branches; strip off its leaves and scatter its fruit. Let the animals flee from under it and the birds from its branches. 15But let the stump and its roots, bound with iron and bronze, remain in the ground, in the grass of the field.

“ ‘Let him be drenched with the dew of heaven, and let him live with the animals among the plants of the earth. 16Let his mind be changed from that of a man and let him be given the mind of an animal, till seven times4:16 Or years; also in verses 23, 25 and 32 pass by for him.

17“ ‘The decision is announced by messengers, the holy ones declare the verdict, so that the living may know that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes and sets over them the lowliest of people.’

18“This is the dream that I, King Nebuchadnezzar, had. Now, Belteshazzar, tell me what it means, for none of the wise men in my kingdom can interpret it for me. But you can, because the spirit of the holy gods is in you.”

Daniel Interprets the Dream

19Then Daniel (also called Belteshazzar) was greatly perplexed for a time, and his thoughts terrified him. So the king said, “Belteshazzar, do not let the dream or its meaning alarm you.”

Belteshazzar answered, “My lord, if only the dream applied to your enemies and its meaning to your adversaries! 20The tree you saw, which grew large and strong, with its top touching the sky, visible to the whole earth, 21with beautiful leaves and abundant fruit, providing food for all, giving shelter to the wild animals, and having nesting places in its branches for the birds— 22Your Majesty, you are that tree! You have become great and strong; your greatness has grown until it reaches the sky, and your dominion extends to distant parts of the earth.

23“Your Majesty saw a holy one, a messenger, coming down from heaven and saying, ‘Cut down the tree and destroy it, but leave the stump, bound with iron and bronze, in the grass of the field, while its roots remain in the ground. Let him be drenched with the dew of heaven; let him live with the wild animals, until seven times pass by for him.’

24“This is the interpretation, Your Majesty, and this is the decree the Most High has issued against my lord the king: 25You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like the ox and be drenched with the dew of heaven. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes. 26The command to leave the stump of the tree with its roots means that your kingdom will be restored to you when you acknowledge that Heaven rules. 27Therefore, Your Majesty, be pleased to accept my advice: Renounce your sins by doing what is right, and your wickedness by being kind to the oppressed. It may be that then your prosperity will continue.”

The Dream Is Fulfilled

28All this happened to King Nebuchadnezzar. 29Twelve months later, as the king was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon, 30he said, “Is not this the great Babylon I have built as the royal residence, by my mighty power and for the glory of my majesty?”

31Even as the words were on his lips, a voice came from heaven, “This is what is decreed for you, King Nebuchadnezzar: Your royal authority has been taken from you. 32You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat grass like the ox. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over all kingdoms on earth and gives them to anyone he wishes.”

33Immediately what had been said about Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled. He was driven away from people and ate grass like the ox. His body was drenched with the dew of heaven until his hair grew like the feathers of an eagle and his nails like the claws of a bird.

34At the end of that time, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven, and my sanity was restored. Then I praised the Most High; I honored and glorified him who lives forever.

His dominion is an eternal dominion;

his kingdom endures from generation to generation.

35All the peoples of the earth

are regarded as nothing.

He does as he pleases

with the powers of heaven

and the peoples of the earth.

No one can hold back his hand

or say to him: “What have you done?”

36At the same time that my sanity was restored, my honor and splendor were returned to me for the glory of my kingdom. My advisers and nobles sought me out, and I was restored to my throne and became even greater than before. 37Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, because everything he does is right and all his ways are just. And those who walk in pride he is able to humble.

Japanese Contemporary Bible

ダニエル書 4:1-37











4私、ネブカデネザルは、平安と繁栄の中で生きていた。 5ところがある夜、非常に恐ろしい夢を見た。 6そこで、バビロン中の知者を集めて、夢の解き明かしをさせることにした。 7呪法師、占星学者、占い師、魔術師が、みな集まった。その席で私の夢のことを話したが、だれも解き明かせなかった。 8最後にダニエルが来た。私は自分の神の名にちなんで、彼にベルテシャツァルと名をつけたが、この者には聖なる神の霊が宿っていた。そこでダニエルに夢のことを話した。 9「呪法師の長ベルテシャツァルよ。おまえのうちに聖なる神の霊が宿っており、どんな秘密も見事に解き明かせることを知っている。私の夢の意味を教えてほしい。 10-11私は野原に立っている大木を見た。その木は天へ向かってどんどん伸び、ついに世界中の人々から見えるほどになった。 12葉は青々と茂り、枝にはすべての人が食べても足りるほど、実がたわわになっていた。野の動物はその木陰にいこい、鳥はその枝を住みかとし、全世界がその木によって養われた。

13以上のようなことを夢で見ていると、神の使いの一人が天から降りて来るのが見えた。 14その使いはこう叫んだ。『その木を切り倒し、枝を切り払え。葉を振り落とし、実をまき散らせ。動物を木陰から、鳥を枝から追い払え。 15だが、切り株と根は地に残し、鉄と青銅の鎖をかけて、野の若草の中に置け。天の露にぬれさせ、野の動物といっしょに草を食べさせるのだ。 16七年間、人の心ではなく動物の心を持たせよ。 17これは見張り人たちの宣告であり、聖なる者たちの命令である。このように宣言するのは、いと高き方が世界の国々を支配し、御心のままに、人間の中で最もへりくだった者にさえその国々をお与えになるということを、全世界が知るためである。』 18ベルテシャツァルよ。以上が私の見た夢だ。さあ、その意味を教えてくれ。ほかに助けてくれる者はいない。この王国で最も知恵のある者でもだめだった。だが、おまえならできる。聖なる神の霊が宿っているのだから。」


19その時ダニエルは、しばらくの間、その夢の意味にがくぜんとして、おびえてひと言も口をきけなかった。ついに、私が口を開いた。「ベルテシャツァル、恐れることはない。夢の意味を話してくれ。」ダニエルは答えた。「この夢の示していることが、王にではなく、王の敵に当てはまるのならよろしいのですが……。 20-22夢でごらんになりました木、青々とした葉を茂らせ、みなが食べても足りるほど実をたわわにつけ、その陰には野獣が住まい、枝には鳥がいっぱいに宿り、世界中の人々に見えるように天にまで達した高い木は、王ご自身でございます。あなたは強く、大きくなり、その偉大さは天にまで達し、ご支配は地の果てにまで及びます。 23しかし王は、神の使いが天から降りて来て、こう言うのをお聞きになりました。『この木を切り倒して滅ぼせ。ただし、切り株と根は若草に囲まれたまま地に残し、鉄と青銅の鎖をかけておけ。天の露にぬれさせ、七年間、野の動物たちといっしょに草を食べさせよ。』 24王様。これはいと高き神がお定めになったことですから、必ず起こります。 25国民があなたを宮殿から追い出します。あなたは動物のように野に住んで、牛のように草を食べ、背中は天の露でぬれるでしょう。いと高き神が人間の国々を支配し、お選びになった者に支配権を与えるということを、王が悟るまでの七年間、このような生活が続きます。 26ただし、切り株と根とは地に残されました。その意味は、天の神が支配しておられることを王が悟った時、国は戻って来るということです。 27ネブカデネザル王よ、お願いです。どうぞ、罪を犯されませんように。正しいことを行い、貧しい者をあわれんでください。そうすれば、あるいは神の赦しがあるかもしれません。」


28ところが、これらのことがみな私の身に起こった。 29この夢を見てから十二か月後、私はバビロンの王宮の屋上を歩きながら、 30こう言った。「私は自分の力で、この美しい都を、王宮のある町、帝国の首都に建て上げたのだ。」 31このことばを語り終えないうちに、天から声があった。「ネブカデネザル王よ。あなたに宣告する。あなたはもう、この国の王ではない。 32宮殿から追い出され、七年間、野の動物たちと共に住み、牛のように草を食べるのだ。それでやっと、神が人間に国々を分け与え、お選びになった者に国を与えることを悟るだろう。」 33そのことは、すぐ実現した。私は宮殿から追われ、牛のように草を食べ、体は露でぬれ、髪の毛はわしの羽のように長くなり、爪は鳥の爪のようになった。









36正気に戻った時、私の名誉も光栄も、王国も戻って来た。参議官も役人も戻って来てくれたので、私は以前にもまさる栄誉に包まれ、王位を確立することができた。 37ここに今、私、ネブカデネザルは、その行うことがすべて正しく善である方、すべての者をさばく方、天の王を賛美し、ほめたたえる。このお方は、思い上がって歩む者を取り、ちりの中に押し込むことができる。