The Message

Numbers 1

Census in the Wilderness of Sinai

11-5 God spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai at the Tent of Meeting on the first day of the second month in the second year after they had left Egypt. He said, “Number the congregation of the People of Israel by clans and families, writing down the names of every male. You and Aaron are to register, company by company, every man who is twenty years and older who is able to fight in the army. Pick one man from each tribe who is head of his family to help you. These are the names of the men who will help you:

from Reuben: Elizur son of Shedeur

from Simeon: Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai

from Judah: Nahshon son of Amminadab

from Issachar: Nethanel son of Zuar

from Zebulun: Eliab son of Helon

10 from the sons of Joseph,
    from Ephraim: Elishama son of Ammihud
    from Manasseh: Gamaliel son of Pedahzur

11 from Benjamin: Abidan son of Gideoni

12 from Dan: Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai

13 from Asher: Pagiel son of Ocran

14 from Gad: Eliasaph son of Deuel

15 from Naphtali: Ahira son of Enan.”

16 These were the men chosen from the congregation, leaders of their ancestral tribes, heads of Israel’s military divisions.

17-19 Moses and Aaron took these men who had been named to help and gathered the whole congregation together on the first day of the second month. The people registered themselves in their tribes according to their ancestral families, putting down the names of those who were twenty years old and older, just as God commanded Moses. He numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.

20-21 The line of Reuben, Israel’s firstborn: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by tribes according to their ancestral families. The tribe of Reuben numbered 46,500.

22-23 The line of Simeon: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Simeon numbered 59,300.

24-25 The line of Gad: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Gad numbered 45,650.

26-27 The line of Judah: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Judah numbered 74,600.

28-29 The line of Issachar: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Issachar numbered 54,400.

30-31 The line of Zebulun: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Zebulun numbered 57,400.

32-33 The line of Joseph: From son Ephraim the men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Ephraim numbered 40,500.

34-35 And from son Manasseh the men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Manasseh numbered 32,200.

36-37 The line of Benjamin: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Benjamin numbered 35,400.

38-39 The line of Dan: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Dan numbered 62,700.

40-41 The line of Asher: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Asher numbered 41,500.

42-43 The line of Naphtali: The men were counted off head by head, every male twenty years and older who was able to fight in the army, registered by clans and families. The tribe of Naphtali numbered 53,400.

44-46 These are the numbers of those registered by Moses and Aaron, registered with the help of the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each representing his ancestral family. The sum total of the People of Israel twenty years old and over who were able to fight in the army, counted by ancestral family, was 603,550.

47-51 The Levites, however, were not counted by their ancestral family along with the others. God had told Moses, “The tribe of Levi is an exception: Don’t register them. Don’t count the tribe of Levi; don’t include them in the general census of the People of Israel. Instead, appoint the Levites to be in charge of The Dwelling of The Testimony—over all its furnishings and everything connected with it. Their job is to carry The Dwelling and all its furnishings, maintain it, and camp around it. When it’s time to move The Dwelling, the Levites will take it down, and when it’s time to set it up, the Levites will do it. Anyone else who even goes near it will be put to death.

52-53 “The rest of the People of Israel will set up their tents in companies, every man in his own camp under its own flag. But the Levites will set up camp around The Dwelling of The Testimony so that wrath will not fall on the community of Israel. The Levites are responsible for the security of The Dwelling of The Testimony.”

54 The People of Israel did everything that God commanded Moses. They did it all.

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4 Mosebog 1

Israels første folketælling

1På den første dag i den anden måned[a] året efter, at israelitterne havde forladt Egypten, talte Herren til Moses i åbenbaringsteltet, mens folket opholdt sig i Sinais ørken.

Herren sagde: 2-4 „Lav en liste over alle våbenføre mænd over 20 år med deres stamme- og slægtsnavne. Du og Aron skal være ansvarlige for optællingen, som skal uddelegeres til en leder fra hver enkelt stamme. Følgende ledere skal hjælpe jer: fra Rubens stamme: Elitzur, Shedeurs søn; fra Simeons stamme: Shelumiel, Zurishaddajs søn; fra Judas stamme: Nahshon, Amminadabs søn; fra Issakars stamme: Netanel, Suars søn; fra Zebulons stamme: Eliab, Helons søn; 10 fra Efraims, Josefs søns, stamme: Elishama, Ammihuds søn; fra Manasses, Josefs søns, stamme: Gamliel, Pedasurs søn; 11 fra Benjamins stamme: Abidan, Gidonis søn; 12 fra Dans stamme: Ahiezer, Ammishaddajs søn; 13 fra Ashers stamme: Pagiel, Okrans søn; 14 fra Gads stamme: Eljasaf, Deuels søn; 15 fra Naftalis stamme: Ahira, Enans søn.” 16 Disse mænd var ledere blandt folket, overhoveder for hver deres slægt.

17-46 Samme dag sammenkaldte Moses, Aron og de ovennævnte ledere samtlige våbenføre mænd i Israel over 20 år. Hver person fik besked på at oplyse sit stamme- og slægtsnavn, sådan som Herren havde befalet Moses. Her følger den samlede opgørelse: Jakobs førstefødte søns, Rubens, stamme: 46.500; Simeons stamme: 59.300; Gads stamme: 45.650; Judas stamme: 74.600; Issakars stamme: 54.400; Zebulons stamme: 57.400; Efraims, Josefs søns, stamme: 40.500; Manasses, Josefs søns, stamme: 32.200; Benjamins stamme: 35.400; Dans stamme: 62.700; Ashers stamme: 41.500; Naftalis stamme: 53.400. Det samlede antal våbenføre mænd udgjorde 603.550 personer.

47-49 Dette tal indbefatter dog ikke levitterne, for Herren havde sagt til Moses: „Du må ikke bruge levitterne som soldater, og du skal ikke tage dem med på listen. 50 Jeg har nemlig givet dem ansvar for at tage sig af min bolig, det hellige telt, som indeholder pagtens ark. Derfor skal de altid have deres lejr i nærheden af boligen. 51 Det er levitternes opgave at pakke teltet sammen og rejse det igen, og hvis nogen andre blander sig i den opgave eller blot rører ved teltet, skal de henrettes. 52 Resten af Israels stammer skal tildeles hver deres lejrplads med hver deres banner, 53 men levitterne skal slå lejr rundt om teltet med pagtens ark, så de udgør en mur mellem folket og Herren, for at ingen af de menige israelitter skal komme til at røre ved teltet og rammes af Herrens vrede.”

54 Israels folk fulgte omhyggeligt de befalinger, som Herren havde givet Moses.

Footnotes

  1. 1,1 Den anden måned svarer til april-maj.