Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

利未記 14

痲瘋病患者的潔淨條例

1耶和華對摩西說: 「以下是有關痲瘋病患者的潔淨條例。

「痲瘋病患者痊癒後,要通知祭司。 祭司要到營外去檢查,如果發現他的病已痊癒, 要吩咐人為他拿來兩隻潔淨的鳥、香柏木、朱紅色線和牛膝草。 祭司要吩咐人在一個盛清水的陶器上宰殺一隻鳥, 然後祭司要把另一隻鳥,連同香柏木、朱紅色線和牛膝草一起蘸在摻了清水的鳥血裡。 祭司要用鳥血在他身上灑七次,宣佈他是潔淨的,然後放走那隻活鳥,讓牠飛向田野。 他要洗淨衣服,剃去所有毛髮,沐浴之後便潔淨了,可以回到營內,但要住在自己的帳篷外七天。 第七天,他要再次剃掉頭髮、鬍鬚和眉毛等各處毛髮,並洗衣、沐浴,之後便潔淨了。

10 「第八天,他要帶來兩隻毫無殘疾的公羊羔、一隻毫無殘疾的一歲母羊羔、三公斤作素祭的調油的細麵粉和一杯油。 11 主持潔淨禮的祭司要把他及其祭物帶到會幕門口、耶和華面前, 12 並獻上一隻公羊羔和一杯油作贖過祭,作為搖祭在耶和華面前搖一搖。 13 他要在殺贖罪祭牲和燔祭牲的聖潔之處宰公羊羔。贖過祭的祭物要歸祭司,像贖罪祭一樣,這是至聖之物。 14 祭司要拿一些贖過祭祭牲的血抹在求潔淨者的右耳垂、右手大拇指和右腳大腳趾上。 15 祭司要拿那杯油,倒一些在自己左手掌中, 16 用一根右手指蘸左手掌裡的油,在耶和華面前彈灑七次, 17 然後用手掌中剩下的油抹求潔淨者的右耳垂、右手大拇指和右腳大腳趾,就是抹了贖過祭祭牲血的地方。 18 祭司要把手掌裡剩下的油抹在求潔淨者的頭上。這樣,祭司在耶和華面前為他贖了罪。 19 祭司要獻上贖罪祭,為求潔淨者贖罪。然後,祭司要宰殺燔祭牲, 20 在祭壇上獻燔祭和素祭,為他贖罪,他就潔淨了。

21 「他如果貧窮,獻不起那麼多祭物,可以獻一隻公羊羔作贖過祭,用搖祭的方式贖罪;也要獻一公斤作素祭的調油的細麵粉和一杯油; 22 還要按自己的能力獻兩隻斑鳩或雛鴿,一隻作贖罪祭,一隻作燔祭。 23 第八天,他必須把這些祭物帶到會幕門口,在耶和華面前交給祭司。 24 祭司要用作贖過祭的羊羔和一杯油作搖祭,在耶和華面前搖一搖。 25 接著,祭司要宰殺作贖過祭的羊羔,拿一些羊血抹在他的右耳垂、右手大拇指和右腳大腳趾上。 26 祭司也要把一些油倒在自己左手掌中, 27 用一根右手指蘸左手掌中的油,在耶和華面前彈灑七次, 28 然後把手掌中的一些油抹在他的右耳垂、右手大拇指和右腳大腳趾上,就是抹了贖過祭祭牲血的地方。 29 祭司要把手掌裡剩下的油抹在他頭上,在耶和華面前為他贖罪。 30 然後獻上那人按自己能力帶來的兩隻斑鳩或雛鴿, 31 一隻作贖罪祭,一隻作燔祭。這樣,祭司在耶和華面前為他贖了罪。 32 這是獻不起潔淨禮所需祭物的痲瘋病患者應當遵守的條例。」

處理房子發黴的條例

33 耶和華對摩西和亞倫說:

34 「你們到了我賜給你們作產業的迦南以後,如果我使那裡的房屋中有發黴現象, 35 屋主必須去告訴祭司,『我的房子裡好像有發黴現象。』 36 祭司進去檢查前,要吩咐人把房子騰空,免得房子裡的一切都變得不潔淨。之後,祭司要進去檢查, 37 如發現牆壁上出現紅色或綠色黴斑,並且侵入牆中, 38 就要封閉房子七天。 39 第七天,祭司要回去檢查。若發現牆壁上的黴斑蔓延, 40 就要下令拆掉有黴斑的石塊,丟到城外不潔淨的地方, 41 然後命人刮掉屋內牆壁上的灰泥,倒在城外不潔淨的地方。 42 要另找石塊補被拆掉的地方,並用灰泥重新粉刷房子。

43 「如果拆掉石塊、刮掉灰泥、重新粉刷以後,黴斑再度出現並蔓延, 44 祭司要去檢查,若發現黴斑已蔓延,那房子就不潔淨。 45 房主要拆掉房子,把石塊、木料和所有灰泥都丟到城外不潔淨的地方。 46 房子封閉期間,任何人進去,都不潔淨,要等到傍晚才能潔淨。 47 凡在房內睡覺或吃飯的人,都必須洗淨衣服。

48 「祭司檢查粉刷後的房子,若發現房內沒有再度出現黴斑,就要宣佈房子是潔淨的。 49 為潔淨房子,祭司要取兩隻鳥、香柏木、朱紅色線和牛膝草, 50 在一個盛清水的陶器上宰殺一隻鳥, 51 然後用香柏木、牛膝草、朱紅色線和另一隻活鳥蘸摻了清水的鳥血,向房子灑七次。 52 祭司用鳥血、清水、活鳥、香柏木、牛膝草和朱紅色線潔淨那房子後, 53 要放走那隻活鳥,讓牠飛到城外的田野。這樣,祭司為那房子贖了罪,房子就潔淨了。」

54 以上是有關痲瘋病、疥癬、 55 衣物或房子發黴、 56 腫包、皮疹或白斑的條例。 57 根據這些條例,可以分辨有關的人或物何時潔淨、何時不潔淨。

New International Version - UK

Leviticus 14

Cleansing from defiling skin diseases

1The Lord said to Moses, ‘These are the regulations for any diseased person at the time of their ceremonial cleansing, when they are brought to the priest: the priest is to go outside the camp and examine them. If they have been healed of their defiling skin disease,[a] the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the person to be cleansed. Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over fresh water in a clay pot. He is then to take the live bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the scarlet yarn and the hyssop, into the blood of the bird that was killed over the fresh water. Seven times he shall sprinkle the one to be cleansed of the defiling disease, and then pronounce them clean. After that, he is to release the live bird in the open fields.

‘The person to be cleansed must wash their clothes, shave off all their hair and bathe with water; then they will be ceremonially clean. After this they may come into the camp, but they must stay outside their tent for seven days. On the seventh day they must shave off all their hair; they must shave their head, their beard, their eyebrows and the rest of their hair. They must wash their clothes and bathe themselves with water, and they will be clean.

10 ‘On the eighth day they must bring two male lambs and one ewe lamb a year old, each without defect, along with three-tenths of an ephah[b] of the finest flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, and one log[c] of oil. 11 The priest who pronounces them clean shall present both the one to be cleansed and their offerings before the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

12 ‘Then the priest is to take one of the male lambs and offer it as a guilt offering, along with the log of oil; he shall wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. 13 He is to slaughter the lamb in the sanctuary area where the sin offering[d] and the burnt offering are slaughtered. Like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; it is most holy. 14 The priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot. 15 The priest shall then take some of the log of oil, pour it in the palm of his own left hand, 16 dip his right forefinger into the oil in his palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of it before the Lord seven times. 17 The priest is to put some of the oil remaining in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot, on top of the blood of the guilt offering. 18 The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed and make atonement for them before the Lord.

19 ‘Then the priest is to sacrifice the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from their uncleanness. After that, the priest shall slaughter the burnt offering 20 and offer it on the altar, together with the grain offering, and make atonement for them, and they will be clean.

21 ‘If, however, they are poor and cannot afford these, they must take one male lamb as a guilt offering to be waved to make atonement for them, together with a tenth of an ephah[e] of the finest flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of oil, 22 and two doves or two young pigeons, such as they can afford, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.

23 ‘On the eighth day they must bring them for their cleansing to the priest at the entrance to the tent of meeting, before the Lord. 24 The priest is to take the lamb for the guilt offering, together with the log of oil, and wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. 25 He shall slaughter the lamb for the guilt offering and take some of its blood and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot. 26 The priest is to pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand, 27 and with his right forefinger sprinkle some of the oil from his palm seven times before the Lord. 28 Some of the oil in his palm he is to put on the same places he put the blood of the guilt offering – on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot. 29 The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement for them before the Lord. 30 Then he shall sacrifice the doves or the young pigeons, such as the person can afford, 31 one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. In this way the priest will make atonement before the Lord on behalf of the one to be cleansed.’

32 These are the regulations for anyone who has a defiling skin disease and who cannot afford the usual offerings for their cleansing.

Cleansing from defiling moulds

33 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 34 ‘When you enter the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as your possession, and I put a spreading mould in a house in that land, 35 the owner of the house must go and tell the priest, “I have seen something that looks like a defiling mould in my house.” 36 The priest is to order the house to be emptied before he goes in to examine the mould, so that nothing in the house will be pronounced unclean. After this the priest is to go in and inspect the house. 37 He is to examine the mould on the walls, and if it has greenish or reddish depressions that appear to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 38 the priest shall go out of the doorway of the house and close it up for seven days. 39 On the seventh day the priest shall return to inspect the house. If the mould has spread on the walls, 40 he is to order that the contaminated stones be torn out and thrown into an unclean place outside the town. 41 He must have all the inside walls of the house scraped and the material that is scraped off dumped into an unclean place outside the town. 42 Then they are to take other stones to replace these and take new clay and plaster the house.

43 ‘If the defiling mould reappears in the house after the stones have been torn out and the house scraped and plastered, 44 the priest is to go and examine it and, if the mould has spread in the house, it is a persistent defiling mould; the house is unclean. 45 It must be torn down – its stones, timbers and all the plaster – and taken out of the town to an unclean place.

46 ‘Anyone who goes into the house while it is closed up will be unclean till evening. 47 Anyone who sleeps or eats in the house must wash their clothes.

48 ‘But if the priest comes to examine it and the mould has not spread after the house has been plastered, he shall pronounce the house clean, because the defiling mould is gone. 49 To purify the house he is to take two birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop. 50 He shall kill one of the birds over fresh water in a clay pot. 51 Then he is to take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the scarlet yarn and the live bird, dip them into the blood of the dead bird and the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 52 He shall purify the house with the bird’s blood, the fresh water, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop and the scarlet yarn. 53 Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields outside the town. In this way he will make atonement for the house, and it will be clean.’

54 These are the regulations for any defiling skin disease, for a sore, 55 for defiling moulds in fabric or in a house, 56 and for a swelling, a rash or a shiny spot, 57 to determine when something is clean or unclean.

These are the regulations for defiling skin diseases and defiling moulds.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 14:3 The Hebrew word for defiling skin disease, traditionally translated ‘leprosy’, was used for various diseases affecting the skin; also in verses 7, 32, 54 and 57.
  2. Leviticus 14:10 That is, probably about 5 kilograms
  3. Leviticus 14:10 That is, about 0.3 litre; also in verses 12, 15, 21 and 24
  4. Leviticus 14:13 Or purification offering; also in verses 19, 22 and 31
  5. Leviticus 14:21 That is, probably about 1.6 kilograms