እስጢፋኖስ በሸንጎው ፊት ያደረገው ንግግር
1ሊቀ ካህናቱም፣ “ይህ የቀረበብህ ክስ እውነት ነውን?” አለው።
2እስጢፋኖስም እንዲህ ሲል መለሰ፤ “ወንድሞችና አባቶች ሆይ፤ አድምጡኝ! አባታችን አብርሃም ወደ ካራን ከመምጣቱ በፊት፣ ገና በመስጴጦምያ ሳለ፣ የክብር አምላክ ተገልጦለት፤ 3ከአገርህና ከወገንህ ተለይተህ እኔ ወደማሳይህ ምድር ሂድ አለው።
4“እርሱም ከከለዳውያን ምድር ወጥቶ በካራን ተቀመጠ። ከአባቱም ሞት በኋላ፣ አሁን እናንተ ወደምትኖሩበት ወደዚህ አገር አመጣው። 5በዚህም ስፍራ አንዲት ጫማ ታህል እንኳ ርስት አልሰጠውም፤ ነገር ግን በዚያን ጊዜ ምንም ልጅ ሳይኖረው፣ እርሱና ከእርሱም በኋላ ዘሩ ምድሪቱን እንደሚወርሱ እግዚአብሔር ቃል ገባለት። 6ደግሞም እግዚአብሔር እንዲህ ብሎ ተናገረው፤ ‘ዘርህ በባዕድ አገር መጻተኛ ይሆናል፤ አራት መቶ ዓመትም በባርነት ቀንበር ሥር ይማቅቃል። 7ሆኖም በባርነት የሚገዛቸውን ሕዝብ እኔ ደግሞ እቀጣዋለሁ። ከዚያም አገር ወጥተው በዚህች ስፍራ ያመልኩኛል።’ 8ከዚያም የግዝረትን ኪዳን ሰጠው፤ አብርሃምም ይስሐቅን ወለደ፤ በስምንተኛውም ቀን ገረዘው። ይስሐቅም ያዕቆብን ወለደ፤ ያዕቆብም ዐሥራ ሁለቱን የነገድ አባቶች ወለደ።
9“የነገድ አባቶችም በዮሴፍ ቀንተው በባርነት ወደ ግብፅ ሸጡት፤ እግዚአብሔር ግን ከእርሱ ጋር ስለ ነበር፣ 10ከመከራው ሁሉ አወጣው፤ በግብፅም ንጉሥ በፈርዖን ፊት ሞገስና ጥበብን አጐናጸፈው፤ ፈርዖንም በግብፅና በቤተ መንግሥቱ ሁሉ ላይ ኀላፊ አድርጎ ሾመው።
11“በዚያ ጊዜም በግብፅና በከነዓን አገር ሁሉ፣ ታላቅ መከራን ያስከተለ ራብ መጣ፤ አባቶቻችንም የሚበሉትን አጡ። 12ያዕቆብም እህል በግብፅ መኖሩን በሰማ ጊዜ፣ አባቶቻችንን ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ወደ ግብፅ ላካቸው፤ 13ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ ሲሄዱ ደግሞ ዮሴፍ ማንነቱን ለወንድሞቹ ገለጠ፤ ፈርዖንም ስለ ዮሴፍ ዘመዶች ተረዳ። 14ከዚህ በኋላ፣ ዮሴፍ ልኮ አባቱን ያዕቆብንና ሰባ አምስት ነፍስ የሚሆኑ ቤተ ዘመዶቹን በሙሉ አስመጣ። 15ያዕቆብ ወደ ግብፅ ወረደ፤ እርሱም አባቶቻችንም በዚያ ሞቱ። 16አስከሬናቸውም ወደ ሴኬም ተወስዶ፣ አብርሃም ከዔሞር ልጆች ላይ በጥሬ ብር በገዛው መቃብር ተቀበረ።
17“እግዚአብሔር ለአብርሃም የገባው ቃል የሚፈጸምበት ጊዜ ሲቃረብም፣ በግብፅ የነበረው የሕዝባችን ቍጥር እየበዛ ሄደ። 18ከዚያ በኋላ ዮሴፍን የማያውቅ ሌላ ንጉሥ በግብፅ ነገሠ። 19እርሱም ሕዝባችንን በተንኰሉ አስጨነቀ፤ ገና የተወለዱ ሕፃናታቸውም ይሞቱ ዘንድ ወደ ውጭ አውጥተው እንዲጥሏቸው አስገደዳቸው።
20“በዚህ ጊዜ ሙሴ ተወለደ፤ እርሱም በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ሞገስን ያገኘ ውብ ሕፃን7፥20 ወይም ተራ ልጅ አልነበረም ነበር። በአባቱም ቤት ሦስት ወር በእንክ ብካቤ አደገ። 21ወደ ውጭ በተጣለም ጊዜ የፈርዖን ልጅ አግኝታ ወሰደችው፤ እንደ ራሷ ልጅ አድርጋም አሳደገችው። 22ሙሴም የግብፆችን ጥበብ ሁሉ ተማረ፤ በንግግሩና በተግባሩም ብርቱ ሆነ።
23“ሙሴ አርባ ዓመት በሆነው ጊዜ፣ ወንድሞቹን የእስራኤልን ልጆች ሊጐበኝ በልቡ አሰበ። 24እርሱም፣ አንድ ግብፃዊ ከወገኖቹ አንዱን በደል ሲያደርስበት አይቶ ግብፃዊውንም ገደለ፤ ለተገፋው ወገኑም ተበቀለ። 25ወገኖቹም እግዚአብሔር በእርሱ እጅ ነጻ እንደሚያወጣቸው የሚያሰተውሉ መስሎት ነበር፤ እነርሱ ግን አላስተዋሉም። 26በማግስቱም ደግሞ ሁለት እስራኤላውያን ሲጣሉ ደረሰ፤ ሊያስታርቃቸውም ፈልጎ፣ ‘ሰዎች፤ እናንተ እኮ ወንድማማቾች ናችሁ፤ እንዴት እርስ በርሳችሁ ትጐዳዳላችሁ?’ አላቸው።
27“በባልንጀራው ላይ በደል ሲያደርስ የነበረው ሰው ግን፣ ሙሴን ገፈተረውና እንዲህ አለ፤ ‘አንተን ገና ፈራጅ አድርጎ በእኛ ላይ የሾመህ ማን ነው? 28ወይስ ትናንት ግብፃዊውን እንደ ገደልኸው እኔንም ልትገድለኝ ትፈልጋልህን?’ 29ሙሴም ይህን እንደ ሰማ ሸሽቶ በምድያም አገር መጻተኛ ሆኖ ተቀመጠ፤ በዚያም ሁለት ወንዶች ልጆች ወለደ።
30“ከአርባ ዓመት በኋላ፣ በሲና ተራራ አካባቢ ባለው ምድረ በዳ፣ በሚነድ ቍጥቋጦ ነበልባል ውስጥ መልአክ ተገለጠለት። 31ሙሴም ባየው ነገር ተደነቀ፤ ነገሩን ለማጣራት ወደዚያ ሲቀርብ የጌታ ድምፅ፤ 32‘እኔ የአባቶችህ አምላክ፣ የአብርሃም፣ የይስሐቅ፣ የያዕቆብ አምላክ ነኝ’ ሲል ሰማ። ሙሴም በፍርሀት ተዋጠ፤ ለመመልከትም አልደፈረም።
33“ጌታም እንዲህ አለው፤ ‘የእግርህን ጫማ አውልቅ፤ የቆምህባት ስፍራ የተቀደሰች ምድር ናትና። 34በግብፅ ያለውን የሕዝቤን መከራ በርግጥ አይቻለሁ፤ የጭንቅ ጩኸታቸውን ሰምቻለሁ፤ ላድናቸውም ወርጃለሁ። አሁንም ና፤ ወደ ግብፅ መልሼ እልክሃለሁ።’
35“እንግዲህ እነዚያ፣ ‘ገዥና ፈራጅ አድርጎ የሾመህ ማን ነው?’ ብለው የናቁትን ይህንን ሙሴ እግዚአብሔር በቊጥቋጦው ውስጥ በታየው መልአክ አማካይነት ገዥና ታዳጊ አድርጎ ወደ እነርሱ ላከው። 36እርሱም መርቶ ከግብፅ አወጣቸው፤ በግብፅ፣ በቀይ ባሕርና በምድረ በዳ አርባ ዓመት ድንቅ ነገሮችንና ታምራዊ ምልክቶችን አደረገ።
37“የእስራኤልንም ሕዝብ፣ ‘እግዚአብሔር እንደ እኔ ያለ ነቢይ ከመካከላችሁ ያስነሣላችኋል’ ያላቸው ይኸው ሙሴ ነበር። 38እርሱም በሲና ተራራ ከተናገረው መልአክና ከአባቶቻችን ጋር በምድረ በዳ በሕዝቡ ጉባኤ መካከል ነበር፤ የሕይወትንም ቃል ወደ እኛ ለማስተላለፍ ተቀበለ።
39“አባቶቻችን ግን ተቃወሙት እንጂ ሊታዘዙት ስላልፈለጉ በልባቸው ወደ ግብፅ ተመለሱ። 40አሮንንም፣ ‘ፊት ፊታችን የሚሄዱ አማልክት አብጅልን፤ ከግብፅ ምድር መርቶ ያወጣን ያ ሙሴ ምን እንደ ደረሰበት አናውቅምና’ አሉት። 41በዚያን ጊዜ የጥጃ ምስል ሠርተው፣ ለጣዖቱ መሥዋዕት አቀረቡ፤ በእጃቸውም ሥራ ተደሰቱ፤ ፈነጠዙም። 42እግዚአብሔር ግን ከእነርሱ ዘወር አለ፤ ያመልኳቸውም ዘንድ ለሰማይ ከዋክብት አሳልፎ ሰጣቸው፤ ይህም በነቢያት መጽሐፍ እንዲህ ተብሎ በተጻፈው መሠረት ተፈጸመ፤
“ ‘እናንት የእስራኤል ቤት ሆይ፤ አርባ ዓመት በምድረ በዳ በነበራችሁ ጊዜ፣
መሥዋዕትንና መባን ለእኔ አቀረባችሁልኝን?
43ይልቁንም ልታመልኳቸው የሠራችኋቸውን፣
የሞሎክን ድንኳንና የጣዖታችሁን፣
የሬምፉምን ኮከብ ከፍ ከፍ አድርጋችሁ ያዛችሁ።
ስለዚህ እኔም እንድትጋዙ አደርጋለሁ፤ ከባቢሎንም ወዲያ እሰዳችኋለሁ።
44“እግዚአብሔር ለሙሴ ባሳየው ንድፍና ባዘዘው መሠረት የተሠራችው የምስክር ድንኳን፣ ከአባቶቻችን ጋር በምድረ በዳ ነበረች። 45አባቶቻችንም ድንኳንዋን ከተቀበሉ በኋላ፣ እግዚአብሔር በኢያሱ መሪነት ያሳደዳቸውን የአሕዛብን አገር በወረሱ ጊዜ ይዘዋት ገቡ፤ እስከ ዳዊትም ዘመን ድረስ በምድሪቱ ተቀመጠች፤ 46ዳዊትም በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ሞገስ በማግኘቱ ለያዕቆብ7፥46 አንዳንድ የጥንት ቅጆች የያዕቆብ ቤት ይላሉ። አምላክ ማደሪያ ያዘጋጅ ዘንድ ለመነ፤ 47ነገር ግን የማደሪያውን ቤት የሠራለት ሰሎሞን ነበር።
48“ይሁን እንጂ፣ ልዑል የሰው እጅ በሠራው ቤት ውስጥ አይኖርም፤ ይህም ነቢዩ እንዲህ ባለው መሠረት ነው፤
49“ ‘ሰማይ ዙፋኔ ነው፤
ምድርም የእግሬ ማሳረፊያ ናት፤
ታዲያ ምን ዐይነት ቤት ትሠሩልኛላችሁ?
ወይንስ ማረፊያ የሚሆነኝ የትኛው ቦታ ነው?
50ይህን ሁሉ የሠራው እጄ አይደለምን?’
51“እናንት ልባችሁና ጆሮአችሁ ያልተገረዘ፣ አንገተ ደንዳኖች ልክ እንደ አባቶቻችሁ መንፈስ ቅዱስን ሁል ጊዜ ትቃወማላችሁ። 52ከነቢያት መካከል አባቶቻችሁ ያላሳደዱት ማን አለ? የጻድቁን መምጣት አስቀድመው የተናገሩትን እንኳ ገድለዋል፤ እናንተም አሁን አሳልፋችሁ ሰጣችሁት፤ ገደላችሁትም፤ 53በመላእክት አማካይነት የተሰጣችሁንም ሕግ ተቀበላችሁ እንጂ አልጠበቃችሁትም።”
54በሸንጎው ስብሰባ ላይ የነበሩትም ይህን በሰሙ ጊዜ እጅግ ተጡ፤ ጥርሳቸውንም አፋጩበት። 55እስጢፋኖስ ግን በመንፈስ ቅዱስ ተሞልቶ ወደ ሰማይ ትኵር ብሎ ሲመለከት፣ የእግዚአብሔርን ክብር፣ እንዲሁም ኢየሱስ በእግዚአብሔር ቀኝ ቆሞ አየና፣ 56“እነሆ፤ ሰማያት ተከፍተው፣ የሰው ልጅም በእግዚአብሔር ቀኝ ቆሞ አያለሁ” አለ።
57በዚህ ጊዜ በታላቅ ድምፅ እየጮኹ ጆሮአቸውን ደፍነው እርሱ ወደ አለበት በአንድነት ሮጡ፤ 58ይዘውም ከከተማው ውጭ ጣሉት፤ በድንጋይም ይወግሩት ጀመር። ይህ በሚሆንበት ጊዜ በዚያ የነበሩ ምስክሮችም ልብሳቸውን ሳውል በተባለ ጒልማሳ እግር አጠገብ አስቀመጡ።
59እስጢፋኖስም እየወገሩት ሳለ፣ “ጌታ ኢየሱስ ሆይ፤ ነፍሴን ተቀበላት” ብሎ ጸለየ፤ 60ከዚያም ተንበርክኮ፤ በታላቅ ድምፅ፣ “ጌታ ሆይ! ይህን ኀጢአት አትቍጠርባቸው” ብሎ ጮኸ፤ ይህን ካለ በኋላም አንቀላፋ።
Stephen Speaks to the Sanhedrin
1Then the high priest questioned Stephen. “Is what these people are saying true?” he asked.
2“Brothers and fathers, listen to me!” Stephen replied. “The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham. At that time Abraham was still in Mesopotamia. He had not yet begun living in Harran. 3‘Leave your country and your people,’ God said. ‘Go to the land I will show you.’ (Genesis 12:1)
4“So Abraham left the land of Babylonia. He settled in Harran. After his father died, God sent Abraham to this land where you are now living. 5God didn’t give him any property here. He didn’t even give him enough land to set his foot on. But God made a promise to him and to all his family after him. He said they would possess the land. The promise was made even though at that time Abraham had no child. 6Here is what God said to him. ‘For 400 years your family after you will be strangers in a country not their own. They will be slaves and will be treated badly. 7But I will punish the nation that makes them slaves,’ God said. ‘After that, they will leave that country and worship me here.’ (Genesis 15:13,14) 8Then God made a covenant with Abraham. God told him that circumcision would show who the members of the covenant were. Abraham became Isaac’s father. He circumcised Isaac eight days after he was born. Later, Isaac became Jacob’s father. Jacob had 12 sons. They became the founders of the 12 tribes of Israel.
9“Jacob’s sons were jealous of their brother Joseph. So they sold him as a slave. He was taken to Egypt. But God was with him. 10He saved Joseph from all his troubles. God made Joseph wise. He helped him to become the friend of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. So Pharaoh made Joseph ruler over Egypt and his whole palace.
11“There was not enough food for all Egypt and Canaan. This brought great suffering. Jacob and his sons couldn’t find food. 12But Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt. So he sent his sons on their first visit. 13On their second visit, Joseph told his brothers who he was. Pharaoh learned about Joseph’s family. 14After this, Joseph sent for his father Jacob and his whole family. The total number of people was 75. 15Then Jacob went down to Egypt. There he and his family died. 16Some of their bodies were brought back to Shechem. They were placed in a tomb Abraham had bought. He had purchased it from Hamor’s sons at Shechem. He had purchased it for a certain amount of money.
17“In Egypt the number of our people grew and grew. It was nearly time for God to make his promise to Abraham come true. 18Then ‘a new king came to power in Egypt. Joseph didn’t mean anything to him.’ (Exodus 1:8) 19The king was very evil and dishonest with our people. He treated them badly. He forced them to throw out their newborn babies to die.
20“At that time Moses was born. He was not an ordinary child. For three months he was taken care of by his family. 21Then he was placed outside. But Pharaoh’s daughter took him home. She brought him up as her own son. 22Moses was taught all the knowledge of the people of Egypt. He became a powerful speaker and a man of action.
23“When Moses was 40 years old, he decided to visit the people of Israel. They were his own people. 24He saw one of them being treated badly by an Egyptian. So he went to help him. He got even by killing the man. 25Moses thought his own people would realize that God was using him to save them. But they didn’t. 26The next day Moses saw two Israelites fighting. He tried to make peace between them. ‘Men, you are both Israelites,’ he said. ‘Why do you want to hurt each other?’
27“But the man who was treating the other one badly pushed Moses to one side. He said, ‘Who made you ruler and judge over us? 28Are you thinking of killing me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?’ (Exodus 2:14) 29When Moses heard this, he escaped to Midian. He lived there as an outsider. He became the father of two sons there.
30“Forty years passed. Then an angel appeared to Moses in the flames of a burning bush. This happened in the desert near Mount Sinai. 31When Moses saw the bush, he was amazed. He went over for a closer look. There he heard the Lord say, 32‘I am the God of your fathers. I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.’ (Exodus 3:6) Moses shook with fear. He didn’t dare to look.
33“Then the Lord said to him, ‘Take off your sandals. You must do this because the place where you are standing is holy ground. 34I have seen my people beaten down in Egypt. I have heard their groans. I have come down to set them free. Now come. I will send you back to Egypt.’ (Exodus 3:5,7,8,10)
35“This is the same Moses the two men of Israel would not accept. They had said, ‘Who made you ruler and judge?’ But God himself sent Moses to rule the people of Israel and set them free. He spoke to Moses through an angel. The angel had appeared to him in the bush. 36So Moses led them out of Egypt. He did wonders and signs in Egypt, at the Red Sea, and for 40 years in the desert.
37“This is the same Moses who spoke to the Israelites. ‘God will send you a prophet,’ he said. ‘He will be like me. He will come from your own people.’ (Deuteronomy 18:15) 38Moses was with the Israelites in the desert. He was with the angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai. Moses was with our people of long ago. He received living words to pass on to us.
39“But our people refused to obey Moses. They would not accept him. In their hearts, they wished they were back in Egypt. 40They told Aaron, ‘Make us a god who will lead us. This fellow Moses brought us up out of Egypt. But we don’t know what has happened to him!’ (Exodus 32:1) 41That was the time they made a statue to be their god. It was shaped like a calf. They brought sacrifices to it. They even enjoyed what they had made with their own hands. 42But God turned away from them. He let them go on worshiping the sun, moon and stars. This agrees with what is written in the book of the prophets. There it says,
“ ‘People of Israel, did you bring me sacrifices and offerings
for 40 years in the desert?
43You have taken with you the shrine of your false god Molek.
You have taken with you the star of your false god Rephan.
You made statues of those gods to worship.
So I will send you away from your country.’ (Amos 5:25–27)
God sent them to Babylon and even farther.
44“Long ago our people were in the desert. They had with them the holy tent. The tent was where the tablets of the covenant law were kept. Moses had made the holy tent as God had commanded him. Moses made it like the pattern he had seen. 45Our people received the tent from God. Then they brought it with them when they took the land of Canaan. God drove out the nations that were in their way. At that time Joshua was Israel’s leader. The tent remained in the land until David’s time. 46David was blessed by God. So David asked if he could build a house for the God of Jacob. 47But it was Solomon who built the temple for God.
48“But the Most High God does not live in houses made by human hands. As God says through the prophet,
49“ ‘Heaven is my throne.
The earth is under my control.
What kind of house will you build for me?
says the Lord.
Where will my resting place be?
50Didn’t my hand make all these things?’ (Isaiah 66:1,2)
51“You stubborn people! You won’t obey! You won’t listen! You are just like your people of long ago! You always oppose the Holy Spirit! 52Was there ever a prophet your people didn’t try to hurt? They even killed those who told about the coming of the Blameless One. And now you have handed him over to his enemies. You have murdered him. 53The law you received was given by angels. But you haven’t obeyed it.”
Stephen Is Killed
54When the members of the Sanhedrin heard this, they became very angry. They were so angry they ground their teeth at Stephen. 55But he was full of the Holy Spirit. He looked up to heaven and saw God’s glory. He saw Jesus standing at God’s right hand. 56“Look!” he said. “I see heaven open. The Son of Man is standing at God’s right hand.”
57When the Sanhedrin heard this, they covered their ears. They yelled at the top of their voices. They all rushed at him. 58They dragged him out of the city. They began to throw stones at him to kill him. The people who had brought false charges against Stephen took off their coats. They placed them at the feet of a young man named Saul.
59While the members of the Sanhedrin were throwing stones at Stephen, he prayed. “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit,” he said. 60Then he fell on his knees. He cried out, “Lord! Don’t hold this sin against them!” When he had said this, he died.