Ketab El Hayat

التكوين 19:1-38

دمار سدوم وعمورة

1وَأَقْبَلَ الْمَلاكَانِ عَلَى سَدُومَ عِنْدَ الْمَسَاءِ. وَكَانَ لُوطٌ جَالِساً عِنْدَ بَابِ سَدُومَ، فَمَا إِنْ رَآهُمَا حَتَّى نَهَضَ لاسْتِقْبَالِهِمَا، وَسَجَدَ بِوَجْهِهِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، 2وَقَالَ: «يَا سَيِّدَيَّ، انْزِلا فِي بَيْتِ عَبْدِكُمَا لِتَقْضِيَا لَيْلَتَكُمَا، وَاغْسِلا أَرْجُلَكُمَا، وَفِي الصَّبَاحِ الْبَاكِرِ تَمْضِيَانِ فِي طَرِيقِكُمَا». لَكِنَّهُمَا قَالا: «لا، بَلْ نَمْكُثُ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي السَّاحَةِ». 3فَأَصَرَّ عَلَيْهِمَا جِدّاً حَتَّى قَبِلا الذَّهَابَ مَعَهُ وَالنُّزُولَ فِي بَيْتِهِ. فَأَعَدَّ لَهُمَا مَأْدُبَةً وَخَبَزَ فَطِيراً فَأَكَلا.

4وَقَبْلَ أَنْ يَرْقُدَا، حَاصَرَ رِجَالُ مَدِينَةِ سَدُومَ مِنْ أَحْدَاثٍ وَشُيُوخٍ، الْبَيْتَ، 5وَنَادُوا لُوطاً: «أَيْنَ الرَّجُلانِ اللَّذَانِ اسْتَضَفْتَهُمَا اللَّيْلَةَ؟ أَخْرِجْهُمَا إِلَيْنَا لِنُضَاجِعَهُمَا». 6فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمْ لُوطٌ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَغْلَقَ الْبَابَ خَلْفَهُ، 7وَقَالَ: «لا تَرْتَكِبُوا شَرّاً يَا إِخْوَتِي. 8هُوَذَا لِي ابْنَتَانِ عَذْرَاوَانِ أُخْرِجُهُمَا إِلَيْكُمْ فَافْعَلُوا بِهِمَا مَا يَحْلُو لَكُمْ، أَمَّا هَذَانِ الرَّجُلانِ فَلا تُسِيئوا إِلَيْهِمَا لأَنَّهُمَا لَجَآ إِلَى حِمَى مَنْزِلِي». 9فَقَالُوا: «تَنَحَّ بَعِيداً»، وَأَضَافُوا: «لَقَدْ جَاءَ هَذَا الإِنْسَانُ لِيَتَغَرَّبَ بَيْنَنَا، وَهَا هُوَ يَتَحَكَّمُ فِينَا. الآنَ نَفْعَلُ بِكَ شَرّاً أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُمَا». وَتَدَافَعُوا حَوْلَ لُوطٍ وَتَقَدَّمُوا لِيُحَطِّمُوا الْبَابَ. 10غَيْرَ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَيْنِ مَدَّا أَيْدِيَهُمَا وَاجْتَذَبَا لُوطاً إِلَى دَاخِلِ الْبَيْتِ، وَأَغْلَقَا الْبَابَ. 11ثُمَّ ضَرَبَا الرِّجَالَ، صَغِيرَهُمْ وَكَبِيرَهُمْ، الْوَاقِفِينَ أَمَامَ بَابِ الْبَيْتِ بِالْعَمَى، فَعَجَزُوا عَنِ الْعُثُورِ عَلَى الْبَابِ.

12وَقَالَ الرَّجُلانِ لِلُوطٍ: «أَلَكَ أَقْرِبَاءُ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ؟ أَصْهَارٌ وَأَبْنَاءٌ وَبَنَاتٌ أَوْ أَيُّ شَخْصٍ آخَرَ يَمُتُّ إِلَيْكَ بِصِلَةٍ؟ أَخْرِجْهُمْ مِنْ هُنَا، 13لأَنَّنَا عَازِمَانِ عَلَى تَدْمِيرِ هَذَا الْمَكَانِ، إِذْ أَنَّ صُرَاخَ الشَّكْوَى مِنْ شَرِّهِ قَدْ تَعَاظَمَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، فَأَرْسَلَنَا الرَّبُّ لِنُدَمِّرَهُ». 14فَمَضَى لُوطٌ وَخَاطَبَ أَصْهَارَهُ أَزْوَاجَ بَنَاتِهِ، قَائِلاً: «هَيَّا. قُومُوا وَاخْرُجُوا مِنْ هَذَا الْمَكَانِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ سَيُدَمِّرُ هَذِهِ الْمَدِينَةَ». فَبَدَا كَمَازِحٍ فِي أَعْيُنِ أَصْهَارِهِ. 15وَمَا إِنْ أَطَلَّ الْفَجْرُ حَتَّى طَفِقَ الْمَلاكَانِ يَلِحَّانِ عَلَى لُوطٍ قَائِلَيْنِ: «هَيَّا انْهَضْ وَخُذْ زَوْجَتَكَ وَابْنَتَيْكَ اللَّتَيْنِ هُنَا، لِئَلّا تَهْلِكَ بِإِثْمِ الْمَدِينَةِ». 16وَإِذْ تَوَانَى لُوطٌ، أَمْسَكَ الرَّجُلانِ بِيَدِهِ وَأَيْدِي زَوْجَتِهِ وَابْنَتَيْهِ وَقَادَاهُمْ إِلَى خَارِجِ الْمَدِينَةِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ أَشْفَقَ عَلَيْهِمْ.

17وَمَا إِنْ أَخْرَجَاهُمْ بَعِيداً حَتَى قَالَ أَحَدُ الْمَلاكَيْنِ: «اُنْجُ بِحَيَاتِكَ. لَا تَلْتَفِتْ وَرَاءَكَ وَلا تَتَوَقَّفْ فِي كُلِّ مِنْطَقَةِ السَّهْلِ. اهْرُبْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ لِئَلّا تَهْلِكَ». 18فَقَالَ لُوطٌ: «لَيْسَ هَكَذَا يَا سَيِّدُ. 19هَا عَبْدُكَ قَدْ حَظِيَ بِرِضَاكَ، وَهَا أَنْتَ قَدْ عَظَّمْتَ لُطْفَكَ إِذْ أَنْقَذْتَ حَيَاتِي، وَأَنَا لَا أَسْتَطِيعُ اللُّجُوءَ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ لِئَلّا يُدْرِكَنِي مَكْرُوهٌ فَأَمُوتَ. 20هَا هِيَ الْمَدِينَةُ قَرِيبَةٌ يَسْهُلُ الْهَرَبُ إِلَيْهَا. إِنَّهَا مَدِينَةٌ صَغِيرَةٌ، فَدَعْنِي أَلْجَأُ إِلَيْهَا. أَلَيْسَتْ هِيَ مَدِينَةً صَغِيرَةً جِدّاً فَأَنْجُوَ فِيهَا بِحَيَاتِي؟» 21فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلاكُ: «إِنِّي قَدْ قَبِلْتُ طِلْبَتَكَ بِشَأْنِ هَذَا الأَمْرِ، وَلَنْ أُدَمِّرَ هَذِهِ الْمَدِينَةَ الَّتِي ذَكَرْتَهَا 22أَسْرِعْ، وَاهْرُبْ إِلَيْهَا، لأَنَّنِي لَا أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَصْنَعَ شَيْئاً إِلَى أَنْ تَبْلُغَهَا». لِذَلِكَ دُعِيَ اسْمُ تِلْكَ الْمَدِينَةِ صُوغَرَ (وَمَعْنَاهَا صَغِيرَةٌ).

23وَمَا إِنْ أَشْرَقَتِ الشَّمْسُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ حَتَّى كَانَ لُوطٌ قَدْ دَخَلَ إِلَى صُوغَرَ، 24فَأَمْطَرَ الرَّبُّ عَلَى سَدُومَ وَعَمُورَةَ كِبْرِيتاً وَنَاراً، مِنْ عِنْدِهِ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ. 25وَقَلَبَ تِلْكَ الْمُدُنَ وَالسَّاكِنِينَ فِيهَا، وَالسَّهْلَ الْمُحِيطَ بِها وَكُلَّ مَزْرُوعَاتِ الأَرْضِ. 26وَتَلَفَّتَتْ زَوْجَةُ لُوطٍ السَّائِرَةُ خَلْفَهُ وَرَاءَهَا، فَتَحَوَّلَتْ إِلَى عَمُودٍ مِنَ الْمِلْحِ.

27وَمَضَى إِبْرَاهِيمُ مُبَكِّراً فِي الصَّبَاحِ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي وَقَفَ فِيهِ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. 28وَتَطَلَّعَ نَحْوَ سَدُومَ وَعَمُورَةَ وَلِسَائِرِ أَرْضِ السَّهْلِ، فَأَبْصَرَ الدُّخَانَ يَتَصَاعَدُ مِنْهَا كَالأَتُونِ. 29وَهَكَذَا عِنْدَمَا دَمَّرَ اللهُ مُدُنَ السَّهْلِ ذَكَرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، فَأَخْرَجَ لُوطاً قُبَيْلَ وُقُوعِ الْكَارِثَةِ حِينَ قَلَبَ الْمُدُنَ الَّتِي سَكَنَ فِيهَا لُوطٌ.

لوط وابنتاه

30وَغَادَرَ لُوطٌ وَابْنَتَاهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ صُوغَرَ، وَاسْتَقَرُّوا فِي الْجَبَلِ لأَنَّهُ خَافَ أَنْ يَسْكُنَ فِي صُوغَرَ. فَلَجَأَ هُوَ وَابْنَتَاهُ إِلَى كَهْفٍ هُنَاكَ. 31فَقَالَتْ الابْنَةُ الْبِكْرُ لأُخْتِهَا الصَّغِيرَةِ: «إِنَّ أَبَانَا قَدْ شَاخَ وَلَيْسَ فِي الأَرْضِ حَوْلَنَا رَجُلٌ يَتَزَوَّجُنَا كَعَادَةِ كُلِّ النَّاسِ. 32فَتَعَالَيْ نَسْقِيهِ خَمْراً وَنَضْطَجِعُ مَعَهُ فَلا تَنْقَطِعُ ذُرِّيَّةُ أَبِينَا». 33فَسَقَتَا فِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ أَبَاهُمَا خَمْراً، وَأَقْبَلَتْ الابْنَةُ الْكُبْرَى وَضَاجَعَتْ أَبَاهَا فَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِاضْطِجَاعِهَا وَلا بِقِيَامِهَا. 34وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّانِي قَالَتْ الابْنَةُ الْبِكْرُ لأُخْتِهَا الصَّغِيرَةِ: «إِنِّي قَدِ اضْطَجَعْتُ مَعَ أَبِي لَيْلَةَ أَمْسِ، فَتَعَالَيْ نَسْقِيهِ اللَّيْلَةَ أَيْضاً خَمْراً ثُمَّ ادْخُلِي وَاضْطَجِعِي مَعَهُ فَنُحْيِيَ مِنْ أَبِينَا نَسْلاً». 35فَسَقَتَا أَبَاهُمَا خَمْراً فِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ أَيْضاً وَأَقْبَلَتْ الابْنَةُ الصَّغِيرَةُ وَضَاجَعَتْ أَبَاهَا. فَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِاضْطِجَاعِهَا وَلا بِقِيَامِهَا. 36وَهَكَذَا حَمَلَتْ الابْنَتَانِ كِلْتَاهُمَا مِنْ أَبِيهِمَا. 37فَوَلَدَتِ الْكُبْرَى ابْناً دَعَتْهُ مُوآبَ (وَمَعْنَاهُ مِنَ الأَبِ)، وَهُوَ أَبُو الْمُوآبِيِّينَ إِلَى الْيَوْمِ، 38أَمَّا الصُّغْرَى فَوَلَدَتِ ابْناً وَدَعَتْهُ «بِنْ عَمِّي» (وَمَعْنَاهُ ابْنُ قَوْمِي) وَهُوَ أَبُو بَنِي عَمُّونَ إِلَى الْيَوْمِ.

New International Reader’s Version

Genesis 19:1-38

The Lord Destroys Sodom and Gomorrah

1The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening. Lot was sitting near the gate of the city. When Lot saw the angels, he got up to greet them. He bowed down with his face to the ground. 2“My lords,” he said, “please come to my house. You can wash your feet and spend the night there. Then you can go on your way early in the morning.”

“No,” they answered. “We’ll spend the night in the town square.”

3But Lot wouldn’t give up. So they went with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them. He baked bread without using yeast. And they ate. 4Before Lot and his guests had gone to bed, all the men came from every part of the city of Sodom. Young and old men alike surrounded the house. 5They called out to Lot. They said, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us. We want to have sex with them.”

6Lot went outside to meet them. He shut the door behind him. 7He said, “No, my friends. Don’t do such an evil thing. 8Look, I have two daughters that no man has ever slept with. I’ll bring them out to you now. Then do to them what you want to. But don’t do anything to these men. I’ve brought them inside so they can be safe.”

9“Get out of our way!” the men of Sodom replied to Lot. “You came here as an outsider. Now you want to act like a judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept trying to force Lot to open the door. Then they moved forward to break it down.

10But the angels inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door. 11Then they made the men who were at the door of the house blind. They blinded both young and old men so that they couldn’t find the door.

12The two angels said to Lot, “Do you have any other family members here? Do you have sons-in-law, sons, daughters or any other relatives in the city? Get them out of here! 13We are going to destroy this place. Many have cried out to the Lord against the people of this city. So he has sent us to destroy it.”

14Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law. They had promised to marry his daughters. He said, “Hurry up! Get out of this place! The Lord is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.

15The sun was coming up. So the angels tried to get Lot to leave. They said, “Hurry up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here. Get out! If you don’t, you will be swept away when the city is destroyed.”

16Lot didn’t move right away. So the men grabbed him by the hand. They also took hold of the hands of his wife and two daughters. They led all of them safely out of the city. The Lord had mercy on them. 17As soon as the angels had brought them out, one of them spoke. He said, “Run for your lives! Don’t look back! Don’t stop anywhere in the valley! Run to the mountains! If you don’t, you will be swept away!”

18But Lot said to them, “No, my lords! Please! 19You have done me a big favor. You have been very kind to me by sparing my life. But I can’t run to the mountains. I won’t be able to escape this horrible thing that’s going to happen. And then I’ll die. 20Look, here’s a town near enough to run to. It’s small. Let me run to it. It’s very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.”

21The Lord said to Lot, “All right. I will also give you what you are asking for. I will not destroy the town you are talking about. 22But run there quickly. I can’t do anything until you reach it.” The town was named Zoar. Zoar means Small.

23By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. 24Then the Lord sent down burning sulfur. It came down like rain on Sodom and Gomorrah. It came from the Lord. It came out of the sky. 25The Lord destroyed these cities and the whole valley. All the people who were living in the cities were wiped out. So were the plants in the land. 26But Lot’s wife looked back. When she did, she became a pillar made out of salt.

27Early the next morning Abraham got up. He returned to the place where he had stood in front of the Lord. 28He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and the whole valley. He saw thick smoke rising from the land. It looked like smoke from a furnace.

29So when God destroyed the cities of the valley, he showed concern for Abraham. He brought Lot out safely when he destroyed the cities where Lot had lived.

Lot and His Daughters

30Lot and his two daughters left Zoar. They went to live in the mountains because Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar. So he and his daughters lived in a cave. 31One day the older daughter spoke to the younger one. She said, “Our father is old. People all over the earth have men to marry and have children with. We do not. 32So let’s get our father to drink wine. Then we can sleep with him. We can use our father to continue our family line.”

33That night they got their father to drink wine. Then the older daughter went in and slept with him. He wasn’t aware when she lay down or when she got up.

34The next day the older daughter spoke to the younger one again. She said, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight. Then you go in and sleep with him. We can use our father to continue our family line.” 35So they got their father to drink wine that night also. Then the younger daughter slept with him. Again he wasn’t aware when she lay down or when she got up.

36So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 37The older daughter had a son. She named him Moab. He’s the father of the Moabites of today. 38The younger daughter also had a son. She named him Ben-Ammi. He’s the father of the Ammonites of today.