1 Kings 1 – NIV & NASV

New International Version

1 Kings 1:1-53

Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King

1When King David was very old, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him. 2So his attendants said to him, “Let us look for a young virgin to serve the king and take care of him. She can lie beside him so that our lord the king may keep warm.”

3Then they searched throughout Israel for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4The woman was very beautiful; she took care of the king and waited on him, but the king had no sexual relations with her.

5Now Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith, put himself forward and said, “I will be king.” So he got chariots and horses1:5 Or charioteers ready, with fifty men to run ahead of him. 6(His father had never rebuked him by asking, “Why do you behave as you do?” He was also very handsome and was born next after Absalom.)

7Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they gave him their support. 8But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei and Rei and David’s special guard did not join Adonijah.

9Adonijah then sacrificed sheep, cattle and fattened calves at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel. He invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the royal officials of Judah, 10but he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the special guard or his brother Solomon.

11Then Nathan asked Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Have you not heard that Adonijah, the son of Haggith, has become king, and our lord David knows nothing about it? 12Now then, let me advise you how you can save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. 13Go in to King David and say to him, ‘My lord the king, did you not swear to me your servant: “Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14While you are still there talking to the king, I will come in and add my word to what you have said.”

15So Bathsheba went to see the aged king in his room, where Abishag the Shunammite was attending him. 16Bathsheba bowed down, prostrating herself before the king.

“What is it you want?” the king asked.

17She said to him, “My lord, you yourself swore to me your servant by the Lord your God: ‘Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne.’ 18But now Adonijah has become king, and you, my lord the king, do not know about it. 19He has sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep, and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant. 20My lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to learn from you who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21Otherwise, as soon as my lord the king is laid to rest with his ancestors, I and my son Solomon will be treated as criminals.”

22While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 23And the king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” So he went before the king and bowed with his face to the ground.

24Nathan said, “Have you, my lord the king, declared that Adonijah shall be king after you, and that he will sit on your throne? 25Today he has gone down and sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep. He has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest. Right now they are eating and drinking with him and saying, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26But me your servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and your servant Solomon he did not invite. 27Is this something my lord the king has done without letting his servants know who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

David Makes Solomon King

28Then King David said, “Call in Bathsheba.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before him.

29The king then took an oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble, 30I will surely carry out this very day what I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel: Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne in my place.”

31Then Bathsheba bowed down with her face to the ground, prostrating herself before the king, and said, “May my lord King David live forever!”

32King David said, “Call in Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” When they came before the king, 33he said to them: “Take your lord’s servants with you and have Solomon my son mount my own mule and take him down to Gihon. 34There have Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel. Blow the trumpet and shout, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35Then you are to go up with him, and he is to come and sit on my throne and reign in my place. I have appointed him ruler over Israel and Judah.”

36Benaiah son of Jehoiada answered the king, “Amen! May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, so declare it. 37As the Lord was with my lord the king, so may he be with Solomon to make his throne even greater than the throne of my lord King David!”

38So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon mount King David’s mule, and they escorted him to Gihon. 39Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the sacred tent and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, “Long live King Solomon!” 40And all the people went up after him, playing pipes and rejoicing greatly, so that the ground shook with the sound.

41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they were finishing their feast. On hearing the sound of the trumpet, Joab asked, “What’s the meaning of all the noise in the city?”

42Even as he was speaking, Jonathan son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in. A worthy man like you must be bringing good news.”

43“Not at all!” Jonathan answered. “Our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and they have put him on the king’s mule, 45and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds with it. That’s the noise you hear. 46Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat on the royal throne. 47Also, the royal officials have come to congratulate our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God make Solomon’s name more famous than yours and his throne greater than yours!’ And the king bowed in worship on his bed 48and said, ‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, who has allowed my eyes to see a successor on my throne today.’ ”

49At this, all Adonijah’s guests rose in alarm and dispersed. 50But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51Then Solomon was told, “Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon and is clinging to the horns of the altar. He says, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’ ”

52Solomon replied, “If he shows himself to be worthy, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground; but if evil is found in him, he will die.” 53Then King Solomon sent men, and they brought him down from the altar. And Adonijah came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said, “Go to your home.”

New Amharic Standard Version

1 ነገሥት 1:1-53

አዶንያስ ለመንገሥ እንደ ፈለገ

1ንጉሥ ዳዊት እየሸመገለና ዕድሜው በጣም እየገፋ ሲሄድ፣ ልብስ ቢደራርቡለትም እንኳ ሊሞቀው አልቻለም። 2ስለዚህ አገልጋዮቹ፣ “ንጉሡን የምትንከባከብና የምታገለግል ወጣት ድንግል እንፈልግ፤ እርሷም ጌታችን ንጉሡ እንዲሞቀው በጐኑ ትተኛለች” አሉት።

3ከዚያም በመላው እስራኤል ቈንጆ ልጃገረድ ፈልገው ሱነማዊቷን አቢሳን አገኙ፤ ለንጉሡም አመጡለት። 4ልጃገረዲቱ እጅግ ቈንጆ ነበረች፤ ንጉሡንም ትንከባከበውና ታገለግለው ነበር፤ ንጉሡ ግን ከእርሷ ጋር ግንኙነት አልነበረውም።

5በዚህ ጊዜ ከአጊት የተወለደው አዶንያስ፣ “እነግሣለሁ” ብሎ ተነሣ፤ ስለዚህ ሠረገሎችንና1፥5 ወይም ሠረገለኞች ተብሎ ሊተረጐም ይችላል። ፈረሶችን እንዲሁም ከፊት ከፊቱ የሚሄዱ አምሳ ሰዎችን አዘጋጀ። 6አባቱም፣ “ለምን እንዲህ ታደርጋለህ?” ብሎ ገሥጾት አያውቅም ነበር፤ አዶንያስም እጅግ መልከ መልካምና የአቤሴሎም ታናሽ ወንድም ነበር።

7አዶንያስ ከጽሩያ ልጅ ከኢዮአብና ከካህኑ ከአብያታር ጋር ተመካከረ፤ እነርሱም ድጋፋቸውን ሰጡት። 8ነገር ግን ካህኑ ሳዶቅ፣ የዮዳሄ ልጅ በናያስ፣ ነቢዩ ናታን፣ ሳሚ፣ ሬሲና1፥8 ወይም እና ጓደኞቹ ተብሎ ሊተረጐም ይችላል። የዳዊት የክብር ዘበኞች ከአዶንያስ ጋር አልተባበሩም።

9ከዚያም አዶንያስ በዓይንሮጌል አቅራቢያ ባለው የዞሔልት ድንጋይ አጠገብ በጎችን፣ በሬዎችንና የሠቡ ጥጆችን ሠዋ፤ ወንድሞቹን ሁሉ፣ የንጉሡን ልጆች እንዲሁም የቤተ መንግሥቱ ሹማምት የነበሩትን የይሁዳ ሰዎች ሁሉ ጠራ፤ 10ይሁን እንጂ ነቢዩ ናታንንም ሆነ በናያስን፣ የክብር ዘበኞቹንም ሆነ ወንድሙን ሰሎሞንን አልጠራም።

11ከዚያም ናታን የሰሎሞንን እናት ቤርሳቤህን እንዲህ አላት፤ “ጌታችን ዳዊት ሳያውቅ የአጊት ልጅ አዶንያስ መንገሡን አልሰማሽምን? 12አሁንም የራስሽንና የልጅሽን የሰሎሞንን ሕይወት እንዴት ማዳን እንደምትችዪ ልምከርሽ፤ 13ወደ ንጉሥ ዳዊት ሂጂና፣ ‘ጌታዬ ንጉሥ ሆይ፤ “ልጅሽ ሰሎሞን ከእኔ ቀጥሎ ይነግሣል፤ በዙፋኔም ይቀመጣል” ብለህ ለእኔ ለአገልጋይህ አልማልህልኝም ነበር? ታዲያ አዶንያስ የነገሠው ስለ ምንድን ነው?’ በዪው፤ 14አንቺ እዚያው ሆነሽ ይህን በምትነግሪው ጊዜ እኔ እገባና ያልሽው ትክክል መሆኑን አረጋግጣለሁ።”

15ስለዚህ ቤርሳቤህ፣ ሱነማዊቷ አቢሳ በምታገለግልበት ክፍል እርጅና የተጫጫነውን ንጉሥ ለማነጋገር ሄደች። 16ቤርሳቤህም ለጥ ብላ እጅ ከነሣች በኋላ እፊቱ በጕልበቷ ተንበረከከች።

ንጉሡም፣ “ምን ትፈልጊያለሽ?” ሲል ጠየቃት።

17እርሷም እንዲህ አለችው፣ “ጌታዬ ሆይ፤ ‘ልጅሽ ሰሎሞን ከእኔ ቀጥሎ ይነግሣል፤ በዙፋኔም ይቀመጣል’ ብለህ አንተው ራስህ ለአገልጋይህ በአምላክህ በእግዚአብሔር ምለህልኝ ነበር። 18እነሆ፤ አሁንም አዶንያስ ነግሧል፤ ንጉሥ ጌታዬ አንተ ግን ስለዚህ ነገር አታውቅም። 19እርሱ በሬዎችን፣ ኮርማዎችንና በጎችን በብዛት ሠውቷል፤ የንጉሡን ልጆች በሙሉ፣ ካህኑን አብያታርንና የሰራዊቱን አዛዥ ኢዮአብን ጠርቷል፤ አገልጋይህን ሰሎሞንን ግን አልጠራውም። 20ጌታዬ ንጉሥ ሆይ፤ ከአንተ ቀጥሎ በጌታዬ በንጉሡ ዙፋን ላይ ማን መቀመጥ እንዳለበት እንድታሳውቀው የእስራኤል ዐይን ሁሉ አንተን ይመለከታል። 21አለበለዚያ ግን ንጉሥ ጌታዬ ከአባቶቹ ጋር በሚያንቀላፋበት ጊዜ እኔና ልጄ ሰሎሞን እንደ ወንጀለኞች እንቈጠራለን።”

22እርሷ ከንጉሡ ጋር በመነጋገር ላይ ሳለች ነቢዩ ናታን ገባ። 23ለንጉሡም፣ “ነቢዩ ናታን መጥቷል” ብለው ነገሩት፤ እርሱም ንጉሡ ፊት ቀርቦ ለጥ ብሎ እጅ ነሣ።

24ናታንም እንዲህ አለው፤ “ጌታዬ ንጉሥ ሆይ፤ ለመሆኑ አዶንያስ ከአንተ ቀጥሎ እንደሚነግሥ፣ በዙፋንህም እንደሚቀመጥ አስታውቀሃልን? 25በዛሬው ቀን ታች ወርዶ ብዙ በሬዎች፣ ኮርማዎችና በጎች ሠውቷል፤ የንጉሡን ልጆች በሙሉ፣ የሰራዊቱን አዛዦችና ካህኑን አብያታርንም ጠርቷል። እነሆ፤ አሁን፣ ‘አዶንያስ ለዘላለም ይኑር’ እያሉ ከእርሱ ጋር በመብላትና በመጠጣት ላይ ናቸው። 26ነገር ግን እኔን አገልጋይህን፣ ካህኑን ሳዶቅን፣ የዮዳሄን ልጅ በናያስንና አገልጋይህን ሰሎሞንን አልጠራም፤ 27ታዲያ ከእርሱ ቀጥሎ በንጉሥ ጌታዬ ዙፋን ላይ የሚቀመጠውን አገልጋዮቹን ሳያሳውቅ ይህ እንዲሆን ንጉሡ ፈቅዷልን?”

ዳዊት ሰሎሞን እንዲነግሥ አደረገ

1፥28-53 ተጓ ምብ – 1ዜና 29፥21-25

28ከዚያም ንጉሥ ዳዊት፣ “ቤርሳቤህን ጥሩልኝ” አለ፤ እርሷም ንጉሡ ወዳለበት ገብታ በፊቱ ቆመች።

29ከዚያም ንጉሡ እንዲህ ሲል ማለ፤ “ነፍሴን ከመከራ ሁሉ ያዳናት ሕያው እግዚአብሔርን! 30‘ልጅሽ ሰሎሞን ከእኔ ቀጥሎ ይነግሣል፤ በእኔም ምትክ በዙፋኔ ይቀመጣል’ ብዬ በእስራኤል አምላክ በእግዚአብሔር የማልሁልሽን ዛሬ በእውነት እፈጽማለሁ።”

31ቤርሳቤህም ለጥ ብላ እጅ ከነሣች በኋላ፣ በንጉሡ ፊት ተንበርክካ፣ “ጌታዬ ንጉሥ ዳዊት ለዘላለም ይኑር!” አለች።

32ንጉሥ ዳዊትም፣ “ካህኑን ሳዶቅን፣ ነቢዩን ናታንንና የዮዳሄን ልጅ በናያስን ጥሩልኝ” አለ። እነርሱም ንጉሡ ፊት በቀረቡ ጊዜ፣ 33እንዲህ አላቸው፤ “የጌታችሁን አገልጋዮች ይዛችሁ በመሄድ ልጄን ሰሎሞንን በራሴ በቅሎ ላይ አስቀምጡት፤ ወደ ግዮንም ይዛችሁት ውረዱ። 34በዚያም ካህኑ ሳዶቅና ነቢዩ ናታን ቀብተው በእስራኤል ላይ ያንግሡት፤ ቀንደ መለከት ነፍታችሁም፣ ‘ንጉሥ ሰሎሞን ለዘላለም ይኑር!’ ብላችሁ ጩኹ። 35አጅባችሁት ወደ ላይ ውጡ፤ ከዚያም መጥቶ በዙፋኔ ላይ ይቀመጥ፤ በእኔም ምትክ ይግዛ፤ በእስራኤልና በይሁዳ ላይ ሾሜዋለሁ።”

36የዮዳሄ ልጅ በናያስም ለንጉሡ እንዲህ ሲል መለሰ፤ “አሜን! የጌታዬ የንጉሡ አምላክ እግዚአብሔር ይህንኑ ያጽናው። 37እግዚአብሔር ከጌታዬ ከንጉሡ ጋር እንደ ነበረ ሁሉ፣ ከሰሎሞንም ጋር ይሁን፤ ዙፋኑንም ከጌታዬ ከንጉሥ ዳዊት ዙፋን የበለጠ ያድርገው።”

38ስለዚህ ካህኑ ሳዶቅ፣ ነቢዩ ናታን፣ የዮዳሄ ልጅ በናያስ፣ ከሊታውያንና ፈሊታውያን ወርደው ሰሎሞንን በንጉሥ ዳዊት በቅሎ አስቀምጠው በማጀብ ወደ ግዮን አመጡት። 39ካህኑ ሳዶቅም የዘይቱን ቀንድ ከመገናኛው ድንኳን ወስዶ ሰሎሞንን ቀባው፤ ከዚያም ቀንደ መለከቱን ነፋ፤ ሕዝቡም በሙሉ፣ “ንጉሥ ሰሎሞን ለዘላለም ይኑር!” በማለት ዳር እስከ ዳር አስተጋቡ። 40ሕዝቡ ሁሉ እንቢልታ እየነፋና እጅግ እየተደሰተ አጀበው፤ ከድምፁ የተነሣም ምድሪቱ ተናወጠች።

41አዶንያስና የተጠሩት እንግዶች ሁሉ ግብዣውን በማገባደድ ላይ ሳሉ፣ ይህንኑ ሰሙ፤ ኢዮአብም የመለከቱን ድምፅ ሲሰማ፣ “ይህ በከተማዪቱ ውስጥ የሚሰማው ድምፅ ምንድን ነው?” ሲል ጠየቀ።

42ኢዮአብ ገና ተናግሮ ሳይጨርስ፣ የካህኑ የአብያታር ልጅ ዮናታን ደረሰ፤ አዶንያስም፣ “እንደ አንተ ያለ ታማኝ ሰው መልካም ዜና ሳይይዝ አይመጣምና ግባ” አለው።

43ዮናታንም እንዲህ ሲል መለሰ፣ “ነገሩ ከቶ እንዲህ አይደለም! ጌታችን ንጉሥ ዳዊት ሰሎሞንን አንግሦታል። 44ንጉሡ ካህኑ ሳዶቅ፣ ነቢዩ ናታን፣ የዮዳሄ ልጅ በናያስ፣ ከሊታውያንና ፈሊታውያን አብረውት እንዲሄዱ አድርጓል፤ እነርሱም በንጉሡ በቅሎ አስቀመጡት። 45ካህኑ ሳዶቅና ነቢዩ ናታን በግዮን ቀብተው አንግሠውታል። ከዚያም ደስ ብሏቸው ወጥተዋል፤ ከተማዪቱም ይህንኑ አስተጋብታለች፤ እንግዲህ የሰማችሁት ድምፅ ይኸው ነው። 46ከዚህም ሌላ ሰሎሞን በመንግሥቱ ዙፋን ላይ ተቀምጧል። 47የመንግሥቱ ሹማምትም ወደ ጌታችን ወደ ንጉሥ ዳዊት መጥተው፣ ‘አምላክህ የሰሎሞንን ስም ከአንተ ስም የላቀ፣ ዙፋኑንም ከአንተ ዙፋን የበለጠ ያድርገው’ በማለት መልካም ምኞታቸውን ገልጸውለታል። ንጉሡም ዐልጋው ላይ ሆኖ በመስገድ፣ 48‘ዛሬ በዙፋኔ ላይ የሚቀመጠውን ወራሽ ዐይኔ እንዲያይ የፈቀደ፣ የእስራኤል አምላክ እግዚአብሔር፣ ምስጋና ይድረሰው’ አለ።”

49በዚህም አዶንያስና የጠራቸው እንግዶች በሙሉ ደንግጠው ተነሡ፤ በየአቅጣጫውም ተበታተኑ። 50አዶንያስ ግን ሰሎሞንን በመፍራት ሄዶ፣ የመሠዊያውን ቀንድ ያዘ። 51ከዚያም፣ ለሰሎሞን፣ “አዶንያስ እነሆ፣ ንጉሥ ሰሎሞንን በመፍራት የመሠዊያውን ቀንድ ይዞ ተማጥኗል፤ እርሱም፣ ‘ባሪያውን በሰይፍ እንዳይገድለው ንጉሡ ሰሎሞን ዛሬውኑ ይማልልኝ’ ብሏል” ብለው ነገሩት።

52ሰሎሞንም፣ “አካሄዱን ካሳመረ ከራስ ጠጕሩ አንዲቱ እንኳ መሬት ላይ አትወድቅም፤ ጥፋት ከተገኘበት ግን ይሞታል” ሲል መለሰ። 53ከዚያም ንጉሥ ሰሎሞን ሰዎች ልኮ ከመሠዊያው ላይ አወረዱት። አዶንያስም መጥቶ ለንጉሥ ሰሎሞን አጐንብሶ እጅ ነሣ፤ ሰሎሞንም፣ “በል ወደ ቤትህ ሂድ” አለው።