Hoffnung für Alle

4 Mose 1

Vorbereitungen zum Aufbruch nach Kanaan (Kapitel 1,1–10,10)

Die Israeliten werden gemustert

1Vor mehr als einem Jahr hatten die Israeliten Ägypten verlassen. Noch immer befanden sie sich in der Wüste Sinai. Am 1. Tag des 2. Monats sprach der Herr im heiligen Zelt zu Mose:

2/3 »Zähle zusammen mit Aaron die ganze Gemeinschaft der Israeliten! Mustert ihre Truppen! Schreibt die Namen aller wehrfähigen Männer ab 20 Jahren auf, nach Sippen und Familien geordnet. Aus jedem Stamm soll euch ein Sippenoberhaupt dabei helfen:

Elizur, der Sohn von Schedëur aus dem Stamm Ruben,

Schelumiël, der Sohn von Zurischaddai aus dem Stamm Simeon,

Nachschon, der Sohn von Amminadab aus dem Stamm Juda,

Netanel, der Sohn von Zuar aus dem Stamm Issachar,

Eliab, der Sohn von Helon aus dem Stamm Sebulon,

10 Elischama, der Sohn von Ammihud aus dem Stamm Ephraim, Gamliël, der Sohn von Pedazur aus dem Stamm Manasse – Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef –,

11 Abidan, der Sohn von Gidoni aus dem Stamm Benjamin,

12 Ahiëser, der Sohn von Ammischaddai aus dem Stamm Dan,

13 Pagiël, der Sohn von Ochran aus dem Stamm Asser,

14 Eljasaf, der Sohn von Deguël aus dem Stamm Gad,

15 und Ahira, der Sohn von Enan aus dem Stamm Naftali.«

16 Die ausgewählten Männer waren die Stammesfürsten und Oberhäupter des Volkes Israel. 17 Mose und Aaron holten sie herbei 18 und riefen noch am selben Tag das ganze Volk zusammen. Jeder Israelit ab 20 Jahren wurde in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen, das nach Sippen und Familien geordnet war.

19 So ließ Mose das Volk in der Wüste Sinai mustern, wie der Herr es ihm aufgetragen hatte. 20‒31 Und dies war das Ergebnis: Der Stamm Ruben, die Nachkommenschaft des erstgeborenen Sohnes von Israel, umfasste 46.500 Mann im wehrfähigen Alter. Sie wurden nach Sippen und Familien gemustert und in ein Verzeichnis eingetragen. Der Stamm Simeon hatte 59.300 Mann, Gad 45.650, Juda 74.600, Issachar 54.400 und Sebulon 57.400. 32‒43 Der Stamm Ephraim zählte 40.500, der Stamm Manasse 32.200 Mann. Ephraim und Manasse waren Söhne von Josef gewesen. Benjamin hatte 35.400, Dan 62.700, Asser 41.500 und Naftali 53.400 Leute im wehrfähigen Alter.

44 All diese Männer wurden von Mose, Aaron und den zwölf Stammesoberhäuptern Israels gemustert. 45 Die Gesamtzahl der wehrfähigen Israeliten ab 20 Jahren 46 betrug 603.550 Mann.

Die Aufgabe des Stammes Levi

47 Die wehrfähigen Männer des Stammes Levi wurden nicht mitgezählt, 48 denn der Herr hatte zu Mose gesagt: 49 »Die Leviten sollst du nicht mustern und sie nicht zu den anderen Israeliten dazurechnen. 50 Sie haben die Aufgabe, für das heilige Zelt zu sorgen, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird, und für alles, was an Gefäßen, Werkzeugen und sonstigen Dingen noch dazugehört. Rings um das Heiligtum sollen sie lagern und die Arbeit darin verrichten. 51 Wenn das Volk weiterzieht, sollen sie das Zelt abbauen. Unterwegs müssen sie es tragen, und wenn Halt gemacht wird, sollen sie es wieder aufstellen. Nur die Leviten dürfen sich dem Heiligtum nähern. Wer es sonst tut, muss getötet werden. 52 Die anderen Israeliten sollen jeweils bei dem Feldzeichen des Heeresverbands lagern, zu dem sie gehören. 53 Die Leviten aber sollen ihre Zelte rings um das Heiligtum aufschlagen, damit kein anderer zu nahe herankommt und meinen Zorn über euch alle herausfordert. Sie sind verantwortlich für den Dienst im heiligen Zelt, in dem das Bundesgesetz aufbewahrt wird.«

54 Die Israeliten führten alles so aus, wie der Herr es Mose aufgetragen hatte.

King James Version

Numbers 1

1And the Lord spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,

Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;

From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur.

Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab.

Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar.

Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon.

10 Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh; Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

11 Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni.

12 Of Dan; Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

13 Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran.

14 Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

15 Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.

16 These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel.

17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names:

18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.

19 As the Lord commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.

20 And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

21 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.

22 Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

23 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.

24 Of the children of Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

25 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty.

26 Of the children of Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

27 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.

28 Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

29 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.

30 Of the children of Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

31 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.

32 Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

33 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred.

34 Of the children of Manasseh, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

35 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.

36 Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

37 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.

38 Of the children of Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

39 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.

40 Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

41 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.

42 Of the children of Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

43 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.

44 These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: each one was for the house of his fathers.

45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel, by the house of their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel;

46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.

48 For the Lord had spoken unto Moses, saying,

49 Only thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel:

50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.

51 And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

52 And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts.

53 But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.

54 And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so did they.