Korean Living Bible

열왕기상 6

솔로몬의 성전 건축

1이스라엘 백성이 이집트에서 나온 지 480년이 지나고 솔로몬이 왕이 된 지 년째가 되는 해 2월에 성전 건축 공사를 시작하였다.

성전 규모는 길이가 [a]27미터, 폭이 9미터, 높이가 13.5미터였으며

성전 앞의 현관 폭은 9미터이고 그 길이는 4.5미터였다.

그리고 성전 벽에는 바깥이 안쪽보다 좁은 환기창들을 내었으며

성전 옆면과 뒷면에 붙여서 3층 별관을 지었다.

별관 층에 있는 방의 폭은 [b]약 2.3미터, 2층 방의 폭은 2.7미터, 3층 방의 폭은 약 3.2미터였다. 그리고 별관의 들보가 성전 안으로 들어가지 않고 턱에 얹힐 수 있도록 성전 외벽을 층이 지도록 쌓았다.

이 성전을 건축할 때는 채석장에서 완전히 다듬은 돌을 사용했기 때문에 건축하는 동안에 망치나 도끼나 철 연장 소리가 들리지 않았다.

별관 층의 출입문은 성전 남쪽으로 만들었으며 거기서 2층으로 올라가는 나사 모양의 층계를 만들고 또 2층에서 3층으로 올라가는 층계를 만들었다.

이렇게 해서 솔로몬은 성전 외부 공사를 마치고 서까래와 백향목으로 지붕을 만들어 덮었다.

10 그리고 그 3층 별관의 들보는 백향목으로 만들었으며 각 방의 높이는 약 2.3미터였다.

11 그때 여호와께서는 성전을 건축하는 솔로몬에게 이렇게 말씀하셨다.

12 “네가 만일 내 명령에 순종하고 나의 모든 법과 규정을 지키면 내가 너의 아버지 다윗에게 약속한 것을 이행할 것이다.

13 그리고 내가 이스라엘 백성 가운데 살 것이며 그들을 버리지 않을 것이다.”

14 솔로몬은 성전 외부 공사를 마친 다음에

15 내부 벽을 백향목으로 입히고 마룻바닥은 잣나무로 만들었으며

16 성전 뒷벽에서 9미터 떨어진 곳에 바닥에서 천정까지 백향목 널판으로 가로막아 지성소를 만들었다.

17 그리고 지성소 앞에 있는 성소의 길이는 [c]18미터이며

18 또 성전 내부 벽에 입힌 백향목 널판에는 조롱박과 활짝 핀 꽃들을 아로새겼는데 성전 내부 벽이 온통 백향목으로 둘러싸여 돌은 하나도 보이지 않았다.

19 여호와의 법궤를 두기 위해 성전 안에 지성소를 만들었다.

20 그 길이와 폭과 높이는 각각 9미터였으며 지성소 내부는 온통 순금으로 입히고 그 안에 백향목 단도 만들어 놓았다.

21 또 솔로몬은 성소 내부를 순금으로 입히고 지성소 앞에 금사슬을 쳐놓았다.

22 이렇게 해서 솔로몬은 성전 내부를 모두 금으로 입히고 또 지성소 안에 있는 단에도 금을 입혔다.

23 지성소 안에는 감람나무로 두 그룹 천사를 만들어 놓았는데 그 높이는 각각 4.5미터씩이었으며

24-26 둘 다 크기와 모양이 같고 각각 약 2.3미 터 길이의 두 날개를 가졌으며 한쪽 날개 끝에서부터 다른 쪽 날개 끝까지의 길이는 4.5미터였다.

27 그리고 그 그룹들은 날개를 펴 서로 맞닿게 했는데 바깥 날개는 양쪽 벽에 닿았고 안쪽 날개는 지성소 중앙에서 서로 맞닿았다.

28 솔로몬은 그 그룹들도 역시 금으로 입혔다.

29 성소와 지성소의 사면 벽에는 그룹 천사와 종려나무와 활짝 핀 꽃을 아로새겼으며

30 성전의 모든 마룻바닥은 금으로 입혔다.

31 지성소 출입구에는 오각형의 문틀 안에 감람나무로 두 개의 문을 만들었으며

32 그 두 문짝에는 그룹 천사와 종려나무와 활짝 핀 꽃을 아로새기고 그룹 천사와 종려나무에는 금을 입혔다.

33 성전 출입구에는 감람나무로 사각형의 문틀을 만들고

34 잣나무로 두 문짝을 만들어 세웠으며 문마다 각각 두 쪽으로 접을 수 있게 하였다.

35 그리고 이 문짝에도 그룹 천사와 종려나무와 활짝 핀 꽃을 아로새기고 그 위에 정교하게 금을 입혔다.

36 또 성전 안뜰은 다듬은 돌을 세 층으로 쌓고 그 위에 백향목 판자 한 층을 얹은 간막이로 만들었다.

37-38 솔로몬왕 4년 2월에 성전 기초를 놓았 고 11년 8월에 설계대로 성전이 준공되었으며 솔로몬이 성전을 짓는 데 소요된 총 공사 기간은 [d]7년 6개월이었다.

  1. 6:2 히 ‘60규빗’
  2. 6:6 히 ‘5규빗’
  3. 6:17 히 ‘40규빗’
  4. 6:37-38 원문에는 ‘7년’

Amplified Bible

1 Kings 6

The Building of the Temple

1[a]Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv (April-May) which is the second month, that he began to build the Lord’s house (temple). The length of the house which King Solomon built for the Lord was [b]sixty cubits (90 ft.), its width twenty (30 ft.), and its height thirty cubits (45 ft.). The porch in front of the main room of the house (temple) was twenty cubits long, corresponding to the width of the house, and its depth in front of the house was ten cubits. He also made framed (artistic) window openings for the house. Against the wall of the house he built [c]extensions around the walls of the house, around both the main room (Holy Place) and the [d]Holy of Holies; and he made side chambers all around. The lowest story was five cubits wide, the middle was six cubits wide, and the third was seven cubits wide; for he made offsets (niches) in the walls all around on the outside of the house so that the supporting beams would not be inserted into the walls of the house.

While it was being built, the house was built of stone prepared and finished (precut) at the quarry, and no hammer, axe, or iron tool of any kind was heard in the house while it was under construction.

The entrance to the lowest side chamber was on the right [or south] side of the house; and they would go up winding stairs to the middle [level], and from the middle to the third. So Solomon built the house (temple) and finished it, and roofed the house with beams and boards of cedar. 10 Then he built the extensions [of rooms] against the entire house, each [story] five cubits high; and they were attached to the house with timbers of cedar.

11 Now the word of the Lord came to Solomon, saying, 12 Concerning this house which you are building, if you will walk in My statutes and execute My precepts and keep all My commandments by walking in them, then I will carry out My word (promises) with you which I made to David your father. 13 I will dwell among the sons (descendants) of Israel, and will not abandon My people Israel.”

14 So Solomon built the house (temple) and finished it. 15 He built the walls of the interior of the house [that is, the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies] with boards of cedar, from the floor of the house to the rafters of the ceiling. He overlaid the interior with wood, and he overlaid the floor of the house with boards of cypress. 16 He built twenty cubits on the rear of the house with boards of cedar from the floor to the ceiling; he built its interior as the [inner] sanctuary, the Holy of Holies. 17 The [rest of the] house, that is, the temple in front of the Holy of Holies, was forty cubits long. 18 The cedar on the house within had wood carvings in the shape of gourds and open flowers. Everything was cedar; no stone was visible. 19 Then he prepared the Holy of Holies within the house in order to put the ark of the covenant of the Lord there. 20 The Holy of Holies was twenty cubits in length, twenty cubits in width, and twenty cubits in height (a cube), and he overlaid it with pure gold. He also overlaid the cedar altar [with gold]. 21 Solomon overlaid the interior of the house with pure gold, and he drew [e]chains of gold across the front of the Holy of Holies (inner sanctuary), and he overlaid it with gold. 22 Then he overlaid the entire house with gold, until the whole house was finished. He also overlaid the entire [incense] altar which was by the Holy of Holies with gold.

23 Within the Holy of Holies he made two [f]cherubim (sculptured figures) of olive wood, each ten cubits high. 24 [g]One wing of the cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing was also five cubits long; it was ten cubits from the tip of one wing to the tip of the other. 25 The [wingspan of the] other cherub was also ten cubits. The measurements and cut (shape) of the two cherubim were the same; 26 the height of the one cherub was ten cubits, as was the other. 27 He put the cherubim [above the ark] inside the innermost room of the house, and their wings were spread out so that the wing of the one touched one wall, and the wing of the other cherub was touching the other wall; and their inner wings were touching [h]each other in the middle of the house. 28 Solomon also overlaid the cherubim with gold.

29 He carved all the walls of the house all around with carved engravings of cherubim, palm-shaped decorations, and open flowers, [both] the inner and the outer sanctuaries. 30 He overlaid the floor of the house with gold, [both] the inner and outer sanctuaries.

31 For the entrance of the Holy of Holies he made two [folding] doors of olive wood, the lintel (header above the door) and five-sided doorposts (frames). 32 So he made two doors of olive wood, and he carved on them carvings of cherubim, palm-shaped decorations, and open flowers; and overlaid them with gold; and he hammered out overlays of gold on the cherubim and palm decorations.

33 Also he made for the entrance of the [outer] sanctuary (the Holy Place) four-sided doorposts (frames) of olive wood 34 and two doors of cypress wood; the two leaves of the one door turned on pivots and were folding, and the two leaves of the other door also turned on pivots. 35 He carved cherubim, palm-shaped decorations, and open flowers on the doors, and overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the carved work. 36 He built the inner courtyard with three rows of cut stone and a row of cedar beams.

37 In the fourth year [of King Solomon’s reign] the foundation of the Lord’s house was laid, in the [second] month, Ziv (April-May). 38 In the eleventh year [of King Solomon’s reign] in the month of Bul (October-November), that is, the eighth month, the house was finished throughout all its parts and in accordance with all its specifications. So he built it in seven years.

  1. 1 Kings 6:1 This is a key verse in determining the date of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. Since the fourth year of Solomon’s reign is believed to be 966 b.c., the date of the exodus was about 1446 b.c.
  2. 1 Kings 6:2 A cubit is about 18 inches.
  3. 1 Kings 6:5 The meaning is uncertain, perhaps additional rooms.
  4. 1 Kings 6:5 Lit inner sanctuary and so throughout the passage except v 16.
  5. 1 Kings 6:21 The purpose of the chains may have been to hold the veil or curtain.
  6. 1 Kings 6:23 Cherubim is the Hebrew plural of “cherub.”
  7. 1 Kings 6:24 The repetitive language of the description emphasizes the size and grandeur of the cherubim.
  8. 1 Kings 6:27 Lit wing to wing.