Daniel’s Training in Babylon
1In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2And the Lord delivered Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the articles from the temple of God. These he carried off to the temple of his god in Babylonia1:2 Hebrew Shinar and put in the treasure house of his god.
3Then the king ordered Ashpenaz, chief of his court officials, to bring into the king’s service some of the Israelites from the royal family and the nobility— 4young men without any physical defect, handsome, showing aptitude for every kind of learning, well informed, quick to understand, and qualified to serve in the king’s palace. He was to teach them the language and literature of the Babylonians.1:4 Or Chaldeans 5The king assigned them a daily amount of food and wine from the king’s table. They were to be trained for three years, and after that they were to enter the king’s service.
6Among those who were chosen were some from Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7The chief official gave them new names: to Daniel, the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abednego.
8But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way. 9Now God had caused the official to show favor and compassion to Daniel, 10but the official told Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has assigned your1:10 The Hebrew for your and you in this verse is plural. food and drink. Why should he see you looking worse than the other young men your age? The king would then have my head because of you.”
11Daniel then said to the guard whom the chief official had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, 12“Please test your servants for ten days: Give us nothing but vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13Then compare our appearance with that of the young men who eat the royal food, and treat your servants in accordance with what you see.” 14So he agreed to this and tested them for ten days.
15At the end of the ten days they looked healthier and better nourished than any of the young men who ate the royal food. 16So the guard took away their choice food and the wine they were to drink and gave them vegetables instead.
17To these four young men God gave knowledge and understanding of all kinds of literature and learning. And Daniel could understand visions and dreams of all kinds.
18At the end of the time set by the king to bring them into his service, the chief official presented them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19The king talked with them, and he found none equal to Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they entered the king’s service. 20In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king questioned them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his whole kingdom.
21And Daniel remained there until the first year of King Cyrus.
Gũthomithio kwa Danieli
11:1 2Ath 24:1; 2Maũ 36:6Atĩrĩrĩ, mwaka-inĩ wa gatatũ wa ũthamaki wa Jehoiakimu, mũthamaki wa Juda-rĩ, Nebukadinezaru mũthamaki wa Babuloni nĩokire itũũra rĩa Jerusalemu, akĩrĩrigiicĩria nĩguo arĩtunyane. 21:2 Jer 27:19-20Nake Mwathani akĩrekereria Jehoiakimu, mũthamaki wa Juda, guoko-inĩ gwake, hamwe na indo imwe kuuma hekarũ-inĩ ya Ngai.1:2 Andũ a Juda maatahirwo magĩtwarwo Babuloni, bũrũri wa ũkombo, nĩ ũndũ wa kwaga gwathĩkĩra Jehova. Nake Nebukadinezaru agĩkuua indo icio, agĩcitwara hekarũ-inĩ ya ngai yake kũu Babuloni, na agĩciiga nyũmba-inĩ ĩrĩa yaigagwo igĩĩna cia ngai yake.
31:3 2Ath 20:18; Isa 39:7Ningĩ mũthamaki ũcio agĩatha Ashipenazi, ũrĩa warĩ mũrori mũnene wa anene a nyũmba yake ya ũthamaki, amũrehere andũ amwe arĩa moimĩte Isiraeli a nyũmba ya ũthamaki na a rũciaro rwa andũ arĩa maarĩ igweta, 41:4 Kĩam 39:6; Ezar 4:7nao makorwo marĩ aanake matarĩ kaũũgũ o na karĩkũ, na athaka makĩonwo, na andũ mekuoneka marĩ na ũtaũku maũndũ-inĩ mothe ma kwĩrutwo, na andũ mooĩ maũndũ wega, na ahũthũ kũnyiita maũndũ, na magĩrĩire gũtungata thĩinĩ wa nyũmba ya ũthamaki. Ashipenazi aarĩ arute andũ acio rũthiomi na maandĩko ma Ababuloni.1:4 Rũthiomi na mwandĩko wa andũ a Babuloni warĩ na hinya gũthoma. 5Nake mũthamaki agĩtua maheagwo irio na ndibei mũthenya o mũthenya iria we mwene aarĩĩaga; maarĩ mathomithio maũndũ ihinda rĩa mĩaka ĩtatũ, na thuutha ũcio matoonye wĩra-inĩ wa gũtungatĩra mũthamaki.
6Thĩinĩ wa acio maathuurirwo nĩ haarĩ na aanake amwe maarutĩtwo Juda: Na nĩo Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli, na Azaria. 71:7 Dan 2:26; Isa 39:7Nake mũrori ũcio wa anene arĩa angĩ nĩamaheire marĩĩtwa mangĩ: Danieli akĩmwĩta Beliteshazaru, nake Hanania agĩĩtwo Shadiraka, nake Mishaeli agĩĩtwo Meshaki, nake Azaria agĩĩtwo Abedinego.1:7 Rĩĩtwa Beliteshazaru nĩ kuuga “Beli arogitĩra muoyo wake” (rĩetanĩtio na ngai yetagwo Beli). Shadiraka nĩ kuuga “watho wa Aku” (ngai ya andũ a Sumeria thĩinĩ wa Babuloni ya mweri). Meshaki nĩ kuuga “nũũ ũtariĩ ta Aku?” Narĩo Abedinego nĩ kuuga “ndungata ya Nego” (rĩĩtwa rĩngĩ rĩa Beli).
81:8 Ezek 4:13-14No rĩrĩ, Danieli agĩtua na ngoro yake atĩ ndegwĩthaahia na irio na ndibei ĩyo ya mũthamaki,1:8 Andũ a Isiraeli maatuaga atĩ irio cia mũthamaki ciarĩ na thaahu tondũ rwĩga rwa mbere rwarutagĩrwo ngai cia mĩhianano. na akĩũria mũrori ũcio wa anene etĩkĩrio ndakae gwĩthaahia na ũndũ wa kũrĩa irio icio. 91:9 Thim 16:7; 1Ath 8:50Nake Ngai nĩatũmĩte Danieli etĩkĩrĩke na aiguĩrwo tha nĩ mũnene ũcio, 10no mũnene ũcio akĩĩra Danieli atĩrĩ, “Nĩndĩretigĩra mũthamaki mwathi wakwa, ũrĩa ũtuĩte kĩrĩa mũrĩheagwo gĩa kũrĩa na gĩa kũnyua. Aangĩmuona mũrĩ ahĩnju gũkĩra aanake arĩa angĩ a riika rĩanyu-rĩ, angiuga nĩ kĩĩ gĩtũmĩte? Hĩndĩ ĩyo mũthamaki no aanengithie mũtwe nĩ ũndũ wanyu.”
11Danieli agĩcooka akĩarĩria mũrangĩri ũrĩa waheetwo wĩra nĩ mũrori wa anene arĩa angĩ wa kũroraga Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli, na Azaria, akĩmwĩra atĩrĩ, 121:12 Kũg 2:10“Ndagũthaitha, amba ũgerie ndungata ciaku handũ ha mĩthenya ikũmi: Ndũgaatũhe kĩndũ o nakĩ tiga o nyeni cia kũrĩa na maaĩ ma kũnyua. 13Matukũ macio maathira ũcooke ũtũroranie na aanake acio angĩ marĩĩaga irio icio cia mũthamaki, na thuutha ũcio ũcooke gwĩka ndungata ciaku o ta ũrĩa ũkuona kwagĩrĩire.” 14Nĩ ũndũ ũcio agĩĩtĩkĩra ũhoro ũcio, nake akĩmageria matukũ macio ikũmi.
151:15 Thaam 23:25Matukũ macio ikũmi maathira-rĩ, mothiũ mao makĩoneka maagĩrĩte, nao magatunguha gũkĩra aanake acio angĩ maarĩĩaga irio cia mũthamaki. 16Nĩ ũndũ ũcio mũmarangĩri akĩeheria irio ciao iria ciarĩ njega mũno na ndibei ĩrĩa maarĩ manyuuage na agĩcooka kũmaheaga o nyeni tu handũ ha irio icio.
171:17 Ayub 12:13; Akol 1:9Na rĩrĩ, Ngai nĩaheire aanake acio ana ũmenyo na ũtaũku wa maandĩko ma mĩthemba yothe, na wĩruti wa maũndũ. Nake Danieli nĩataũkagĩrwo nĩ cioneki na irooto cia mĩthemba yothe.
18Ihinda rĩrĩa mũthamaki aatuĩte atĩ andũ acio magaatwarwo nyũmba yake thĩinĩ rĩathira-rĩ, mũrori wa anene arĩa angĩ agĩkĩmatwara harĩ Nebukadinezaru. 191:19 Kĩam 41:46Mũthamaki akĩaria nao, na ndonire mũndũ ũngĩaigananirio na Danieli, na Hanania, na Mishaeli na Azaria; na nĩ ũndũ ũcio magĩtoonyio wĩra-inĩ wa gũtungatagĩra mũthamaki. 201:20 1Ath 4:30; Ezek 28:3Ũndũ-inĩ o wothe ũkoniĩ ũũgĩ na ũtaũku wa maũndũ marĩa mũthamaki aamoragia-rĩ, agĩkora makĩrĩte ago othe na aragũri a ũthamaki wake wothe maita ikũmi.
211:21 2Maũ 36:22; Dan 6:28Nake Danieli agĩtũũra kũu nginya mwaka wa mbere wa wathani wa Mũthamaki Kurusu.